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Minors & Immersions


About
Immersions
Minors
Concentrations
Declaring Minors and Immersions

From Perspective to Immersion

Immersions build on the broad appreciation of liberal arts and sciences that students have gained through Perspective courses. After gaining a range of key perspectives in math, science, natural science, global culture and society, sociological perspectives, artistic understanding and appreciation, and ethical awareness, students go on to immerse themselves in a particular field or interdisciplinary theme. These Perspectives equip students with the necessary habits of critical thinking and analysis to help them both explore the world around them, and appreciate its diversity. This “Immersion” allows students to delve more deeply into a particular intellectual endeavor, or interdisciplinary problem. These immersions are meant to complement the student’s program—exposing them to approaches and questions that are truly distinct but also potentially complementary to their major program of study.

A list of immersions can be accessed here:
http://www.rit.edu/programs/immersions

Minors

With two further courses, students can build on the immersion to earn a Minor. A Minor allows students to develop a secondary area of interest and expertise. Often, this leads to lifelong engagement with an area that enriches their lives beyond their major.

Double Majors

Many of the programs in the College of Liberal Arts make it easy for students to earn a double major. As students become immersed further into a secondary area of interest, they often find that this area adds value to their first major, or offers a different way of knowing the world through different critical approaches to problems beyond the technical. A double major in the humanities, arts, or social sciences can help students become more nimble, creative, and innovative thinkers.

All students must declare an immersion to fulfill their general education requirements. In many cases, an immersion can lead to a minor with the addition of two courses. However, not all minors have a corresponding immersion and vice versa. For a full list of immersions and corresponding minors, please see the immersions and minors page on the general education website.

PDFImmersion Codes
Advertising and Public Relations

The advertising and public relations immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas central to the persuasive arts as they apply to advertising and public relations, as well as education and practice in writing, speaking, and design skills required of these professions. This immerson is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-211    Principles of Advertising
   COMM-212    Public Relations
   COMM-221    Public Relations Writing
   COMM-305    Persuasion
   COMM-321    Copywriting and Visualization

Please note: Students must take either Principles of Advertising (COMM-211) or Public Relations (COMM-212) as one of their courses. At least one course must be at the 300 level.

 

Africa and the Diaspora

The immersion in Africa and the Diaspora enables students to gain knowledge about African societies, cultures, histories, and modern political realities and cultures and communities of the African Diaspora. Students are encouraged to enhance their scholarly knowledge through language study and study abroad. This immersion is closed to students who are majoring in international and global studies who have chosen a specialization in Africa.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ENGL-413    African-American Literature
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   HIST-245    American Slavery and Freedom
   INGS-210/HIST-210    Introduction to Africa and the Diaspora
   INGS-310/HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture

Please note: At least one course must be taken from either INGS, ANTH, or SOCI. Topics in Global Literature (ENGL 416) may be substituted when the topic is Caribbean literature.

American Arts

The American arts immersion provides students with the opportunity to study the American arts in a variety of disciplines including painting, architecture, film, photography, music, theatre, and mass media. Each course will present American art within the context of the broader current of American life including its history, philosophy, social, and cultural traditions. 

Course
Electives
Choose three courses from the following (students must take at least one course in each discipline):
 
Visual culture
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
 
Performing arts
   FNRT-201    Music in the U.S.
   FNRT-203    American Popular and Rock Music
   FNRT-321    Music Since 1900
   FNRT-322    Survey of Jazz
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-325    American Popular Song
   FNRT-327    American Musical Theatre

 

American Politics

The American politics immersion introduces students to the fundamental principles, institutions, and issues of American government. In addition, the strengths and limitations of American constitutionalism are emphasized throughout and current political and policy questions facing the country will be examined. The overarching intention is to give students the necessary tools to deliberate upon the political questions of the day and to actively participate in the political process.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   POLS-200    Law and Society
   POLS-250    State and Local Politics
   POLS-290    Politics and the Life Sciences
   POLS-295    Cyberpolitics
   POLS-305    Political Parties and Voting
   POLS-310    The Congress
   POLS-315    The American Presidency
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-345    Politics and Public Policy
   POLS-355    Political Leadership
   POLS-415    Evolution and Law
   POLS-420    Primate Politics
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-435    American Political Thought
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Virtue and Law
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-480    Women in Politics
   POLS-485    Politics Through Fiction
   POLS-490    Politics Through Film
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science
American Sign Language and Deaf Cultural Studies

The ASL and deaf cultural studies immersion prepares students in the multi-disciplinary study of American Sign Language and Deaf Culture. Open to hearing and deaf students, courses address topics in the field of ASL and deaf cultural studies, including the study of ASL and its structure, ASL literature, literature in English pertaining to the D/deaf experience, the history of D/deaf people in America and around the world, Deaf art and cinema, the experience of D/deaf people from racial, ethnic, and other minority groups, oppression in the lives of D/deaf people, and various political, legal, and educational issues affecting members of the D/deaf community.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-417    Deaf Literature
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-231    Deaf People in Global Perspective
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-333    Diversity in the Deaf Community
   HIST-334    Oppression in the Lives of Deaf People
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   MLAS-201    Beginning American Sign Language I
   MLAS-202    Beginning American Sign Language II
   MLAS-351    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLAS-352    American Sign Language Literature
   SOCI-240    Deaf Culture in America
Applied Statistics

This immersion is focused on statistics.

Course
Prerequisites
MATH-181 Project-based Calculus I
MATH-182 Project-based Calculus II 
(or equivalents)
Electives
Choose three of the following (at least one of the courses must be at the 300-level or above):
   STAT-205    Applied Statistics
   MATH-251    Probability and Statistics I
   MATH-252    Probability and Statistics II
   STAT-305    Introduction to Regression Analysis
   STAT-325    Design of Experiments
   STAT-315    Statistical Quality Control
   STAT-295    Statistical Analysis for Bioinformatics
   STAT-405    Mathematical Statistics I
   STAT-406    Mathematical Statistics II
   STAT-345    Non-parametric Statistics
   STAT-415    Statistical Sampling
   STAT-335    Introduction to Time Series
   MATH-655    Biostatistics
   MATH-401    Stochastic Processes

 

Archaeology

Archaeology is the study of the human past by means of the physical residues of past human behavior: for example, pottery, stone, and metal tools, and the remains of ancient dwelling sites. The archaeologist explains how human society has changed and developed over time using such physical evidence. Archaeology employs techniques from the physical sciences to build a more detailed picture of the human past. Students explore the worlds of the past through hands-on applications of physical science techniques in a diverse range of fields, including chemistry, metallurgy, biology, and material science, applying these disciplines in a novel and challenging context. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the archaeology or cultural anthropology tracks.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-230    Great Discoveries in Archaeology
   ANTH-250    Themes in Archaeological Research
   ANTH-255    Regional Archaeology
   ANTH-315    The Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-355    Historic Archaeology
   ANTH-360    Humans and Their Environment
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-415    Archaeological Science
   ANTH-420    Exploring Ancient Technology
   ANTH-435    Garbage Archaeology
   ANTH-440    Survey of Metallurgy

Please note: At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Astronomy

The astronomy immersion provides students with the opportunity for additional study in astronomy in order to build a secondary area of expertise in support of their major or other areas of interest. The immersion provides students with a broad background in astronomy with courses providing a broad survey of modern astrophysics and the techniques and technologies used to investigate astronomical phenomena.

Course
Prerequisites
PHYS-211 University Physics I
PHYS-212 University Physics II
Required course
PHYS-220 University Astronomy
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   PHYS-370    Stellar Astrophysics
   PHYS-371    Galactic Astrophysics
   PHYS-372    Extragalactic Astrophysics and Cosmology
   PHYS-373    Observational Astronomy
Chemistry

All of the required or optional courses for the chemistry immersion are core chemistry courses within the chemistry curriculum.

Course
Prerequisites
CHMG-141 General and Analytical Chemistry I
CHMG-142 General and Analytical Chemistry II
Required course
CHMO-231 Organic Chemistry I
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   CHMO-232    Organic Chemistry II
   CHMA-161    Quantitative Analysis
   CHMA-221    Instrumental Analysis
   CHMA-222    Chemical Separations
   CHMB-402    Biochemistry I
   CHMI-351    Inorganic Chemistry I
Communication

The communication immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas of communication. Topics include an overview of the fields of persuasion, mass communications, public speaking, and small group communication. Students will understand and apply several modes of communication in academic, professional, and personal situations. This immersion is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   COMM-201    Public Speaking
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-302    Interpersonal Communication
   COMM-303    Small Group Communication
   COMM-304    Intercultural Communication
   COMM-305    Persuasion
   COMM-341    Visual Communication
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics
Criminal Justice

The criminal justice immersion provides students with the appropriate foundation to analyze crime, crime control policy, and the role of the criminal justice system in the maintenance of order in society. Courses focus on the social definition and measurement of crime, and a broad understanding of the causes of crime and societal responses to crime through the police, courts, and corrections. This immersion is closed to students majoring in criminal justice.

Course
Prerequisite
CRIM-110 Introduction to Criminal Justice
Required course
Choose one of the following:
   CRIM-275    Crime and Violence
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups in the Criminal Justice System
   CRIM-489    Major Issues in Criminal Justice
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   CRIM-210    Technology in Criminal Justice
   CRIM-220    Corrections
   CRIM-230    Juvenile Justice
   CRIM-240    Law Enforcement in Society
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-275    Crime and Violence
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups in the Criminal Justice System
   CRIM-489    Major Issues in Criminal Justice

 

Cultural Anthropology

Cultural anthropology attempts to provide insight on how human beings across the globe live and work and shape their cultural world in families, cities, societies, ethnic groups, nations, and networked solidarities through ideas, ideologies, beliefs, and values or worldviews. One of the goals of cultural anthropology is to promote understanding among peoples–an increasingly important venture in our vastly interconnected world communities. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-301    Social and Cultural Theory
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-340    Divided Europe
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East
   ANTH-370    Media and Globalization
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-380    Nationalism and Identity
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology

Please note: At least one course must be taken at the 300 level or higher.

Diversity in the U.S.

This immersion offers students a variety of academic perspectives on how diverse groups may share cultural or inherited characteristics, and how perceptions of difference influence their interactions. Race, ethnicity, gender, and sexualities are the main points of focus. Students will examine differential power between groups, analyze the social structures used to maintain, moderate, and alter power relations, as well as probe interpersonal relationships across social divides. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the sociology track.

Course
Required course
SOCI-220 Minority Group Relations
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   COMM-304    Intercultural Communication
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups and the Criminal Justice System
   ECON-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   ENGL-314    Topics in Women’s and Gender Studies
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture
   SOCI-225    Social Inequality
   SOCI-235    Women, Work, and Culture
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City

Please note: At least one course should be taken from a discipline other than SOCI.

Economics

The economics immersion provides a systematic analysis of economic issues through the study of the allocation of scarce resources into production and the distribution of production among the members of society. This immersion is closed to students majoring in economics.

Course
Prerequisites
ECON-101

Principles of Microeconomics

ECON-101H

Honors Principles of Microeconomics

Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ECON-201    Principles of Macroeconomics
   ECON-401    Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
   ECON-402    Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
   ECON-403    Econometrics I
   ECON-404    Mathematical Methods: Economics
   ECON-405    International Trade and Finance
   ECON-406    Global Economic Issues
   ECON-407    Industrial Organization
   ECON-410    Game Theory: Economic Applications
   ECON-420    Environmental Economics
   ECON-421    Natural Resource Economics
   ECON-422    Benefit-Cost Analysis
   ECON-430    Managerial Economics
   ECON-431    Monetary Analysis and Policy
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   ECON-441    Labor Economics
   ECON-444    Public Finance
   ECON-445    History of Economic Thought
   ECON-448    Development Economics
   ECON-449    Comparative Economic Systems
   ECON-450    Health Care Economics
   ECON-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   ECON-452    Economics of Native America


Environmental Studies

The environmental studies immersion is an examination of the basic environmental problems we face, how environmental resource depletion and energy issues are related, and what kind of environmental ethics and/or values we have today and have had in the past. The immersion also explores the economic, legislative, and regulatory framework within which most environmental decisions are made. Since most technological areas are associated with significant environmental implications, it is essential that students have an understanding of and a well-thought-out value orientation about such environmental consequences.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-220    Environment and Society
   STSO-321    Face of the Land
   STSO-325    History of the Environmental Sciences
   STSO-326    History of Ecology and Environmentalism
   STSO-330    Energy and the Environment
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy
   STSO-422    Great Lakes
   STSO-489    Special Topics
   STSO-510    Interdisciplinary Capstone Seminar
   STSO-521    Biodiversity and Society
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities

Please note: At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Ethics

The ethics immersion provides students with opportunities to study different theories of how people ought to live their lives, to recognize and understand ethical dilemmas, and to develop solutions to ethical problems. The immersion emphasizes the following goals: an ability to recognize ethical issues and to think rationally and critically about them; an awareness of how ethical problems can result from complex social structures; an understanding of the relationship between individuals and the social settings with which they interact; and an appreciation of the conditions necessary for effectively resolving ethical problems. This immersion is closed to students majoring in philosophy.

Course
Required courses
Choose one of the following*:
PHIL-202 Foundations of Moral Philosophy
PHIL-415 Ethical Theory
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-306    Professional Ethics
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   MGMT-340    Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

*Students are required to take either Foundations of Moral Philosophy (PHIL-202) or Ethical Theory (PHIL-415). If students take one of these courses, they will choose two elective courses to complete the immersion. If they choose both of these courses, students will choose one additional elective.

 Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Film Studies

The film studies immersion allows students to engage in the study of global cinema using a variety of interdisciplinary methodologies and perspectives. Coming from the disciplines of English, anthropology, philosophy, fine arts/visual culture, political science, history, and modern languages, the immersion investigates cinema’s mass appeal as a form of entertainment, but also the power it wields to disseminate ideas, history, values, aesthetics, behavior, and cultural norms. 

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology
   ENGL-410    Film Studies
   ENGL-425    Global Cinemas
   FNRT-200    Anime
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-275    Screening the Trenches: The History of World War I through Film
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   POLS-490    Politics through Film

Please note: Students must take courses in more than one discipline, e.g., two in FNRT and one in ANTH.

Global Justice and Peace Studies

The global justice and peace studies immersion examines attempts to affect lasting accord and social justice on the international scale. Courses in philosophy and the social sciences help students to understand concepts of human rights, world poverty, and global solidarity. The goal of the immersion is to elucidate the link between concepts of peace and justice while assessing non-violent means of conflict resolution.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-440    War and the State

Please note: Students must select courses from at least two different disciplines. Students majoring in philosophy, sociology and anthropology, or political science must choose two of the three courses from outside their respective major.

Globalization Theory

Globalization theory analyzes how linkages and interconnections across and beyond conventional borders and boundaries are forged by people, political regimes, social movements, corporate enterprise, and culture industries. The emphasis is on the causes, signs, and possibilities of globalization with view to mobile populations, permeable borders, transnational flows of capital, and the traffic of culture across space or historical time. Courses examine how global fluidities, mobilities, and connections have been forged, the various dynamic and unpredictable responses of people in diverse locations to global processes, and the implications of global processes for a shared future. This immersion is closed to students majoring in international and global studies and sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-370    Media and Globalization
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   INGS-201    Histories of Globalization
   SOCI-250    Globalization and Security
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror

Please note: At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Health and Culture

The health and culture immersion focuses on the shifting configurations of health and culture in a globalizing world. Health beliefs, including notions about bodily integrity or emotional well-being, illness causation, diagnostic practices, and the experiences, expressions, and treatments of human ailments unfold in concrete cultural contexts. Every society has some form of a health care system, which is minimally administered by community members or specialized practitioners. By moving beyond the lens of western bio-medicine, this immersion provides students with a set of tools for analyzing the impact of culture on how health care is delivered, how health symptoms are interpreted and communicated by patients and health providers, and how costs for treatment are calculated and managed in relation to perceived benefits. Courses examine the interrelation between health and culture from a number of perspectives and contexts, including the cultural realities within which bodies are meaningfully constituted or in some cases enhanced by technology, the culture-specific communicative or representational health practices, the socially constituted experiences of trauma, death, suffering, and healing, and the various culturally mediated approaches to health care costs and remedies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   COMM-344    Health Communication
   CRIM-245    Prostitution and Vice
   ECON-450    Health Care Economics
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative
   PSYC-231    Death and Dying
   SOCI-245    Gender and Health
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues
   STSO-441    Cyborg Theory: (Re)thinking the Human Experience in the 21st Century

Please note: At least one course must be taken from either ANTH or SOCI.

History

The history immersion provides students with intensive study within the discipline of history. Students may choose to structure their immersion broadly, by choosing a wide range of historical topics to study, or narrowly, by choosing a particular area to study, such as American, European, or Asian history.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   HIST-201    Histories of Globalization
   HIST-210    Introduction to Africa and the Diaspora
   HIST-220    Introduction to Public History
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-238    History of Disability
   HIST-240    Civil War America
   HIST-245    American Slavery and Freedom
   HIST-250    Origins of U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-251    Modern U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-252    The United States and Japan
   HIST-260    History of Pre-modern China
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-266    History of Pre-modern Japan
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-275    Screening the Trenches: A History of WWI Through Film
   HIST-280    History of Modern Germany
   HIST-290    U.S. History Since 1945
   HIST-301    Great Debates in U.S. History
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History
   HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   HIST-321    Special Topics in Public History
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History 
   HIST-325    Museums and History 
   HIST-326    Doing History in a Digital World 
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-333    Diversity in the Deaf Community
   HIST-334    Oppression in the Lives of Deaf People
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   HIST-345    Environmental Disasters 
   HIST-350    Terrorism, Intelligence, and War
   HIST-365    Conflict in Modern East Asia  
   HIST-369    Histories of Christianity
   HIST-390    Medicine and Public Health in American History 
   HIST-402    Special Seminar in History 
   HIST-421    Hands-On History  
   HIST-439    Biography as History
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-462    East-West Encounters
   HIST-465    The Samurai in Word and Image
   HIST-470    Science, Technology, and European Imperialism

Please note: At least one course must be taken from the 300 level or higher.

Human Language Technology and Computational Linguistics

The human language technology and computational linguistics immersion provides exposure to computational linguistics and relevant language science coursework. Students gain knowledge and practical skills in computational natural language processing and technical linguistic analysis, useful for analytics and modeling with language data and for developing, evaluating, and maintaining language technology software. 

Course
Required course
ENGL-481 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   ENGL-310    Introduction to Language Science
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-482    Language and the Brain
   ENGL-582    Advanced Topics in Computational Linguistics

 

International Relations

The international relations immersion combines the study of the complexities and shifting trends of international politics with the study of the global system. Particular emphasis is placed on the interactions and interconnectedness of nation-states at the international level and other participants in international affairs, such as international organizations, non-governmental organizations, sub-national entities, and individual citizens. Global issues studied include democratization, international and regional conflicts, terrorism, international trade and economic integration, economic development, international law and organizations, and human rights. This immersion is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   POLS-210    Comparative Politics
   POLS-220    Global Political Economy
   POLS-315    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-335    Politics of Developing Countries
   POLS-350    Government and Politics of East Asia
   POLS-410    Evolutionary International Relations
   POLS-440    War and the State
   POLS-445    Terrorism and Political Violence
   POLS-455    Comparative Public Policy
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Journalism

The journalism immersion provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas of journalism, including its history and relevant legal and ethical issues, and for education and practice in writing and editing skills required of journalists. This immersion is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, and journalism.

Course
Required course
COMM-362 Law and Ethics of the Press
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   COMM-261    History of Journalism
   COMM-263    Computer-Assisted Reporting
   COMM-271    Introduction to Journalism
   COMM-272    Reporting and Writing I
   COMM-273    Reporting and Writing II
   COMM-274    News Editing
Language Science

The language science immersion prepares students in the interdisciplinary scientific study and analysis of human language. Language science is directly applicable to students interested in computing and media, human-computer interaction, brain and cognition, language acquisition, human health, interpreting, relevant branches of engineering, and policy studies. Students can complete the immersion irrespective of their skills in languages other than English. Besides a core course on linguistic principles, students can choose electives covering technology of language, philosophy of language, and language in culture and society. Electives allow students to customize the immersion to their interests and needs, with the support of a faculty adviser.

Course
Required course
ENGL-310 Introduction to Language Science
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-371    Language, Dialects, and Identity
   ENGL-470    Evolving English Language
   ENGL-481    Introduction to Natural Language Processing
   ENGL-482    Language and Brain
   MLAS-351    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLCU-301    Psycholinguistics
   MLJP-351    Languages in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of the Japanese Language
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language
Latino/Latina/Latin American Studies

The Latino/Latina/Latin American studies immersion allows students to study Latino or Latin American culture. The goal is to introduce students to the customs and culture (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, music) of Latin America or of Latinos in the U.S. Students will become aware of the relationship between language and culture and of the differences between their own language and culture and those of Spanish-speaking countries or Brazil.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II
   MLSP-201    Beginning Spanish I
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative

Please note: This immersion consists of three culture courses. If a student chooses, one of the three courses may be substituted for a Spanish or Portuguese language course. Students who have prior study of either language must take a placement exam through the Department of Modern Languages to determine the appropriate level language course to complete. 

 

Legal Studies

The legal studies immersion provides students with a foundation in the study of law and legal institutions, and in the relationship of law to other aspects of society and culture. Courses provide a broad perspective on law and legal institutions including historical, ethical, sociological, political, and philosophical approaches to these areas.

Course
Required Course
Choose one of the following:
CRIM-215 Law and Society
POLS-200 Law and Society
Electives*
Choose two of the following:
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics
   COMM-362    Law and Ethics of the Press
   CRIM-225    Criminal Law
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-315    Evidence
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   POLS-325    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Virtue and Law
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality

Please note: All three courses cannot be from the same discipline. Students majoring in communication, criminal justice, philosophy, and political science must choose two of the three courses from outside their respective major.

Liberal and Medical Arts

The literary arts, medical humanities, and social sciences provide insight into wellness, illness, disability, and pathology, and offer historical views on medical practices. Attention to liberal arts helps to develop cultural and communication perspectives. Students develop skills in critical analysis, interpersonal empathy, and self-reflection, all of which are essential for human-centered medical care. The immersion will examine how bioscience and medicine interact with cultural, cognitive, and communicative contexts, and how these impact the individual experience of illness and the ways medicine is practiced. Students pursuing programs in medical disciplines, medical informatics, medical illustration, and psychology will find this immersion particularly beneficial.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-340    Literary Diseases
   ENGL-345    History of Madness
   COMM-344    Health Communication
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology
   HIST-238    History of Disability
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   ENGL-305    Auto/biographical Literature
Literature

The literature immersion gives students the opportunity to read, analyze, and evaluate works of fiction, poetry, and drama. While studying and practicing different methods of approaching literary texts, students explore their diverse social, cultural, and historical contexts.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-301    The Art of Poetry
   ENGL-304    Drama and Theatre
   ENGL-400    Literature and Cultural Studies
   ENGL-406    Shakespeare Tragedies
   ENGL-416    Topics in Global Literature
   ENGL-417    Deaf Literature
   ENGL-418    Great Authors
Mathematics
Course
Prerequisites
MATH-181 Calculus I (or equivalent)
Plus one of the following:
   MATH-182    Calculus II
   MATH-190    Discrete Mathematics for Computing
   MATH-200    Discrete Mathematics and Introduction to Proof
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   MATH-219    Multivariable Calculus
   MATH-221    Multivariable Calculus and Vector Calculus
   MATH-231    Differential Equations
   MATH-233    Linear Systems and Differential Equations
   MATH-241    Linear Algebra
   MATH-251    Probability and Statistics I
   MATH-311    Linear Optimization
   MATH-312    Non-linear Optimization
   MATH-321    Game Theory
   MATH-326    Boundary Value Problems
   MATH-331    Dynamical Systems
   MATH-361    Combinatorics
   MATH-367    Codes and Ciphers
   MATH-381    Complex Variables
   MATH-341    Advanced Linear Algebra
   MATH-351    Graph Theory
   MATH-371    Number Theory
   MATH-401    Stochastic Processes
   MATH-411    Numerical Analysis
   MATH-412    Numerical Linear Algebra
   MATH-431    Real Variables I
   MATH-432    Real Variables II
   MATH-441    Abstract Algebra I
   MATH-442    Abstract Algebra II
   MATH-461    Topology
Modern Languages and Cultures - Arabic

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Arabic-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLAR-201    Beginning Arabic I
   MLAR-202    Beginning Arabic II
   MLAR-301    Intermediate Arabic I
   MLAR-302    Intermediate Arabic II
   MLAR-401    Advanced Arabic I
   MLAR-402    Advanced Arabic II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ANTH-240    Muslim Youth Cultures
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East
Modern Languages and Cultures - Chinese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Chinese-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLCH-201    Beginning Chinese I
   MLCH-202    Beginning Chinese II
   MLCH-301    Intermediate Chinese I
   MLCH-302    Intermediate Chinese II
   MLCH-401    Advanced Chinese I
   MLCH-402    Advanced Chinese II
   MLJP-403    Professional Japanese
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   POLS-350    Politics of East Asia
Modern Languages and Cultures - French

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of French-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

 

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLFR-201    Beginning French I
   MLFR-202    Beginning French II
   MLFR-301    Intermediate French I
   MLFR-302    Intermediate French II
   MLFR-401    Advanced French I
   MLFR-402    Advanced French II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History*
   HIST-103    The City in History†

* When the course deals with the history of France and/or Francophone countries

† When the course deals with the history of Paris.

Modern Languages and Cultures - German

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of German-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills will begin the language courses at their current level of proficiency as determined by a placement test.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLGR-201    Beginning German I
   MLGR-202    Beginning German II
   MLGR-301    Intermediate German I
   MLGR-302    Intermediate German II
   MLGR-401    Advanced German I
   MLGR-402    Advanced German II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   FNRT-210    Bach, Händel and the Baroque
   FNRT-211    Era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
   HIST-280    History of Modern Germany
Modern Languages and Cultures - Italian

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Italy. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

 

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLIT-201    Beginning Italian I
   MLIT-202    Beginning Italian II
   MLIT-301    Intermediate Italian I
   MLIT-302    Intermediate Italian II
   MLIT-401    Advanced Italian I
   MLIT-402    Advanced Italian II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ENGL-416    Global Literatures and Cultures*

* When the course deals with Italian literature and culture.

Modern Languages and Cultures - Japanese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Japan. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLJP-201    Beginning Japanese I
   MLJP-202    Beginning Japanese II
   MLJP-301    Intermediate Japanese I
   MLJP-302    Intermediate Japanese II
   MLJP-401    Advanced Japanese I
   MLJP-402    Advanced Japanese II
   MLJP-403    Professional Japanese
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLJP-404    Japanese Culture in Print
   MLJP-351    Language in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of Japanese
   HIST-266    History of Pre-modern Japan
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-252    The United States and Japan
   HIST-465    The Samurai in Word and Image
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   POLS-350    Politics of East Asia
Modern Languages and Cultures - Portuguese

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Portugal and Portuguese-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
Modern Languages and Cultures - Russian

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Russia and Russian-speaking countries of the world. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLRU-201    Beginning Russian I
   MLRU 202    Beginning Russian II
   MLRU-301    Intermediate Russian I
   MLRU-302    Intermediate Russian II
   MLRU-401    Advanced Russian I
   MLRU-402    Advanced Russian II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   ENGL-418    Great Authors*
   ENGL-416    Global Literatures and Cultures†

* When the course deals with the history of France and/or Francophone countries.

† When the course deals with the history of Paris.

Modern Languages and Cultures - Spanish

This immersion introduces students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature, politics, anthropology, and music) of Spain and Spanish-speaking countries. The immersion consists of three language courses or, with permission, two language courses and one culture course. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register.

 

Course
Electives
Choose three consecutive language courses:
   MLSP-201    Beginning Spanish I
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, one of the following culture courses may be substituted for one of the sequential language courses:
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   MLSP-353    Trauma and Survival in First-Person Narrative
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ENGL-416    Topics in Global Literatures*
   ENGL-418    Great Authors*

* When the course deals with Spanish and/or Latin American literature.

Museum Studies

The immersion in museum studies introduces students to the history, theory, and practice of institutional collecting, exhibiting, storing, and preserving our cultural heritage in museums, archives, collections, galleries, and libraries. It also provides students with an introduction to public history, the technical investigation of art, the history and theory of exhibitions, and interactive design for museums. This immersion is closed to students majoring in museum studies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History
   HIST-325    Museums and History
   MUSE-220    Introduction to Museums and Collecting
   MUSE-221/HIST-221    Introduction to Public History
   MUSE-222    Panel Painting
   MUSE-223    Historic Photographic Processes
   MUSE-224    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   MUSE-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   MUSE-438    Conservation and Analysis

Please note: Students must take at least one MUSE course and one HIST course. The third course may be taken from either discipline.

Native American Science and Technology

The Native American science and technology immersion enhances students’ understanding of the unique heritages of Native North Americans and their relationships with other people in the United States and Canada. Courses emphasize traditional ways of learning, modern and ancient technologies used by contemporary tribes, histories of relations, and Native American and First Nations science. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-415    Archaeological Science
   ANTH-455    Economics of Native America

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher. 

Philosophy

The philosophy immersion provides students with an opportunity to study the nature, methods, problems, and achievements of philosophical inquiry. The immersion emphasizes the following goals: the ability to think rationally and critically, an awareness of ethical values, an appreciation of aesthetic values, an awareness of how the past affects the present and future, and an understanding of the relationship between individuals and the social settings with which they interact. This immersion is closed to students majoring in philosophy.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PHIL-201    Ancient Philosophy
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-203    Modern Philosophy
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-301    Philosophy of Religion
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-303    Philosophy of Art/Aesthetics
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-306    Professional Ethics
   PHIL-307    Philosophy of Technology
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-310    Theories of Knowledge
   PHIL-311    East Asian Philosophy
   PHIL-312    American Philosophy
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   PHIL-314    Philosophy of Vision and Imaging
   PHIL-401    Great Thinkers
   PHIL-402    Philosophy of Science
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-404    Philosophy of Mind
   PHIL-405    Philosophy of the Social Sciences
   PHIL-406    Contemporary Philosophy
   PHIL-407    Philosophy of Action
   PHIL-408    Critical Social Theory
   PHIL-409    Existentialism
   PHIL-410    Medieval Philosophy
   PHIL-411    Metaphysics
   PHIL-412    Nineteenth Century Philosophy
   PHIL-413    Philosophy and Literary Theory
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   PHIL-416    Seminar in Philosophy
   PHIL-449    Special Topics
   PHIL-571    Honors Philosophy

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Physics

In a broad sense, the aim of physics is to develop interconnected unifying threads bridging the vast number of seemingly diverse phenomena observed in the physical world around us. This immersion provides students with the opportunity for additional study in physics in order to build a secondary area of expertise in support of their major or other areas of interest.

Course
Prerequisites
PHYS-211 University Physics I
PHYS-212 University Physics II
Required courses
PHYS-213 Modern Physics I
PHYS-214 Modern Physics II
Electives
Choose one of the following:
   PHYS-283    Vibrations and Waves
   PHYS-315    Experiments in Modern Physics
   PHYS-320    Mathematical Methods in Physics
   PHYS-330    Classical Mechanics
   PHYS-411    Electricity and Magnetism
   PHYS-440    Thermal and Statistical Physics
Psychology

This immersion reflects the central themes of psychology, including topics such as the study of cognitive, developmental, social, and abnormal psychology. The study of behavior includes many different topics, but the unifying theme is that these courses all include the study of behavior using or applying the scientific method. This immersion is closed to students majoring in psychology.

Course
Prerequisite
PSYC-101 Introduction to Psychology
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PSYC-221    Abnormal Psychology
   PSYC-222    Biopsychology
   PSYC-223    Cognitive Psychology
   PSYC-224    Perception
   PSYC-225    Social Psychology
   PSYC-231    Death and Dying
   PSYC-232    Developmental Psychology
   PSYC-233    History and Systems
   PSYC-234    Industrial and Organizational Psychology
   PSYC-235    Learning and Behavior
   PSYC-236    Personality
   PSYC-237    Psychology of Gender
   PSYC-238    Psychology of Religion
   PSYC-239    Positive Psychology
Public Policy

This immersion provides students with a clear understanding of public policy, the policy process, and policy analysis. Students have the opportunity to develop perspectives on a variety of contemporary public policy issues, especially those that emerge from scientific and technological advancements. Policy Analysis (PUBL-301) and Decision Analysis (PUBL-302) are offered especially for students who are interested in pursing the master of science degree in science, technology, and public policy or who have an interest in analytical tools. This immersion is closed to students majoring in public policy.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PUBL-201    Ethics, Values and Public Policy
   PUBL-210    Introduction to Qualitative Policy Analysis
   PUBL-301    Public Policy Analysis
   PUBL-302    Decision Analysis  
   PUBL-489    Special Topics
   PUBL-510    Technology Innovation and Public Policy
   PUBL-520    Information and Communication Policy
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Religious Studies

Religion plays a major role in human affairs. To understand more fully the nature of the relationship between society and the individual, it is essential to have some understanding of religion. The religious studies immersion engages students in the study of religion from the perspective of major Western and non-Western traditions through courses in disciplines such as anthropology, history, literature, philosophy, and psychology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-245    Ritual and Performance
   ENGL-409    Mythology and Literature
   HIST-369    Histories of Christianity
   PHIL-301    Philosophy of Religion
   PHIL-311    East Asian Philosophy
   PHIL-409    Existentialism
   PHIL-410    Medieval Philosophy
   PHIL-411    Metaphysics
   PHIL-412    Nineteenth-Century Philosophy
   PSYC-238    Psychology of Religion

Please note: To complete the immersion, students must select three courses from at least two distinct disciplines (e.g., anthropology, English, history, philosophy, or psychology). Philosophy majors must take two courses in disciplines other than philosophy. Special topics courses (in all departments) and Great Thinkers courses (in the philosophy department) will be considered on an individual basis, subject to approval by the religious studies immersion coordinator.

Science and Technology Studies

The science and technology studies immersion examines some of the major impacts of science and technology in the contemporary world. Special reference is given to American concerns. Students gain an overall appreciation of the social nature of science and technology as they have developed in the past, as they exist today, and as they may affect society in the future under various scenarios. Science and technology have become social systems in their own right and have made possible increasing freedom, a fantastic variety of choice, and, paradoxically, the growing interdependence of all segments of world society. A new level of public awareness and concern is crucial to understanding and dealing successfully with these consequences.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy
   STSO-240    Social Consequences of Technology 
   STSO-246    History of Women in Science and Engineering
   STSO-321    Face of the Land
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology
   STSO-342    Gender, Science and Technology
   STSO-345    Makers of Modern Science
   STSO-346    Technology in American History
   STSO-441    Cyborg Theory: (Re)thinking the Human Experience in the 21st Century
   STSO-442    Science, Technology and Society Classics
   STSO-445    The Natural Sciences in Western History
   STSO-446    History of Chemistry
   STSO-489    Special Topics
   STSO-510    Interdisciplinary Capstone Seminar

Please note: At least one course must be from the 300 level or higher.

Science of Film, Photography, and Imaging

The science of film, photography, and imaging immersion explores the basic science behind technologies used in film, photography, and other imaging applications. Introductions to human visual perception, color science, imaging physics, and imaging system engineering set a groundwork for common theories underlying all major imaging industries. This immersion also provides necessary prerequisites for completion of a minor in imaging science. The immersion is closed to students majoring in imaging science, motion picture science, and imaging and photographic technology.

Course
Required Course
SOFA-103 Film/Video Materials and Technology
Electives
Choose two of the following:
   IMGS-221    Vision and Psychophysics
   IMGS-261    Linear and Fourier Methods for Imaging
   IMGS-321    Geometric Optics
   IMGS-341    Interactions Between Light and Matter
   IMGS-351    Color Science

 

Social Inequalities

Social inequalities and collective responses to them, both locally and globally, are the focus of this immersion. Students explore the interplay between social and cultural dimensions of the rapid globalization of production, culture, and politics and the inequalities in race, ethnicity, class, gender, and culture that ensue. The egalitarian strivings that emerge from these inequalities are also examined. The courses offer the unique standpoints of two academic disciplines–sociology and anthropology–to analyze the roles of powerful social institutions and culture and to identify and explain social inequalities and resulting conflicts and egalitarian hopes. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-380    Nationalism and Identity
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   INGS-310/HIST-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking
   SOCI-103    The Urban Experience
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture
   SOCI-215    The Changing Family
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-225    Social Inequality
   SOCI-230    Sociology of Work
   SOCI-235    Women, Work, and Culture
   SOCI-245    Gender and Health
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror
   SOCI-320    Population and Society
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City

Please note: All three courses cannot come from one discipline. At least one course must be taken at the 300 level or higher.

Text and Code

We encounter digital texts and codes every time we use a smartphone, turn on an app, or interact online. This immersion explores innovative and evolving questions and practices of text and code in literature, linguistics, creative writing, and locative and interactive media. It invites students to explore the social, cultural, and technological significance of text, code, and their interrelations.

Course
Electives
Choose two of the following English courses:
   ENGL-215    Text and Code
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   ENGL-375    Storytelling Across Media
   ENGL-376    Experimental Writing
   ENGL-419    Literature and Technology
   ENGL-422    Maps, Spaces, Places
   ENGL-481    Introduction to Natural Language Processing
Choose one of the following computing courses:
   FNRT-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   IGME-110    Introduction to Interactive Media
   ISTE-382    Introduction to Geospatial Technologies
Urban Studies

Metropolitan areas must address such enduring issues as poverty, homelessness, affordable housing, transportation, education, crime, safety, recreation, and economic development. Each must do so with recognition of its place in the wider regional, national, and global contexts. The urban studies immersion helps students identify and analyze such fundamental issues and allows them to explore and assess various ways policy-makers respond to those issues. This immersion is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the urban studies track.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-315    Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-310    U.S. Housing Policy
   SOCI-325    Community and Economic Development: Rochester
   SOCI-330    Urban Deviance
   SOCI-335    Urban Cultures
   SOCI-340    Urban Planning and Policy
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Visual Culture

Visual culture explores the role of visual media in everyday life and its critical function in the dissemination of ideas in the public sphere. Emphasizing comparative critical approaches to the convergence of art, popular media, science, and technology, the immersion engages globalized visual media ranging from photography, television, film, new media (the Web, digital imaging, and social networks), architecture, design, and art (painting, sculpture, and multimedia forms) in the context of such social arenas as art, news, science, advertising, and popular culture. The goal is to help students develop media literacy. This immersion is closed to students majoring in museum studies.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-350    Introduction to Museums and Collecting
   FNRT-351    Panel Painting
   FNRT-352    Historic Photographic Processes
   FNRT-353    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   FNRT-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African American Painting
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-375    Women/Gender/Art
   FNRT-376    Visual Culture Theory
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, Monuments
   FNRT-379    Art of India and Southeast Asia
   FNRT-380    Art of China, Korea, and Japan
   FNRT-381    Art of Islam: The Arabic Tradition
   FNRT-382    Art of Islam: the Persian, Turkish/Mughal Traditions
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
Writing and Rhetoric

The writing and rhetoric immersion is ideal for students interested in reading a variety of genres and writing for a variety of audiences. Genres covered include science writing, creative non-fiction, worlds of writing, and written argument.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   ENGL-462    Worlds of Writing
   ENGL-442    Creative Nonfiction Workshop
   ENGL-381    Science Writing
   ENGL-360    Written Argument
   ENGL-463    Writing the Self and Others
   ENGL-480    Rhetoric of Science
   ENGL-211    Introduction to Creative Writing
Advertising and Public Relations

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The advertising and public relations minor prepares students to analyze audiences, write advertising copy, prepare press releases, select media, and manage broad-scaled persuasive campaigns. Students are grounded in the basic theories of persuasive communication enabling them to create persuasive messages with a strong emphasis on ethical decision-making. This minor is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Required Courses
COMM-305 Persuasion
Electives
Choose four of the following
   COMM-101    Human Communication
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-211    Principles of Advertising
   COMM-212    Public Relations Writing
   COMM-221    Copywriting and Visualization
   COMM-223    Digital Design in Communication
   COMM-303    Small Group Communication
   COMM-321    Public Relations
   COMM-322    Campaign Management and Planning
   COMM-341    Visual Communication
American Art

The American art minor provides students with an opportunity to study the American arts in a variety of disciplines, including painting, architecture, film, photography, music, theatre, and mass media. Each course will present American art within the context of the broader current of American life, including its history, philosophy, social, and cultural traditions.

Course
Electives
Choose five courses from the following (students must take at least one course in each of the three disciplines):
 
Visual culture
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African-American Art
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-377    Imagining Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
 
Performing arts
   FNRT-201    Music in the U.S.
   FNRT-203    American Popular and Rock Music
   FNRT-322    Survey of Jazz
   FNRT-323    Survey of African-American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-325    American Popular Song
   FNRT-327    American Musical Theatre
 
Literature
   ENGL-411    Topics in American Literature
   ENGL-412    American Studies
   ENGL-413    African-American Literature
American History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. However, a minor in history is now available.

 

American Politics

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The American politics minor studies the basic principles and institutions of the American political order and their implications for current political practice. The strengths and limitations of American constitutionalism are emphasized throughout and contemporary political and policy questions facing the country are examined. This minor is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Required Courses
POLS-110 American Politics
Electives
Choose four of the following
   POLS-200    Law and Society
   POLS-250    State and Local Politics
   POLS-290    Politics and the Life Sciences
   POLS-295    Cyberpolitics
   POLS-305    Political Parties and Voting
   POLS-310    The Congress
   POLS-315    The American Presidency
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-345    Politics and Public Policy
   POLS-355    Political Leadership
   POLS-415    Evolution and Law
   POLS-420    Primate Politics
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-435    American Political Thought
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-480    Women in Politics
   POLS-485    Politics Through Fiction
   POLS-490    Politics Through Film
   POLS-525
   Special Topics in Political Science

Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

American Sign Language and Deaf Cultural Studies

Matt Searls, Minor Adviser
(585) 286-4657, jmsdhd@rit.edu

Cindy Sanders, Minor Adviser
(585) 286-5149, casnss@rit.edu

The American sign language and deaf cultural studies minor offers students the opportunity to study in the emerging field of Deaf cultural studies. Courses in the minor address topics in the field of ASL and DCS including the study of ASL and its structure, ASL literature, literature in English pertaining to the D/deaf experience, the history of D/deaf people in America and around the world, Deaf art and cinema, the experience of D/deaf people from racial, ethnicm and other minority groups, oppression in the lives D/deaf people, and various political, legal, and educational issues affecting members of the D/deaf community. The minor requires students to achieve a minimal level of competence in ASL and complete at least one course in Deaf Cultural Studies. 

The minor has two options: one for students who are not proficient in ASL and one for those who are. While at least one course must be a deaf cultural studies elective, students are free to structure the minor to fulfill their professional or personal goals:

  • Students who want to focus their studies on ASL should choose at least two language courses as electives.
  • Students who want to emphasize Deaf Cultural Studies should choose three or four DCS elective courses depending on their proficiency in ASL.
  • Students who prefer a balance of ASL and DCS courses may distribute their electives across ASL and DCS in a manner consistent with their ASL proficiency and course prerequisites.

Students majoring in ASL-English Interpretation may only pursue the minor is they choose to emphasize courses that focus on deaf cultural studies; they are not permitted to register for ASL courses.

Course
Required Courses
Option 1: For students who are not proficient in ASL:
MLAS-201 Beginning American Sign Language I
MLAS-202 Beginning American Sign Language II
 
Option 2: For students who are proficient in ASL, choose one of the following:
   MLAS-351    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLAS-352    American Sign Language Literature
Electives
Choose three or four of the following:
Language courses:
   MLAS-450    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLAS-451    American Sign Language Literature
Deaf cultural studies courses:
   ENGL-417    Deaf Literature
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-231    Deaf People in Global Perspective
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-333    Diversity in the Deaf Community
   HIST-334    Oppression in the Lives of Deaf People
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   SOCI-240    Deaf Culture in America

 

 

Applied Communication

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor was not converted to semesters. However, a minor in communication is available.

 

Archaeological Science

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Archaeological science is the application of techniques from the physical sciences to research problems in archaeology and related disciplines. Over the past six decades archaeological science has provided powerful tools for understanding the past, ranging from absolute dating to bone chemistry. It has become an established sub-field within the discipline of archaeology, which itself has grown during the same period from a discipline largely focused on cultural history (the use of artifacts to reconstruct regional cultural sequences) and the validation of documentary history to the explanation of the processes of cultural change in the past. This minor is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the archaeology or cultural anthropology tracks.

Course
Required Courses
ANTH-103 Archaeology and the Human Past
ANTH-415 Archaeological Science
Electives
Choose three of the following (at least one course must be selected from each group and at least one course must be 300-level or higher):
 
Disciplinary
   ANTH-230    Great Discoveries in Archaeology
   ANTH-250    Themes in Archaeological Research
   ANTH-255    Regional Archaeology
   ANTH-315    Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-355    Historic Archaeology
 
Applied/Laboratory
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-360    Humans and Their Environment
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-420    Exploring Ancient Technology
   ANTH-440    Survey of Metallurgy
   ANTH-435    Garbage Archaeology
Art History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

Communication

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The communication minor offers students a foundation in human communication theories, research, and skills. This minor is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Required Courses
COMM-101 Human Communication
Electives
Choose four of the following
   COMM-142    Introduction to Technical Communication 
   COMM-201    Public Speaking
   COMM-202    Mass Communications
   COMM-302    Interpersonal Communication
   COMM-303    Small Group Communication
   COMM-304    Intercultural Communication
   COMM-305    Persuasion
   COMM-341    Visual Communication
   COMM-344    Health Communication
   COMM-343    Technology-Mediated Communication
   COMM-345    Ethics in Technical Communication
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics
   COMM-442    Professional Writing
   COMM-503    Advanced Public Speaking
   COMM-441    Writing the Technical Manual
   COMM-440    Visual Communication of Technical Information

Please note: At least two courses must be from the 300 level or higher.

Communication and Culture

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor was not converted to semesters. However, a minor in communication is available.

 

Creative Writing

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The creative writing minor provides theoretical and historical background to assist students as they develop their own creative writing abilities.

Course
Electives
Choose three of the following
   ENGL-440    Poetry Workshop
   ENGL-441    Fiction Workshop
   ENGL-442    Creative Nonfiction Workshop
   ENGL-443    Editing the Literary Magazine
   ENGL-511    Advanced Creative Writing*
Choose two of the following
   ENGL-301
   Art of Poetry
   ENGL-302
   The Short Story
   ENGL-403    The Novel
   ENGL-408    Modern Poetry
   ENGL-420    Science Fiction
   ENGL-376    Experimental Writing

* Students in the creative writing minor have the option to take one of the creative writing courses and then take Advanced Creative Writing (ENGL-542) twice in order to complete an extended writing project.

Criminal Justice

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The minor in criminal justice provides a foundation in the formal process of social control through the criminal justice system, including how behavior is defined as criminal, how crime is measured, and how society responds to crime through law enforcement, courts, and corrections. This minor is closed to students majoring in criminal justice.

Course
Required Courses
CRIM-110 Introduction to Criminal Justice
Electives
Choose four of the following
   CRIM-210    Technology in Criminal Justice 
   CRIM-220    Corrections
   CRIM-230    Juvenile Justice
   CRIM-240    Law Enforcement in Society
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-275    Crime and Violence
   CRIM-285    Minority Groups in the Criminal Justice System
   CRIM-489    Major Issues in Criminal Justice
Digital Literatures and Media

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Digital technologies are changing all aspects of how we read and analyze texts and how we access and conceptualize information. Through this minor, students read and analyze traditional texts produced in print, and non-traditional texts created specifically for online environments (e.g., electronic poetry, games, social media). This minor will provide an entry point into investigating particular aspects of “the digital” and its relation to “the literary.” The minor examines the cultural and social impact of new technologies and offers students access to these technologies for application to new questions for study and new methods of creation.

Course
Required Courses
Choose one of the following
ENGL-481 Introduction to Natural Language Processing
FNRT-356 Interactive Design for Museums
IGME-110 Introduction to Interactive Media
ISTE-105 Web Foundations
ISTE-382 Introduction To Geospatial Technologies
Electives
Choose four of the following
   ENGL-215    Text and Code
   ENGL-375    Storytelling Across Media
   ENGL-403    The Novel
   ENGL-409    Mythology and Literature
   ENGL-410    Film Studies
   ENGL-418    Great Authors*
   ENGL-419    Literature and Technology
   ENGL-420    Science Fiction
   ENGL-421    The Graphic Novel

* With adviser approval.

Economics

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

An economics minor provides a systematic analysis of economic issues through the study of the allocation of scarce resources into production and the distribution of production among the members of society. This minor is closed to students majoring in economics.

Course
Prerequisite
Choose one of the following
   ECON-101    Principles of Microeconomics
   ECON-101H    Honors Economics
Required Courses
ECON-201 Principles of Macroeconomics
Electives
 
Theory and policy
Choose two or three of the following
   ECON-401    Intermediate Microeconomics Theory
   ECON-402    Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
   ECON-405    International Trade and Finance
   ECON-406    Global Economic Issues
   ECON-407    Industrial Organization
   ECON-420    Environmental Economics
   ECON-421    Natural Resource Economics
   ECON-422    Benefit-Cost Analysis
   ECON-430    Managerial Economics
   ECON-431    Monetary Analysis and Policy
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   ECON-441    Labor Economics
   ECON-444    Public Finance
   ECON-445    History of Economic Thought
   ECON-448    Development Economics
   ECON-449    Comparative Economic Systems
   ECON-450    Health Care Economics
   ECON-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   ECON-452    Economics of native America
 
Quantitative
Choose one or two of the following
   ECON-403    Econometrics I
   ECON-404    Mathematical Methods: Economics
   ECON-410    Game Theory: Economic Applications
Environmental Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

With an emphasis on sustainability and holistic thinking, the environmental studies minor provides students with opportunities for the in-depth analysis of global and regional environmental issues, their causes, and their potential solutions. In particular, a required 500-level seminar will serve as a capstone experience, helping students to integrate knowledge from several disciplinary perspectives, including socio-cultural, historical, political, economic, ethical, scientific, and/or technological factors. Having completed the minor, students will possess a high level of environmental literacy, an important component of many professional fields within the sciences, engineering, law, journalism, and public affairs.

Course
Required Course
STSO-510 Seminar in Science, Technology and Society
Electives
Choose four of the following
   STSO-120    Introduction to Environmental Studies
   STSO-220    Environment and Society
   STSO-321    Face of the Land 
   STSO-325    History of Environmental Science
   STSO-326    History of Ecology and Environmentalism
   STSO-330    Energy and the Environment
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy
   STSO-489    Special Topics in STS
   STSO-521    Biodiversity
   STSO-522    Great Lakes
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   ECON-420    Environmental Economics
   ECON-421    Natural Resource Economics
   HIST-345    Environmental Disasters
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   SOCI-320    Population and Society

Please note: At least one elective must be at the 300 level or higher.

European History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. However, a minor in history is now available.

Film Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Film studies explores the role of cinema in the contemporary global culture. Using methodologies and perspectives from a variety of disciplines, such as English, anthropology, philosophy, fine arts/visual culture, political science, history, and modern languages, the film studies minor investigates cinema’s mass appeal as a form of entertainment, but also the power it wields to disseminate ideas, history, values, aesthetics, behavior, and cultural norms. This minor is closed to students majoring in film and animation.

Course
Electives
Choose five of the following
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology
   FNRT-200    Anime
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
   ENGL-410    Film Studies
   ENGL-425    Global Cinemas
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-275    Screening the Trenches: The History of World War I through Film
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   POLS-490    Politics through Film
Global Literatures and Cultures

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The global literatures and cultures minor offers a rich variety of courses for students curious about global literatures and the different forms they take across cultures, from epic poetry to contemporary film. Students will examine aspects of globalization and the human condition through mutiple cultural lenses, better preparing them for the complex global workplace of the 21st century. Given the diverse, international backgrounds of our faculty, students will learn how literary imaginations of all types are transmitted across historical epochs and national boundaries using a range of old and new material technologies.

Course
Required Courses 
ENGL-416 Global Literatures
Electives
Choose four of the following
   ENGL-391    Special Topics: Dangerous Texts
   ENGL-406    Shakespeare: Tragedies
   ENGL-407    Shakespeare: Comedies
   ENGL-409    Mythology and Literature
   ENGL-411    American Literature
   ENGL-413    African-American Literature
   ENGL-415    British Literature
   ENGL-418    Great Authors
   ENGL-421    The Graphic Novel
   ENGL-461    Latin American Literature
   ENGL-470    The Evolving English Language
Historical Perspectives on Science and Technology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A minor in history serves as a complement to any major of study, as historical study at the college level hones the skills that are important to any well-trained professional, namely effective writing, critical analysis, engaged reading, and logical thinking. Students can shape the history minor by choosing a geographic areas of study, such as American, European, or Asian history, or by choosing an historical topic, such as transnational history, comparative history, war, business, race, or gender.

Course
Electives
Choose five of the following
   HIST-101    Making History
   HIST-102    Themes in U.S. History
   HIST-103    The City in History
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   HIST-170    Twentieth Century Europe
   HIST-190    American Women’s History
   HIST-201    Histories of Globalization
   HIST-210    Introduction to African Studies
   HIST-220    Introduction to Public History
   HIST-230    American Deaf History
   HIST-231    Deaf People in Global Perspective
   HIST-238    History of Disability
   HIST-240    Civil War America
   HIST-245    American Slavery and Freedom
   HIST-250    Origins of U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-251    Modern U.S. Foreign Relations
   HIST-252    The United States and Japan
   HIST-260    History of Pre-modern China
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-266    History of Pre-modern Japan
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-290    U.S. History Since 1945
   HIST-301    Great Debates in U.S. History
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History
   HIST-310    African Slave Trade
   HIST-321    Special Topics in Public History
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History
   HIST-325    Museums and History
   HIST-326    Doing History in a Digital World
   HIST-330    Deaf People and Technology
   HIST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   HIST-345    Environmental Disasters
   HIST-350    Terrorism, Intelligence, and War
   HIST-365    Conflict in Modern East Asia
   HIST-369    Histories of Christianity
   HIST-402    Special Seminar in History
   HIST-421    Hands-on History
   HIST-439    Biography as History
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-461    Samurai in Word and Image
   HIST-462    East-West Encounters 

Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

International Relations

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The international relations minor exposes students to the fundamental concepts and approaches of international relations. Issues of conflict, cooperation, continuity, and change are explained through a variety of subjects and case studies. This minor is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Required Course
POLS-120 Introduction to International Relations
Electives
Choose four of the following
   POLS-210    Comparative Politics
   POLS-220    Global Political Economy
   POLS-315    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-335    Politics of Developing Countries
   POLS-350    Government and Politics of East Asia
   POLS-410    Evolutionary International Relations
   POLS-440    War and the State
   POLS-445    Terrorism and Political Violence
   POLS-455    Comparative Public Policy
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science

Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Journalism

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The journalism minor provides students with a foundation in the professional study and practice of journalism. It provides a broad perspective that includes an introduction to mediated communication; historical, legal, and ethical issues of specific concern to journalism; and learning and practice in writing in a journalistic style. This minor is closed to students majoring in advertising and public relations, communication, or journalism.

Course
Required Courses
COMM-202 Mass Communications
COMM-271 Introduction to Journalism
Electives
Choose three of the following
   COMM-261    History of Journalism
   COMM-263    Computer-Assisted Reporting
   COMM-272    Reporting and Writing I
   COMM-273    Reporting and Writing II
   COMM-274    News Editing
   COMM-361    Reporting in Specialized Fields
   COMM-362    Law and Ethics of the Press
   COMM-442    Professional Writing
   COMM-461    Multiplatform Journalism
Language Science

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Language science is the study and analysis of human language. The minor is directly applicable to students interested in the fields of computing and media, human-computer interaction, brain and cognition, language acquisition, human health, interpreting, relevant branches of engineering, and policy studies. Students can complete the minor requirements irrespective of their skills in languages other than English. Elective courses allow students to customize the minor to their interests.

Course
Required Courses
ENGL-310 Introduction to Language Science
Plus one of the following
   ENGL-371    Language, Dialects, and Identity
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   MLCU-301    Psycholinguistics
Electives*
Choose three of the following
       A beginning ASL or foreign language course
   ENGL-371    Language, Dialects, and Identity
   ENGL-351    Language Technology
   MLCU-301    Psycholinguistics
   ENGL-470    Evolving English Language
   ENGL-482    Language and Brain
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language
   PSYC-331    Language and Thought
   MLAS-596    Linguistics of American Sign Language
   MLJP-351    Languages in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of the Japanese Language
   ENGL-481    Introduction to Natural Language Processing
   ENGL-582    Advanced Topics in Computational Linguistics


*Students may also use special topic courses or indepedent study, if approved by the minor adviser.

Latino/Latina/Latin American Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The Latino/Latina/Latin American studies minor consists of any five appropriate Spanish or Portuguese culture courses, with the option of including one Spanish or Portuguese language course. This minor is closed to students majoring in international and global studies who have chosen to focus on the Spanish or Portuguese languages or on Latin America as a regional focus.

Course
Electives
Culture Courses
Choose four or five of the following:
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality
   MLSP-352    Trauma and Survival
   MLSP-353    Caribbean Cinema
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
Language Courses
Choose one of the following (if only four culture courses are chosen):
   MLSP-201    Beginning Spanish I
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II

Please note: Students who have prior study in either lagnauge must take a placement exam through the Department of Modern Languages to determine the appropriate level langauge course to begin with.

Legal Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The minor in legal studies is for students interested in the study of law and legal institutions and in the relationship of law to other aspects of society and culture. The law extends throughout contemporary political, social, and economic systems, playing an important role in shaping the conduct of life for both individuals and institutions. It is important for students to understand the forces that shape law, the ways in which laws have been used and understood by a variety of people in differing historical circumstances, and the consequences of law for contemporary life. Political, sociological, historical, and philosophical approaches to legal phenomena are included in the course of study. The minor is designed to deepen and expand student's understanding of law as practiced, especially its influence on social and economic institutions.

Course
Required Course
Choose one of the following
   CRIM-215    Law and Society
   POLS-200    Law and Society
Electives
Choose four of the following
   COMM-342    Communication Law and Ethics
   COMM-362    Law and Ethics of the Press
   CRIM-225    Criminal Law
   CRIM-260    Courts
   CRIM-315    Evidence
   CRIM-489    Major Issues in Criminal Justice
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   POLS-325    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Virtue and Law
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   SOCI-310

   U.S. Housing Policy

Please note: Students majoring in communication, criminal justice, philosophy, or political science may only count one course from their home department toward the requirements of the minor.

Literary and Cultural Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

Mass Media Communication

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor was not converted to semesters. However, a minor in communication is available.

 

Modern Language - Arabic

Hiroko Yamashita, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6074, hxygsl@rit.edu 

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent speakers of Arabic. 

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLAR-201    Beginning Arabic I
   MLAR-202    Beginning Arabic II
   MLAR-301    Intermediate Arabic I
   MLAR-302    Intermediate Arabic II
   MLAR-401    Advanced Arabic I
   MLAR-402    Advanced Arabic II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   FNRT-381    Art of Islam: The Arabic Tradition
   FNRT-382    Art of Islam: The Persian, Turkish/Mughal Traditions
   ANTH-240    Muslim Youth Cultures
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East

 

Modern Language - Chinese

Guoming Tian, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-2903, gxtgsl@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent speakers of Chinese.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLCH-201    Beginning Chinese I
   MLCH-202    Beginning Chinese II
   MLCH-301    Intermediate Chinese I
   MLCH-302    Intermediate Chinese II
   MLCH-401    Advanced Chinese I
   MLCH-402    Advanced Chinese II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   FNRT-380    Art of China, Korea, and Japan
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   HIST-261    History of Modern China
   POLS-350    Politics in East Asia
Modern Language - French

Philippe Chavasse, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-3158, pxcgsl@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent native speakers of French.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLFR-201    Beginning French I
   MLFR-202    Beginning French II
   MLFR-301    Intermediate French I
   MLFR-302    Intermediate French II
   MLFR-401    Advanced French I
   MLFR-402    Advanced French II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   HIST-270    History of Modern France
   HIST-302    Special Topics in History
   HIST-103    The City in History
Modern Language - German

Ulrike Stroszeck, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-2921, uisgsl@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent native speakers of German.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLGR-201    Beginning German I
   MLGR-202    Beginning German II
   MLGR-301    Intermediate German I
   MLGR-302    Intermediate German II
   MLGR-401    Advanced German I
   MLGR-402    Advanced German II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   FNRT-210    Bach, Händel and the Baroque
   FNRT-211    Era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
   HIST-280    History of Modern Germany
Modern Language - Italian

Elisabetta D’Amanda, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6522, exdgla@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent native speakers of Italian.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLIT-201    Beginning Italian I
   MLIT-202    Beginning Italian II
   MLIT-301    Intermediate Italian I
   MLIT-302    Intermediate Italian II
   MLIT-401    Advanced Italian I
   MLIT-402    Advanced Italian II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   ENGL-400    Special Topics in Literary and Cultural Studies
Modern Language - Japanese

Yukiko Maru Leary, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent native speakers of Japanese.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLJP-201    Beginning Japanese I
   MLJP-202    Beginning Japanese II
   MLJP-301    Intermediate Japanese I
   MLJP-302    Intermediate Japanese II
   MLJP-401    Advanced Japanese I
   MLJP-402    Advanced Japanese II
   MLJP-403    Professional Japanese
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   MLJP-404    Japanese Culture in Print
   MLJP-351    Language in Japanese Society
   MLJP-451    Structure of Japanese
   FNRT-380    Art of China, Korea, and Japan
   HIST-450    Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
   HIST-252    The U.S. and Japan
   HIST-265    History of Modern Japan
   HIST-160    History of Modern East Asia
   POLS-350    Politics in East Asia
Modern Language - Portuguese

Hiroko Yamashita, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6074, hxygsl@rit.edu 

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent speakers of Portuguese.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLPO-201    Beginning Portuguese I
   MLPO-202    Beginning Portuguese II
   MLPO-301    Intermediate Portuguese I
   MLPO-302    Intermediate Portuguese II
   MLPO-401    Advanced Portuguese I
   MLPO-402    Advanced Portuguese II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
Modern Language - Russian

Hiroko Yamashita, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6074, hxygsl@rit.edu 

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent speakers of Russian.

Course
Electives*
Choose five of the following
   MLRU-201    Beginning Russian I
   MLRU-202    Beginning Russian II
   MLRU-301    Intermediate Russian I
   MLRU-302    Intermediate Russian II
   MLRU-401    Advanced Russian I
   MLRU-402    Advanced Russian II
   ENGL-418    Great Authors
   ENGL-416    Global Literature

* Under special circumstances and with permission of the minor adviser, up to two culture courses may be substituted for two sequential language courses. Students should contact the minor adviser for a list of approved culture courses.

Modern Language - Spanish

Sara Armengot, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-4343, seagsl@rit.edu

This minor provides two full years of modern language instruction to prepare students for living and working within an intercultural society both at home and abroad. The minor consists of five language courses fostering linguistic and cultural proficiency. Students with previous language skills must consult the minor adviser for placement evaluation before they register. Part of the requirements for this minor can be fulfilled by courses taken abroad. This minor is closed to fluent native speakers of Spanish.

 

Course
Electives
Choose five consecutive language courses:
   MLSP-201A    Beginning Spanish IA*
   MLSP-201B    Beginning Spanish IB*
   MLSP-202    Beginning Spanish II
   MLSP-301    Intermediate Spanish I
   MLSP-302    Intermediate Spanish II
   MLSP-401    Advanced Spanish I
   MLSP-402    Advanced Spanish II
With MLC faculty adviser permission, two of the following culture courses may be substituted for two of the sequential language courses:
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality
   MLSP-352    Trauma and Survival
   MLSP-353    Caribbean Cinema
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ENGL-416    Global Literature
   ENGL-418    Great Authors

* Students who begin the language sequence at the Beginning I Level will take either Beginning Spanish IA (MLSP-201A) or Beginning Spanish 1B (MLSP-201B). Placement will be determined in consultation with the department.

Modern Language and Culture - Arabic

Yukiko Maru, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

 

 This minor has not been converted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-Arabic is available.

 

Modern Language and Culture - Chinese

Hiroko Yamashita, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6074, hxygsl@rit.edu

This minor has not been coverted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-Chinese is available.

 

Modern Language and Culture - German

Ulrike Stroszeck, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-2921, uisgsl@rit.edu

This minor was not coverted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-German is available.

 

 

Modern Language and Culture - Italian

Elisabetta D’Amanda, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6522, exdgla@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. A Modern Language-Italian minor is available.

 

Modern Language and Culture - Japanese

Yukiko Maru Leary, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-Japanese is available.

Modern Language and Culture - Russian

Yukiko Maru, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-Russian is available.

Modern Language and Culture - Spanish

Diane Forbes, Minor Adviser
(585) 475-6765, djfgsl@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. A minor in Modern Language-Spanish is available.

Modern World History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters. However, a minor in history is now available.

Museum Studies

The museum studies minor provides students with a foundation in the history and practice of the museum as an institution and in the history, theory, and practice of collecting, exhibiting, and preserving the cultural heritage that defines the purpose and function of the museum. Courses cover a wide range of topics that are relevant to contemporary museology: the history of museums and collecting, the technical study of art and materials, the history and theory of exhibitions, interactive design, public history, the rise of the museum profession, legal and ethical concerns, and conservation. This minor is closed to students majoring in museum studies.

Course
Required Courses
MUSE-220 Introduction to Museums and Collecting
MUSE 221/HIST 221 Introduction to Public History
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   HIST-322    Monuments and Memory
   HIST-323    America’s National Parks
   HIST-324    Oral History
   HIST-325    Museums and History
   MUSE-222    Panel Painting
   MUSE-223    Historic Photographic Processes
   MUSE-224    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   MUSE-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   MUSE-438    Conservation and Analysis

Please note: At least one course must be an MUSE course and one must be a HIST course.

Music and Technology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The music and technology minor includes courses in music theory, music history, contemporary and historical musical instrument technology, acoustics, audio engineering, music for media, and music performance. This minor provides students with an avenue to integrate their technological interests and skills with music.

Course
Required Courses
EEET-261 Fundamentals of Audio Engineering
FNRT-205 Introduction to Music Theory
Electives*
Choose three of the following:
   EEET-361    Modern Audio Production
   FNRT-201    Music in the U.S.
   FNRT-202    Studies in World Music
   FNRT-203    American Pop and Rock
   FNRT-204    Music and the Stage
   FNRT-210    Bach, Handel and Baroque
   FNRT-211    Era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
   FNRT-250    Singers
   FNRT-251    Orchestra
   FNRT-252    Concert Band
   FNRT-253    World Music Ensemble
   FNRT-254    Jazz Ensemble
   FNRT-255    Chamber Orchestra
   FNRT-320    Music of the Romantic Era
   FNRT-321    Music Since 1900
   FNRT-322    Survey of Jazz
   FNRT-323    Survey of African American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-325    American Popular Song
   FNRT-326    History of Musical Instruments
   FNRT-327    American Musical Theatre
   FNRT-485    Advanced Music Theory
   IGME-570    Digital Audio Production
   IGME-571    Interactuve Games Audio
   IGME-527    Introduction to Digital Audio Production and Computer Music

* It is strongly recommended that students select two music electives and one technology elective.

Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Music Performance

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The music performance minor combines courses in music theory, music history, and world music with practical application through ensemble participation and applied music study. This combination of the academic and the practical strives to offer students a more profound understanding of the art of music, and in a broader sense, an introduction to cultural development and the communication of ideas. Please note: A total of 15 credit hours from the suggested list of courses must be earned for the minor, with three credits in music theory and three credits from ensemble participation required.

 

Course
Required Course

FNRT-205

Introduction to Music Theory

Electives
Choose three of the following (a minimum of two courses must be 300 level or above)
   FNRT-201    Music in the U.S.
   FNRT-202    Studies in World Music
   FNRT-203    American Pop and Rock
   FNRT-204    Music and the Stage
   FNRT-210    Bach, Handel and the Baraque
   FNRT-211    Era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
   FNRT-250    Singers
   FNRT-251    Orchestra
   FNRT-252    Concert Band
   FNRT-253    World Music Ensemble
   FNRT-254    Jazz Ensemble
   FNRT-255    Chamber Orchestra
   FNRT-320    Music of the Romantic Era
   FNRT-321    Music Since 1900
   FNRT-322    Survey of Jazz
   FNRT-323    African American Music
   FNRT-324    Sounds of Protest
   FNRT-325    American Popular Song
   FNRT-326    History of Musical Instruments
   FNRT-327    American Musical Theater
   FNRT-485    Advanced Music Theory

 

Philosophy

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The philosophy minor provides basic competency in a variety of areas of philosophical inquiry and in developing the critical skills central to philosophical analysis. Students achieve an articulate understanding of many of the great philosophers, major philosophical issues, and methods of philosophical inquiry that shape our most fundamental forms of critical reflection upon human life and conduct. As a result, students develop understanding and skills that directly enhance their future personal and professional lives. This minor is closed to students majoring in philosophy.

Course
Electives
Choose five of the following:
   PHIL-201    Ancient Philosophy
   PHIL-202    Foundations of Moral Philosophy
   PHIL-203    Modern Philosophy
   PHIL-204    Introduction to Logic
   PHIL-301    Philosophy of Religion
   PHIL-302    Symbolic Logic
   PHIL-303    Philosophy of Art/Aesthetics
   PHIL-304    Philosophy of Law
   PHIL-305    Philosophy of Peace
   PHIL-306    Professional Ethics
   PHIL-307    Philosophy of Technology
   PHIL-308    Environmental Philosophy
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-310    Theories of Knowledge
   PHIL-311    East Asian Philosophy
   PHIL-312    American Philosophy
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   PHIL-314    Philosophy of Vision and Imaging
   PHIL-401    Great Thinkers
   PHIL-402    Philosophy of Science
   PHIL-403    Social and Political Philosophy
   PHIL-404    Philosophy of Mind
   PHIL-405    Philosophy of the Social Sciences
   PHIL-406    Contemporary Philosophy
   PHIL-407    Philosophy of Action
   PHIL-408    Critical Social Theory
   PHIL-409    Existentialism
   PHIL-410    Medieval Philosophy
   PHIL-411    Metaphysics
   PHIL-412    Nineteenth Century Philosophy
   PHIL-413    Philosophy and Literary Theory
   PHIL-414    Philosophy of Language
   PHIL-415    Ethical Theory
   PHIL-416    Seminar in Philosophy
   PHIL-449    Special Topics
   PHIL-571    Honors Philosophy

Please note: At least one course must be at the 400 level.

Political Science

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The political science minor emphasizes the interdependence of domestic politics and international relations in the age of globalization. The minor brings together components of American politics, international relations, and comparative politics to provide students with both national and global perspectives on politics. Perhaps most important, the political science minor seeks to help students make sense of the increasingly complicated political environment that confronts them in their role as citizens. This minor is closed to students majoring in political science.

Course
Required Course
Choose one of the following:
   POLS-110    American Politics
   POLS-120    Introduction to International Relations
Electives
American politics
Choose two of the following:
   POLS-200    Law and Society
   POLS-250    State and Local Politics
   POLS-290    Politics and the Life Sciences
   POLS-295    Cyberpolitics
   POLS-305    Political Parties & Voting
   POLS-310    The Congress
   POLS-315    The American Presidency
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-345    Politics and Public Policy
   POLS-355    Political Leadership
   POLS-415    Evolution and Law
   POLS-420    Primate Politics
   POLS-425    Constitutional Law
   POLS-430    Constitutional Rights and Liberties
   POLS-435    American Political Thought
   POLS-460    Classical Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-465    Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty and Equality
   POLS-480    Women in Politics
   POLS-485    Politics Through Fiction
   POLS-490    Politics Through Film
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science
International relations
Choose two of the following:
   POLS-210    Comparative Politics
   POLS-220    Global Political Economy
   POLS-325    International Law and Organizations
   POLS-320    American Foreign Policy
   POLS-330    Human Rights in Global Perspective
   POLS-335    Politics of Developing countries
   POLS-350    Government and Politics of East Asia
   POLS-410    Evolutionary International Relations
   POLS-440    War and the State
   POLS-445    Terrorism and Political Violence
   POLS-455    Comparative Public Policy
   POLS-525    Special Topics in Political Science

Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Psychology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor provides a solid knowledge base in psychological terms, concepts, methods, theories, and issues. This minor is closed to students majoring in psychology.

Course
Prerequisite
PSYC-101 Introduction to Psychology
Electives
Choose five of the following:
   PSYC-221    Abnormal Psychology
   PSYC-222    Biopsychology
   PSYC-223    Cognitive Psychology
   PSYC-224    Perception
   PSYC-225    Social Psychology
   PSYC-231    Death and Dying
   PSYC-232    Developmental Psychology
   PSYC-233    History and Systems
   PSYC-234    Industrial and Organizational Psychology
   PSYC-235    Learning and Behavior
   PSYC-236    Personality
   PSYC-237    Psychology of Gender
   PSYC-238    Psychology of Religion
   PSYC-239    Positive Psychology
Public Policy

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The public policy minor provides students with a foundation in the field of public policy and allows them to make connections between public policy and other fields of study. Students select one of two tracks within the minor. The policy issues track develops a broad perspective on public policy and its relationship to other fields. The policy analysis track highlights the analytical tools used by the policy analyst to evaluate and understand policy formulation and impacts. Both tracks explore contemporary public policy issues, especially those connected to the science and technology fields. This minor underscores the role of public policy on science and technology-based problems. Students will obtain a deeper understanding of what public policy is and how it is integrated within a number of specific contexts. This minor is closed to students majoring in public policy.

Course
Required Courses
STSO-510 Seminar in Science, Technology and Society
Plus one of the following:
   PUBL-101    Foundations of Public Policy
   PUBL-120    Contemporary Issues in Public Policy 
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy  
Electives
Choose three of the following:
   PUBL-101    Foundations of Public Policy*
   PUBL-120    Contemporary Issues in Public Policy*
   PUBL-201    Ethics, Values and Public Policy
   PUBL-210    Introduction to Qualitative Methods
   PUBL-301    Public Policy Analysis
   PUBL-302    Decision Analysis 
   PUBL-489    Special Topics in Public Policy
   PUBL-510    Technology Innovation and Public Policy
   PUBL-520    Information and Communication Policy
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy*
   STSO-240    Social Consequences of Technology
   STSO-330    Energy and the Environment
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues
   STSO-421    Environmental Policy
   STSO-489    Special Topics in STS

 * Students may take this course as an elective if it was not chosen as one of their required courses.

 

Please note: At least one of the elective courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Science Writing

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

Science, Technology, and Public Policy

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

Science, Technology, and Society

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor integrates the studies of human society, science, and technology in their social content and context. The minor bridges the humanities and social sciences to provide better understanding of the ways in which science, technology, and society are mutually interacting forces in our world. Students learn how to analyze the social institutions, the built environment, and their role in creating them. This minor enhances a student’s ability to contribute to the development of science and technology in ways that are historically, culturally, and ethically informed.

Course
Required Course
STSO-510 Seminar in STS
Electives
Choose four of the following:
   ENGL-419    Literature and Technology
   PHIL-402    Philosophy of Science
   PUBL-530    Energy Policy
   STSO-140    Science Technology and Values
   STSO-201    Science and Technology Policy
   STSO-240    Social Consequences of Technology
   STSO-245    History of Women in Science and Engineering
   STSO-321    Face of the Land 
   STSO-341    Biomedical Issues
   STSO-342    Gender, Science and Technology
   STSO-345    Makers of Modern Science
   STSO-346    History of American Technology
   STSO-441    Cyborg Theory
   STSO-442    Science, Technology and Society Classics
   STSO-445    History of Science
   STSO-446    History of Chemistry
   STSO-489    Special Topics in STS

Please note: At least one course must be at the 300 level or higher.

Sociology and Anthropology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The minor in sociology and anthropology offers insights into two academic disciplines dedicated to understanding human social life, both local and global. Through sociology we discover how our own lives are influenced by social relationships around us. Through anthropology we discover and appreciate the diversity of other cultural systems on a global scale. Careful selection of courses provides insights into a wide range of topics such as human history and prehistory through archaeology, gender and sexuality, race, ethnicity, social class and inequality, urban life and cities, cultural images and mass media, war and violence, social movements, social and cultural change, and globalization. This minor is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology.

Course
Required Course
Choose one of the following:
ANTH-102 Cultural Anthropology
SOCI-102 Foundations of Sociology
Electives
Choose four of the following:
   ANTH-103    Archaeology and the Human Past
   ANTH-201/SOCI-201    Writing about Society and Culture
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-220    Language and Culture
   ANTH-215    Field Methods in Archaeology
   ANTH-225    Globalizing Africa
   ANTH-230    Great Discoveries in Archaeology
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-240    Muslim Youth Cultures
   ANTH-245    Ritual and Performance
   ANTH-250    Themes in Archaeological Research
   ANTH-255    Regional Archaeology
   ANTH-260    Native North Americans
   ANTH-265    Native Americans in Film
   ANTH-270/INGS-270    Cuisine, Culture, and Power
   ANTH-275    Global Islam
   ANTH-280    Sustainable Development
   ANTH-285    Religion and Culture
   ANTH-301/SOCI-301    Social and Cultural Theory
   ANTH-302/SOCI-302    Qualitative Research
   ANTH-303/SOCI-303    Quantitative Research
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-315    The Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-335    Culture and Politics in Latin America
   ANTH-340    Divided Europe
   ANTH-345    Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
   ANTH-350    The Global Economy and the Grassroots
   ANTH-355    Historic Archaeology
   ANTH-360    Humans and Their Environment
   ANTH-365    Islamic Culture and the Middle East
   ANTH-370    Media and Globalization
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-380    Nationalism and Identity
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ANTH-415    Archaeological Science
   ANTH-420    Exploring Ancient Technology
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology
   ANTH-435    Garbage Archaeology
   ANTH-440    Survey of Metallurgy
   SOCI-103    The Urban Experience
   SOCI-210    African-American Culture
   SOCI-215    The Changing Family
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-225    Social Inequality
   SOCI-230    Sociology of Work
   SOCI-235    Women, Work, and Culture
   SOCI-240    Deaf Culture in America
   SOCI-245    Gender and Health
   SOCI-250    Globalization and Security
   SOCI-310    U.S. Housing Policy
   SOCI-315    Global Exiles of War and Terror
   SOCI-320    Population and Society
   SOCI-325    Community and Economic Development: Rochester
   SOCI-330    Urban Deviance
   SOCI-335    Urban Cultures
   SOCI-340    Urban Planning and Policy
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-350    Social Change
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City
   INGS-101    Global Studies
   INGS-201    Histories of Globalization
   INGS-210    Africa and the Diaspora
   INGS-310    Global Slavery and Human Trafficking

 Please note: At least two courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Theater Arts

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

Urban Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor focuses on the interplay between urban issues and urban policy. Every metropolitan area must address such enduring issues as poverty, housing, homelessness, transportation, education, crime, safety, recreation, and economic development. Each community must do so with an understanding of its unique social mix and neighborhood relations, and with recognition of its place in wider regional, national, and global networks. Students identify and analyze central issues and social problems of urbanization and explore and assess various ways decision-makers respond to these issues. This minor is closed to students majoring in sociology and anthropology who have chosen the urban studies track.

Course
Required Course
SOCI-103 The Urban Experience
Electives
Choose four of the following:
   ANTH-235    Immigration to the U.S.
   ANTH-315    Archaeology of Cities
   ANTH-410    Global Cities
   ECON-440    Urban Economics
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   HIST-103    The City in History
   SOCI-220    Minority Group Relations
   SOCI-325    Community and Economic Development: Rochester
   SOCI-330    Urban Deviance
   SOCI-335    Urban Cultures
   SOCI-345    Urban Poverty
   SOCI-340    Urban Planning and Policy
   SOCI-410    Diversity in the City
   STSO-550    Sustainable Communities

Please note: At least two of the elective courses must be at the 300 level or higher.

Visual Culture

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Visual culture explores the role of visual media in everyday life and its critical function in the dissemination of ideas in the public sphere. Emphasizing comparative critical approaches to the convergence of art, popular media, science, and technology, the minor engages globalized visual media ranging from photography, television and film, to new media (the Web, digital imaging, and social networks), architecture, design, and art (painting, sculpture, and multimedia forms) in the context of such social arenas as art, news, science, advertising, and popular culture.

Course
Required Course
FNRT-376 Visual Culture Theory
Electives
Group A
Choose three of the following:
   FNRT-206    Queer Looks
   FNRT-350    Introduction to Museums and Collecting
   FNRT-351    Panel Painting
   FNRT-352    Historic Photographic Processes
   FNRT-353    History and Theory of Exhibitions
   FNRT-356    Interactive Design for Museums
   FNRT-370    American Painting
   FNRT-371    African American Art
   FNRT-372    American Film of the Studio Era
   FNRT-373    American Film Since the Sixties
   FNRT-374    Art in the Age of the New Deal
   FNRT-375    Women/Gender/Art
   FNRT-377    Imag(in)ing Rochester
   FNRT-378    Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
   FNRT-379    Art of India and Southeast Asia
   FNRT-380    Art of China, Korea, and Japan
   FNRT-381    Art of Islam: The Arabic Tradition
   FNRT-382    Art of Islam: the Persian, Turkish/Mughal Tradition
   FNRT-383    Traumatic Images
   FNRT-384    Art of Dying
   FNRT-440    Deaf Art and Cinema
Group B
Choose one of the following:
   ANTH-210    Culture and Globalization
   ANTH-240    Muslim Youth Cultures
   ANTH-265    Native North Americans in Film
   ANTH-310    African Popular Cultures
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
   ANTH-330    Cultural Images of War
   ANTH-375    Native American Repatriation
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   ANTH-430    Visual Anthropology
   ANTH-435    Garbage Archaeology
   COMM-341    Visual Communication
   COMM-440    Visual Communication of Technical Information
   ENGL-410    Film Studies
   ENGL-421    The Graphic Novel
   ENGL-422    Maps, Spaces and Places
   HIST-421    Hands On History
   MLFR-351    French Films and Hollywood
   MLSP-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   MLSP-352    Caribbean Cinema
   PHIL-303    Philosophy of Art and Aesthetics
   PHIL-309    Feminist Theory
   PHIL-313    Philosophy of Film
   PHIL-314    Philosophy of Vision/Imaging
   POLS-490    Politics Through Film
   STSO-321    Faces of the Land
Women's and Gender Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The women's and gender studies minor provides a critical framework to explore the significance of gender (along with race, sexuality, and class) in the construction of knowledge within academic disciplines and in the shaping of women’s and men’s lives. Courses engage a critical pedagogy focused on the recovery of women’s contributions in a variety of fields, on women’s and men’s roles in society across cultures, and especially on critical questions about gender neutrality in the shaping of culture.

Course
Required Course
WGST-400 Foundations of Women's and Gender Studies
Electives
Choose four of the following:
   WGST-235    Women, Work, Culture
   WGST-237    Psychology of Gender
   WGST-245    Prostitution and Vice
   WGST-246    History of Women in Science and Engineering
   WGST-250    Domestic Violence
   WGST-255    Seminar on Sexual Violence
   WGST-265    Women and Crime
   WGST-306    Feminist Theory
   WGST-314    Topics in WGST
   WGST-335    Women and the Deaf Community
   WGST-342    Gender, Science, and Technology
   WGST-351    Gender and Sexuality in Hispanic Studies
   WGST-361    Queering Gender
   WGST-375    Women, Gender, Art
   WGST-383    Traumatic Images
   WGST-384    Art of Dying
   WGST-385    Queer Looks
   WGST-410    Introduction to LGBT Studies
   WGST-451    Economics of Women and the Family
   WGST-481    Women in Politics
   ANTH-425    Global Sexualities
   ANTH-325    Bodies and Culture
Writing Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This minor has not been converted to semesters.

This information is only for students who matriculated into an RIT program prior to Fall 2012

African Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The African studies concentration provides students with a broad understanding of the African people and their histories, societies, and cultures from pre-colonial times to the post-colonial period and the contemporary neo-liberal era. The concentration allows students to critically analyze the social worlds of Africa and reverberations for the African Diaspora by examining cultures, societies, and histories from multiple perspectives and by analyzing changing and competing interpretations of issues, events, and political issues in African societies.

ElectivesChoose three of the following:
0510-486 Globalizing Africa
0510-487 African Popular Cultures
0510-460 Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
0515-482 African American Culture
0524-420 Introduction to African Studies
0524-421 African Slave Trade

American Artistic Experience

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration provides students with the opportunity to study the American artistic experience in a variety of arts, including painting, architecture, film, photography, music, theater, and mass media. Each course will present American art within the context of the broader current of American life, including its history, philosophy, social, and cultural traditions.

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0505-442 Music in the United States
0505-443 Images of American Life
0505-444 American Painting
0505-445 Issues in American Art
0505-446 American Film of the Studio Era
0505-447 American Musical
0505-448 20th Century American Music
0505-452 Special Topics in American Art*
0505-453 Theater in the United States
0505-454 Orchestra Repertoire and History
0505-455 Survey of Jazz
0505-457 Contemporary Drama, Theater, and Media
0505-463 Survey of African-American Music
0505-464 Blues as Personal and Social Commentary
0505-467 American Film Since the 1960s
0505-470 American Popular Song 1830-1950
0505-471 American Popular and Rock Music
0505-488 Special Topics in American Theater*
0505-491 Traumatic Images
0505-500 African-American Art
0505-504 Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
0505-505 Art in the Age of the New Deal
0505-506 Museums of Art and Design
0505-507 Landscapes Transformed
0505-516 Queer Looks

* Topics will vary.

American Politics

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The value in studying the American political system can scarcely be overemphasized. As Thomas Jefferson maintained, only an educated and enlightened democracy can endure. A democratic society remains valid only to the extent that its citizens are educated and well-informed about their government and issues of public policy. The purpose of this concentration is to give students a sound understanding of the U.S. political system. Courses detail various aspects of the American political system, giving students the tools to participate effectively in the political process.

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0508-484 Environmental Policy
0513-425 Politics and the Life Sciences
0513-426 Cyberpolitics
0513-427 Evolutionary International Relations
0513-428 Evolution and the Law
0513-429 Primate Politics
0513-449 Special Topics in Political Science
0513-450 State and Local Politics
0513-451 The Congress
0513-452 The American Presidency
0513-453 American Foreign Policy
0513-454 Political Parties and Voting
0513-455 Politics and Public Policy
0513-456 The Judicial Process
0513-457 Constitutional Law
0513-458 American Political Thought
0513-460 Constitutional Rights and Liberties
0513-462 Abraham Lincoln and American Democracy
0513-463 First Amendment, Liberty, and Deliberative Democracy
0513-465 Modern Constitutionalism, Liberty, and Equality
0513-466 Political Leadership
0513-481 Women in Politics
0513-485 Politics through Fiction
0513-514 Political Theory

Archaeology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Archaeology is the study of the human past by means of the physical residues of past human behavior: for example, poetry, stone and metal tools, and the remains of ancient dwelling sites. The archaeologist explains how human society has changed and developed over time using such physical evidence. Archaeology employs techniques from the physical sciences to build a more detailed picture of the human past. Students explore the worlds of the past through hands-on applications of physical science techniques in a diverse range of fields, including chemistry, metallurgy, biology, and material science, applying these disciplines in a novel and challenging context.

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0510-455 Special Topics
0510-465 Social and Cultural Theory
0510-485 Exploring Ancient Technology
0510-502 Archaeology and the Human Past
0510-506 Great Discoveries in Archaeology
0510-507 Archaeological Science
0510-508 Archaeology of Cities
0510-509 Survey of Metallurgy
0510-511 Field Methods in Archaeology
0510-512 Garbage Archaeology

Art History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The art history concentration is the study of art history across a broad period of historical time and geographical space. The variety of specialized courses allows students to gain insight into the artistic contributions of Europe, Asia, and the developing world. The concentration includes several liberal arts courses and some upper-division specialty art history courses. This concentration is offered as an alternative to the American artistic experience concentration, specifically designed for those students who wish to acquire a broader understanding of art and culture outside of the United States.

ElectivesChoose three of the following:
0505-421 Introduction to Museums and Collecting
0505-422 Art Materials: Panel Printing
0505-423 Art Materials: Photography
0505-424 Legal and Ethical Issues for Collecting Institutions
0505-425 Display and Exhibition Design
0505-436 Women’s Stories and Films
0505-437 The Forensic Investigation of Art
0505-438 Conservation of Cultural Material
0505-443 Images of American Life
0505-444 American Painting
0505-445 Issues in American Art
0505-446 American Film of the Studio Era
0505-452 Special Topics*
0505-467 American Film Since the 1960s
0505-468 Art of India and Southeast Asia
0505-469 Art of China, Korea, and Japan
0505-480 Women and the Visual Arts
0505-487 Special Topics: Art of Islam†
0505-491 Traumatic Images
0505-500 African-American Art
0505-504 Memory, Memorials, and Monuments
0505-505 Art in the Age of the New Deal
0505-506 Museums of Art and Design
0505-507 Landscape Transformed
0505-516 Queer Looks

* Special Topics (0505-452) may include the following topics: American Architecture, Queer Looks I, Queer Looks II, Harlem Renaissance, Visual Culture, Reading Images, Traumatic Images, and Art of Dying.

† Special Topics: Art of Islam (0505-487) may include the following topics: Persian/Turkish/Mughal Traditions and Arabic Tradition.

Communication

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration provides opportunities for the advanced study of selected areas of communication. Topics include an overview of the fields of persuasion, mass communications, public speaking, and small group communication. Students will understand and apply several modes of communication in academic, professional, and personal situations. Students are encouraged to complete Human Communication (0535-480) before enrolling in other concentration courses. This concentration is closed to students enrolled in the following degree programs: professional and technical communication, advertising and public relations, and journalism.

ElectivesChoose three of the following:
0535-414 Interpersonal Communication
0535-480 Human Communication
0535-481 Persuasion
0535-482 Mass Communications
0535-483 Small Group Communication
0535-501 Public Speaking
0535-520 Intercultural Communication

Criminal Justice

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A concentration in criminal justice provides students with the appropriate foundation to analyze crime, crime control policy, and the role of the criminal justice system in the maintenance of order in society. Courses focus on the social definition and measurement of crime; the broad understanding of the causes of crime; and the societal response to crime through the police, courts, and corrections. The concentration further introduces students to the body of theory and research necessary to examine the effects and effectiveness of the criminal justice process. This concentration is closed to students enrolled in the criminal justice degree program.

Required Course:
0501-400 Criminology

ElectivesChoose two of the following:
0501-405 Major Issues in the Criminal Justice System
0501-406 Technology in Criminal Justice
0501-415 Domestic Violence
0501-440 Juvenile Justice
0501-441 Corrections
0501-443 Law Enforcement in Society
0501-444 Concepts in Criminal Law
0501-445 Minority Groups and the Criminal Justice System
0501-446 Women and Crime
0501-456 Courts
0501-507 Computer Crime
0501-511 Alternatives to Incarceration
0501-517 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems
0501-518 Crime and Justice in the Community
0501-522 Victimless Crime
0501-523 Crime and Violence

Deaf Studies

Matt Searls, Concentration Adviser
(585) 286-4657, jmsdhd@rit.edu

Cindy Sanders, Concentration Adviser
(585) 286-5149, casnss@rit.edu

This concentration provides students who are fluent in American Sign Language (ASL) with the opportunity to study deaf culture from various perspectives.

Prerequisite: Proficiency in ASL is required for American Sign Language Literature (0525-595, 0504/0525-400) and Structure of American Sign Language (0525-496). Therefore, only students with ASL proficiency (not beginning or intermediate level skills) will be able to declare this concentration. Evening students may not declare this concentration.

ElectivesChoose three courses from the following groups:

Choose one of the following linguistics courses:
0525-385 Linguistics of ASL
0525-386 American Sign Language Literature
0525-391 American Sign Language II
0525-596 Special Topics: DST

Choose two of the following culture courses:
0504-545 Deaf American Literature
0507-463 American Deaf History
0507-473 European Deaf History
0507-476 Diversity in the Deaf Culture
0507-477 Oppression in Lives of Deaf People
0515-452 Special Topics: Diversity in the Deaf Community
0515-529 Deaf Culture in America

Economics

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Economics is the study of human behavior in the allocation of scarce resources to production and the distribution of production among the members of society. The study of economics has taken on increasing importance as we realize that so many of the world's problems, including energy, overpopulation, and global pollution, have an economic basis. The purpose of the economics concentration is to apply tools of economic analysis to a variety of study areas. Note: The economics concentration is closed to students enrolled in the economics degree program.

Prerequisite:
0511-211 Principles of Microeconomics

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0511-402 Principles of Macroeconomics†
0511-440 Urban Economics
0511-441 Economics of Human Resources
0511-442 Contemporary International Economic Problems
0511-443 Current American Macroeconomics Problems
0511-444 Public Finance
0511-445 Survey of Economic Thought
0511-448 Economics of Less Developed Countries
0511-449 Comparative Economic Systems
0511-450 Benefit-Cost Analysis
0511-452 Monetary Analysis and Policy
0511-453 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
0511-454 International Trade and Finance
0511-455 Intermediate Macroeconomic Theory
0511-456 Industrial Organization
0511-457 Applied Econometrics*
0511-458 Economic Forecasting*
0511-459 Managerial Economics
0511-460 Mathematical Methods: Economics*
0511-461 Seminar in Applied Economics
0511-464 Game Theory with Economic Applications
0511-466 Health Care Economics
0511-480 Economic Role of Women
0511-481 Environmental Economics
0511-484 Natural Resource Economics
0511-571 Honors Seminar in Economics

* Introductory calculus and statistics are additional prerequisites for these courses.

† It is recommended that students take Principles of Macroeconomics (0511-402) as their first course before beginning the concentration.

Environmental Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The environmental studies concentration is an examination of the basic environmental problems we face, how environmental resource depletion and energy issues are related, and what kind of environmental ethics and/or values we have today and have had in the past. The concentration also explores the economic, legislative, and regulatory framework within which most environmental decisions are made. Since most technological areas are associated with significant environmental implications, it is essential that students have an understanding of, and a well-thought-out value orientation about, such environmental consequences.

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0507-464 Environmental Disasters in American History
0508-443 Face of the Land
0508-460 Environment and Society
0508-463 Great Lakes I
0508-464 Great Lakes II‡‡
0508-482 Energy and the Environment
0508-483 Environmental Values
0508-484 Environmental Policy
0508-487 Special Topics: Environmental Studies†
0508-488 History of Ecology and Environmentalism
0508-489 History of the Environmental Sciences
0508-490 Biodiversity and Society
0508-491 Sustainable Communities
0508-500 Science, Technology, and Society Classics
0508-520 Historical Perspectives on Science and Technology Seminar*
0508-530 Seminar in Science, Technology, and the Environment††
0508-540 Science and Technology Policy Seminar‡
0508-570 Environmental Studies Seminar§
0509-453 Environmental Philosophy
0510-449 Sustainable Development
0511-481 Environmental Economics**
0511-484 Natural Resource Economics**
0515-449 Population and Society§§
0521-451 Energy Policy

* Prerequisite: any two of the history of science or technology courses approved by the department

† Topics will vary.

‡ Prerequisite courses: Science and Technology Policy (0508-441), Environmental Policy (0508-484), or Foundations of Public Policy (0521-400)

§ Prerequisite: Two environmental studies electives

** Prerequisite course: Principles of Microeconomics (0511-211)

†† Prerequisite: Any two science, technology, and society courses

‡‡ Prerequisite: Great Lakes I (0508-463)

§§ Prerequisite: Cultural Anthropology (0510-210), Foundations of Sociology (0515-210) or equivalent

Global Justice and Peace Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The global justice and peace studies concentration examines attempts to effect lasting accord and social justice on the international scale. Courses in philosophy, social sciences, and literature help students to understand concepts of human rights, world poverty, and global solidarity. The goal of the concentration is to elucidate the link between concepts of peace and justice while assessing non-violent means of conflict resolution. Note: Evening students may not declare this concentration.

Electives—Choose three of the following:*
0504-319 Arts of Expression: To Make Peace
0509-445 Social and Political Philosophy
0509-446 Philosophy of Law
0509-447 Contemporary Moral Problems
0509-448 The Philosophy of Peace
0509-476 Ethical Theory
0510-459 Cultural Images, War, and Terror
0513-453 American Foreign Policy
0513-488 War and the State
0513-491 Politics of the Middle East

* With approval from the global justice and peace studies adviser, certain Special Topics or Great Thinkers courses may also satisfy the requirements for this concentration.

Global Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The global studies concentration offers courses in economics, history, and political science. While some courses focus on the comparative economic and political systems of the world, others emphasize the development of modern states through studying their social, intellectual, and institutional systems. Finally, other courses examine relations among the states of the world. The purpose of this concentration is to provide students with an opportunity to develop a global perspective to examine the economic, political, historical, and diplomatic aspects of the contemporary world. The concentration further introduces students to the tools to analyze the component parts of the global system, namely the individual countries of which it is comprised. Note: Evening students may not declare this concentration.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0507-441 Modern U.S. Foreign Relations
0507-446 Europe since 1945 and the European Union
0507-496 African History
0511-448 Economics of Lesser-Developed Countries*
0513-453 American Foreign Policy†
0513-461 Comparative Politics

* Prerequisite: Principles of Microeconomics (0511-211)

† Prerequisite: American Politics (0513-211) or Introduction to International Relations (0513-214)

Globalization

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Networks, flows of people, capital, goods, institutions, ideas, and images all contribute to globalization. This concentration analyzes the formal and informal connections across and beyond conventional borders and among the world's nations. Courses examine how these global connections have been forged, the various dynamic and unpredictable responses of people in diverse locations to global processes, and the implications of global processes for a shared future.

PrerequisiteChoose one of the following:
0515-210 Foundations of Sociology (or equivalent)
0510-210 Cultural Anthropology (or equivalent)
0524-210 Global Studies (or equivalent)

ElectivesChoose three of the following:
0510-440 Cultures in Globalization
0510-443 Immigration to the U.S.
0510-444 Global Economy and the Grassroots
0510-445 Global Cities
0510-447 Anthropology of Mass Media
0510-449 Sustainable Development
0510-451 Global Sexualities
0510-459 Cultural Images of War and Terror
0515-453 Global Exiles of War and Terror
0524-422 Histories of Globalization
0524-449 Special Topics: U.S. Relations with the Arab World
0524-449 Special Topics: Societies of the Modern Middle East 

History

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration offers courses in three major geographic areas: Europe, America, and the Third World. While some courses focus on the internal development of a people through studying their social, intellectual, and institutional growth, others examine international affairs as reflected in the diplomatic relations between countries. Depending on which three courses are selected, the student may aim to achieve a breadth of understanding of various geographic regions and historical approaches or to acquire depth in a more restricted field of study.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0507-401 American Women: Colonies to 1848
0507-402 American Women: 1848 to Now
0507-410 Terrorism, Intelligence, and War
0507-411 Origins of U.S. Foreign Relations
0507-412 Modern Japan in History, Fiction, and Film
0507-440 U.S. Social and Intellectual History
0507-441 Modern U.S. Foreign Relations
0507-442 Contemporary Middle East
0507-443 European Social and Intellectual History Since 1600
0507-444 Strategy and Diplomacy of Europe
0507-445 Modern Latin American History
0507-446 Europe Since 1945 and the European Union
0507-447 U.S. History Since 1945
0507-448 History of Russia to 1917
0507-449 History of Russia Since 1917
0507-450 Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler
0507-451 History of Rochester
0507-462 The Civil War and Reconstruction
0507-463 American Deaf History
0507-464 Environmental Disasters in American History
0507-465 Survey of African-American History
0507-466 American Slavery, American Freedom
0507-467 American Disability History
0507-468 The United States and Japan
0507-469 Special Topics: History
0507-473 European Deaf History
0507-474 America’s National Parks
0507-475 Hands on History
0507-485 Foundations of Asian Civilizations
0507-486 20th Century China and Japan
0507-487 Communist China
0507-488 Modern Germany
0507-489 Japan in the Modern World
0507-490 History of Mexico
0507-496 African History
0507-497 Biography As History
0510-464 Nationalism and Identity 

International Relations

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The international relations concentration introduces students to the complexities and shifting trends of international affairs, with an opportunity to study the significance of at least one aspect of the international system. We live in an increasingly interdependent world. Many career tracks will carry graduates into the multicultural arena of international transactions, which know no borders. Many emerging problems require international approaches if they are to be managed in the future.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0507-442 Contemporary Middle East
0507-444 Strategy and Diplomacy of Europe
0507-488 Modern Germany
0513-425 Politics and the Life Sciences
0513-426 Cyberpolitics
0513-427 Evolutionary International Relations
0513-428 Evolution and the Law
0513-429 Primate Politics
0513-441 Politics in China
0513-443 Politics of Russia
0513-446 Politics in Developing Countries
0513-447 Human Rights/Global Perspectives
0513-449 Special Topics in Political Science
0513-453 American Foreign Policy
0513-461 Comparative Politics
0513-467 Modern Korea
0513-484 Government and Politics of Africa
0513-486 Comparative Politics in Latin America
0513-487 International Law and Organization
0513-488 War and the State
0513-489 Terrorism and Political Violence
0513-490 International Political Economy
0513-491 Politics of the Middle East
0513-492 Religion and International Politics
0513-493 Global Politics and the Environment
0513-494 Comparative Public Policy
0513-496 Government and Politics in East Asia

Latino/Latina/Latin American Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The Latino/Latina/Latin American studies concentration enables students to explore the rich social, historical, and cultural heritage in the western hemisphere that emanates from the Caribbean and Central and South America and manifests itself in the history, sociology, anthropology, politics, languages, and literatures of the Latin American countries and the Latino/Latina populations in the United States. While knowledge of Spanish will significantly deepen the student’s cultural understanding, language courses are an option rather than a required component of the concentration. Students may opt to complete the concentration with two elective courses and one language course or three elective courses. Note: Evening students may not declare this concentration.

Electives—Choose up to three of the following:†
0504-435 Global Literature: Latin American Literature
0504-447 Special Topics: Magical Realism
0504-469 American Literature: Latino
0504-479 Latino Experience in Literature
0510-442 Cultures and Politics in Latin America
0510-444 Global Economy and the Grassroots
0525-573 Women in the Hispanic World: Politics of Identity Formation
0525-576 Trauma and Survival in the First-Person Narrative
0525-577 Screening the Hispanic Caribbean
0525-579 Special Topics*

* Special Topics (0525-579) may include the following: The Caribbean and Globalization and Cuban Film: Cultural and National Identity.

† With department approval: CIAS Art History: Latin American Art History I, II, plus one additional credit per course.

One of the following Spanish or Portuguese language courses may be used for this concentration. The student should consult with the concentration adviser for placement at the proper level.
0525-521 Beginning Portuguese II
0525-522 Beginning Portuguese III
0525-523 Intermediate Portuguese I
0525-524 Intermediate Portuguese II
0525-525 Intermediate Portuguese III
0525-526 Advanced Portuguese I
0525-527 Advanced Portuguese II
0525-528 Advanced Portuguese III
0525-561 Beginning Spanish II
0525-562 Beginning Spanish III
0525-563 Intermediate Spanish I
0525-564 Intermediate Spanish II
0525-565 Intermediate Spanish III
0525-566 Advanced Spanish I
0525-567 Advanced Spanish II
0525-568 Advanced Spanish III

Literary and Cultural Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A concentration in literary and cultural studies offers a variety of approaches to the study of literary and non-literary texts, including but not limited to imaginative fiction, non-fiction, poetry, visual culture, and new media. Those who choose this concentration will have the opportunity to engage such texts through both traditional and contemporary approaches. Students will develop their critical and analytical abilities as they become versed in the formal, contextual, and historical aspects of specific texts. All of the courses offered by the department of English are writing intensive and offer opportunities for sustained writing and communication practice.

Prerequisite:
0502-227 Writing (or equivalent)

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0502-463 Language and Brain
0504/0525-400 American Sign Language Literature
0504-425 Great Authors
0504-435 Global Literature
0504-436 The Graphic Novel
0504-440 Drama and Theater
0504-441 The Art of Poetry
0504-442 The Short Story
0504-443 The Novel
0504-444 Film as Literature
0504-447 Special Topics
0504-448 Biographical Literature
0504-454 Shakespeare: Tragedy and Romance
0504-455 Shakespeare: Comedies and Histories
0504-460 Modern Poetry
0504-462 Literature and Technology
0504-464 Mythology and Folklore
0504-465 Viking Myth and Saga
0504-467 African American Literature
0504-469 American Literature
0504-474 Studies in British Literature
0504-476 Immigrant Voices in American Literature
0504-479 Latino Experience in Literature
0504-480 Women’s Studies in Language and Literature
0504-482 Science Fiction
0504-545 Deaf American Literature

Material Cultural Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A concentration in material cultural studies allows students to study the resources and technologies that convert natural and man-made materials into cultural objects. Archaeological and art conservation science integrate chemistry, engineering, art, and anthropology in order to investigate methods and materials from the past. This concentration includes courses from a broad range of topics with laboratory components such as archeological science, forensic investigation of art, ancient metallurgy, art conservation, and the technology of organic and inorganic materials.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0510-446 Native North Americans
0510-507 Archaeological Science
0510-508 Archaeology of Cities
0510-509 Survey of Metallurgy
0510-511 Field Methods in Archaeology
0526-441 GIS Applications
0533-437 The Forensic Investigation of Art
0533-438 Introduction to Art Conservation 

Minority Relations in the United States

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A concentration in minority relations in the United States offers students a variety of academic perspectives on how groups of people sharing similar characteristics (whether cultural, inherited, or learned) interact with groups sharing different characteristics. The focus of this concentration is on racial and ethnic minorities in the U.S. Courses examine the issues of differential power between groups and analyze the social structures that are used to maintain or alter these power differences. Courses also look at the interpersonal level of response of both majority and minority group members. Finally, the concentration investigates the experience of minority groups in the U.S. Note: Evening students may not declare this concentration.

Required Course:
0515-448 Minority Group Relations

Electives—Choose two of the following:
0504-447 Special Topics: Multicultural Literature
0507-496 African History
0515-482 African-American Culture
0515-483 Hispanic-American Culture
0535-484 Rhetoric of Race Relations

Modern Language and Culture - Arabic

Yukiko Maru, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning Arabic I (0525-400) or equivalent.

Required CoursesChoose two of the following:
0525-401 Beginning Arabic II
0525-402 Beginning Arabic III
0525-403 Intermediate Arabic I
0525-404 Intermediate Arabic II
0525-405 Intermediate Arabic III
0525-406 Advanced Arabic I
0525-407 Advanced Arabic II
0525-408 Advanced Arabic III

ElectivesChoose one of the following:
0505-487 Special Topics: Art of Islam: Persian/Turkish/Mughal Traditions
0505-487 Special Topics: Art of Islam: Arabic Tradition
0510-484 Islamic Culture/Middle East

Modern Language and Culture - ASL

Cindy Sanders, Concentration Adviser
(585) 286-5149, casnss@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite:
0525-390 Beginning American Sign Language I

Required Courses:
0525-391 American Sign Language II
0525-392 American Sign Language III

Electives–Choose one of the following:
0504-545 Deaf American Literature
0507-463 American Deaf History
0507-473 European Deaf History
0507-476 Diversity in the Deaf Culture
0507-477 Oppression in Lives of Deaf People
0515-529 Deaf Culture in America
0525-385 Linguistics of ASL
0525-386 American Sign Language Literature

* ASL courses taken through NTID cannot be applied toward this concentration.

Modern Language and Culture - Chinese

Hiroko Yamashita, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-6074, hxygsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning Chinese I (0525-420) or equivalent

Required coursesChoose two of the following:
0525-421 Beginning Chinese II
0525-422 Beginning Chinese III
0525-423 Intermediate Chinese I
0525-424 Intermediate Chinese II
0525-425 Intermediate Chinese III
0525-426 Advanced Chinese I
0525-427 Advanced Chinese II
0525-428 Advanced Chinese III

Electives–Choose one of the following:
0504-447 Special Topics: Chinese
0505-469 Art of China, Korea, and Japan
0507-485 Foundations of Asian Civilizations
0507-486 20th Century China and Japan
0507-487 Communist China
0513-441 Politics in China
0513-496 Government and Politics in East Asia

Modern Language and Culture - French

Philippe Chavasse, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-3156, pxcgsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning French I (0525-440) or equivalent

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-441 Beginning French II
0525-442 Beginning French III
0525-443 Intermediate French I
0525-444 Intermediate French II
0525-445 Intermediate French III
0525-446 Advanced French I
0525-447 Advanced French II
0525-448 Advanced French III
0525-459 Special Topics: Modern French Society

Electives—Choose one from the following:
0525-458 French Films and Hollywood
0504-487 Literature of French Black Africa and the Caribbean
0504-499 The View from Paris
0510-457 Divided Europe
0535-520 Intercultural Communication

Modern Language and Culture - German

Ulrike Stroszeck, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-2921, uisgsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning German I (0525-460) or equivalent

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-461 Beginning German II
0525-462 Beginning German III
0525-463 Intermediate German I
0525-464 Intermediate German II
0525-465 Intermediate German III
0525-466 Advanced German I
0525-467 Advanced German II
0525-468 Advanced German III

Electives—Choose one from the following:
0525-477 Contemporary German Culture*
0525-479 Special Topics: Modern German Culture Through Film
0505-459 Era of Haydn and Mozart
0505-465 Special Topics: Mozart’s Operas
0505-482 Beethoven
0505-483 Bach and the Baroque
0505-484 Romanticism in Music
0505-486 German Theater and Drama
0507-488 Modern Germany

* Contemporary German Culture (0525-477) is offered alternating summers in Germany.

Modern Language and Culture - Italian

Elisabetta D’Amanda, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-6928, exdgla@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning Italian I (0525-500) or equivalent

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-501 Beginning Italian II
0525-502 Beginning Italian III
0525-503 Intermediate Italian I
0525-504 Intermediate Italian II
0525-505 Intermediate Italian III
0525-506 Advanced Italian I
0525-507 Advanced Italian II
0525-508 Advanced Italian III

Electives—Choose one from the following:
0525-519 Contemporary Italian Culture*
0504-435 Special Topics: Italian Literature†
0504-435 Special Topics: Survey of Italian Literature†

* Contemporary Italian Culture (0525-519) is offered each summer in Italy

† Special Topics: Italian Literature (0504-435) and Special Topics: Survey of Italian Literature (0504-435) are offered every other year.

Modern Language and Culture - Japanese

Yukiko Maru Leary, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgls@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning Japanese I (0525-480) or equivalent

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-481 Beginning Japanese II
0525-482 Beginning Japanese III
0525-483 Intermediate Japanese I
0525-484 Intermediate Japanese II
0525-485 Intermediate Japanese III
0525-486 Advanced Japanese I
0525-487 Advanced Japanese II
0525-488 Advanced Japanese III

Electives—Choose one of the following:
0525-495 Japanese Culture in Print
0525-496 Structure of Japanese Language
0525-497 Languages in Japanese Society
0505-469 Art of China, Korea, and Japan
0507-468 The U.S. and Japan
0507-485 Foundations of Asian Civilizations
0507-486 20th Century China and Japan
0507-489 Japan in the Modern World
0513-496 Government and Politics in East Asia

Modern Language and Culture - Russian

Yukiko Maru, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-4558, yxmgsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Russian language and culture minor (quarters)

Prerequisite: Beginning Russian I (0525-540) or equivalent.

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-541 Beginning Russian II
0525-542 Beginning Russian III
0525-543 Intermediate Russian I
0525-544 Intermediate Russian II
0525-545 Intermediate Russian III
0525-546 Advanced Russian I
0525-547 Advanced Russian II
0525-548 Advanced Russian III

Electives—Choose one of the following:
0504-435 Great Authors: Tolstoy
0504-435 Great Authors: Dostoyevsky
0504-485 Global Literature: Russian Literature
0505-435 Russian Art, 10th through 20th Century
0505-452 Special Topics: Russian Art I
0505-452 Special Topics: Russian Art II
0507-448 History of Russia to 1917
0507-449 History of Russia Since 1917
0507-450 Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler
0513-443 Politics of Russia
0513-444 The Cold War and Beyond

Russian language and culture minor (semesters), effective fall 2013

Required CoursesChoose any five sequential language courses. One culture course may be substituted for one of the language courses with permission of the minor adviser.

MLRU-201 Beginning Russian I
MLRU-202 Beginning Russian II
MLRU-301 Intermediate Russian I
MLRU-302 Intermediate Russian II
MLRU-401 Advanced Russian I
MLRU-402 Advanced Russian II
ENGL-418 Great Authors
ENGL-416 Global Literature

 

Modern Language and Culture - Spanish

Diane Forbes, Concentration Adviser
(585) 475-6765, djfgsl@rit.edu

This concentration will introduce students to the language, customs, and cultural aspects (history, art, literature) of one particular country or area. Students will choose two consecutive language courses beyond the introductory prerequisite language course, as well as one related liberal arts culture course. The goal of this concentration is to raise students’ awareness of the relationship between language and culture and the differences between their own language and culture and those of the country they choose to study.

It is important to note that two out of the three required courses must be taken at RIT. Only one course may be transferred in, if necessary.

Students may not skip or go back to the lower level in the language course sequence. Students with some proficiency in the intended concentration should contact the concentration adviser to take a placement test prior to registration for the first course of the sequence at RIT. These concentrations are closed to native speakers. Evening students may not declare these concentrations.

Prerequisite: Beginning Spanish I (0525-560) or equivalent.

Required Courses—Choose two of the following:
0525-561 Beginning Spanish II
0525-562 Beginning Spanish III
0525-563 Intermediate Spanish I
0525-564 Intermediate Spanish II
0525-565 Intermediate Spanish III
0525-566 Advanced Spanish I
0525-567 Advanced Spanish II
0525-568 Advanced Spanish III

Electives—Choose one of the following:†
0525-576 Trauma and Survival in the First-Person Narrative
0525-577 Screening the Hispanic Caribbean
0525-578 Women in the Hispanic World: Politics of Identity Formation
0525-579 Special Topics*
0504-435 Global Literature: Latin American Literature
0504-447 Special Topics: Magical Realism
0504-479 The Latino Experience in Literature
0510-442 Cultures and Politics in Latin America
0510-444 Global Economy and the Grassroots

* Special Topics (0525-579) may include the following: The Caribbean and Globalization and Cuban Film: Cultural and National Identity.

† With department approval: CIAS Art History: Latin American Art History I & II plus one additional credit per course

Music

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

A concentration in music offers courses in the history, theory, and practice of music. Students with a background in music and/or a genuine desire to know more about the subject will have the opportunity to expand their knowledge of various theoretical and historical aspects as well as participate in performing groups at RIT. Note: Evening students may not declare this concentration.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0505-401 RIT Singers*
0505-402 RIT Orchestra*
0505-403 RIT Concert Band*
0504-404 RIT World Music Ensemble*
0504-405 RIT Jazz Ensemble*
0505-420 Applied Music*
0505-442 Music in the United States
0505-447 The American Musical Theater
0505-448 20th Century American Music
0505-449 Music Theory I†
0505-450 Music and the Stage
0505-454 Orchestra Repertoire and History
0505-455 Survey of Jazz
0505-456 Topics in Music History
0505-459 Era of Haydn and Mozart
0505-461 World Music I
0505-462 World Music II
0505-463 Survey of African-American Music
0505-464 Blues as Personal and Social Commentary
0505-465 Special Topics in Music
0505-466 Sounds of Protest
0505-470 American Popular Song 1830-1950
0505-471 American Popular and Rock Music
0505-482 Beethoven
0505-483 Bach and the Baroque
0505-484 Romanticism in Music
0505-485 Music Theory II‡

* Each of these ensemble and applied music courses is one quarter credit hour. Four quarters of participation are required to complete one concentration course.

† Prerequisite: Elementary Music Skills

‡ Prerequisite: Music Theory I (0505-449).

Native American Science and Technology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The Native American science and technology concentration enhances students’ understanding of the unique heritages of Native North Americans and their relationships with other peoples in the United States and Canada. Courses emphasize traditional ways of learning, modern and ancient technologies used by contemporary tribes, histories of relations, and Native American and First Nations science.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0510-442 Cultures in Latin America
0510-446 Native North Americans
0510-448 Native Americans in Film
0510-450 Cultural Resource Management and Historic Preservation
0510-461 Native American Repatriation
0510-462 Language and Revitalization
0510-484 Islamic Culture/Middle East
0510-502 Archaeology and Human Past
0510-507 Archaeological Science
0510-511 Field Methods in Archaeology
0510-599 Independent Study: Field Experience with a Native American Tribe
0511-467 Economy of Native America
0526-441 GIS Applications

Philosophy

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The philosophy concentration provides students with an opportunity to study the nature, methods, problems, and achievements of philosophical inquiry. The concentration emphasizes the following goals: the ability to think rationally and critically, an awareness of ethical values, an appreciation of aesthetic values, an awareness of how the past affects the present and future, and an understanding of the relationship between the individual and the social settings with which he or she interacts. This concentration is closed to students enrolled in the philosophy degree program.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0509-440 Philosophy of Religion
0509-441 Logic
0509-442 Philosophy of Art/Aesthetics*
0509-443 Philosophy of Science‡
0509-444 The Great Thinkers**
0509-445 Social and Political Philosophy§
0509-446 Philosophy of Law
0509-447 Contemporary Moral Problems
0509-448 Philosophy of Peace
0509-449 Special Topics**
0509-450 Seminar in Philosophy†**
0509-451 Professional Ethics
0509-452 Philosophy of Technology
0509-453 Environmental Philosophy
0509-454 Feminist Theory*
0509-455 Theories of Knowledge
0509-456 Ancient Philosophy
0509-457 Modern Philosophy
0509-458 Philosophy of Mind
0509-459 Philosophy of the Social Sciences††
0509-460 East Asian Philosophy
0509-461 American Philosophy
0509-462 Contemporary Philosophy
0509-464 Philosophy of Action
0509-465 Critical Theory*
0509-466 Existentialism
0509-467 Medieval Philosophy
0509-468 Metaphysics*
0509-469 19th Century Philosophy*
0509-470 Philosophy and Literary Theory*
0509-471 Philosophy of Film*
0509-472 Minds and Machines
0509-473 Technology and Embodiment
0509-474 Philosophy of Language*
0509-475 Philosophy of Vision/Imaging*
0509-476 Ethical Theory
0509-571 Honors Philosophy

* Prerequisite: One previous philosophy course or permission of the instructor is strongly encouraged.

† Prerequisite: Two prior courses in philosophy or permission of the instructor.

‡ Prerequisite: At least one prior course in either philosophy or one of the natural sciences (physics, chemistry, or biology).

§ Prerequisite: At least one prior course in philosophy, political science, or sociology

** Topics may vary.

†† Prerequisite: At least one prior course in either philosophy or one of the social sciences (psychology, economics, political science, sociology, or anthropology)

Psychology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration provides advanced study in various areas of psychology. Courses enable students to learn more about their own and others’ functioning. Students will become well-informed consumers of psychological information and will also learn to apply psychological principles in their own lives. Note: This concentration is closed to students enrolled in the psychology program.

Prerequisite:
0514-210 Introduction to Psychology or equivalent

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0502-463 Language and Brain
0514-440 Childhood and Adolescence
0514-441 Humanistic Psychology
0514-442 Adulthood and Aging
0514-443 Cognitive Psychology
0514-444 Social Psychology
0514-445 Psychology of Perception
0514-446 Psychology of Personality
0514-447 Abnormal Psychology
0514-448 Industrial and Organizational Psychology
0514-449 Behavior Modification
0514-451 Psychology of Motivation
0514-453 Death and Dying
0514-483 Social Psychology of Religion
0514-544 History and Systems

Public Policy

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration provides students with a clear understanding of public policy, the policy process, and policy analysis. Students have the opportunity to develop perspectives on a variety of contemporary public policy issues, especially those that emerge from scientific and technological advancements. At the heart of the concentration is the Foundations of Public Policy (0521-400) course, where students are introduced to the concept of public policy and the policy making process. The roles of stakeholders and interest groups are discussed in the context of contemporary cases in various policy arenas. Students are also introduced to some of the methodologies associated with policy analysis. Additional courses are offered from the areas of sociology; political science; and science, technology, and society. Policy Analysis I and II (0521-402, 403) are offered especially for students who are considering the MS in public policy or who have an interest in analytical tools.

Required course:
0521-400 Foundations of Public Policy

Electives—Choose two of the following:
0508-441 Science and Technology Policy
0508-484 Environmental Policy
0508-530 Seminar in Science, Technology, and the Environment*
0508-540 Science and Technology Policy Seminar*
0513-455 Politics and Public Policy*
0515-413 Urban Planning and Policy
0515-451 Transfer Technology and Globalization*
0521-401 Values and Public Policy*
0521-402 Policy Analysis I*
0521-403 Policy Analysis II*
0521-404 Policy Analysis III*
0521-406 Introduction to Qualitative Analysis*
0521-408 Technological Innovation and Public Policy*
0521-410 Information and Communications Policy*
0521-449 Special Topics in Public Policy†
0521-451 Energy Policy

* These courses have prerequisites or co-requisites.

† Topics will vary.

Religious Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Religion plays a major role in human affairs. To understand the nature of society and the individual, it is essential to have some understanding of religion. The religious studies concentration engages students in the study of religion from the perspective of major Western and non-Western traditions through courses in such disciplines as anthropology, history, literature, philosophy, political science, the fine arts, and sociology. (With approval from the religious studies adviser, certain Special Topics or Great Thinkers courses may also satisfy the requirements for the concentration.)

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0504-464 Mythology and Folklore
0504-467 African American Literature
0504-484 Literature and Religion*
0505-468 Art of India and Southeast Asia
0505-469 Art of China, Korea, and Japan
0505-487 Art of Islam
0507-483 History of Christianity
0509-440 Philosophy of Religion
0509-460 East Asian Philosophy
0509-466 Existentialism†
0509-467 Medieval Philosophy
0509-468 Metaphysics†
0509-469 19th Century Philosophy†
0510-446 Native North Americans
0510-483 Anthropology of Religion
0510-484 Islamic Culture and the Middle East
0513-492 Religion and International Politics
0514-483 Social Psychology of Religion

* Prerequisite: Writing (0502-227).

† Student must obtain the approval of the religious studies concentration adviser.

Science and Technology Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

The science and technology studies concentration examines some major impacts of science and technology in the contemporary world. Special reference will be given to American concerns. Students gain an overall appreciation of the social nature of science and technology as they have developed in the past, as they exist today, and as they may affect society in the future under various scenarios. Science and technology have become social systems in their own right and have made possible increasing freedom, a fantastic variety of choice, and, paradoxically, the growing interdependence of all segments of world society. A new level of public awareness and concern is crucial to understanding and dealing successfully with these consequences.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0504-462 Literature and Technology*
0508-440 History of Science
0508-441 Science and Technology Policy
0508-442 History of American Technology
0508-443 Face of the Land
0508-444 Social Consequences of Technology
0508-445 Biomedical Issues: Science and Technology Studies
0508-446 Makers of Modern Science
0508-447 Special Topics: Science and Technology‡
0508-449 History of Women in Science and Engineering
0508-450 History of Chemistry
0508-451 Cyborg Theory: (Re)Thinking the Human Experience in the 21st Century
0508-452 Gender, Science, and Technology
0508-500 Science, Technology, and Society Classics
0508-520 Historical Perspectives on Science and Technology Seminar**
0508-530 Seminar in Science, Technology, and the Environment**
0508-540 Science and Technology Policy Seminar
0509-443 Philosophy of Science†
0515-451 Transfer Technology and Globalization§
0521-451 Energy Policy

* Prerequisite: Writing (0502-227) or an equivalent course.

† Prerequisite: At least one prior course in either philosophy or one of the natural sciences.

‡ Topics may vary.

§ Prerequisite: Foundations of Sociology (0515-210) or equivalent.

** Prerequisites: Any two of the history of science or technology courses approved by the department.

Sociology and Anthropology

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration examines the dynamism and creative contestation of culture and social norms across the globe, as well as the constraints within which people negotiate meaningful lives. By selecting from courses on a wide range of topics—including gender and sexuality, families and marriage, ethnicity and racism, class and inequality, immigration, health and cultural conceptions of the body, urban life, war and violence, cultural images and mass media, technology and work, social movements, and globalization—students explore how people create and experience their social worlds.

Prerequisite–Choose one of the following:
0515-210 Foundations of Sociology (or equivalent)
0510-210 Cultural Anthropology (or equivalent)

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0510-440 Cultures in Globalization
0510-442 Cultures and Politics in Latin America
0510-443 Immigration to the U.S.
0510-444 Global Economy and the Grassroots
0510-445 Global Cities
0510-446 Native North Americans
0510-447 Anthropology of Mass Media
0510-448 Native Americans in Film
0510-449 Sustainable Development
0510-450 Cultural Resource Management and Historic Preservation
0510-451 Global Sexualities
0510-452 Bodies and Culture
0510-454 Visual Anthropology
0510-457 Divided Europe
0510-459 Cultural Images of War and Terror
0510-460 Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice
0510-461 Native American Repatriation
0510-464 Nationalism and Identity
0510-465 Social and Cultural Theory
0510-483 Anthropology of Religion
0510-484 Islamic Culture and the Middle East
0510-486 Globalizing Africa
0510-487 African Popular Cultures
0510-488 Muslim Youth Cultures
0510-502 Archaeology and the Human Past
0510-506 Great Discoveries in Archaeology
0510-507 Archaeological Science
0510-508 The Archaeology of Cities
0510-509 Survey of Metallurgy
0510-511 Field Methods in Archaeology
0510-512 Garbage Archaeology
0515-406 Qualitative Methods
0515-413 Urban Planning and Policy
0515-441 The Changing Family
0515-442 Urban Experience
0515-443 Sociology of Work
0515-444 Social Change
0515-446 Sociology of Health
0515-447 Women, Work, and Culture
0515-448 Minority Group Relations
0515-449 Population and Society
0515-451 Transfer of Technology and Globalization
0515-453 Global Exiles of War and Terror
0515-454 US Housing Policy
0515-455 Urban Poverty
0515-482 African-American Culture
0515-483 Hispanic-American Culture
0515-485 Diversity in the City
0515-506 Social Inequality
0515-507 Complex Organizations
0515-509 Social Policy
0515-515 Social Policy and Aging
0515-524 Applied Sociology
0515-529 Deaf Culture in America
0515-569 Human Sexuality
0524-420 Introduction to African Studies
0524-421 African Slave Trade
0524-422 Histories of Globalization
0526-440 Quantitative Research
0526-441 GIS Applications in Urban Cultural Studies

Theater Arts

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration offers students a focused study of the theatrical and dramatic arts, with courses in dramatic and theatrical literature, history, criticism, and theory. It also serves to offer students a more profound understanding of the theater arts and in a broader sense an introduction to cultural development and the communication of ideas.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0505-450 Music and the Stage
0505-453 Theater in the United States
0505-457 Contemporary Drama, Theater, and Media
0505-458 Modern European Theater and Drama
0505-486 German Theater and Drama
0505-488 Special Topics: Theater Arts
0505-489 Theater Production Seminar and Workshop
0505-502 Shakespeare the Dramatist

Urban Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Metropolitan areas must address such perennial issues as housing, transportation, education, crime, safety, recreation, and economic development. Each must do so with recognition of its place in the wider regional, national, and global contexts as well as with sensitivity to its own defining features. The urban studies concentration helps students identify and analyze such fundamental issues and allows them to explore and assess various ways policy-makers respond to those issues.

Prerequisite–Choose one of the following:
0515-210 Foundations of Sociology (or equivalent)
0510-210 Cultural Anthropology (or equivalent)

Electives–Choose three of the following:
0510-443 Immigration to the U.S.
0510-445 Global Cities
0510-465 Social and Cultural Theory
0510-508 Archaeology of Cities
0515-413 Urban Planning and Policy
0515-442 The Urban Experience
0515-454 U.S. Housing Policy
0515-455 Urban Poverty
0515-485 Diversity in the City
0526-443 Community and Economic Development: Rochester

Women and Gender Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

Women and gender studies offers students a variety of academic perspectives on the role of women in modern western civilization. The courses enable the student to examines the roles, values, and self-perceptions of women in a traditionally male-oriented society; develop a sophisticated, humanistic angle of vision from which to appreciate the many and varied accomplishments of women; and develop a mature sensitivity to the difficulties and frustrations encountered by women. Although the focus of the concentration is on the experiences of women, the concentration does not intend to be a study in separatism. Rather, it offers the possibility for integrating a new, academically disciplined appreciation of women’s issues into the student’s comprehension of wider problems and issues of humanity. All courses emphasize critical reading, thinking, and analysis. All require at least one substantial written assignment. Students are encouraged to relate the intellectual knowledge gained in each course to insights about their own experience and behavior.

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0505-480 Women and Visual Arts
0505-491 Traumatic Images
0505-516 Queer Looks
0510-451 Global Sexualities
0522-400 Foundations of Gender Studies*
0522-401 American Woman: Colonies to 1848*
0522-402 American Woman: 1848 to Now*
0522-405 Women and Science
0522-406 Feminist Theory*
0522-407 Seminar on Sexual Violence
0522-410 Introduction to Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies
0522-415 Domestic Violence
0522-436 Women’s Stories, Women’s Films*
0522-439 Queer Looks I
0522-446 Women and Crime*
0522-447 Women, Work, and Culture*
0522-449 History of Women in Science and Engineering
0522-450 Gender, Science, and Technology*
0522-451 Global Sexualities
0522-452 Bodies and Culture
0522-453 Economic Role of Women
0522-454 Hispanic Women in the World
0522-459 Toni Morrison*
0522-460 Special Topics†
0522-480 Women and the Visual Arts*
0522-481 Women’s Studies in Language and Literature*
0522-482 Women in Politics*
0522-483 Psychology of Women*
0522-484 Auto/Biography
0525-543 Women in the Hispanic World: Politics of Identity Formation

* These courses may require prerequisites.

† Special Topics (0522-460) may include the following: Traumatic Images, Queer Looks II, Art of Dying, Contemporary Women’s History, Prostitution and Vice, and Queering Gender.

Writing Studies

College of Liberal Arts, Office of Student Services
(585) 475-2444, libarts@rit.edu

This concentration provides opportunities for advanced study in writing and linguistics. Courses provide opportunities for students to study language and develop strategies for effective writing across a variety of contexts. Writing processes and language awareness from academic to public forums receive close attention.

Prerequisite:
0502-227 Writing (or equivalent)

Electives—Choose three of the following:
0502-443 Written Argument
0502-444 Technical Writing
0502-445 The Evolving English Language
0502-449 Worlds of Writing
0502-455 Writing the Self and Others
0502-456 Rhetoric of Science
0502-457 Language, Variation, and Identity
0502-459 Creative Nonfiction
0502-460 Science Writing
0502-463 Language and Brain
0502-560 Special Topics: Introduction to Language Science

Declaring Minors and Immersions

To declare an Immersion or minor, go to the Registrar's forms website http://www.rit.edu/academicaffairs/registrar/forms and complete the Immersion Authorization/Change form or Minor Authorization/Change form.

Note: Minor Authorization/Change Form requires the signature of the minor advisor and department advisor. Minor advisor information is listed in each minor's description.