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Agricultural History

1798
Plow Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
Quakers introduce plow agriculture and animal husbandry to Senecas
1800
Chemical Fertilizers
Chemical fertilizers begin to be used
1812
War of 1812
1816
Unusually Long Winter
Late May - early June: Large frost covers Rochester in icicles
1822 - 1835
"Boomin" Canal Town
Rochester is a "boomin" canal town
1825
Erie Canal is finished
1834-1854
"The Flour City"
Rochester is nicknamed "the Flour City"
1837
Steel Plough Invented
John Deere invents steel plough
1834 - 1854
Rochester railroad opens
1850 - 1860
Nation's Leading Grain-Producer
Genesee region is the nation's leading grain-producer
1854 - 1890
"The Flower City"
Rochester is nicknamed "the Flower City"
1860
Hay Cultivation Changes
1865
Great Flood
March: Great flood causing $1,000,000 in damages
1867
The Grange
December 4: The Grange is set up by Oliver Hudson Kelley
1871
Pasteurization
Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization
1890 - 1940
"City of Many Industries"
Rochester is nicknamed the "City of Many Industries"
1895
Refrigeration
Refrigeration is introduced to the United States
1914 - 1918
World War I
1916
Great Flood
March: Great flood
1918
Barge Canal
May: Barge Canal opens
1918
New Pasterization Law
Pasterization law mandates the use of expensive equipment; many smaller dairy farms close
1933
Over 4,000 Agricultural Bodies
There are over 4,000 agriculture related bodies in the United States
1936
Highest Temperature Ever Recorded (102 Fahrenheit)
July: Rochester weather is recorded at an all time high of 102 degrees Fahrenheit
1939 - 1945
World War II
1940 - 1950
Tractors
Tractors are introduced in the United States; acceleraton of mechanization and specialization in farming occurs
1944
72% of Monroe County Land is Farmland
1947
Cold War (Arms Race)
1950 - 1953
Korean War
1960 - 1975
Vietnam War
1960 - 1970
Family Farms Decrease
The number of family farms decrease as expressways and suburbs grow
1966
Blizzard of '66
The blizzard of '66 hits Monroe County
1970
Decreasing Farmland
Between 1944 and 1970, Monroe County loses 152,000 acres of farmland due to urbanization
1980
26% of Monroe County Land is Farmland
2001
Invasion of Afghanistan
2003
Invasion of Iraq
2006
October: Freak storm hits Western New York

Key

General Information
War
Technological Advancement
Political Advancement
Freak Weather
Family Farm Information