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Department of Sociology and Anthropology

William D. Middleton

faculty photoAssociate Professor of Anthropology (Archaeology)

Education

Ph.D. Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1998
M.A. Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1993
M.A. Anthropology, San Francisco State University, 1991
B.A. Anthropology, University of California, San Diego, 1985

Research Interests

Theoretical: Complex societies; Craft specialization; Interregional exchange; Domestic archaeology; Early agriculture- transition to agriculture- agricultural intensification- subsistence strategies- agriculture and ecology; Technology.

Technical: Archaeometry- development of analytical techniques; Archaeological Chemistry; Quantitative Methods; Ethnoarchaeology; Paleopedology; Geoarchaeology-Geomorphology; Paleoethnobotany; Paleoecology; Regional and Site Survey; Zooarchaeology; Human Osteology; Lithic Analysis; Cartography; Remote Sensing.

Regional: Mesoamerica, Anatolia, China.

Publications    

Books

2009 (with W. D. Middleton) Frank Julian Sprague: Electrical Inventor and Engineer. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Articles/Chapters

2010 Identification of Anthropogenic Chemical Activity Residues at Liangchengzhen, Shandong. In (A. Underhill, L. Fengshi, F. Hui, Y. Haiguang, & C. Fengshu, eds.) Liangchengzhen Archaeological Project Monograph (to be published in China). In press.

2010 (with L. Barba, A. Pecci, J. H. Burton, A. Ortiz, L. Salvini, R. Rodriguez Suárez) The Study of Archaeological Floors: Methodological Proposal for the Analysis of Anthropogenic Residues by Spot Tests, ICP-OES and GC-MS. The Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. In press.

2009 (with J. Kwon and D. Messinger). Hyperspectral clustering and unmixing for studying the ecology of state formation and complex societies, Proc. of SPIEI, vol. 7457, pp 1-9.

2009 (with D. M. Messinger) Landscape Classification in Regional Archaeological Survey Employing Stepwise Unmixing of Hyperion Hyperspectral Imagery from the Earth Observing 1 Satellite. In (J.F. Moreau, R. Auger, J. Chabot, A. Herzog, eds.) Proceedings, 36th International Symposium on Archaeometry, Quebec, Université Laval, CELAT, SérieArchéométrie.

2007 Pullman Works. In (W. D. Middleton, G. M. Smerk, and R. L. Diehl, eds.) The Encyclopedia of North American Railroads. Pp. 884-887. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

2007 A Statistical Abstract of the Railroads of North America. In (W. D. Middleton, G. Smerk, and R. Diehl, eds.) The Encyclopedia of North American Railroads. Pp. 1131-1153. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

2005 The Extraction of Anthropogenic Chemical Activity Residues From a Plastered Surface: An Example from Çatalhöyük, Turkey. In (H. Kars and E. Burke, eds.) Proceedings of the 33rd International Symposium on Archaeometry, 22-26 April 2002, Amsterdam, Geological and Bioarchaeological Studies 3: 493-496 (Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit).

2005 (with T. D. Price and D. C. Meiggs) Chemical Analysis of Floor Sediments for the Identification of Anthropogenic Activity Residues. In (I. Hodder, ed.) Inhabiting Çatalhöyük: reports from the 1995-99 seasons. Pp. 399-412. Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs and British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara.

2004 Identifying Chemical Activity Residues on Prehistoric House-floors: A Methodology and Rationale for Multi-Elemental Characterization of a Mild Acid Extract of Anthropogenic Sediments. Archaeometry 46 (1): 47-65.

2002 (with T. D. Price, G. Grupe, and P. Schröter) Strontium Isotope Studies of Human Bone and Tooth Enamel: The European Bell Beaker. In Archaeometry 98 Proceedings (E. Jerem and K. T. Biró, eds.). Oxford: Archaeopress. British Archaeological Reports S1043.

2002 (with G. M. Feinman and L. M. Nicholas) Subsistence and Craft Economy: A Perspective from Faunal Assemblages in Classic Period Oaxaca, Mexico. Journal of Archaeological Science 29: 233-249.

2001 (with G. M. Fineman, and L. M. Nichols) Domestic Life at Classic Period Hilltop Terrace Sites: Perspectives from El Palmillo, Oaxaca. Mexicon 23: 42-48.

2000 (T. D. Price and L. Manzanilla) Immigration and the Ancient City of Teotihuacan in Mexico: A Study Using Strontium Isotope Ratios in Human Bone and Teeth. Journal of Archaeological Science 27: 903-913.

2000 (with W. Matthews, C. Hastorf, B. Ergenekon, A. Erkal, N. Yalman, M. Agcabay, B. Aydinoglu, A. Bartu, A. Baysal, B. Boz, A. Rosen, and M. Stevanovic) Ethnoarchaeology: Studies in Local Villages Aimed at Understanding Aspects of the Neolithic Site. In (I. Hodder, ed.) Towards reflexive method in archaeology: the example at Çatalhöyük. Pp. 177-188. Cambridge: The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

1998 (with J. H. Burton and T. D. Price) Correlation of Bone Ba/Ca and Sr/Ca due to Biological Purification of Calcium. Journal of Archaeological Science 26: 609-616.

1998 (with G. M. Feinman and G. Molina Villegas) Tomb Use and Reuse in Oaxaca, Mexico. Ancient Mesoamerica 9: 297-307.

1996 (with G. M. Feinman and G. Molina Villegas) Reutilización de las Tumbas en Oaxaca, Mexico. Dimensión Antropológica Ańo 3, Vol. 7: 7-31.

1996 (with T. D. Price) Chemical Analysis of Modern and Archaeological House Floors by Inductively Coupled Plasma- Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. Journal of Archaeological Science 23 (5): 673-687.

1994 (with I. Rovner) Extraction of Opal Phytoliths from Herbivore Dental Calculus. Journal of Archaeological Science 21 (4): 469-474.

1993 (G. M. Feinman and L. M. Nicholas) Craft Activities at the Prehispanic Ejutla Site, Oaxaca, Mexico. Mexicon 15 (2): 33-41.

1992 (with G. M. Feinman and L. M. Nicholas) Archaeology in 1992: A Perspective on the Discipline from the Society for American Archaeology Annual Meeting Program. American Antiquity 57 (3): 448-458.

1992 Preliminary Report on the Extraction of Phytoliths from Cervid Dental Tartar. Phytolitharien 7 (1).

1990 An Improved Method for the Extraction of Plant Opal Phytoliths from Tartar Deposits on Herbivore Teeth. Phytolitharien 6 (3).


Grants

2009  National Science Foundation (NSF), Collaborative Research: Reconstructing Prehistoric Land-Use Patterns in the Lower Rio Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico.

2008  National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA), Hyper- and Multi-spectral Satellite Imagery and the Ecology of State Formation and Complex Societies.

2007  National Geographic Society, Archaeological Survey in the Chichicapam Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico.

2001  National Geographic Society, El Palmillo: A Classic/Postclassic period Oaxacan town.

2000  H. John Heinz III Fund Grant. An Investigation into the Use of Xerophytic Plant Resources in the Economy and Subsistence of El Palmillo, Oaxaca, Mexico.

1996  Tinker Foundation grant supporting the Reserva Bio-Itza Archaeological Survey and Mapping Project.

1996  NSF dissertation improvement grant #9615372. Chemical Analysis of Domestic Sediments as a Means of Identifying Prehistoric Activity Areas.

1996  2111 Foundation grant supporting the use of GPS technology on the Reserva Bio-Itza Archaeological Survey and Mapping Project.

1994  Archaeometry Symposium Graduate Student Travel Grant. Funding to assist graduate student presenters attend the 29th International Archaeometry Symposium, Ankara Turkey.

1992  NSF Exploratory Research Grant #9221938. Chemical Analysis of Domestic Sediments (T. D. Price, J. H. Burton, and W. D. Middleton).

1992  Archaeometry Symposium Graduate Student Travel Grant. Funding to assist graduate student presenters attend the 28th International Archaeometry Symposium, Los Angeles, CA.

1991  Research Grant, Saint Catherine’s Island Research Program of the American Museum of Natural History, Supported by the Edward J. Noble Foundation.

Courses