Academics & Programs

Immersions

Immersion Codes 2014

Advertising and Public Relations

The advertising and public relations immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas central to the persuasive arts as they apply to advertising and public relations, as well as education and practice in the writing, speaking, and design skills required of these professions. This immerson is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Required Course
COMM-305 Persuasion
Choose one of the following:
    COMM-211    Principles of Advertising
    COMM-212    Public Relations
Electives
Choose one of the following:
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-221    Public Relations Writing
   COMM-303    Small Group Communication
   COMM-321    Copywriting and Visualization
   COMM-322    Campaign Management and Planning
   COMM-341    Visual Communication

Africa and the Diaspora

The immersion in Africa and the Diaspora enables students to gain knowledge about African societies, cultures, histories, and modern political realities, cultures, and communities of the African Diaspora. Students are encouraged to enhance their scholarly knowledge through language study and study abroad. This immersion is closed to students who are majoring in international and global studies who have chosen a specialization in Africa.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ENGL-413    African-American Literature
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   HIST-245    American Slavery and Freedom
   INGS-210/HIST-210    Introduction to Africa and the Diaspora
   INGS-310/HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture

* At least one course must be taken from either INGS, ANTH, or SOCI. Topics in Global Literature (ENGL 416) may be substituted when the topic is Caribbean literature.

American Arts

This immersion provides students with the opportunity to study the American arts through a variety of disciplines including painting, architecture, film, photography, music, theatre, and mass media. Each course presents American art within the context of the broader current of American life including its history, philosophy, social, and cultural traditions.

Course
Electives
Choose three courses from the following:*
Visual culture
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
Performing arts
   FNRT-201    Music in the U.S.
   FNRT-203    American Popular and Rock Music
   FNRT-321    Music Since 1900
   FNRT-322    Survey of Jazz
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-325    American Popular Song
   FNRT-327    American Musical Theatre

* Students must take at least one course in each discipline.

American Politics

The American politics immersion introduces students to the fundamental principles, institutions, and issues of American government. In addition, the strengths and limitations of American constitutionalism are emphasized throughout and current political and policy questions facing the country will be examined. The overarching intention is to give students the necessary tools to deliberate upon the political questions of the day and to actively participate in the political process. This immersion is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   POLS-200    Law and Society
   POLS-250    State and Local Politics
   POLS-290    Politics and the Life Sciences
   POLS-295    Cyberpolitics
   POLS-305    Political Parties and Voting
   POLS-310    The Congress
   POLS-315    The American Presidency
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-345    Politics and Public Policy
   POLS-355    Political Leadership
   POLS-415    Evolution and Law
   POLS-420    Primate Politics
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-435    American Political Thought
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Virtue and Law
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-480    Women in Politics
   POLS-485    Politics Through Fiction
   POLS-490    Politics Through Film
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science

* At least one course must be at the 300 level of higher.

American Sign Language and Deaf Cultural Studies

The ASL and deaf cultural studies immersion prepares students in the multi-disciplinary study of American Sign Language and Deaf Culture. Open to hearing and deaf students, courses address topics in the field of ASL and deaf cultural studies, including the study of ASL and its structure, ASL literature, literature in English pertaining to the D/deaf experience, the history of D/deaf people in America and around the world, Deaf art and cinema, the experience of D/deaf people from racial, ethnic, and other minority groups, oppression in the lives of D/deaf people, and various political, legal, and educational issues affecting members of the D/deaf community. Students enrolled in the ASL-English Interpretation major can pursue the immersion if they choose an emphasis on Deaf Cultural Studies. They cannot apply ASL courses towards the immersion. For ASL-English Interpretation major, the immersion courses must also be different from the two Deaf Cultural studies courses they elect to fulfill the Deaf cultural studies requirements for their major.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-417    Deaf Literature
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-231    Deaf People in Global Perspective
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-333    Diversity in the Deaf Community
   HIST-334    Oppression in the Lives of Deaf People
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   MLAS-201    Beginning American Sign Language I
   MLAS-202    Beginning American Sign Language II
   MLAS-301    Intermediate Sign Language I
   MLAS-302    Intermediate Sign Language II
   MLAS-351    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLAS-352    American Sign Language Literature
   MLAS-401    Advanced American Sign Language I
   MLAS-402    Advanced American Sign Language II
   SOCI-240    Deaf Culture in America

Applied Statistics

This immersion is closed to students majoring in applied statistics, applied mathematics, and computational mathematics. 

Course
Prerequisites
MATH-181 Project-based Calculus I
MATH-182 Project-based Calculus II 
(or equivalents)
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   STAT-205    Applied Statistics
   MATH-251    Probability and Statistics I
   MATH-252    Probability and Statistics II
   STAT-305    Introduction to Regression Analysis
   STAT-325    Design of Experiments
   STAT-315    Statistical Quality Control
   STAT-295    Statistical Analysis for Bioinformatics
   STAT-405    Mathematical Statistics I
   STAT-406    Mathematical Statistics II
   STAT-345    Non-parametric Statistics
   STAT-415    Statistical Sampling
   STAT-335    Introduction to Time Series
   MATH-655    Biostatistics
   MATH-401    Stochastic Processes

* At least one of the courses must be at the 300-level or above

Archaeology

Archaeology is the study of the human past by means of the physical residue of past human behavior from pottery, stone, and metal tools to the remains of ancient dwelling sites. The archaeologist explains how human society has changed and developed over time using such physical evidence. Archaeology employs techniques from the physical sciences to build a more detailed picture of the human past. Students explore the worlds of the past through hands-on applications of physical science techniques in a diverse range of fields, including chemistry, metallurgy, biology, and material science, applying these disciplines in a novel and challenging context. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the archaeology or cultural anthropology tracks.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-230    Archaeology and Cultural Imagination
   ANTH-250    Themes in Archaeological Research
   ANTH-255    Regional Archaeology
   ANTH-315    The Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-355    Historic Archaeology
   ANTH-360    Humans and Their Environment
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-415    Archaeological Science
   ANTH-420    Exploring Ancient Technology
   ANTH-435    Archaeology of Death
   ANTH-440    Survey of Metallurgy

* At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Art History

In the art history students explore the history of art and architecture across multiple cultures and eras. Art historians examine a culture’s artistic production, analyzing form, content, and creative context to better understand how art expresses the intent of the artist, the interpretation of the viewer, or particular cultural values and ideals. Students will use art historical methodologies to evaluate works of art, formulate a history of artistic style, analyze art in relation to its historical context, and engage with the world of contemporary art.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ARTH-311    Art and Architecture of Italy: 1250-1400
   ARTH-312    Art and Architecture of Italy: 1600-1750
   ARTH-317    Art and Architecture in Florence and Rome: 15th Century 
   ARTH-318    Art and Architecture in Florence and Rome: 16th Century
   ARTH-364    Art in Paris
   ARTH-366    18th, 19th Century Art
   ARTH-368    20th Century Art: 1900-1950
   ARTH-369    20th Century Art: Since 1950
   ARTH-373    Art of the Last Decade
   ARTH-378    Barague Painting in Flanders
   ARTH-379    Renaissance Painting in Flanders
   ARTH-392    Theory and Criticism of 20th Century Art
   ARTH-457    Art and Activism
   ARTH-521    The Image
   ARTH-541    Art and Architecture of Ancient Rome
   ARTH-544    Illuminated Manuscripts
   ARTH-550    Topics in Art History
   ARTH-554    Late Medieval Art
   ARTH-558    The Gothic Revival
   ARTH-561    Latin American Art
   ARTH-566    Early Medieval Art
   ARTH-568    Art and Technology: From the Machine Aesthetic to the Cyborg Age
   ARTH-572    Art of the Americas
   ARTH-573    Conceptual Art
   ARTH-574    Dada and Surrealism
   ARTH-576    Modernism and Its Other: Realism in the Shadow of Expressionism
   ARTH-577    Displaying Gender
   ARTH-578    Edvard Munch
   ARTH-582    Medieval Craft
   ARTH-583    Installation Art
   ARTH-584    Scandinavian Modernism
   ARTH-586    History of Things: Studies in Material Culture
   ARTH-588    Symbols and Symbol-Making

 

Astronomy

The astronomy immersion provides students with the opportunity for additional study in astronomy in order to build a secondary area of expertise in support of their major or other areas of interest. The immersion offers a broad background in astronomy with courses providing a broad survey of modern astrophysics and the techniques and technologies used to investigate astronomical phenomena. This immersion is closed to students majoring in imaging science and physics.

Course
Prerequisites
PHYS-211 University Physics I
PHYS-212 University Physics II
Required course
PHYS-220 University Astronomy
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   PHYS-370    Stellar Astrophysics
   PHYS-371    Galactic Astrophysics
   PHYS-372    Extragalactic Astrophysics and Cosmology
   PHYS-373    Observational Astronomy

Chemistry

All of the required or optional courses for the chemistry immersion are core chemistry courses within the chemistry curriculum. This immersion is closed to students majoring in biochemistry, biology, biotechnology and molecular bioscience, chemical engineering, chemistry, and the environmental chemistry concentration of the environmental science major.

Course
Prerequisites
CHMG-141 General and Analytical Chemistry I
CHMG-142 General and Analytical Chemistry II
Required course
CHMO-231 Organic Chemistry I
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   CHMO-232    Organic Chemistry II
   CHMA-161    Quantitative Analysis
   CHMA-221    Instrumental Analysis
   CHMA-222    Chemical Separations
   CHMB-402    Biochemistry I
   CHMI-351    Inorganic Chemistry I

Communication

The communication immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas of communication. Topics include an overview of the fields of persuasion, mass communication, public speaking, and small group communication. Students will understand and apply several modes of communication in academic, professional, and personal situations. This immersion is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   COMM-201    Public Speaking
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-302    Interpersonal Communication
   COMM-303    Small Group Communication
   COMM-304    Intercultural Communication
   COMM-305    Persuasion
   COMM-341    Visual Communication
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics

Creative Writing

The creative writing immersion offers students a practical, theoretical, and historical understanding of the art and craft of writing prose (fiction and creative non-fiction) and poetry. The immersion encourages students to use those skills and insights for interdisciplinary projects and the enrichment of their careers and personal lives.

Course
Required Course
ENGL-211 Introduction to Creative Writing
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   ENGL-440    Poetry Workshop
   ENGL-441    Fiction Workshop
   ENGL-442    Creative Nonfiction Workshop
   ENGL-511    Advanced Creative Writing
   ENGL-540    Advanced Poetry Workshop
   ENGL-541    Advanced Fiction Workshop
   ENGL-542    Advanced Creative Nonfiction Workshop
   ENGL-543    Game-based Fiction Workshop

Criminal Justice

The criminal justice immersion provides students with the appropriate foundation to analyze crime, crime control policy, and the role of the criminal justice system in the maintenance of order in society. Courses focus on the social definition and measurement of crime, and offer a broad understanding of the causes of crime and societal responses to crime through the police, courts, and corrections. This immersion is closed to students majoring in criminal justice.

Course
Prerequisite
CRIM-110 Introduction to Criminal Justice
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   CRIM-210    Technology in Criminal Justice
   CRIM-220    Corrections
   CRIM-230    Juvenile Justice
   CRIM-240    Law Enforcement in Society
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-275    Crime and Violence
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups in the Criminal Justice System
   CRIM-489    Major Issues in Criminal Justice

Cultural Anthropology

Cultural anthropology provides insight on how human beings across the globe live, work, and shape their cultural world in families, cities, societies, ethnic groups, nations, and networked solidarities through ideas, ideologies, beliefs, and values or worldviews. One of the goals of cultural anthropology is to promote understanding among peoples–an increasingly important venture in our vastly interconnected world communities. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-301    Social and Cultural Theory
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-340    Divided Europe
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East
   ANTH-370    Media and Globalization
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-380    Nationalism and Identity
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology

* At least one course must be taken at the 300 level or higher.

Diversity in the U.S.

This immersion offers students a variety of academic perspectives on how diverse groups may share cultural or inherited characteristics, and how perceptions of difference influence their interactions. Race, ethnicity, gender, and sexualities are the main points of focus. Students examine differential power between groups, analyze the social structures used to maintain, moderate, and alter power relations, as well as probe interpersonal relationships across social divides. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the sociology track.

Course
Required course
SOCI-220 Minority Group Relations
Electives
Choose two of the following:*
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   COMM-304    Intercultural Communication
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups and the Criminal Justice System
   ECON-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   ENGL-314    Topics in Women’s and Gender Studies
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-225    Social Inequality
   SOCI-235    Women, Work, and Culture
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City

* At least one course should be taken from a discipline other than SOCI.

Economics

The economics immersion provides a systematic analysis of economic issues through the study of the allocation of scarce resources into production and the distribution of production among the members of society. This immersion is closed to students majoring in economics.

Course
Prerequisites
ECON-101 Principles of Microeconomics
ECON-101H Honors Principles of Microeconomics
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ECON-201    Principles of Macroeconomics
   ECON-401    Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
   ECON-402    Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
   ECON-403    Econometrics I
   ECON-404    Mathematical Methods: Economics
   ECON-405    International Trade and Finance
   ECON-406    Global Economic Issues
   ECON-407    Industrial Organization
   ECON-410    Game Theory: Economic Applications
   ECON-420    Environmental Economics
   ECON-421    Natural Resource Economics
   ECON-422    Benefit-Cost Analysis
   ECON-430    Managerial Economics
   ECON-431    Monetary Analysis and Policy
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   ECON-441    Labor Economics
   ECON-444    Public Finance
   ECON-445    History of Economic Thought
   ECON-448    Development Economics
   ECON-449    Comparative Economic Systems
   ECON-450    Health Care Economics
   ECON-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   ECON-452    Economics of Native America

Environmental Studies

The environmental studies immersion is an examination of the basic environmental problems we face, how environmental resource depletion and energy issues are related, and what kind of environmental ethics and/or values we have today and have had in the past. The immersion also explores the economic, legislative, and regulatory framework within which most environmental decisions are made. Since most technological areas are associated with significant environmental implications, it is essential that students have an understanding of and a well-thought-out value orientation about such environmental consequences.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-220    Environment and Society
   STSO-321    Face of the Land
   STSO-325    History of the Environmental Sciences
   STSO-326    History of Ecology and Environmentalism
   STSO-330    Energy and the Environment
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy
   STSO-422    Great Lakes
   STSO-489    Special Topics
   STSO-510    Interdisciplinary Capstone Seminar
   STSO-521    Biodiversity and Society
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities

* At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Ethics

The ethics immersion provides students with opportunities to study different theories of how people ought to live their lives, to recognize and understand ethical dilemmas, and to develop solutions to ethical problems. The immersion emphasizes the following goals: an ability to recognize ethical issues and to think rationally and critically about them; an awareness of how ethical problems can result from complex social structures; an understanding of the relationship between individuals and the social settings with which they interact; and an appreciation of the conditions necessary for effectively resolving ethical problems. This immersion is closed to students majoring in philosophy.

Course
Required courses
Choose one of the following:*
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
Electives
Choose two of the following:**
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-306    Professional Ethics
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   MGMT-340    Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

*Students are required to take either Foundations of Moral Philosophy (PHIL-202) or Ethical Theory (PHIL-415). If students take one of these courses, they will choose two elective courses to complete the immersion. If they choose both of these courses students will choose one additional elective.

** At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Film Studies

The film studies immersion allows students to engage in the study of global cinema using a variety of interdisciplinary methodologies and perspectives. Coming from the disciplines of English, anthropology, philosophy, fine arts/visual culture, political science, history, and modern languages, the immersion investigates cinema’s mass appeal as a form of entertainment, but also the power it wields to disseminate ideas, history, values, aesthetics, behavior, and cultural norms.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology
   ENGL-410    Film Studies
   ENGL-425    Global Cinemas
   FNRT-200    Anime
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-275    Screening the Trenches: The History of World War I through Film
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   POLS-490    Politics through Film

* Students must take courses in more than one discipline, e.g., two in FNRT and one in ANTH.

Global Justice and Peace Studies

The global justice and peace studies immersion examines attempts to affect lasting accord and social justice on an international scale. Courses in philosophy and the social sciences help students understand the concepts of human rights, world poverty, and global solidarity. The goal of the immersion is to elucidate the link between concepts of peace and justice while assessing non-violent means of conflict resolution.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-440    War and the State

* Students must select courses from at least two different disciplines. Students majoring in philosophy, sociology and anthropology, or political science must choose two of the three courses from outside their respective major.

Globalization Theory

Globalization theory analyzes how linkages and interconnections across and beyond conventional borders and boundaries are forged by people, political regimes, social movements, corporate enterprise, and culture industries. The emphasis is on the causes, signs, and possibilities of globalization with view to mobile populations, permeable borders, transnational flows of capital, and the traffic of culture across space or historical time. Courses examine how global fluidities, mobilities, and connections have been forged, the various dynamic and unpredictable responses of people in diverse locations to global processes, and the implications of global processes for a shared future. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies and sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-370    Media and Globalization
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   INGS-201    Histories of Globalization
   SOCI-250    Globalization and Security
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror

* At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Health and Culture

The health and culture immersion focuses on the shifting configurations of health and culture in a globalizing world. Health beliefs, including notions about bodily integrity or emotional well-being, illness causation, diagnostic practices, and the experiences, expressions, and treatments of human ailments unfold in concrete cultural contexts. Every society has some form of a health care system, which is minimally administered by community members or specialized practitioners. By moving beyond the lens of western bio-medicine, this immersion provides students with a set of tools for analyzing the impact of culture on how health care is delivered, how health symptoms are interpreted and communicated by patients and health care providers, and how costs for treatment are calculated and managed in relation to perceived benefits. Courses examine the interrelation between health and culture from a number of perspectives and contexts, including the cultural realities within which bodies are meaningfully constituted or in some cases enhanced by technology, the culture-specific communicative or representational health practices, the socially constituted experiences of trauma, death, suffering, and healing, and the various culturally mediated approaches to health care costs and remedies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   COMM-344    Health Communication
   CRIM-245    Prostitution and Vice
   ECON-450    Health Care Economics
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative
   PSYC-231    Death and Dying
   SOCI-245    Gender and Health
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues
   STSO-441    Cyborg Theory: (Re)thinking the Human Experience in the 21st Century

* At least one course must be taken from either ANTH or SOCI.

History

The history immersion provides students with intensive study within the discipline of history. Students may choose to structure their immersion broadly, by choosing a wide range of historical topics to study, or narrowly, by choosing a particular area to study, such as American, European, or Asian history.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   HIST-201    Histories of Globalization
   HIST-210    Introduction to Africa and the Diaspora
   HIST-220    Introduction to Public History
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-238    History of Disability
   HIST-240    Civil War America
   HIST-245    American Slavery and Freedom
   HIST-250    Origins of U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-251    Modern U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-252    The United States and Japan
   HIST-260    History of Pre-modern China
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-266    History of Pre-modern Japan
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-275    Screening the Trenches: A History of WWI Through Film
   HIST-280    History of Modern Germany
   HIST-290    U.S. History Since 1945
   HIST-301    Great Debates in U.S. History
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History
   HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   HIST-321    Special Topics in Public History
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History 
   HIST-325    Museums and History 
   HIST-326    Doing History in a Digital World 
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-333    Diversity in the Deaf Community
   HIST-334    Oppression in the Lives of Deaf People
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   HIST-345    Environmental Disasters 
   HIST-350    Terrorism, Intelligence, and War
   HIST-365    Conflict in Modern East Asia  
   HIST-369    Histories of Christianity
   HIST-390    Medicine and Public Health in American History 
   HIST-402    Special Seminar in History 
   HIST-421    Hands-On History  
   HIST-439    Biography as History
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-462    East-West Encounters
   HIST-465    The Samurai in Word and Image
   HIST-470    Science, Technology, and European Imperialism

* At least one course must be taken from the 300 level or higher.

Human Language Technology and Computational Linguistics

The human language technology and computational linguistics immersion provides exposure to computational linguistics and relevant language science course work. Students gain knowledge and practical skills in computational natural language processing and technical linguistic analysis, useful for analytics and modeling with language data and for developing, evaluating, and maintaining language technology software.

Course
Required course
ENGL-481 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   ENGL-310    Introduction to Language Science
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-482    Language and the Brain
   ENGL-582    Advanced Topics in Computational Linguistics

International Relations

The international relations immersion combines the study of the complexities and shifting trends of international politics with the study of the global system. Particular emphasis is placed on the interactions and interconnectedness of nation-states at the international level and other participants in international affairs, such as international organizations, non-governmental organizations, sub-national entities, and individual citizens. Global issues studied include democratization, international and regional conflicts, terrorism, international trade and economic integration, economic development, international law and organizations, and human rights. This immersion is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   POLS-210    Comparative Politics
   POLS-220    Global Political Economy
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-325    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-335    Politics of Developing Countries
   POLS-350    Government and Politics of East Asia
   POLS-410    Evolutionary International Relations
   POLS-440    War and the State
   POLS-445    Terrorism and Political Violence
   POLS-455    Comparative Public Policy
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science

* At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Journalism

The journalism immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas of journalism, including its history and relevant legal and ethical issues, and for education and practice in writing and editing skills required of journalists. This immersion is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, and journalism.

Course
Required courses
COMM-271 Introduction to Journalism
COMM-362 Law and Ethics of the Press
Electives
Choose one of the following:
   COMM-261    History of Journalism
   COMM-263    Computer-Assisted Reporting
   COMM-272    Reporting and Writing I
   COMM-273    Reporting and Writing II
   COMM-274    News Editing
   COMM-361    Reporting in Specialized Fields
   COMM-442    Professional Writing
   COMM-461    Multiplatform Journalism

Language Science

The language science immersion prepares students in the interdisciplinary scientific study and analysis of human language. Language science is directly applicable to students interested in computing and media, human-computer interaction, brain and cognition, language acquisition, human health, interpreting, relevant branches of engineering, and policy studies. Students can complete the immersion irrespective of their skills in languages other than English. Besides a core course on linguistic principles, students can choose electives covering technology of language, philosophy of language, and language in culture and society. Electives allow students to customize the immersion to their interests and needs, with the support of a faculty adviser.

Course
Required course
ENGL-310 Introduction to Language Science
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-371    Language, Dialects, and Identity
   ENGL-470    Evolving English Language
   ENGL-481    Introduction to Natural Language Processing
   ENGL-482    Language and Brain
   MLAS-351    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLCU-301    Psycholinguistics
   MLJP-351    Languages in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of the Japanese Language
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language

Latino/Latina/Latin American Studies

The Latino/Latina/Latin American studies immersion allows students to study Latino or Latin American culture. The goal is to introduce students to the customs and culture (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, music) of Latin America or of Latinos in the U.S. Students become aware of the relationship between language and culture and of the differences between their own language and culture and those of Spanish-speaking countries or Brazil. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in the Spanish or Portuguese language or a field specialization in Latin America or Europe.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II
   MLSP-201    Beginning Spanish I
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative

* This immersion consists of three culture courses. If a student chooses, one of the three courses may be substituted for a Spanish or Portuguese language course. Students who have prior study of either language must take a placement exam through the department of modern languages to determine the appropriate level language course to complete.

Legal Studies

The legal studies immersion provides students with a foundation in the study of law and legal institutions, and in the relationship of law to other aspects of society and culture. Courses provide a broad perspective on law and legal institutions including historical, ethical, sociological, political, and philosophical approaches to these areas.

Course
Required Course
Choose one of the following:
   CRIM-215    Law and Society
   POLS-200    Law and Society
Electives
Choose two of the following:*
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics
   COMM-362    Law and Ethics of the Press
   CRIM-225    Criminal Law
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-315    Evidence
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   POLS-325    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Virtue and Law
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   SOCI-310    US Housing Policy

* All three courses cannot be from the same discipline. Students majoring in communication, criminal justice, philosophy, and political science must choose two of the three courses from outside their respective major.

Literature

The literature immersion gives students the opportunity to read, analyze, and evaluate works of fiction, poetry, and drama. While studying and practicing different methods of approaching literary texts, students explore their diverse social, cultural, and historical contexts.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-301    The Art of Poetry
   ENGL-304    Drama and Theatre
   ENGL-400    Literature and Cultural Studies
   ENGL-406    Shakespeare Tragedies
   ENGL-416    Topics in Global Literature
   ENGL-417    Deaf Literature
   ENGL-418    Great Authors

Mathematics

This immersion is closed to stduents majoring in applied statistics, applied mathematics, and computational mathematics. 

Course
Prerequisites
MATH-181 Project-based Calculus I (or equivalent)
Plus one of the following:
   MATH-182    Project-based Calculus II
   MATH-190    Discrete Mathematics for Computing
   MATH-200    Discrete Mathematics and Introduction to Proof
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   MATH-219    Multivariable Calculus
   MATH-221    Multivariable Calculus and Vector Calculus
   MATH-231    Differential Equations
   MATH-233    Linear Systems and Differential Equations
   MATH-241    Linear Algebra
   MATH-251    Probability and Statistics I
   MATH-311    Linear Optimization
   MATH-312    Non-linear Optimization
   MATH-321    Game Theory
   MATH-326    Boundary Value Problems
   MATH-331    Dynamical Systems
   MATH-361    Combinatorics
   MATH-367    Codes and Ciphers
   MATH-381    Complex Variables
   MATH-341    Advanced Linear Algebra
   MATH-351    Graph Theory
   MATH-371    Number Theory
   MATH-401    Stochastic Processes
   MATH-411    Numerical Analysis
   MATH-412    Numerical Linear Algebra
   MATH-431    Real Variables I
   MATH-432    Real Variables II
   MATH-441    Abstract Algebra I
   MATH-442    Abstract Algebra II
   MATH-461    Topology

Modern Languages and Cultures - Arabic

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Arabic-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register for language courses. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Arabic language, a field specialization in the Middle East, or are native speakers of Arabic.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLAR-201    Beginning Arabic I
   MLAR-202    Beginning Arabic II
   MLAR-301    Intermediate Arabic I
   MLAR-302    Intermediate Arabic II
   MLAR-401    Advanced Arabic I
   MLAR-402    Advanced Arabic II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ANTH-240    Muslim Youth Cultures
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East

Modern Languages and Cultures - Chinese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Chinese-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Chinese language, a field specialization in Asia, or are native speakers of Chinese.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLCH-201    Beginning Chinese I
   MLCH-202    Beginning Chinese II
   MLCH-301    Intermediate Chinese I
   MLCH-302    Intermediate Chinese II
   MLCH-401    Advanced Chinese I
   MLCH-402    Advanced Chinese II
   MLJP-403    Professional Japanese
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   POLS-350    Politics of East Asia

Modern Languages and Cultures - French

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of French-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in French language, a field specialization in Europe, or are native speakers of French.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLFR-201    Beginning French I
   MLFR-202    Beginning French II
   MLFR-301    Intermediate French I
   MLFR-302    Intermediate French II
   MLFR-401    Advanced French I
   MLFR-402    Advanced French II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History*
   HIST-103    The City in History†

* When the course deals with the history of France and/or Francophone countries

† When the course deals with the history of Paris.

Modern Languages and Cultures - German

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of German-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills will begin the language courses at their current level of proficiency as determined by a placement test. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in German language, a field specialization in Europe, or are native speakers of German.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLGR-201    Beginning German I
   MLGR-202    Beginning German II
   MLGR-301    Intermediate German I
   MLGR-302    Intermediate German II
   MLGR-401    Advanced German I
   MLGR-402    Advanced German II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   FNRT-210    Bach, Händel and the Baroque
   FNRT-211    Era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
   HIST-280    History of Modern Germany

Modern Languages and Cultures - Italian

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Italy. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Italian language, a field specialization in Europe, or are native speakers of Italian.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLIT-201    Beginning Italian I
   MLIT-202    Beginning Italian II
   MLIT-301    Intermediate Italian I
   MLIT-302    Intermediate Italian II
   MLIT-401    Advanced Italian I
   MLIT-402    Advanced Italian II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ENGL-416    Global Literatures and Cultures*

* When the course deals with Italian literature and culture.

Modern Languages and Cultures - Japanese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Japan. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Japanese language, a field specialization in Asia, or are native speakers of Japanese.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLJP-201    Beginning Japanese I
   MLJP-202    Beginning Japanese II
   MLJP-301    Intermediate Japanese I
   MLJP-302    Intermediate Japanese II
   MLJP-401    Advanced Japanese I
   MLJP-402    Advanced Japanese II
   MLJP-403    Professional Japanese
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLJP-404    Japanese Culture in Print
   MLJP-351    Language in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of Japanese
   HIST-266    History of Pre-modern Japan
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-252    The United States and Japan
   HIST-465    The Samurai in Word and Image
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   POLS-350    Politics of East Asia

Modern Languages and Cultures - Portuguese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Portugal and Portuguese-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Portuguese language, a field specialization in Latin America or Europe, or are native speakers of Portuguese.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America

Modern Languages and Cultures - Russian

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Russia and Russian-speaking countries of the world. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Russian language, a field specialization in Asia, or are native speakers of Russian.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLRU-201    Beginning Russian I
   MLRU 202    Beginning Russian II
   MLRU-301    Intermediate Russian I
   MLRU-302    Intermediate Russian II
   MLRU-401    Advanced Russian I
   MLRU-402    Advanced Russian II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ENGL-418    Great Authors*
   ENGL-416    Global Literatures and Cultures†

* When the course deals with the history of France and/or Francophone countries.

† When the course deals with the history of Paris.

Modern Languages and Cultures - Spanish

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Spain and Spanish-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen an area of study in Spanish language, a field specialization in Latin America or Europe, or are native speakers of Spanish.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLSP-201A, 201B    Beginning Spanish IA, IB†
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ENGL-416    Topics in Global Literatures*
   ENGL-418    Great Authors*

* When the course deals with Spanish and/or Latin American literature.

† Based on a student's previous study of the Spanish language, students may enroll in either Beginning Spanish 1A (MLSP-201A) or Beginning Spanish 1B (MLSP-201B).

Museum Studies

The immersion in museum studies introduces students to the history, theory, and practice of institutional collecting, exhibiting, storing, and preserving our cultural heritage in museums, archives, collections, galleries, and libraries. It also provides students with an introduction to public history, the technical investigation of art, the history and theory of exhibitions, and interactive design for museums. This immersion is closed to students majoring in museum studies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History
   HIST-325    Museums and History
   MUSE-220    Introduction to Museums and Collecting
   MUSE-221/HIST-221    Introduction to Public History
   MUSE-223    Historic Photographic Processes
   MUSE-224    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   MUSE-358    Legal and Ethical Issues for Collecting Institutions
   MUSE-449    Special Topics

* Students must take at least one MUSE course and one HIST course. The third course may be taken from either discipline.

Native American Science and Technology

The Native American science and technology immersion enhances students’ understanding of the unique heritages of native North Americans and their relationships with other people in the United States and Canada. Courses emphasize traditional ways of learning, modern and ancient technologies used by contemporary tribes, histories of relations, and Native American and First Nations science. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-415    Archaeological Science
   ANTH-455    Economics of Native America

* At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Philosophy

The philosophy immersion provides students with an opportunity to study the nature, methods, problems, and achievements of philosophical inquiry. The immersion emphasizes the following goals: the ability to think rationally and critically, an awareness of ethical values, an appreciation of aesthetic values, an awareness of how the past affects the present and future, and an understanding of the relationship between individuals and the social settings with which they interact. This immersion is closed to students majoring in philosophy.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   PHIL-201    Ancient Philosophy
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-203    Modern Philosophy
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-301    Philosophy of Religion
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-303    Philosophy of Art/Aesthetics
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-306    Professional Ethics
   PHIL-307    Philosophy of Technology
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-310    Theories of Knowledge
   PHIL-311    East Asian Philosophy
   PHIL-312    American Philosophy
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   PHIL-314    Philosophy of Vision and Imaging
   PHIL-401    Great Thinkers
   PHIL-402    Philosophy of Science
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-404    Philosophy of Mind
   PHIL-405    Philosophy of the Social Sciences
   PHIL-406    Contemporary Philosophy
   PHIL-407    Philosophy of Action
   PHIL-408    Critical Social Theory
   PHIL-409    Existentialism
   PHIL-410    Medieval Philosophy
   PHIL-411    Metaphysics
   PHIL-412    Nineteenth Century Philosophy
   PHIL-413    Philosophy and Literary Theory
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   PHIL-416    Seminar in Philosophy
   PHIL-449    Special Topics
   PHIL-571    Honors Philosophy

* At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Physics

In a broad sense, the aim of physics is to develop interconnected unifying threads bridging the vast number of seemingly diverse phenomena observed in the physical world around us. This immersion provides students with the opportunity for additional study in physics in order to build a secondary area of expertise in support of their major or other areas of interest. This immersion is closed to students majoring in imaging science or physics.

Course
Prerequisites
PHYS-211 University Physics I
PHYS-212 University Physics II
Required Courses
PHYS-213 Modern Physics I
PHYS-214 Modern Physics II
Electives
Choose one of the following:
   PHYS-283    Vibrations and Waves
   PHYS-315    Experiments in Modern Physics
   PHYS-320    Mathematical Methods in Physics
   PHYS-330    Classical Mechanics
   PHYS-411    Electricity and Magnetism
   PHYS-440    Thermal and Statistical Physics

Psychology

This immersion reflects the central themes of psychology, including topics such as the study of cognitive, developmental, social, and abnormal psychology. The study of behavior includes many different topics, but the unifying theme is that these courses all include the study of behavior using or applying the scientific method. This immersion is closed to students majoring in psychology.

Course
Prerequisite
PSYC-101 Introduction to Psychology
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PSYC-221    Abnormal Psychology
   PSYC-222    Biopsychology
   PSYC-223    Cognitive Psychology
   PSYC-224    Perception
   PSYC-225    Social Psychology
   PSYC-231    Death and Dying
   PSYC-232    Developmental Psychology
   PSYC-233    History and Systems
   PSYC-234    Industrial and Organizational Psychology
   PSYC-235    Learning and Behavior
   PSYC-236    Personality
   PSYC-237    Psychology of Gender
   PSYC-238    Psychology of Religion
   PSYC-239    Positive Psychology

Public Policy

This immersion provides students with a clear understanding of public policy, the policy process, and policy analysis. Students have the opportunity to develop perspectives on a variety of contemporary public policy issues, especially those that emerge from scientific and technological advancements. Policy Analysis (PUBL-301) and Decision Analysis (PUBL-302) are offered especially for students who are interested in pursing the master of science degree in science, technology, and public policy or who have an interest in analytical tools. This immersion is closed to students majoring in public policy.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PUBL-201    Ethics, Values and Public Policy
   PUBL-210    Introduction to Qualitative Policy Analysis
   PUBL-301    Public Policy Analysis
   PUBL-302    Decision Analysis  
   PUBL-489    Special Topics
   PUBL-510    Technology Innovation and Public Policy
   PUBL-520    Information and Communication Policy
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy

* At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Religious Studies

Religion plays a major role in human affairs. To understand more fully the nature of the relationship between society and the individual, it is essential to have some understanding of religion. The religious studies immersion engages students in the study of religion from the perspective of major Western and non-Western traditions through courses in disciplines such as anthropology, history, literature, philosophy, and psychology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-245    Ritual and Performance
   ENGL-409    Mythology and Literature
   HIST-369    Histories of Christianity
   PHIL-301    Philosophy of Religion
   PHIL-311    East Asian Philosophy
   PHIL-409    Existentialism
   PHIL-410    Medieval Philosophy
   PHIL-411    Metaphysics
   PHIL-412    Nineteenth-Century Philosophy
   PSYC-238    Psychology of Religion

* To complete the immersion, students must select three courses from at least two distinct disciplines (e.g., anthropology, English, history, philosophy, or psychology). Philosophy majors must take two courses in disciplines other than philosophy. Special topics courses (in all departments) and Great Thinkers courses (in the philosophy department) will be considered on an individual basis, subject to approval by the religious studies immersion coordinator.

Science and Technology Studies

The science and technology studies immersion examines some of the major impacts of science and technology in the contemporary world. Special reference is given to American concerns. Students gain an overall appreciation of the social nature of science and technology as they have developed in the past, as they exist today, and as they may affect society in the future under various scenarios. Science and technology have become social systems in their own right and have made possible increasing freedom, a fantastic variety of choice, and, paradoxically, the growing interdependence of all segments of world society. A new level of public awareness and concern is crucial to understanding and dealing successfully with these consequences.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy
   STSO-240    Social Consequences of Technology 
   STSO-246    History of Women in Science and Engineering
   STSO-321    Face of the Land
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology
   STSO-342    Gender, Science and Technology
   STSO-345    Makers of Modern Science
   STSO-346    Technology in American History
   STSO-441    Cyborg Theory: (Re)thinking the Human Experience in the 21st Century
   STSO-442    Science, Technology and Society Classics
   STSO-445    The Natural Sciences in Western History
   STSO-446    History of Chemistry
   STSO-489    Special Topics
   STSO-510    Interdisciplinary Capstone Seminar

* At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Science of Film, Photography, and Imaging

The science of film, photography, and imaging immersion explores the basic science behind technologies used in film, photography, and other imaging applications. Introductions to human visual perception, color science, imaging physics, and imaging system engineering set a groundwork for common theories underlying all major imaging industries. This immersion also provides necessary prerequisites for completion of a minor in imaging science. The immersion is closed to students majoring in imaging science, motion picture science, and imaging and photographic technology.

Course
Required Course
SOFA-103 Film/Video Materials and Technology
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   IMGS-221    Vision and Psychophysics
   IMGS-261    Linear and Fourier Methods for Imaging
   IMGS-321    Geometric Optics
   IMGS-341    Interactions Between Light and Matter
   IMGS-351    Color Science

Social Inequalities

Social inequalities and collective responses to them, both locally and globally, are the focus of this immersion. Students explore the interplay between social and cultural dimensions of the rapid globalization of production, culture, and politics and the inequalities in race, ethnicity, class, gender, and culture that ensue. The egalitarian strivings that emerge from these inequalities are also examined. The courses offer the unique standpoints of two academic disciplines–sociology and anthropology–to analyze the roles of powerful social institutions and culture and to identify and explain social inequalities and resulting conflicts and egalitarian hopes. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-380    Nationalism and Identity
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   INGS-310/HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   SOCI-103    The Urban Experience
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture
   SOCI-215    The Changing Family
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-225    Social Inequality
   SOCI-230    Sociology of Work
   SOCI-235    Women, Work, and Culture
   SOCI-245    Gender and Health
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror
   SOCI-320    Population and Society
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City

* All three courses cannot come from one discipline. At least one course must be taken at the 300 level or higher.

Text and Code

We encounter digital texts and codes every time we use a smartphone, turn on an app, or interact online. This immersion explores innovative and evolving questions and practices of text and code in literature, linguistics, creative writing, and locative and interactive media. It invites students to explore the social, cultural, and technological significance of text, code, and their interrelations.

Course
Electives
Choose two of the following English courses:
   ENGL-215    Text and Code
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-375    Storytelling Across Media
   ENGL-376    Experimental Writing
   ENGL-419    Literature and Technology
   ENGL-422    Maps, Spaces, Places
   ENGL-481    Introduction to Natural Language Processing
Choose one of the following computing courses:
   FNRT-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   IGME-110    Introduction to Interactive Media
   ISTE-382    Introduction to Geospatial Technologies

Theater Arts

The theater arts immersion offers courses in dramatic literature, theatre history, theory, and practice. Students will expand their knowledge of dramatic and theatrical arts as well as study the role and function of theater in the broader contexts of history, culture, and the communication of ideas.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   FNRT-207    Dramatic Theory and Text Analysis
   FNRT-230    Theater Ensemble
   FNRT-231    Theater and History of Acting
   FNRT-301    Theater in Europe
   FNRT-302    Theater in the United States
   FNRT-303    Shakespeare the Dramatist
   FNRT-304    African-American Playwrights
   FNRT-327    The American Musical Theater

 

Urban Studies

Metropolitan areas must address such enduring issues as poverty, homelessness, affordable housing, transportation, education, crime, safety, recreation, and economic development. Each must do so with recognition of its place in the wider regional, national, and global contexts. The urban studies immersion helps students identify and analyze such fundamental issues and allows them to explore and assess various ways policy-makers respond to those issues. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the urban studies track.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:*
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-315    Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-310    U.S. Housing Policy
   SOCI-325    Community and Economic Development: Rochester
   SOCI-330    Urban Deviance
   SOCI-335    Urban Cultures
   SOCI-340    Urban Planning and Policy
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities

* At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Visual Culture

Visual culture explores the role of visual media in everyday life and its critical function in the dissemination of ideas in the public sphere. Emphasizing comparative critical approaches to the convergence of art, popular media, science, and technology, the immersion engages globalized visual media ranging from photography, television, film, new media (the Web, digital imaging, and social networks), architecture, design, and art (painting, sculpture, and multimedia forms) in the context of such social arenas as art, news, science, advertising, and popular culture. The goal is to help students develop media literacy. This immersion is closed to students majoring in museum studies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-220    Introduction to Museums and Collecting
   FNRT-352    Historic Photographic Processes
   FNRT-353    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African American Painting
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-375    Women/Gender/Art
   FNRT-376    Visual Culture Theory
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, Monuments
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema

Women's and Gender Studies

This immersion provides an introduction to women’s and gender studies. It considers the concept of patriarchy, its dominance throughout time, and the multitude of efforts by women and men to conceptualize an alternative worldview. The immersion examines the key historical patriarchal and feminist texts, studies the rise of feminist thought, and explores the history of women’s activism and women’s rights over time.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   WGST-200    Foundations in Women’s and Gender Studies
   WGST-206/FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   WGST-210    Introduction to LGBT Studies
   WGST-235/SOCI-235    Women, Work, Culture
   WGST-237/PSYC-237    Psychology of Gender
   WGST-245/CRIM-245    Prostitution and Vice
   WGST-246/STSO-246    History of Women in Science and Engineering
   WGST-250/CRIM-250    Domestic Violence
   WGST-255/CRIM-255    Seminar on Sexual Violence
   WGST-265/CRIM-265    Women and Crima
   WGST-309/PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   WGST-335/HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   WGST-342/STSO-342    Gender, Science, and Technology
   WGST-351/MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   WGST-361    Queering Gender
   WGST-375/FNRT-375    Women/Gender/Art
   WGST-384/FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   WGST-386/FNRT-386    Traumatic Images
   WGST-414/ENGL-414    Topics in WGST
   WGST-451/ECON-451    Ecomonics of Women and the Family

Writing and Rhetoric

The writing and rhetoric immersion is ideal for students interested in reading a variety of genres and writing for a variety of audiences. Genres covered include science writing, creative non-fiction, worlds of writing, and written argument.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-462    Worlds of Writing
   ENGL-442    Creative Nonfiction Workshop
   ENGL-381    Science Writing
   ENGL-360    Written Argument
   ENGL-463    Writing the Self and Others
   ENGL-480    Rhetoric of Science
   ENGL-211    Introduction to Creative Writing