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Department of Sociology and Anthropology

International and Global Studies BS - Career Opportunities

Non-Profit Organizations

Many non-profit organizations are relatively small compared to corporate, government, or multilateral institutions.  Employees play multiple roles and often turn an idea into reality in a relatively short time frame.  Therefore, careers in the nonprofit sector often require remarkable flexibility and initiative.  In a nonprofit organization, you are likely to handle varied duties and have significant responsibilities earlier in your career than you would in more bureaucratic institutions.  Nonprofit organizations are relatively "flat" and often without a grade ladder or stair-step type of career trajectory in which responsibilities are more clearly connected to defined tasks in an elaborate set of job descriptions.  Usually pressures are such that one works until a project is completed rather than with an eye on the clock. 

In the interview process, nonprofit organizations try to identify potential employees who wholeheartedly embrace the mission of the organization.  People who have successful careers in nonprofit organizations are cause oriented.  They are motivated by the need to make a difference.  Those with careers in the nonprofit world tend to be hardworking idealists, service-oriented, and less concerned with financial rewards.  Psychological satisfaction, the sense of being a force of good in the lives of others, and a need for autonomy generally outweigh the desire for monetary gain.

More and more people are finding employment in the nonprofit sector, and that trend will most likely accelerate in the post-September 11 world.  Whether referred to as the nongovernmental organization (NGO) sector, the independent sector, the social sector, or the voluntary sector, nonprofit organizations are growing exponentially around the world.  For a whole variety of reasons, from South Africa to Poland to the United States, there are more nonprofit organizations than ever before.  Competition for philanthropic dollars and for volunteers will intensify.  Consequently, excellent writing skills, project-management abilities (including fiscal management), and the capacity to elicit cooperation from diverse constituencies will continue to be in demand.  Comfort with ambiguity is a particularly valuable trait as well.  Well-honed negotiation skills, too, will help one to forge a successful career in an environment where partnerships (to conserve resources, to win new contacts, and for other reasons), consortia, and mergers will increase and thrive.

Most employers want to see a basic building block of international experience on a resume. Service as a Peace Corps volunteer or Experiment in International Living group leader are good examples.  This international experience should demonstrate an ability to communicate effectively with people from other cultures and an ability to complete a substantive project in a foreign environment.  It should reflect not only well-developed foreign language skills but an authentic curiosity and desire to learn about peoples and cultures.

A broad array of organizations is subsumed under this rubric of nonprofit organizations.  They can be grouped into three major categories according to their general purposes:

Many of the organizations have a regional focus such as the Africa-America Institute.  Others are global in orientation.  Some focus on a particular field, such as the environment, education, management training, human rights, refugee affairs, population and family planning, or educational exchange.  Others have developed expertise in multiple areas.  The headquarters of these organizations are often on the East Coast, in New York, if the primary sources of funding are foundations and corporations, and in Washington, D.C., if the federal government provides a significant portion of their funding.  A few have regional offices.  Some have community organization members of chapters throughout the United States.  Some have offices throughout the world.  The organizations vary in staff size from those consisting of one or two people to those with hundreds of paid employees.

Although nonprofit careers will never be as lucrative as business or even government jobs, the notoriously low salaries in the sector are gradually improving as managers increasingly appreciate the cost of recruiting and training new staff members, and the loss of an employee's networks and institutional memory.  Benefit packages vary.  However, for similar reasons, nonprofit organizations had to increase benefits.  Thanks to technological advances in communication and various forces that have caused power to shift away fro nation-states, the nonprofit sector should offer increasing opportunities for hand-on, pragmatic individuals to make a meaningful difference – to build a global civil society. 

Idealist: search for jobs posted by Action Without Borders

The Academy for Educational Development:an independent, nonprofit organization committed to solving critical social problems and building the capacity of individuals, communities, and institutions to become more self-sufficient. AED works in all the major areas of human development, with a focus on improving education, health, and economic opportunities for the least advantaged in the United States and developing countries throughout the world; mission focus is to improve knowledge and skills as the most effective means for stimulating growth, reducing poverty, and promoting democratic and humanitarian ideals.  Candidates should have excellent organization and analytical skills, and a master's degree in international studies, education, journalism, communications, or similar fields like anthropology.

Africa-America Institute: to promote engagement between Africa and America through education, training and dialogue.  The Africa-America Institute administers short and long-term graduate education and professional training programs; these programs address the crucial need for visionary African leadership, African management capacity to strengthen African institutions and skilled African professionals who can contribute to vibrant civil societies. Through study tours and exchange programs, the Africa-America Institute facilitates interactions among Africans and Americans representing various fields on issues of mutual concern. Employment and internship opportunities are available in both the New York and Washington offices.  Some entry-level positions require only a college degree.  The ideal candidates should major in International and Global Studies or African Studies, History, Political Science, Public Policy and Administration, Government, International Affairs, International Environment or Development, Economics, Law or African Higher Education and Training.

AfriCare: private, nonprofit organization founded by Africans and Americans to improve the quality of life in rural areas of African countries.  The organization promotes development of environmental and water resources, agricultural training, and health care.  The AIDS crisis in Africa is of special concern.  Most employment opportunities are for overseas positions, including project coordinators and administrative assistants.  Most positions require a graduate degree and prior overseas work experience.  Applicants are more competitive if they speak a foreign language.

American Chemical Society: a self-governed individual membership organization that consists of more than 158,000 members at all degree levels and in all fields of chemistry. The organization provides a broad range of opportunities for peer interaction and career development, regardless of professional or scientific interests. The programs and activities conducted by ACS today are the products of a tradition of excellence in meeting member needs that dates from the Society's founding in 1876.  The society maintains a professional staff of around 2,000 people.  It has a small Office of International Activities that is primarily involved in administering exchange projects.  The office also acts as a liaison between ACS and similar organizations abroad in sponsoring joint international meetings and investigations of alleged violations of scientific freedom.\index.html

American Council on Education: Founded in 1918, the American Council on Education (ACE) is the nation's unifying voice for higher education. ACE serves as a consensus leader on key higher education issues and seeks to influence public policy through advocacy, research, and program initiatives. By fostering greater collaboration and new partnerships within and outside higher education, ACE helps colleges and universities anticipate and address the challenges of the 21st century and contribute to a stronger nation and a better world. Members and associates include approximately 1,800 accredited, degree-granting colleges and universities and higher education-related associations, organizations, and corporations.  ACE maintains both a domestic and an international agenda and seeks to advance the interests and goals of higher and adult education.  It provides leadership, advocacy, and representation for the views of higher education to policy makers ad offers services to its members.

American Friends Service Committee: The American Friends Service Committee is a practical expression of the faith of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). Committed to the principles of nonviolence and justice, it seeks in its work and witness to draw on the transforming power of love, human and divine. We recognize that the leadings of the Spirit and the principles of truth found through Friends' experience and practice are not the exclusive possession of any group. Thus, the AFSC draws into its work people of many faiths and backgrounds who share the values that animate its life and who bring to it a rich variety of experiences and spiritual insights. This AFSC community works to transform conditions and relationships both in the world and in ourselves, which threaten to overwhelm what is precious in human beings. It nurtures the belief that conflicts can be resolved nonviolently, that enmity can be transformed into friendship, strife into cooperation, poverty into well-being, and injustice into dignity and participation. The committee sponsors international conferences on world affairs and publishes a variety of reports on its projects at home and abroad.  The majority of positions at AFSC either in the United States or abroad require persons with a substantial amount of experience in such areas as community development and organization, self-help projects, communications, and administration.  There are few entry-level positions.

American Society of Association Executives: the leading organization in the field of association management.  The membership includes people who manage trade associations, individual membership societies, voluntary organizations, and other non-profit organizations.  ASAE's international section is designed to keep the society's domestic members current on international activities that affect associations and to promote the exchange of ideas and information among colleagues around the world.  The international staff is small.  Interested people should have knowledge of international activities in associations as well as experience working with overseas counterparts and designing education programs.

American Society of International Law: The mission of the American Society of International Law is to foster the study of international law and to promote the establishment and maintenance of international relations on the basis of law and justice. ASIL is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, educational membership organization founded in 1906 and chartered by Congress in 1950. ASIL holds Category II Consultative Status to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations and is a constituent society of the American Council of Learned Societies. The Society is headquartered at Tillar House in Washington, D.C. Through meetings, publications, information services and outreach programs, ASIL advances international law scholarship and education for international law professionals as well as for broader policy-making audiences and the public. The Society’s 4,000 members from nearly 100 nations include attorneys, academics, corporate counsel, judges, representatives of governments and nongovernmental organizations, international civil servants, students and others interested in international law.

Article 19—The International Centre Against Censorship: a human rights organization with a specific mandate and focus on the defense and promotion of freedom of expression and freedom of information worldwide. It believes that all people have the right to freedom of expression and access to information, and that the full enjoyment of this right is the most potent force to achieve individual freedoms, strengthen democracy, and pre-empt repression, conflict, war and genocide. ARTICLE 19’s work is organized into five regional programs – Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East – and a Law Program. ARTICLE 19 also works on global issues of concern that cut across national boundaries. It monitors threats to freedom of expression in different regions of the world, as well as national and global trends and develops long-term strategies to address them. It advocates for the implementation of the highest standards of freedom of expression, nationally and globally. The center employs professional staff, most of whom have a regional or country-specific and/or human rights law background.  In addition, the organization takes up to four interns a year and any number of volunteers.

American Baptist Churches in the USA: an evangelical denomination founded in 1814; through its board of international ministries, it provides a variety of services designated to help meet basic human needs in developing countries.  Assistance is extended in community development, food production, public health and medicine, family planning, social welfare and disaster relief.  The overseas mission programs employ persons in development-related positions.  New hires are expected to have a master's level academic background plus some professional experience.

American Political Science Association: Founded in 1903, the American Political Science Association is the leading professional organization for the study of political science and serves more than 15,000 members in over 80 countries. With a range of programs and services for individuals, departments and institutions, APSA brings together political scientists from all fields of inquiry, regions, and occupational endeavors within and outside academe in order to expand awareness and understanding of politics. Offers staff positions and runs an internship program.

American-Mideast Educational and Training Services: a private, nonprofit organization that strengthens mutual understanding and cooperation between Americans and the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa. Every year, AMIDEAST provides appropriate English language skills training, educational advising, and testing services to hundreds of thousands of students and professionals in the Middle East and North Africa; supports numerous institutional development projects in the region; and administers educational exchange programs. Founded in 1951, AMIDEAST is headquartered in Washington, DC with a network of field offices in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Qatar, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, West Bank/Gaza, and Yemen.  Candidates for employment at headquarters should be U.S. citizens or legal residents of the United States and have a bachelor's degree, including some U.S. academic experience.  Previous cross-cultural management experience, counseling or related subjects and foreign language skills are preferred.

Amnesty International: Amnesty International (AI) is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights. AI’s vision is of a world in which every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards. In pursuit of this vision, AI’s mission is to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work to promote all human rights. AI is independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion. It does not support or oppose any government or political system, nor does it support or oppose the views of the victims whose rights it seeks to protect. It is concerned solely with the impartial protection of human rights. AI has a varied network of members and supporters around the world. At the latest count, there were more than 1.8 million members, supporters and subscribers in over 150 countries and territories in every region of the world. Although they come from many different backgrounds and have widely different political and religious beliefs, they are united by a determination to work for a world where everyone enjoys human rights.  The organization's headquarters are in London, where researchers write reports based on visits to countries and interviews with government authorities, current and former prisoners, and local people.  Offices are maintained in more than fifty countries.  The USA office is located in New York.  The organization seeks people with degrees, but for most jobs there are no specialized requirements.  Experience in other non-profit organizations is useful but not required, as is experience in human rights volunteer work.

Arms Control Association: founded in 1971, is a national nonpartisan membership organization dedicated to promoting public understanding of and support for effective arms control policies. Through its public education and media programs and its magazine, Arms Control Today (ACT), ACA provides policy-makers, the press and the interested public with authoritative information, analysis and commentary on arms control proposals, negotiations and agreements, and related national security issues. In addition to the regular press briefings ACA holds on major arms control developments, the Association's staff provides commentary and analysis on a broad spectrum of issues for journalists and scholars both in the United States and abroad. Applicants should have a demonstrated interest in arms control and foreign policy and should have one to three years of experience in the field.

Ashoka—Innovators for the Public:Ashoka's mission is to shape a citizen sector that is entrepreneurial, productive and globally integrated, and to develop the profession of social entrepreneurship around the world. Ashoka identifies and invests in leading social entrepreneurs - extraordinary individuals with unprecedented ideas for change in their communities - supporting the individual, idea and institution through all phases of their career. Once elected to Ashoka, Fellows benefit from being part of the global Fellowship for life. Ashoka's vision is that of a global society that is able to respond quickly and effectively to social challenges everywhere. Ashoka does not accept government funding; business entrepreneurs and their foundations, corporations, individuals and volunteer chapters finance Ashoka's work. Requirements of candidates for the project manager positions include a master's degree, fluency in a foreign language, and experience in marketing and development.  Ashoka often looks to graduates of international studies programs to fill these positions.  Project managers are stationed abroad and are charged with overseeing the development of initiatives in foreign countries.

Asia Foundation: a non-profit, non-governmental organization committed to the development of a peaceful, prosperous, and open Asia-Pacific region. The Foundation supports programs in Asia that help improve governance and law, economic reform and development, women's empowerment, and international relations. Drawing on 50 years of experience in Asia, the Foundation collaborates with private and public partners to support leadership and institutional development, exchanges, and policy research. With a network of 18 offices throughout Asia, an office in Washington, D.C., and its headquarters in San Francisco, the Foundation addresses these issues on both a country and regional level. In 2004, the Foundation provided more than $72 million in program support and distributed almost 800,000 books and educational materials valued at $28 million throughout Asia.  An advanced degree in Asian studies, international studies, or a similar field and work experience in foreign affairs, public service, or educational organization is required for most of the professional positions.

Asia Society: an international organization dedicated to strengthening relationships and deepening understanding among the peoples of Asia and the United States. Founded in 1956 by John D. Rockefeller 3rd, the Society reaches audiences around the world through its headquarters in New York and regional centers in Houston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington, DC, Hong Kong, Manila, Melbourne and Shanghai. A nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization, the Society provides a forum for building awareness of the more than thirty countries broadly defined as the Asia-Pacific region - the area from Japan to Iran, and from Central Asia to New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. Through art exhibitions and performances, films, lectures, seminars and conferences, publications and assistance to the media, and materials and programs for students and teachers, the Asia Society presents the uniqueness and diversity of Asia. Professionals generally have at least a master's degree in international studies or Asian studies, and a foreign language (preferably Asian) is sometimes required.  If work experience is required, it usually involves travel or living experience in a specific area related to the position.

CARE: one of the world's largest private international humanitarian organizations, committed to helping families in poor communities improve their lives and achieve lasting victories over poverty. Founded in 1945 to provide relief to survivors of World War II, CARE quickly became a trusted vehicle for the compassion and generosity of millions.  The organization works with poor communities in more than 70 countries around the world to find lasting solutions to poverty. It looks at the big picture of poverty, and goes beyond the symptoms to confront underlying causes; it maintains a broad range of programs based on empowerment, equity and sustainability. Its mission is to serve individuals and families in the poorest communities in the world. Drawing strength from its global diversity, resources and experience, it promotes innovative solutions and is an advocate for global responsibility. New employees are hired on a one- or two-year standard contract that may be renewed or changed to career status upon successful completion.  Positions may be of technical or of an administrative nature.  Requirements include a master's degree, at least three years' previous overseas experience, experience in a related field, and speaking ability in a foreign language—usually Spanish or French.  Emphasis on cultural sensitivity is stressed.  There are about fifty openings per year.

The Carter Center, International Relations: The Carter Center, in partnership with Emory University, is committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering. Founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, the Atlanta-based Center has helped to improve the quality of life for people in more than 65 countries. Area specialties include human rights, conflict resolution, disease eradication, African governance, global development, Latin American and Caribbean affairs, democratization and election monitoring, food production in developing nations, tobacco control, and the environment.  In the global health program, many staff members have medical or public health training.  In addition, staff members work in fund-raising, administration, public information, and conferencing.

Catholic Relief Services:  Catholic Relief Services was founded in 1943 by the Catholic Bishops of the United States. Our mission is to assist the poor and disadvantaged, leveraging the teachings of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to alleviate human suffering, promote development of all people and to foster charity and justice throughout the world. Working through local offices and an extensive network of partners, CRS operates on 5 continents and in over 90 countries. We aid the poor by first providing direct assistance where needed, then encouraging these people to help with their own development. Together, this fosters secure, productive, just communities that enable people to realize their potential. As the official international relief and development agency of the US Catholic community, CRS is also committed to educating the people of the United States to fulfill their moral responsibilities toward others by helping the poor, working to remove the causes of poverty, and promoting social justice. Each year, CRS usually has twenty position openings for overseas and headquarters (Baltimore).  These can range from short-term to long-term contract positions. Minimum requirements for international entry-level positions: each position has its own job requirements, but the basic requirements for an entry-level international position are: completed Bachelors degree (Masters degree preferred), in International and Global Studies or International Development, Latin American/African/Asian Studies, Public Health, International Agriculture, International Management or related field; fluency in English and either French, Spanish or Portuguese. (Language will be tested during screening.); minimum of 2 years overseas work experience in a developing country.

CDS International, Inc:founded in 1968 as a non-profit organization committed to the advancement of international practical training opportunities for young professionals, students, educators, as well as labor, business and government representatives. CDS started out small, arranging internships in U.S. companies for young German professionals and exchanging farmers between Germany and the United States. Today, CDS serves almost 1,400 individuals annually from over 50 other countries in Europe, Asia and South America in a variety of work/study, internship, and study tour programs. CDS International, Inc. is committed to the advancement of international career training opportunities customized to provide individuals with in-depth practical knowledge of other nations' business practices, cultures, and political traditions. These experiences help strengthen global cooperation and understanding amongst individuals, businesses, organizations and communities.  CDS offers long- and short-term work/study, practical training, and educational programs, as well as study tours for particular interest groups.  CDS administers the following programs:  The Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange for Young Professionals, Robert Bosch Foundation Fellowship, Bayer Summer Internship, Work Immersion Study Program, Culinary Arts and Hospitality Internship Program in Switzerland, the Professional Development Program, and the Automotive Supplier Trainee Exchange Program, as well as Internships to Argentina, Turkey, and Singapore.  Most internships are paid.  Internships are possible in any of the following fields: management, business, commerce finance, the sciences, engineering, architecture, mathematics, industrial occupations, media and communications, agriculture, and arts and culture.

The Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs: founded in 1985 as Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs, CNFA is a Washington, DC-based, non-partisan, not-for-profit organization dedicated to stimulating economic growth around the world by nurturing entrepreneurship, private enterprise, and market linkages. Since its inception, CNFA has actively promoted public-private sector partnerships as a way to jumpstart economic growth. We have specialized in engaging private sector investment in training, new technology, and marketing as a means to increase overall competitiveness, expand exports, and ultimately generate higher incomes all along the value-chain for farmers, processors, and distributors. The network is dedicated to increasing and sustaining rural incomes in less developed areas of the world by empowering farmers and rural entrepreneurs. It believes the best way to do this is to develop value-adding agricultural enterprises and to link farmers to markets where they can buy supplies and sell their products. CNFA focuses on commercial activity, locally defined needs, and leveraged investment in order to foster the economic empowerment of rural residents and enterprises all along the food value chain—from farmers to local suppliers and processors, to larger companies, financial institutions, and distributors and exporters. Applicants should have a bachelor's degree in international studies or a related field as well as some language expertise and/or an agriculture background.  (job opportunities) (internships in Europe, Asia, Africa, Middle East,)

Church World Service:Founded in 1946, Church World Service is the relief, development, and refugee assistance ministry of 36 Protestant, Orthodox, and Anglican denominations in the United States. Working in partnership with indigenous organizations in more than 80 countries, CWS works worldwide to meet human needs and foster self-reliance for all whose way is hard. Within the United States, Church World Service assists communities in responding to disasters, resettles refugees, promotes fair national and international policies, provides educational resources, and offers opportunities to join a people-to-people network of local and global caring.  The service has domestic and overseas positions; regional program offices throughout the United States and Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe, and Latin America.  A sampling of positions includes caseworkers, who work in refugee processing and resettlement, both within the United States and overseas, and country directors and regional representatives, who work in social and economic program development throughout the world.  Overseas experience is often necessary, especially in social and economic development, and, as is appropriate, cultural and multilingual ability and experience. Bachelors and graduate degrees are also preferred.

Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE): the leading U.S. non-governmental international education organization. CIEE creates and administers programs that allow high school and university students and educators to study, volunteer, work and teach abroad. Today, CIEE is composed of three interrelated but operationally independent entities based in Portland, Maine; Boston, Massachusetts; and Tokyo, Japan. Among many activities, CIEE administers 60 study abroad programs in over 30 host countries, 800 volunteer projects in 30 host countries, work programs in Australia, Canada, Ireland and New Zealand and teaching programs in China and Thailand. Educators can participate in January and summer seminars in 20 countries. CIEE is always looking for highly motivated staff members with a strong mission commitment who thrive in a fast paced, multitasking environment. If you're energetic and internationally focused, CIEE may be the organization for you.  Most positions are in the student services, work exchanges, travel divisions, and communications area.  Second language skills, overseas experience, and office skills are viewed positively.

Ford Foundation: a resource for innovative people and institutions worldwide. Its goals are to strengthen democratic values, reduce poverty and injustice, promote international cooperation and advance human achievement. This has been the foundation's purpose for more than half a century. Created with gifts and bequests by Henry and Edsel Ford, the Foundation is an independent organization, with its own board, and is entirely separate from the Ford Motor Company. With headquarters in New York, the foundation has offices in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America and Russia. The foundation works mainly by making grants or loans that build knowledge and strengthen organizations and networks. Within its broad goals, it focuses on a number of problem areas and program strategies: urban poverty, rural poverty and resources, human rights and social justice, governance and public policy, education and culture, international affairs, and reproductive health and population.

Freedom House: a non-profit, nonpartisan organization; a clear voice for democracy and freedom around the world. Through a vast array of international programs and publications, Freedom House is working to advance the remarkable worldwide expansion of political and economic freedom. General requirements for applicants include a balance of education, work, and field experience, and a passion for international studies, democracy, and human rights issues.  Foreign language skills are also highly desirable.

German Marshall Fund of the United States:The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) is a non-partisan American public policy and grant making institution dedicated to promoting greater cooperation and understanding between the United States and Europe. GMF does this by supporting individuals and institutions working on transatlantic issues, by convening leaders to discuss the most pressing transatlantic themes, and by examining ways in which transatlantic cooperation can address a variety of global policy challenges. In addition, GMF supports a number of initiatives to strengthen democracies. Founded in 1972 through a gift from Germany as a permanent memorial to Marshall Plan assistance, GMF maintains a strong presence on both sides of the Atlantic. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, DC, GMF has six offices in Europe: Berlin, Bratislava, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, and Ankara.  A bachelor's degree in international studies or related field and work experience in foreign affairs, public policy, or non-profit organization is required or preferred for most positions.

Human Rights Watch: Human Rights Watch is the largest human rights organization based in the United States. Human Rights Watch is based in New York, with offices in Brussels, London, Moscow, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Tashkent, Toronto, and Washington. We often set up temporary offices in regions where we're conducting intensive investigations, and our researchers regularly travel to the countries they cover, unless security concerns prevent it. Human Rights Watch researchers conduct fact-finding investigations into human rights abuses in all regions of the world. Human Rights Watch then publishes those findings in dozens of books and reports every year, generating extensive coverage in local and international media. This publicity helps to embarrass abusive governments in the eyes of their citizens and the world. Human Rights Watch then meets with government officials to urge changes in policy and practice -- at the United Nations, the European Union, in Washington and in capitals around the world. In extreme circumstances, Human Rights Watch presses for the withdrawal of military and economic support from governments that egregiously violate the rights of their people. In moments of crisis, Human Rights Watch provides up-to-the-minute information about conflicts while they are underway. The accounts provided by refugees, which were collected, synthesized and cross-corroborated by researchers, helped shape the response of the international community to recent wars in Kosovo and Chechnya. HRW is involved in collaborative projects on arms transfer and land mines, children's rights, and women's right.  In addition, there are U.S. researchers working on U.S. policy, prisons, academic freedom, corporations, the international criminal court campaigns, HIV, and human rights.  Candidates for administrative positions must have a bachelor's degree, preferably in international studies.  Researchers should have an advanced degree.  Applicants should have a working knowledge of human rights issues; foreign language skills are desirable.

IAESTE United States: a membership organization dedicated to developing global skills in tomorrow's technical leaders through international exchange, leadership training, global skill development, and technical education. The core purpose of IAESTE International is to provide paid internship opportunities abroad for university students of science, engineering, and other technical fields. IAESTE United States is dedicated to this purpose and has enjoyed more than 50 years of successful exchanges.  Internships are paid.  Internships can last between four weeks and one year and typically begin in the summer.  Most require only English, though foreign language skills are preferred.  In order to be considered for a summer internship placement, student must submit an initial application by January 1 of that year.

Immigration and Refugee Services of America (formerly U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants): acts to defend human rights, build communities, foster education, promote self-sufficiency, and forge partnerships through an array of programs. IRSA has served the needs of refugees and immigrants since 1911, when its affiliate structure assisted in the resettlement and reunion of families after World War 1. IRSA is composed of a national headquarters in Washington, DC, the US Committee for Refugees, its public information and publications arm, and a network of 32 community-based partner agencies throughout the United States. The staff and volunteer corps of IRSA and its partner agencies are multi-cultural and multilingual; representing more than sixty-five language groups, and able to deal sensitively with the ethnic and cultural diversity of the clients they serve.  IRSA seeks applicants with a college degree and hands-on experience working with refugees.

Institute of International Education: An independent, nonprofit organization, the Institute is a resource for educators and institutions worldwide. Its goals are: to promote closer educational relations between the people of the United States and other countries; to increase the number of students, scholars and professionals who have the opportunity to study, teach and conduct research outside of their own country; to strengthen and internationalize institutions of higher learning throughout the world; to foster sustainable development through training programs in energy, environment, business management, and leadership development; to partner with corporations, foundations, and governments in finding and developing people able to think and work on a global basis. The Institute of International Education (IIE) is a world leader in the international exchange of people and ideas. An independent, nonprofit organization founded in 1919, IIE has 18 offices worldwide, over 850 college and university IIE Network members, and more than 5,000 volunteers. IIE designs and implements programs of study and training for students, educators, young professionals and trainees from all sectors with funding from government agencies, foundations, and corporations. These programs include the Fulbright and Humphrey Fellowships, administered for the U.S. Department of State, and the People, Energy, and Development program administered for USAID. IIE also conducts policy research, and provides advising and counseling on international education and opportunities abroad.

InterAction: the largest alliance of U.S.-based international development and humanitarian nongovernmental organizations. With more than 160 members operating in every developing country, it works to overcome poverty, exclusion and suffering by advancing social justice and basic dignity for all. InterAction is greater than the sum of its parts, a force multiplier that gives each member the collective power of all members to speak and act on issues of common concern. InterAction convenes and coordinates its members so in unison, they can influence policy and debate on issues affecting tens of millions of people worldwide and improve their own practices. A master's degree is preferred but not required; overseas experience and experience with other development agencies are desirable.  Strong analytical and writing skills are essential.

ICRC--International Committee of the Red Cross: an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. The ICRC is sometimes referred to as a "non-governmental organization", or NGO. In fact, it's not – but neither is it an international or intergovernmental organization.

International Executive Service Corps: founded in 1964 by David Rockefeller and other distinguished Americans as a private, not-for-profit organization using private sector volunteers to assist economic growth around the world. Today, IESC is a professional economic development organization that relies on a variety of resources to fulfill its mission—including volunteer experts, professional staff and strategic partners. Since its founding in 1964, IESC has completed more than 24,000 technical and managerial assistance consultancies in more than 120 countries and implements complex development programs across every economic sector—public and private. IESC's Tourism Development Services and Trade Services focus on increasing the international competitiveness of host countries through tourism development programs and the identification and acceleration of trade opportunities.  By offering a variety of services in the developing world and the emerging democracies, including technical and managerial expertise, IESC aims to strengthen the private sector through job creation and building strong civil societies. Operations in over 50 countries include Africa, Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and the Middle East.

International Institute for Environment and Development: an independent, non-profit international policy research institute and non-governmental body (based in London) working in the field of sustainable and equitable global development. In alliance with others it seeks to help shape a future that ends global poverty and delivers and sustains efficient and equitable management of the world's natural resources. IIED acts as a catalyst, broker and facilitator and helps vulnerable groups find their voice and ensure their interests are heard in decision-making. Environmental sustainability is a core concern but not at the expense of people’s livelihoods.IIED provides expertise in achieving sustainable development at local, national, and global levels. In alliance with others, it wants to change a future that ends global poverty and ensures fair and sound management of the world’s resources.

International Institute for Sustainable Development: The International Institute for Sustainable Development contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change, measurement and assessment, and natural resources management. By using Internet communications, we report on international negotiations and broker knowledge gained through collaborative projects with global partners, resulting in more rigorous research, capacity building in developing countries and better dialogue between North and South. Founded in 1990, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) is in the business of promoting change towards sustainable development. Through its research and through effective communication of its findings, the institute engages decision-makers in government, business, NGOs and other sectors to develop and implement policies that are simultaneously beneficial to the global economy, the global environment and to social well-being. It also believes fervently in the importance of building its own institutional capacity while helping partner organizations in the developing world to excel.  New recruits typically have a graduate degree and some experience working internationally on issues related to sustainable development.

International Republican Institute: The International Republican Institute (IRI) was founded in 1983, as a nonprofit nonpartisan organization dedicated to advancing democracy, freedom, self-government and the rule of law worldwide. IRI programs are nonpartisan and adhere to the fundamental American principles of individual freedom, equal opportunity and the entrepreneurial spirit that fosters economic development. It recruits individuals for positions at its Washington headquarter office and for its projects abroad.

International Rescue Committee: Founded in 1933, the International Rescue Committee is a world leader in relief, rehabilitation, protection, post-conflict development, resettlement services and advocacy for those uprooted or affected by violent conflict and oppression. At work in 25 countries, the IRC delivers lifesaving aid in emergencies, rebuilds shattered communities, cares for war-traumatized children, rehabilitates health care, water and sanitation systems, reunites separated families, restores lost livelihoods, establishes schools, trains teachers, strengthens the capacity of local organizations and supports civil society and good-governance initiatives. For refugees afforded sanctuary in the United States, IRC offices across the country provide a range of assistance aimed at helping new arrivals get settled, adjust and acquire the skills to become self-sufficient. IRC serves refugees and the displaced in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Balkans, and the Caucasus.

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX):an international nonprofit organization specializing in education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs in the United States, Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, and Asia. Through training, partnerships, education, research, and grant programs, IREX develops the capacity of individuals and institutions to contribute to their societies. Since its founding in 1968, IREX has supported over 20,000 students, scholars, policymakers, business leaders, journalists, and other professionals. IREX has employment opportunities at headquarters in the Washington, DC office as well as international opportunities in Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, and Asia. IREX strengthens independent media and academic, public, and nongovernmental institutions and makes the knowledge and skills developed through its programs available to universities, foundations, policymakers, and the corporate sector.

International Schools Services: Since 1955, ISS has grown into a dynamic educational force in the overseas community. A nonprofit corporation dedicated to excellence for children attending overseas schools worldwide, ISS is the world’s leader in providing a comprehensive range of quality educational services for schools, educators, families and corporations. International Schools Services currently provides services to over 300 international schools and has managed nearly 100 company-sponsored schools in some of the remotest locations on the globe. Independent international schools rely on ISS for teacher and administrator recruitment, supply procurement, financial management, publications, consulting and a host of other support activities. Corporations with operations around the world turn to ISS for planning and management of schools for their employees’ dependents, and to assure that their families are successfully relocated overseas.

The Japan Exchange and Teaching Program: The Japan Exchange and Teaching (JET) Program invites university graduates from overseas to participate in international exchange and foreign language education throughout Japan. Established in 1987, the program has earned a high reputation, both in Japan and overseas, for its efforts in youth and cultural exchanges, and has become one of the largest exchange programs in the world. The program offers university graduates the opportunity to serve in local government organizations as well as public and private junior and senior high schools.

Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership: provides project grants to nonprofit organizations in order to promote collaboration between Japan and the United States with the goal of fulfilling shared global responsibilities and contributing to improvements in the world's welfare; and to enhance dialogue and interchange between Japanese and US citizens on a wide range of issues, thereby improving bilateral relations. CGP is a division of the Japan Foundation, a semi governmental agency of the Japanese government that supports cultural exchange between Japan and many other countries through its head office in Tokyo and its eighteen offices overseas.  The following qualifications are desirable for potential candidates: experience ad knowledge of Japan, experience in the field of U.S.-Japan exchange, knowledge and/or experience in academia or the nonprofit sector, experience in the field of grant making, writing and analytical skills, administrative and supervisory skills, and knowledge of the Japanese language.

Mercy Corps: exists to alleviate suffering, poverty and oppression by helping people build secure, productive and just communities. The agency's programs currently reach 7 million people in more than 35 countries. Since 1979, Mercy Corps has provided over $1 billion in assistance to people in 81 nations. Mercy Corps is a nonprofit organization with headquarters in Portland, Seattle, Cambridge, Washington, D.C. and Edinburgh, Scotland. Mercy Corps has learned that communities recovering from war or social upheaval must be the agents of their own transformation for change to endure. It's only when communities set their own agendas, raise their own resources and implement programs themselves, that their first successes result in the renewed hope, confidence and skills to continue development. Mercy Corps pursues its mission through: emergency relief services that assist people afflicted by conflict or disaster; through sustainable economic development that integrates agriculture, health, housing and infrastructure, economic development, education and environment, and local management; and through civil society initiatives that promote citizen participation, accountability, conflict management and the rule of law.

Meridian International Center: a nonprofit educational and cultural institution that promotes international understanding through the exchange of people, ideas, and the arts.  For visitors from other countries, Meridian serves as a doorway to the United States through its programming and training services, including conferences and seminars.  For Americans interested in global issues, Meridian provides a window on the world through lectures, briefings, educational outreach programs, concerts, and exhibitions.  In addition, meridian coordinates activities for its affiliates, the Hospitality and Information Service, whose volunteers assist Washington's diplomatic community. Meridian relies on talented, dedicated staff members, interns, and volunteers to provide a wide variety of programs and services that promote international understanding. A bachelor’s degree in International Affairs or related field and/or experience in working with international visitor programs and volunteer organizations are desirable. Knowledge of foreign languages and cultures preferred. Applicant must have effective oral and written communication skills and the ability to work independently and accurately under pressure. Excellent computer and database skills are a major plus.

National Democratic Institute:The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) is a nonprofit organization working to strengthen and expand democracy worldwide. Calling on a global network of volunteer experts, NDI provides practical assistance to civic and political leaders advancing democratic values, practices and institutions. NDI works with democrats in every region of the world to build political and civic organizations, safeguard elections, and to promote citizen participation, openness and accountability in government. In many countries, advocates of democracy lack experience with democratic practices and face weakened or non-existent democratic institutions. They have turned to NDI for assistance in building their democratic structures. These include: national legislatures and local governments that function with openness and competence; broad-based political parties that are vehicles for public policy debates; and nonpartisan civic organizations that promote democratic values and citizen participation. While NDI puts much effort into the consolidation of new democracies, autocratic political regimes persist in many places. And in other countries, democratic gains have been reversed. In these situations, NDI works with advocates of democracy who courageously struggle against tremendous odds to promote peaceful, political change. Ideal candidates for positions at all levels of NDI should be knowledgeable in accounting, governance, development, political party structure, the parliamentary process, and be able to speak at least one foreign language.

The Nature Conservancy: The Nature Conservancy is a leading international, nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving the diversity of life on Earth. The mission of The Nature Conservancy is to preserve the plants, animals and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on Earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive. The Nature Conservancy has five priority conservationinitiatives to address the principal threats to conservation at the sites where we work, focusing on fire, climate change, freshwater, marine, andinvasivespecies.

Near East Foundation: In a world where attempted solutions to international problems too often involve power, violence and domination, The Near East Foundation reflects a different approach. NEF employs the understanding expressed at its beginning that lasting global stability and peace arise from working hand-in-hand with those at the grass roots. NEF is about equality, partnership and ensuring that those with whom we work gain power over their situations. Thus NEF builds capabilities, communities, and friendships.

Open Society Institute: The Open Society Institute (OSI), a private operating and grantmaking foundation, aims to shape public policy to promote democratic governance, human rights, and economic, legal, and social reform. On a local level, OSI implements a range of initiatives to support the rule of law, education, public health, and independent media. At the same time, OSI works to build alliances across borders and continents on issues such as combating corruption and rights abuses. OSI was created in 1993 by investor and philanthropist George Soros to support his foundations in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Those foundations were established, starting in 1984, to help countries make the transition from communism. OSI has expanded the activities of the Soros foundations network to other areas of the world where the transition to democracy is of particular concern. The Soros foundations network encompasses more than 60 countries, including the United States. OSI initiatives cover a range of activities aimed at building free and open societies, including grantmaking to strengthen civil society; economic reform; education at all levels; human rights; legal reform and public administration; media and communications; public health; and arts and culture.

Physicians for Social Responsibility: Founded in 1961, Physicians for Social Responsibility made its mark immediately by documenting the presence of strontium-90 - a highly radioactive waste product of atmospheric nuclear testing - in children's teeth across the country. This finding led rapidly to the Limited Nuclear Test Ban treaty that ended above-ground explosions by the superpowers. It set the mission for PSR: addressing enormous public health threats that affect people here and around the world. PSR continued its founding mission to achieve nuclear disarmament, bring attention to both the catastrophe of atomic warfare, but also the legacy of these weapons, from fallout, power accidents, nuclear winter, and radiation experiments and exposures on soldiers and workers. PSR published articles on the public health disaster to follow nuclear conflict, helped secure classified documents on radiation exposures and contamination, pushed for reductions in nuclear arsenals, and helped achieve the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. A background or interest in nuclear weapons and security issues and related legislative policy, as well as an interest in PSR goals, is sought in prospective hires and interns.

Population Services International: PSI is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. that harnesses the vitality of the private sector to address the health problems of low-income and vulnerable populations in 70 developing countries. PSI, with programs in safe water/oral rehydration, malaria, nutrition/micronutrients, family planning and HIV/AIDS, deploys commercial marketing strategies to promote health products, services and healthy behavior that enable low-income and vulnerable people to lead healthier lives. Products and services are sold at subsidized prices rather than given away in order to enhance their perceived value, increasing the likelihood of use, and to motivate commercial sector involvement. PSI is now the leading nonprofit social marketing organization in the world. PSI was founded in 1970 to demonstrate that social marketing of contraceptives, managed entirely in the private sector, could succeed under differing circumstances and on different continents. For its first 16 years, PSI worked entirely in family planning (hence the name Population Services International), except for oral rehydration therapy which it started in 1985. PSI's first HIV/AIDS prevention project — which promoted abstinence, fidelity and condoms — began in 1988. PSI entered the areas of malaria and safe water in the mid-1990s. World headquarters in Washington, D.C., European headquarters in London; program offices in almost 70 countries; and U.S. program offices in California and Oregon.

Project Hope: Its mission is to achieve sustainable advances in health care around the world by implementing health education programs, conducting health policy research, and providing humanitarian assistance in areas of need; thereby contributing to human dignity, promoting international understanding, and enhancing social and economic development. The essence of Project HOPE is teaching; the basis is partnership. Project HOPE now conducts land-based medical training and health care education programs on five continents, including North America. As an organization with a proud history and bright future, Project HOPE offers rewarding and challenging careers in professions ranging from Health Education to Finance. With programs over 30 countries around the world, Project HOPE offers an opportunity to employees, volunteers, and interns to gain a global perspective through clinical and/or academic teaching experience, exposure to health issues and needs in developing countries, development of healthcare systems and research, and experience in program planning and evaluation. Fundamental to its success and the achievement of Project HOPE’s mission are its core values of integrity, excellence, respect, and compassion.

Rockefeller Foundation: a knowledge-based global foundation with a commitment to enrich and sustain the lives and livelihoods of poor and excluded people throughout the world. The Rockefeller Foundation is committed to achieving lasting improvements in the lives of poor people by working with them helping to ensure that they are included among globalization's beneficiaries. To do so, we provide grants to help eradicate poverty and hunger, minimize the burden of disease, improve employment opportunities, increase the availability and quality of housing and schools, and stimulate creativity and cultural expression. We emphasize the importance of generating new, and harnessing existing knowledge to addressing the complex and difficult challenges faced by poor people. Our various areas of work are based on science, technology, research and analysis. There are two kinds of Areas of Work, which constitute the heart of the foundation's operations: Thematic Areas of Work--Food Security, Health Equity, Creativity & Culture, and Working Communities; and Shared Areas of Work--Global Inclusion and regional work in Southeast Asia, North America, and Eastern and Southern Africa.

Salvation Army: founded in 1865 as a religious and charitable organization, the Salvation Army provides financial and personnel assistance in about 100 countries.  Its programs embrace education, community centers, disaster relief, health and medical services, agriculture, and a range of community development projects.

Save the Children: Save the Children is the leading independent organization creating real and lasting change for children in need in the United States and around the world.  It is a member of the International Save the Children Alliance, comprising 27 national Save the Children organizations working in more than 100 countries to ensure the well-being of children. Since 1932, Save the Children has worked to make real and lasting change in the lives of children in need. Nearly 70 years of experience working hand-in-hand with families and communities at home and abroad has taught us that poverty need not be a life sentence. Save the Children's internationally respected community development approach has nurtured the seeds of hope for millions of people.

U.S.-Asia Institute: Founded in 1979, the US-Asia Institute (USAI) is a private, United Nations-associated nongovernmental organization (NGO) devoted to encouraging dialogue and improving understanding between the people and governments of the United States and Asian nations.  Through overseas Congressional staff delegations, off-the-record briefings, and ongoing dialogue with key policymakers, the US-Asia Institute promotes the exploration of the economic, political, and cultural issues vital to U.S. and Asian relations. The Institute encourages the participation of all Americans interested in Asia. USAI is unique in that its leadership includes Asian-Americans who have a special perspective and understanding of the ever-increasing interaction between the United States and Asia.  The US-Asia Institute is supported by individual and corporate memberships, foundations, and private donations.

Winrock International Institute for International Development: Winrock International is a nonprofit organization that works with people around the world to increase economic opportunity, sustain natural resources, and protect the environment. Winrock matches innovative approaches in agriculture, natural resources management, clean energy, and leadership development with the unique needs of its partners. By linking local individuals and communities with new ideas and technology, Winrock is increasing long-term productivity, equity, and responsible resource management to benefit the poor and disadvantaged of the world.  The institute recruits individuals for its positions in domestic and field operations as program assistants, which require a bachelor's degree in the program areas.  Higher-level positions require at least a master's degree and several years of related experience, including international experience.

Women in International Security: WIIS is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization dedicated to increasing the influence of women in foreign and defense affairs by raising their numbers and visibility, while enhancing dialogue on international security issues. WIIS offers a comprehensive set of programs designed to foster and promote women in all fields related to international security, and in a variety of sectors. Established in 1987 by a small group of women experts in foreign and defense affairs, today WIIS has more than 1,200 members—women and men—in over 35 countries from academia, think tanks, the diplomatic corps, the intelligence community, the military, government, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, the media, and the private sector. Members work on and are interested in diverse issues affecting international security, ranging from non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), to terrorism, human rights, sustainable development, environmental security, and conflict resolution.

World Learning: a private, nonprofit international organization with both academic and field project capabilities. Through our four program units -- The Experiment in International Living, School for International Training (SIT), World Learning for International Development, and World Learning for Business -- World Learning is a leader in the fields of international exchange, study abroad, sustainable development, teacher education, language training, peace building, and NGO management. World Learning promotes international and intercultural understanding, democracy, social justice, and economic development through education, training, and field projects around the globe. In the fulfillment of this mission, it prepares individuals, institutions, and communities to be inspiring and effective leaders of change.

Youth for Understanding: one of the world's oldest, largest, and most respected international exchange organizations. Today, YFU USA administers the Youth for Understanding programs in the United States. It advances and fosters cultural understanding and international friendship through international high school immersion programs. YFU depends on charitable giving to sustain our Annual Fund, as well as funding of important scholarship programs designed to provide opportunities for students worldwide to participate on an YFU program. Youth for Understanding (YFU) is a worldwide movement of committed individuals and organizations working together to prepare young people for their responsibilities and challenges in a changing, interdependent global community. YFU exemplifies excellence through leadership in the field of exchange. Its national organizations share a common mission and vision for the future. YFU works to create increasing interest and enthusiasm for international learning through exchange programs.


(Acknowledgment: our information is based on Careers in International Affairs, 7th ed., edited by Maria Pinto Carland and Lisa A. Gihring; Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2003; the descriptions of and links to the different entries have been updated and corrected based on our review of each entry.)