Sponsored Research

GIS Faculty Sponsored Research

GIS faculty undertake a wide range of research projects relating to sustainability and the environment for federal, state and corporate sponsors, including the National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Transportation, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, and Eastman Kodak Company. Funding for GIS faculty projects totals between $2.5M and $3M annually.

Recently awarded sponsored research projects conducted by GIS faculty include:

Energy

CAREER: Enabling Clean Energy: Assessing Criticality of Byproduct Metals

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad
  • Start & Finish dates: 01/15/2015-12/31/2019
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $509,983
  • Brief Summary: Most current methods to evaluate the criticality or scarcity of materials are static and narrowly focused on the physical reserves of one material. This is problematic for many clean energy materials that are byproducts of production of other material systems. The objectives of this work are to develop novel, dynamic criticality metrics that capture a much broader, life-cycle perspective of criticality for these materials. Novel systems modeling techniques will be used to pinpoint supply-demand gap conditions of byproduct materials and the key leverage points in each case study system that control these gap conditions. Results will be synthesized to provide policy recommendations for mitigating scarcity and supply disruption for the clean case study systems of Cu-Te, Fe-Nd, and AI-Ga. This research will be synthesized to support educational activities aiming to feed a pipeline from elementary-undergraduate with underrepresented students in STEM.

Genetic Algorithm Modeling of Electricity Infrastructure Dynamics Under Uncertainty

  • PI: Dr. Eric Williams. Co-PI: Dr, Eric Hittinger
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2014-8/30/2017
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $309,660
  • Brief Summary: The proposed research builds an optimization model that simulates the evolution of electricity infrastructure in the United States. The model uses a genetic algorithm to find "lowest" cost options while satisfying demand and RPS constraints. Uncertainty is inherent in the model, variability in outcomes are Monte Carlo distributions based on uncertainty in input variables. Historical patterns are carefully analyzed and combined with judgment of trends to develop input distributions. The resulting grid build-outs are evaluated in terms of the dynamical evolution of environmental performance (e.g., grams of C02/kWh), economics (e.g., levelized cost of electricity) and public investment in subsidy programs.

Direct Catalytic Conversion Of Renewable Fuels

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold. Co-PI: Mark Walluk
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/30/2014-4/30/2015
  • Sponsors: NYSERDA, Novorocs Technologies LLC
  • Award Amount: $25,000
  • Brief Summary: GIS proposes to support Novorocs Technologies LLC (Novorocs), a joint venture created between Solid Cell Inc. and Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, in the development of their state-of-the-art "Low Cost Catalyst for Syngas Production". Work would be performed consistent with NYSERDA PON 2569, Advanced Clean Power Technologies. GIS will conduct performance and durability testing along with design analysis of the device for production, and will provide Novorocs with a report summarizing the results of this work. The scope of work herein has been modified to accommodate changes in the tasks, as directed by Novorocs, since the initial proposal submittal..

Improved Carbon Nanotube Wire Conductivity

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/16/2014-3/15/2016
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office, Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $389,281
  • Brief Summary: RIT, in conjunction with the U.S. Naval Research Labs (NRL), will continue technology insertion studies to determine potential use of carbon nanotube materials for maritime applications. RIT will also continue to further investigate novel nanotechnologies for properties exploitable for multi-functional hybrid CNT wires designs with other nanomaterials in concert (e.g., nanometals, non-semiconductors, graphene, etc.) to improve bulk conductivity.

CNT High Energy Storage System (CHESS)

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/1/2013-9/30/2016
  • Sponsor: National Reconnaissance Office
  • Award Amount: $360,179
  • Brief Summary: This project focuses on high capacity loading of the anode/cathode composites, alternative current collector development and Stabilized Lithium Metal Powder (SLMP) lithiation to maximize capacity and rate capability while minimizing Solid-Electrolyte-Interphase (SEI) Loss. In addition, students to investigate high capacity cathode active materials and postmortem analysis to understand battery degradation mechanisms and battery safety will be pursued. The safety of carbon nanotubes (CNT)-additive based electrodes for cathode composites using Nickel Cobalt Aluminum (NCA) active materials will also be investigated. Postmortem analysis will be used to determine the effects of overcharge and cycling through characterization techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry measurements and scanning electron microscope (SEM) microscopy.

OVPR (GWBC 2015) - Experiments in Sustainable Strategic Interactions: Coordinated Personalized Signals and Incentives for Reducing Energy Consumption and Carbon Foortprints

  • PI: Dr. Roger Chen
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/1/2015-6/30/2016
  • Sponsor: Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: This research work designs and conducts a set of economic experiments both in a laboratory and field setting, focusing exclusively on decision contexts in sustainability. These decision contexts include: (i) EV charging and driving; (ii) building occupant energy consumption, such as electricity use and temperature settings; and (iii) multi-modal travel decisions, including car-share, non-motorized modes and transit. These experiments provide an initial step towards ultimately developing a data-driven decision-making tool for coordinating personalized signals to users, such as information feedback, improving personal energy consumption, carbon footprints and overall well-being, while ensuring significant system level performance gains over time. The outcome addresses the following research questions: i) What combination of personalized signals is most effective for improving individual sustainability, such as reduced energy consumption and carbon footprints? ii) Which type of control architecture is most effective for leveraging individual decisions and personalized signals towards achieving sustainability gains both at the individual and system level? iii) Are incentives necessary for achieving these gains, as opposed to providing personalized signals only, and if so which structure should they follow? The resulting outcome will provide empirical support for the feasibility of leveraging and coordinating individual decisions for achieving sustainability gains, through personalized signals, incentives and behavioral levers, complementing technological advancements.

Chromatographic Separation of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes with Advanced Chirality Enrichment Assessment for Electrodes and Devices

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi. Co-PI: Ivan Puchades
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2013-6/30/2016
  • Sponsor: Central Intelligence Agency
  • Award Amount: $359,957
  • Brief Summary: This program involves the development of a scalable column chromatography process to universally separate single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) based on electronic-type, diameter, and chirality. The effort will utilize as-produced SWCNT materials from varying synthetic techniques (and different diameter distributions), which have been uniquely established at RIT and from commercial sources. A combination of analytical techniques, including optical absorbance, fluorescence, and TGA, will be used to monitor the separation efficacy. Additionally, a method will be established to quantify enrichment in the electronic-type-separated SWCNTs and change in SWCNT purity. Chemical processing of the separated samples using acid and thermal oxidation steps will be employed to remove the residual surfactants. The resulting purified, separated SWCNTs will be analyzed by temperature dependent conductivity and susceptibility to chemical doping. An assessment of the intrinsic SWCNT properties will provide the necessary understanding required for inserting advanced materials into applications involving electrodes and nanoelectronic devices.

Plasma Catalyst Reactor Product Development

  • PI: Dr. Mark Krystofik
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/09/2015-11/13/2015
  • Sponsor: Novelis Corporation, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $8,686
  • Brief Summary: Paradigm of New York, LLC (Paradigm) is a privately held company headquartered in Rochester, NY, that is in development of corona electrostatic-based products that reduce pollutants associated with diesel and gasoline combustion engines, while providing improved efficiencies over existing broadly implemented emission control devices. Paradigm has already developed a Plasma Diesel Particulate Matter Oxidation Reactor that has undergone several design iterations, with version four recently evaluated by Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) for particulate matter reduction efficiency. Paradigm has also submitted for NYSERDA funding through PON 2942 and PON 2957, and is committed to production of launched products being done in New York State. Paradigm has requested assistance with product development efforts for their Plasma Catalyst Reactor from the Golisano Institute for Sustainability's (GIS) Center of Excellence (COE) at RIT.

Water, Energy, and Chemical Use Assessment on Finishing Line and Scrubber Operation

  • PI: Dr. Eugene Park; Co-PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/20/2015-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Novelis Corporation, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $1,989
  • Brief Summary: The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) proposes to work with Novelis Corporation (Novelis) in Oswego, NY, to assess opportunities to reduce chemical, water and energy use as related to acid mists and the current air scrubber operation on their new metal finishing line. Various finishing steps create waste streams that need to be managed accordingly. The scrubber was installed with factory settings based on the finishing chemicals used when the metal finishing line was initially launched. The chemistries being used in the metal finishing line have changed since the initial installation, so the scrubber may no longer be optimized for the mists being processed from the line. The objective of the proposed project is to determine if key environmental impacts like chemical use, wastewater generation and energy consumption can be reduced in the metal finishing line and wet scrubber operation. The results of this project will determine whether the scrubber parameters can be changed to minimize water use, chemical use, and energy use while maintaining proper air emissions.

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane

  • PI: Mark Walluk
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/07/2015-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: NYSERDA/High Tech Rochester
  • Award Amount: $42,450
  • Brief Summary: The Golisano Institute for Sustainability has applied for and been accepted into the NEXUS-NY proof-of-concept center that is administered by High Tech Rochester. New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA) developed the NEXUS-NY program to provide early-stage support for development and validation of clean energy technologies. The concept submitted by GIS is based on on-going research in the high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane (HT-PEM) fuel cell technology.

Energy and Water Use Assessment for Hot Air Sterilizer Equipment for CPAC Equipment

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/01/2014-8/30/2015
  • Sponsor: National Institute for Standards and Technology
  • Award Amount: $98,888
  • Brief Summary: Leveraging earlier work conducted in Phases 1 and 2 of this program, covering propane fuel reforming and high-temperature proton exchange membrane (HT-PEM) fuel cell stack integration, this proposed final phase will involve development of a prototype residential power system. Tasks include controls architecture and hardware's design, integration of the fuel reformer and fuel cell stack, and assembly of a fuel cell-based residential power system. A lawn mower was selected for this activity because they are common devices, with many commercially available options. The expectation is that successful demonstration on this platform will provide a solid foundation upon which a more versatile residential power system, with multiple applications, can be developed.

Ultrafiltration Feasibility Test of Pit Water

  • PI: Daniel Smith; Co-PI: Dr. Eugene Park
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/9/2015-7/31/2015
  • Sponsors: Markin Tubing, LP, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: Markin Tubing is a manufacturer of annealed steel tubing used in automotive components, home appliances, heat exchangers, and other equipment around the world. There are eight different production lines, most of which involve several processing steps including cleaning, forming and welding, annealing, Galfan coating, and paint coating. Well water is pretreated through a reverse osmosis system and used in all phases of operation (>7 million gal/year) prior to discharge after chemical wastewater treatment. The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP21) at the Rochester Institute of Technology proposes to work with Markin Tubing in Wyoming, NY, to perform a feasibility study to determine if ultrafiltration (UF), a membrane-based separation technology, can effectively clean the process pit water used for various operations. Currently, elevated organics and suspended solids levels adversely affect the heat exchangers and cooling tower operations. Through this project, NYSP21 proposes to set up a pilot UF system at Markin to run several batch tests. The deliverables for the project will include a final report summarizing the results and expected performance of ultrafiltration to keep the pit water clean.

Fuel Cell for Residential Power Applications: Prototype Residential Power System

  • PI: Daniel Smith; Co-PIs: Ava Labuzetta. Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/22/2015-6/30/2015
  • Sponsors: High Tech Rochester, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $2,345
  • Brief Summary: CPAC Equipment, Inc. (CPAC), located in Leicester, New York, is a client of High Tech Rochester (HTR), which serves as the Regional Technology Development Center (RTDC) for the Finger Lakes Region of New York. The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) proposes to assist HTR by providing an independent, third party energy and water usage assessment for CPAC of its Cox RapidHeat TransferTM (CRH) sterilizer. The assessment will provide a comparative evaluation of CPAC's sterilizer against two selected conventional steam sterilizers. Energy and water use for each of the three units over the determined test period will be documented and summarized as a result of this project. All project coordination will he managed through HTR; although, technical discussions can occur directly between NYSP21 and CPAC staff.

Micro Hydropower Test

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/26/2013-8/26/2014
  • Sponsor: Environmental Protection Agency
  • Award Amount: $14,999
  • Brief Summary: The proposed research will study the feasibility of micro-hydropower implementation and provide the quantitative data and design necessary to implement a micro-hydropower system within the Rochester Institute of Technology's new Golisano Institute for Sustainability (GIS) building. This work will test a micro-hydropower unit in the lab, use data from these tests to determine an efficient implementation design, and quantify the economic and environmental impacts from such implementation. Phase II would then integrate the unit into the current rainwater collection and storage infrastructure present in the new GIS building.

Fuel Cell for Residential Power Applications: Fuel Reformer & Stack Integration

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2013-8/31/2014
  • Sponsor: National Institute for Standards and Technology
  • Award Amount: $86,076
  • Brief Summary: The proposed research program aims to ultimately develop an integrated fuel reformer and fuel cell system that can provide a reliable, cost-effective system for residential power applications. The proposed research program extends earlier work on propane fuel reforming to incorporate an electrochemical solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), to produce up to 500W electrical power. If successfully executed, this ongoing work will support further research and development in fuel cell system performance evaluation, and ultimately an integrated fuel reformer/fuel cell stack device that is commercially viable.

Epitaxial Wafer Supply

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes.
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/1/2013-8/31/2013
  • Sponsor: University of Central Florida
  • Award Amount: $3,500
  • Brief Summary: Rochester Institute of Technology will provide University of Central Florida with epitaxial wafers for use in an undergraduate student microfabrication course. The wafer structures will consist of LED and photodetector structures following published, non-proprietary epitaxial structures.

End-of-Life Material Flows From Emerging Lithium-Ion Battery Systems

  • PI: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt.
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2013-6/30/2018
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $400,355
  • Brief Summary: This project will apply scenario analysis and novel industrial ecology models to quantify and characterize projected end-of-life (EOL) flows and attendant resource implications associated with ongoing lithium-ion battery adoption. This rapidly evolving battery technology is a promising energy storage solution for future deployment of electric vehicles. However, the technology's potential environmental tradeoffs are not fully characterized. While recent work has focused on supply side concerns, such as lithium availability, key uncertainties surround the emergence and management of these batteries in the waste stream and the ability of existing recycling infrastructure to recover scarce and valuable materials from a highly variable mix of end-of-life batteries. The approach and industrial ecology models applied here provide insight to EOL batteries, but are translatable to other sectors at early stages of technological development (e.g., renewable energy systems).

Flexible Load Control for Peak Demand Reduction

  • PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/23/2014-4/30/2014
  • Sponsors: High Tech Rochester, New York State Energy Research & Development Authority
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: During Phase 1, the GIS Peak Demand Reduction team will attend the NEXUS-NY Lean Start-up training and be mentored by a NEXUS-NY provided mentor in an effort to advance the initial stages of research in utilizing a controller to reduce peak demand. The goal of Phase 1 is to identify the market size and needs for the system, including potential alternate markets and technologies (called a technology pivot) in an effort to develop a minimally viable product and receive feedback on the product. This will prepare the product for a further revision of the technology and development of a business strategy and plan that can be presented to investors during Phase 2 of the program. During Phase 2, the prototype will be further refined closer to a production solution, a detailed business plan will be developed, an IP review will be performed, and an Investor Due Diligence Report will be prepared.

Quantum Dot and Doping Superlattice (nipi) Photovoltaic Devices

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/1/2013-4/30/2014
  • Sponsors: Air Force Materiel Command, University of Toledo
  • Award Amount: $213,321
  • Brief Summary: The focus of this research program is to evaluate the electrical and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube (CNT) mixed metal composites (MMe). Specifically, deposition of CNTs onto a metal patterned semiconductor wafer will allow for comparison of device structure performance. Comparison of different CNT deposition strategies will include film transfer and spin coating. The physical and electrical properties of customized samples fabricated at RIT will be analyzed before and after mechanical stressing. In addition, thermal cycling will be performed to assess stability in application environments. Modification of CNT materials to enhance the interfacial strength within the MMC will involve surface treatments to foster improved metal adhesion. The use of traditional evaporation compared to electroplating will be considered to overcoat the CNT deposited layers. Ultimately, this research will lead to a rational assessment of CNT-based MMC for advanced solar cell adoption.

Improved Carbon Nanotube Wire Conductivity

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/1/2013-3/31/2014
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office, Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $389,281
  • Brief Summary: RIT in conjunction with the US Naval Research Labs (NRL) will conduct technology insertion studies to determine potential use of carbon nanotube materials for maritime applications. RIT will also continue to further investigate novel nanotechnologies for properties exploitable for multi-functional materials. Investigations shall include enhancing the bulk conductivity of carbon nanotube (CNT) wires and evaluating hybrid CNT wires designs with other nanomaterials in concert (e.g., nanometals, nano-semiconductors, graphene, etc.) to improve bulk conductivity.

Methane Production Potential of Organic Feedstocks for Anaerobic Co-Digestion in Seneca County, NY

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold. Co-PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 2/1/2013-6/30/2013
  • Sponsors: Seneca BioEnergy LLC, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $81,000
  • Brief Summary: NYSP2I proposes to conduct an evaluation of the methane producing potential of combined livestock manure and food waste resources in the region around Seneca County, New York. The proposed project will focus on locally available waste streams that have not been extensively investigated in previous and current research programs, but also have the potential for use as sustainable energy resources via anaerobic co-digestion (ACD), whereby manure and food wastes are combined to enhance biogas production rate and methane concentration. The waste materials to be studied in the proposed project would potentially be available for an ACD facility being considered by Seneca BioEnergy for their 55-acre site at the location of the former Seneca Army Depot in Romulus, NY.

Fuel Reforming for Residential Power Applications

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2012-8/31/2013
  • Sponsor: National Institute for Standards and Technology
  • Award Amount: $84,942
  • Brief Summary: The proposed research program aims to ultimately develop an integrated fuel reformer and fuel cell system that can provide a reliable, cost-effective system for residential power applications. A logical first step in this program is to design and assess processes for reforming readily available propane fuel into a hydrogen-rich reformate stream to be delivered to the fuel cell stack. If successfully executed, this initial work will support further research and development in fuel cell performance evaluation, and ultimately fuel reformer and fuel cell stack subsystem integration.

Assessment of Used Lithium Ion Batteries for Less-Demanding, Secondary Applications

  • PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic.
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/1/2012-5/31/2013
  • Sponsor: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: This study address obstacles that prevent reuse of lithium ion batteries. Better cell replacement strategies will benefit existing New York State battery integrators; e.g., Ultralife Inc., for maintenance of large modules and packs. Repurposing of used cells for less demanding applications is new, and has the potential to be developed into new NYS businesses. Assessment of cells with unknown history can be further developed at NYBEST's testing facility in Eastman Business Park as a certification process for less demanding applications; which, if successful, can be spun into a new company. Moreover, access to inexpensive grid storage can accelerate deployment of NYS microgrids, which in turn, will greatly increase reliability and resilience of the main grid, making it far less susceptible to failure due to blackouts and natural disasters.

High Efficiency, Lattice-Matched Solar Cells Using Epitaxial Lift-Off

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PIs: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/1/2012-9/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Department of Defense, Microlink Devices, Inc.
  • Award Amount: $945,861
  • Brief Summary: MicroLink Devices, Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) and the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) propose to develop a novel, high-efficiency all-lattice-matched solar cell which can achieve much higher power conversion efficiency and thereby enable a far lower levelized cost of energy than is possible with current concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technologies. This will be accomplished with a triple-junction InAlAsSb/InGaAsP/InGaAs cell lattice-matched to InP. With the inclusion of strain-balanced quantum well layers in the bottom subcell, this structure has a subcell bandgap combination with the realistic potential to achieve a power conversion efficiency greater than 50% under AM1.5D illumination at 500X concentration. The wide band-gap, InAIAsSb top-junction is a novel solar cell material and is the key enabling technology for this proposal. It is the unique expertise and capability of the assembled team for growth of mixed group-V and Sb-containing materials that will enable the attainment of this novel technology. Two of the proposing team members are co-inventors on a provisional patent of this solar cell technology.

Multijunction Solar Cells Lattice-Matched to InP - A Path to High-Efficiency Flexible Photovoltaics

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/10/2012-9/10/2015
  • Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $299,288
  • Brief Summary: This project will focus on the epitaxial material development of the novel materials within the triple junction solar cell. The low-bandgap cell will be epitaxial strain-compensated InGaAs/InGaAs quantum well/barrier structures (Eg ~ 0.6-0.9eV). Quantum wells (QW) have shown to improve radiation hardness for space applications and is applied here specifically for space power applications via solar cell implementation. Through detailed optimization of band offsets, indium composition, strain-balancing, and interface quality, the effective bandgap of the bottom cell can be engineered to reach 0.7 eV. Examining the relationships between these fundamental material characteristics will guide the design of a 0.70 eV QW solar cell. The wide-bandgap sub-cell material is InA1AsSb which requires research to develop the material quality to be suitable for multi-junction InP solar cells. Ultimately, a path will be illustrated where in these materials and processes can be integrated with established epitaxial liftoff (ELO) technology to produce a thin, high specific power density (W/m3), and flexible solar cell.

Characterization of Non-Aqueous Food Wastes as Feedstock for Sustainable Energy Production

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2012-2/28/2013
  • Sponsors: U.S. Economic Development Administration, RIT
  • Award Amount: $38,774
  • Brief Summary: RIT's Golisano Institute for Sustainability proposes to conduct a comprehensive characterization of non-aqueous food waste resources in the 9-County area of New York State covered by the Department of Commerce Jobs Accelerator program. This work builds upon prior research conducted as part of the Lean, Energy and Environment (LE2) program of the New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I), which revealed the large quantities of food waste available in New York State, particularly in the Upstate corridor extending from Buffalo to Syracuse. The proposed program will focus on non-aqueous waste streams that have not been extensively investigated in previous and current research programs, but also have the potential for use as sustainable energy resources via chemical conversion processes including anaerobic digestion, fermentation and transesterification.

Radiation Hard Quantum Well Multijunction Solar Cells

  • PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard. Co-PI: Dr. David Forbes
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/31/2012-7/31/2014
  • Sponsors: Missile Defense Agency, CFD Research Corporation.
  • Award Amount: $307,535
  • Brief Summary: This project will support CFDRC by design, epitaxial growth, fabrication and testing of both standard and quantum well enhanced photovoltaic devices. The effort will concentrate on the design and demonstration of QW-enhanced middle cell having enhanced photovoltaic efficiency and radiation tolerance. The development of the middle cell technology by RIT will be subsequently transferred to a commercial epitaxial growth vendor to be incorporated into a triple-junction solar cell.

Brewery and Distillery Waste Reduction by Anaerobic Digestion

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/1/2012-3/31/2013
  • Sponsors: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, RIT
  • Award Amount: $41,921
  • Brief Summary:The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) proposes, in partnership with Thomas Trabold of RIT's Golisano Institute for Sustainability (GIS) and Ron Spinelli of VCIM, to assess the potential for reducing organic waste volumes associated with brewery and distillery operations in the Brooklyn, New York area. These wastes currently represent a significant fraction of these company's operating expenses due the significant transport and disposal charges involved. Through application of anaerobic digester technology, it may be possible to decompose these wastes in the absence of oxygen to produce useful biogas, comprised largely of methane (CH4). The biogas could provide additional economic and environmental benefits by offsetting existing natural gas demand. This work builds upon prior activities conducted as part of the Lean, Energy and Environment (LE2) program, which has revealed the large quantities of food waste available in New York State, particularly in the Upstate corridor extending from Buffalo to Syracuse and in the New York City region.

Carbon Nanotube High Energy Storage System

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/1/2012-9/30/2013
  • Sponsor: National Reconnaissance Office
  • Award Amount: $300,173
  • Brief Summary: The purpose and ultimate goal of this project shall focus on the fundamental development and testing of a300 Wh/kg CNT-based battery. The ability to utilize carbon nanotubes as part of the anode as additives and/or current collectors in concert with materials such as silicon and germanium, allows for a 2X increase overt today's current battery energy density. Specifically, the program developments will lead to fabrication of such cells using CNT electrodes with enhanced performance. It is expected that suitable electrode designs will maximize battery energy and power density while preserving cycle performance.

Alternative Fuel Designation Petition Analysis Support

  • PI: Dr. Michael Thurston. Co-PI: Brian Hilton
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/13/2012-4/12/2014
  • Sponsor: National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • Award Amount: $19,957
  • Brief Summary: The objective of this effort is to assist NREL in meeting project milestones and objectives, which entails analysis of proposed and enacted changes to the SFP program. The focus of analysis and evaluation will be on the alternative fuel designation petitions to DOE, which seek designation of a fuel as an alternative fuel for purposes of DOE's Alternative Fuel Transportation Program. This task may include developing draft guidance to help petitioners understand and adhere to alternative fuel designation petition criteria and requirements. Meeting these milestones and objectives is an important element in support of NREL's mission to advance the state-of-the-art and to facilitate the use of alternative fuels and alternative fueled vehicles.

Ultra High Energy Density Cathodes with Carbon Nanotubes

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi. Co-PI: Reginald Rogers
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/1/2012-3/31/2013
  • Sponsor: Air Force Materiel Command
  • Award Amount: $99,994
  • Brief Summary: Free-standing carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes offer the potential for a lightweight, conductive structure to effectively support ultra-high energy density cathodes like Li2MnO3 and LiMO2 (where M is a transition metal) hybrids for lithium ion batteries. This research will investigate (1) CNTs as additives to enhance the thickness of composite coatings, (2) the synthesis and characterization of Li-rich layered metal oxides to increase the capacity and energy density of the cathode, and (3) the combination of a free-standing CNT paper with a Li-rich layered metal oxide cathode to create an ultra high energy density electrode. A systematic analysis will be performed using electrochemical characterization (capacity, rate capability, and impedance spectroscopy) as well as materials analysis using electrical conductivity, microscopy, and diffraction techniques to ascertain (1) the effectiveness of SWCNT as an additive and (2) the proper combination of the Li-rich layered metal oxide material with a CNT electrode matrix such that efficient electron and ion transport are achieved.

Connectorization of Carbon Nanotube Coaxial Cables

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/1/2012-11/30/2012
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office, Tyco Electronics Ltd.
  • Award Amount: $199,950
  • Brief Summary: It has recently been shown that carbon nanotube (CNT) materials can be successfully implemented into coaxial cable designs which represent a disruptive technology for future aerospace applications due to substantial weight savings and improvements in reliability. Recent results have shown that this pursuit is viable, but further efforts will be required, particularly in the area of connectorization, as these CNTs are substantially different from conventional materials familiar to industry (i.e., metals).

Quantifying Environmental Risks and Opportunities for Nano-Scale LiFePO4 and LiMnO2 Cathode Battery Technologies at End-of-Life

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad. Co-PIs: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt, Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2011-8/31/2014
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $300,243
  • Brief Summary: This proposal aims to quantify the magnitude of two specific nanoscale cathode chemistry material flows through material flow analysis. Combined with this, a quantification of specific risks and opportunities for these chemistries at end-of-life will be characterized. For example, characterization of potential leaching in landfills, embodied energy in differing formulations for possible waste-to-energy capture, and exposure hazard and material recovery potential for various recycling techniques. This research complements a currently funded study aimed at developing recovery technologies for these nanoscale batteries at end-of-life.

High Power and High Energy Carbon Electrodes

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi. Co-PI: Reginald Rogers
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/1/2012-3/31/2013
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office, Quallion
  • Award Amount: $100,000
  • Brief Summary: In general, electrodes designed for high energy density suffers poor power capability, and vice versa. As such, batteries either have high energy density or high power but not both of them, as required in many applications. The electrodes proposed herein will achieve both high power and high energy density. The objective of this pilot program is to provide an assessment of the energy and power capabilities, cost/performance and potential for application in batteries.

Hybrid Carbon Nanotube Electrodes for Ultra High Energy Density Lithium Ion Batteries

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi.
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/12/2011-7/11/2014
  • Sponsor: Central Intelligence Agency
  • Award Amount: $359,992
  • Brief Summary: Free-standing carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes offer the potential for a lightweight, conductive structure to effectively support ultra-high capacity materials like Si and Ge for lithium ion batteries. This research will investigate the synthesis of Si and Ge nanoparticles ex-situ and in-situ with CNTs and measure the anode electrochemical performance. A systematic analysis will be performed using electrochemical characterization (capacity, impedance spectroscopy, conductivity) as well as materials analysis using spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to ascertain the proper combination of Si and Ge with a CNT electrode matrix such that efficient electron and ion transport are achieved. The research described in this proposal is novel and potentially transformative, in that, it can produce electrode technologies capable of doubling today's battery energy density to exceed 350 Wh/kg. Parallel work to leverage the CNT electrodes to support high energy cathode materials (e.g., LiMP04) can further increase the overall battery energy density.

Nanowire Photovoltaic Devices

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/22/2011-11/30/2013
  • Sponsors: NASA, Firefly Technologies
  • Award Amount: $192,600
  • Brief Summary: RIT, in collaboration with Firefly Technologies, proposes an STTR program for the development of a space solar cell having record efficiency exceeding 40% (AMO) by the introduction of nanowires within the active region of the current limiting sub-cell. The introduction of these nanoscale features may enable realization of an intermediate band solar cell (IBSC), while simultaneously increasing the effective absorption volume that can otherwise limit short circuit current generated by thin quantized layers. The GaAs cell will be modified to contain InAs nanowires to enable an IBSC, which is predicted to demonstrate -45% efficiency under I-sun AMO conditions. InAs nanowires nucleation and epitaxy processes will be developed and enhanced. InAs NWs will be subsequently embedded with a GaAs matrix and the interfacial properties of the nanocomposite material will be investigated for photovoltaic applications. Successful completion of the proposed work will result in ultra-high efficiency, radiation-tolerant space solar cells that are compatible with existing manufacturing processes. Significant cost savings are expected with higher efficiency cells which enables increased payload capability and longer mission durations.

Carbon Nanotube High Energy Storage System

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2011-6/30/2012
  • Sponsor: National Reconnaissance Office
  • Award Amount: $348,073
  • Brief Summary: The purpose and ultimate goal of this project shall focus on the fundamental development and testing of a 300 Wh/kg Carbon Nanotube (CNT)-based battery. The ability to infuse carbon nanotubes into the cathode, anode, and as current collectors while introducing novel materials such as silicon and germanium, allows for a 2X increase over today's current battery energy density. This effort shall focus on the refinement of the anode and cathode architecture with particular emphasis towards cyclability in the 10s of thousands. Adjustments to the CNT loading of the anode and cathode and the introduction of novel materials will allow for higher depth of discharge (>30%) with low capacity fade.

Assessment of Waste-to-Energy Technologies for the New York State Food Processing Industry

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold.
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/15/2011-8/31/2012
  • Sponsors: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, RIT
  • Award Amount: $20,622
  • Brief Summary: The proposed project will involve assessment of the potential for conversion of food processing waste into methane-rich biogas, experiments using a lab-scale anaerobic digester to correlate biogas generation to waste properties, and finally environmental and economic assessment of different pathways for converting biogas into usable energy. This effort represents a natural extension of earlier research conducted to provide a first-order assessment of conversion of "typical" wastes produced by processing milk, cheese, tofu and beer.

Improved Carbon Nanotube Wire Conductivity

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/15/2011-3/15/2013
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office
  • Award Amount: $242,819
  • Brief Summary: The goal of this research program is to improve the electrical conductivity (Siemens/meter) of commercial as-produced Nanocomp CNT materials by utilizing effective dispersing agents to modify the nanoscale morphology and increase the physical/close-packing arrangement of the bulk CNT networks.

Cooking Oil-to-Fuel Comprehensive Proposal

  • PI: Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 2/1/2011-1/130/2013
  • Sponsors: Environmental Protection Agency, Monroe County/Department of Environmental Services
  • Award Amount: $71,200
  • Brief Summary: Teaming with Monroe County's Department of Environmental Services, RIT CIMS will provide program management services, fuel process prototyping and quality assurance and regular monitoring of the fuel quality. In addition, CIMS will track the metrics on gallons of waste oil processed, number of collection sites, gallons of biodiesel fuel manufactured, and resulting Greenhouse Gas reduction by using the waste oil, and gallons of petroleum displaced by using biodiesel. Performing this early work at RIT CIMS will also allow the P2I to begin documenting the process and developing the curriculum for the education and outreach tasks. NYSP2I has established relationships with a number of technical, outreach, and community organizations throughout New York State including the 10 Regional Technical Development Centers and Finger Lakes - Lake Ontario Watershed Protection Alliance Partners (FL-LOWPA). These relationships will be leveraged to broaden our reach to geographic areas outside of Rochester, NY where the Institute is located. NYSP2I will provide curriculum development, lessons learned documentation and outreach and education programs and services to disseminate the results of the project so that others can benefit from the knowledge gained in the demonstration project. In addition, RIT CIMS, NYSP2I and Monroe County will jointly coordinate media events to publicize the project to the wider community.

Evaluation of Radiation Hardness of Photovoltaic Devices

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/1/2011-12/30/2012
  • Sponsors: NASA, Microlink Devices, Inc.
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: Space solar cells are required to sustainably produce power over their lifetime under continuous radiation. Novel materials and device architectures must be characterized as to their radiation-hardness or their ability to withstand anticipated radiation environment for a given orbit. RIT will perform a series of test-irradiation-test cycles of GaAs or InP-based solar cells in order to assess the degrading the cells undergo resulting from the irradiation. It is anticipated that multiple cell designs and structures will be evaluated in conjunction with the sponsor. The designs to be evaluated will be single junction (SJ) and multi-junction (MJ) GaAs-based cells fabricated by epitaxial liftoff.

Connectorization of Carbon Nanotube Coaxial Cables

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/1/2010-6/30/2011
  • Sponsors: National Reconnaissance Office, Spectrolab, Inc.
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: RIT will assist Spectrolab in implementing methods of attaching carbon nanotube (CNT) wires to photovoltaic devices. Assistance will be provided in the areas of optimization of processes to reduce the variability in the mechanical strength of attachment, bend testing, thermal cycling, and photovoltaic back-side attachment.

Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Electrode Additives for Li-ion Cells

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi.
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/15/2011-3/15/2011
  • Sponsor: Central Intelligence Agency
  • Award Amount: $100,085
  • Brief Summary: A series of tasks have been outlined in order to fabricate, characterize, and deliver suitable SWCNT materials which can be evaluated by the Sponsor as a potential conductive additive replacement. The overarching approach is to produce and characterize high quality SWCNT materials produced via laser vaporization in the NPRL, perform preliminary half-cell testing to determine necessary battery design parameters, and then deliver materials to the Sponsor for evaluation of these materials as a potential conductive carbon replacement.

Quantum Dot Enhanced Photovoltaic Devices

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/22/2010-4/12/2013
  • Sponsors: Air Force Materiel Command, University of Toledo
  • Award Amount: $450,000
  • Brief Summary: This proposal will investigate QD/barrier combinations such as InP/InGaP, GaSb/GaAs in conventional single-junction photovoltaic cells as well as the QD-nipi architecture. Material development and characterization tasks are planned and photovoltaic device design, fabrication, and testing under AM0 will be performed. Radiation hardness of these cells will be evaluated by alpha and beta particle irradiation.

Quantum Dot Doping Nipi Superlattice Photovoltaic Devices

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/22/2010-4/12/2013
  • Sponsors: Air Force Materiel Command, University of Toledo
  • Award Amount: $149,391
  • Brief Summary: This proposal seeks to address these challenges and shed light on the technology and device physics leading to an intermediate band solar cell. We will accomplish this in two ways. One thrust will focus on Sb materials systems with improved bandgap and little valence band offset for the intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) application. The other thrust will focus on the doping superlattice nipi devices, which allow for longer carrier lifetime, improved absorption coefficients and high QD (Quantum Dot) doping levels. The objectives of this proposal will enable fundamental and innovative research to address many of these challenges and shed light on the approaches and physics of next generation quantum dot solar cells.

Golisano Institute for Sustainability Research Building

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 11/27/2010-10/31/2012
  • Sponsor: NIST
  • Award Amount: $13,110,446
  • Brief Summary: A proposal will request funding in support of the construction costs associated with the proposed GIS building.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr. Co-PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn, Daniel Smith, Dr. Thomas Trabold
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/27/2011-12/31/2013
  • Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $1,594,000
  • Brief Summary: The Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies (CIMS) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) will continue to test and validate the SOFCs technology and examine all aspects of the SOFC life-cycle to reduce its manufacturing and operating costs, and mitigate its environmental impact. This research program will consist of three main efforts: Testing and validation of SOFC to demonstrate that they can meet military and commercial specifications; Development of a pilot facility for prototyping SOFC Assembly/Remanufacturing consistent with service life management models; Development of a Modular SOFC Manufacturing Readiness Demonstration.

Multijunction Solar Cells Lattice-Matched to InP - A Path to High-Efficiency Flexible Photovoltaics

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes.
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/4/2010-5/4/2011
  • Sponsors: NASA, Microlink Devices, Inc.
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: Space solar cells are required to sustainably produce power over their lifetime under continuous radiation. Novel materials and device architectures must be characterized as to their radiation-hardness or their ability to withstand anticipated radiation environment for given orbit. RIT will perform a series of test-irradiation-test cycles of GaAs/InP solar cells in order to assess the degradation the cells undergo resulting from the irradiation. It is anticipated that multiple cell designs and structures will be evaluated in conjunction with the sponsor.

Environmentally Preferable End-of-Life Management for Li-Ion Batteries

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad. Co-PIs: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt, Dr. Brian Landi
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2010-6/30/2012
  • Sponsor: New York State Energy Research & Development Authority
  • Award Amount: $195,558
  • Brief Summary: This project will develop economical, environmentally preferable technologies for Li-ion battery recovery, remanufacturing, and recycling operations that simultaneously reduce the environmental impact of the battery life-cycle and help meet NYBEST battery manufacturing goals.

Electrical Transport Mechanisms in Carbon Nanotube Wires

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi.
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/12/2010-7/11/2013
  • Sponsor: Central Intelligence Agency
  • Award Amount: $359,407
  • Brief Summary: The proposed research involves both measurement and modeling of bulk CNT wire structures to provide a quantitative assessment of the fundamental electrical and mechanical properties of CNTs in such environments. The electrical transport properties of pristine bulk CNT wires will be analyzed and compared to the material response of CNT structures when exposed to alpha, beta, and UV with and without atomic oxygen. Experimental determination of the CNT durability under simulated aerospace conditions will provide a framework for empirical models to be established for morphology-dependent behavior in next generation wires. Ultimately, the proposed research is expected to understand the fundamental mechanism of electron transport in CNT wires for future intelligence community applications.

High Performance Nanoparticle Materials for Li-ion Battery Industry

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi. Co-PI: Paul Stiebitz
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/1/2010-6/1/2010
  • Sponsors: New York State Energy Research & Development Authority, Cerion Energy, Inc.
  • Award Amount: $73,259
  • Brief Summary: Cerion Enterprises is developing cerium based nano-materials for the Li-ion battery market to overcome the limitations of the current technology. These materials will become the basis for new electrodes which would be manufactured by a partner company. The PIs will support this work by constructing test cells to validate Cerion's technology including characterization results on lithium ion capacity and rate capability.

Radiation Hard Quantum Well Multijunction Solar Cells

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/3/2010-11/2/2010
  • Sponsors: Department of Defense, CFD Research Corporation
  • Award Amount: $44,999
  • Brief Summary: We propose to develop a QW-based multi-junction cell that exhibits enhanced efficiency with respect to a standard, non-QW containing cell. In addition, we will determine the radiation resistance of the QW multi-junction cell as it pertains to the space radiation environment. In Phase I, our efforts will concentrate on the design and demonstration of the middle cell as this is the most sensitive to radiation effects. It is expected that the design and implementation of QW's in this middle cell will be directly applicable to either a SOA lattice-matched cell as well as a metamorphic cell. Phase II will continue the development by implementing and optimizing the QW response and radiation resistance within a multi-junction cell.

Next Generation Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems

  • PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 2/25/2011-2/24/2012
  • Sponsor: New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Ultralife Corporation
  • Award Amount: $109,703
  • Brief Summary: The Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies (CIMS) at Rochester Institute of Technology proposes to assist Ultralife Corporation under NYSERDA PON 1704 to develop a framework for developing a Remanufacturing Product Support Model for Battery Systems. Specifically CIMS will provide design for remanufacturing training, identification of high value components or sub-assemblies, and development of a product support and business model.

Wide Bandgap Nanostructured Space Photovoltaics (STTR Phase I)

  • PI: Dr. David Forbes. Co-PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/29/2010-12/31/2010
  • Sponsors: NASA, Firefly Technologies
  • Award Amount: $47,599
  • Brief Summary: Firefly, in collaboration with Rochester Institute of Technology, proposes an STTR program for the development of a wide-bandgap space solar cell capable of efficient operation at temperatures above 3000C. Efficiency enhancement will be achieved by the introduction of quantum wells within the active region of the wide-gap base material. The introduction of these nanoscale features will enable harvesting of low-energy photons that are normally lost by transmission through the wide bandgap material.

Mechanisms of Radiation-Induced Effects in Carbon Nanotubes

  • PI: Dr. Brian Landi.
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/1/2010-12/131/2010
  • Sponsor: Department of Defense
  • Award Amount: $1,047,608
  • Brief Summary: In the present proposal, a comprehensive strategy has been outlined between researchers from the NanoPower Research Labs (NPRL) at RIT and the Naval Research Labs (NRL) to develop a parameter-response relationship between CNT properties (i.e., diameter, electronic type, aspect ratio, etc.) and geometric thickness (i.e., individual nanotubes, thin films, and bulk papers) under equivalent total ionization dose (TID) and displacement damage dose (Dd) exposure for different radiation particles. The parameter-response relationship will evaluate effects on electrical transport properties (i.e., conductivity, mobility, etc.) as a function of radiation for separated chiral fractions of CNTs. Modeling of the data will provide a theoretical physics-based understanding of the transport phenomena and be able to provide guidance to increase the tolerance of intended device structures.

 

Manufacturing

Direct and Embodied Ecological Impacts across the Fullerene Life Cycle

  • PI: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt. Co-PIs: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad, Dr. Anna Christina Tyler
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/1/2014-7/31/2017
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $300,854
  • Brief Summary: Impacts of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) on the natural environment are poorly understood, particularly as the materials themselves undergo significant changes over their life cycle (from pristine forms, to functionalized derivatives, to being incorporated into products) and further evolution after being released into an ecosystem (transport through and partitioning between environmental compartments), potentially resulting in highly varied life cycle impacts. These impacts are also challenging to estimate because existing 'life cycle impact assessment' factors have yet to be developed for ENMs and may not fully comprehend the most relevant impacts to ecosystems in which they are released. Therefore, this project will create and apply novel empirical and modeling approaches to characterize ecological impact across the entire life cycle of a common suite of ENMs: fullerenes, a type of carbonaceous nanomaterials increasingly being used in renewable energy, biomedical, environmental, and cosmetic applications.

Consortium Formation and Technology Roadmap Development for Remanufacturing in the Circular Economy

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr. Co-PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/1/2015-5/31/2017
  • Sponsor: National Institute for Standards and Technology
  • Award Amount: $495,608
  • Brief Summary: RIT will lead the development of a Remanufacturing Research Consortium and development of a technology roadmap. The goal of this project is to address these significant technical challenges and their associated national impacts by developing a collaborative infrastructure that will support long-term, pre-competitive, basic and applied research relevant to the remanufacturing industry, to develop broadly deployable technologies that can improve the advanced manufacturing capabilities of U.S.-based firms along the entire value chain. The project objective is to launch an industry-led Remanufacturing Research Consortium and develop a technology roadmap which will provide a tangible, actionable plan to overcome technical barriers that inhibit the growth of advanced manufacturing capabilities in the industry. Advancement of technology will be developed in the framework of a Circular Economy.

Toxics Reduction and Sustainability in the Southern Tier Manufacturing Industry

  • PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson. Co-PI: Rajiv Ramchandra
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/01/2014-09/30/2016
  • Sponsor: Environmental Protection Agency
  • Award Amount: $84,147
  • Brief Summary: NYSP2I, in partnership with Alliance for Manufacturing Technology (AM&T), proposes to implement green engineering solutions at manufacturing companies located in the Southern Tier region of NYS. The focus will be on industries with high toxics use while engaging stakeholders such as local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), NYSDEC and County representatives.

Technology Insertion For Recapitalization of Legacy Systems

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2014-9/30/2016
  • Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $1,118,139
  • Brief Summary: Golisano Institute for Sustainability proposes to evaluate how the innovative and entrepreneurial ideas of the Monster Garage, rapid and low-cost development of needed capability, can be applied to generate solutions to US Marine Corps vehicle problems that affect platform readiness and sustainment cost. The goal of the research is a data-based decision process that will help to identify and validate the best opportunities from a Total Life Cycle Management standpoint, and will develop nontraditional processes for rapid and cost effective resolution of sustainment challenges. Specifically, a synthesis process will be developed to pull together sustainment data with respect to technical performance, supportability, process efficiency, and life-cycle cost, in order to support improved sustainment decision making. A cost-effective process for recapitalization of components that are currently being discarded or not effectively maintained will also be developed.

Building Management System Performance Evaluation

  • PIs: Daniel Smith, Martin Schooping, Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/12/2015-1/31/2016
  • Sponsors: Green Energy Performance, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at Rochester Institute of Technology proposes to assist Bonded Energy Solutions, Inc. (BES) by providing an independent, third party, performance assessment of their new building management system (BMS) for steam heat control as applied to multi-unit buildings in the NYC metropolitan area. The assessment will provide BES a comparative evaluation of their new BMS as compared to conventional steam radiator heat control. Energy utilization and operational efficiency will be documented and summarized as a result of this project..

New vs. Remanufactured Office Furniture Comparative Life Cycle Assessment

  • PI: Dr. Mark Krystofik
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/29/2015-12/31/2015
  • Sponsors: NYS Dept of Economic Development, Davies Office Refurbishing
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: Rochester Institute of Technology's Golisano Institute for Sustainability Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing (COE-SM) and Staples Sustainable Innovation Lab (SSIL), are conducting a study to assess the firm-level implications of a transition to a circular economy, specifically focused on durable office furniture. As part of this study, COE-SM will perform a science-based comparison of multiple environmental impacts between select virgin and remanufactured office furniture products by conducting an ISO 14040 compliant Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Davies Office, Inc. {Davies) will participate in the study as the representative remanufacturer of office furniture. The proposed project with Davies is to conduct an LCA, identifying the life cycle environmental benefits of remanufactured office furniture, which they produce, versus virgin office furniture. The LCA project is expected to strengthen the relationship between Staples and Davies and support the growth of Davies' business. The LCA project team will be comprised of COE-SM resources, and the LCA component of the study will be funded in part by the COE-SM.

Improved Solvent Recovery and Carbon Adsorption Life

  • PI: Dr. Eugene Park
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/16/2015-12/31/2015
  • Sponsors: NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation, 3M Corporation
  • Award Amount: $2,542
  • Brief Summary: The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at RIT proposes to assist 3M Tonawanda in identifying opportunities to improve efficiencies and extend the life of the carbon beds used in their solvent recovery system at the Home Care Division of 3M Company in Tonawanda, NY. Through its Direct Assistance Program, NYSP2I works with New York State manufacturing companies to develop cost-effective and environmentally preferable solutions. This project is aligned with NYSP2I's commitment to help companies reduce solid waste generated at the source.

Fabrication and Characterization of Detectors

  • PI: Dr. Seth Hubbard
  • Start & Finish dates: 01/01/2015-12/31/2015
  • Sponsor: nBn Technologies
  • Award Amount: $4,908
  • Brief Summary: RIT will provide assist nBn Technologies with fabrication and characterization of their detectors. This will include wire bonding and low-temperature spectral response.

GIS Building and Testbeds

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/19/2012-12/31/2015
  • Sponsor: Empire State Development
  • Award Amount: $10,000,000
  • Brief Summary: RIT is seeking $10 million for Phase II of construction and equipping the new GIS building as a priority project of the Finger Lakes Regional Economical Development Council to be used to equip the labs and testbeds in the new facility.

New York State Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing

  • PI: Dr. Michael Thurston. Co-PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/1/2013-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Empire State Development
  • Award Amount: $1,372,333
  • Brief Summary: The NY State Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing (the Center) will develop technologies in collaboration with NY State manufacturing companies to help make their products and processes more sustainable, and therefore, more competitive; and to increase the number of value-add manufacturing jobs.

Sustainable Grocer Pilot Project Environmental Assessment

  • PI: Kate Winnebeck
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/27/2015-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Foodtown, EPA,NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: Foodtown is a 59 year old grocery store chain that serves markets in New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. It has grown to be a cooperative of 63 independently owned grocery stores - 18 in New Jersey, 39 in New York and 6 in Pennsylvania. NYSP21 is conducting the Sustainable Grocer Pilot Project with the ultimate goal of improving the environmental footprint of the NYS grocery industry. The project objectives are to identify cost effective solutions to: conserve water, reduce toxic and hazardous materials such as cleaning products, and manage organic and food wastes. NYSP21 will perform environmental assessments at two Foodtown locations that will prioritize opportunities for cost reductions and environmental impacts.

Evaluation of Vacuum Cycle Nucleation as an Environmentally Preferable Cleaning Process for Accellent, Inc DBA Lake Region Medical

  • PI: Dr. Eugene Park
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/18/2015-8/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Insyte Consulting, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: Lake Region Medical (Lake Region) located in Orchard Park, NY, is a client of Insyte Consulting (Insyte), which serves as the Regional Technology Development Center (RTDC) for the Western New York region. Lake Region is a manufacturer of precision medical devices such as needles and scalpels. The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP21) at Rochester Institute of Technology proposes to assist Insyte to determine alternative cleaning processes for Lake Region's products that need to meet strict cleanliness requirements. All project coordination will be managed through Insyte, although technical discussions can occur directly between NYSP2I and Lake Region staff.

Conformal Cooling Investigation

  • PI: Dr. Mark Krystofik
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/22/2015-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Romold Inc., NYS Department of Economic Development
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Brief Summary: ROMOLD, Inc., manufactures plastic injection molds, die cast molds, and related components, and provides services that include part manufacturability, tool consulting, mold design and engineering, and mold manufacturing. ROMOLD and the Golisano Institute for Sustainability's Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing at Rochester Institute of Technology are partnering on a collaborative effort to investigate conformal cooling channels for injection molding applications.

Student and Junior Faculty Travel Support for the International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology 2015

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/1/2015-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $15,000
  • Brief Summary: The 2015 International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST) will be held May 18-20 in Dearborn, MI. This conference covers a spectrum of issues for assessing and managing products and services across their life cycle, and the design, management, and policy implications of sustainable engineered systems and technologies.It has traditionally enjoyed significant participation from students and young faculty members. We aim to continue and expand participation from these very important groups, as it is critical for generating the next generation of sustainable systems and technology.

New York City Industrial Waterfront Communities Pollution Prevention Toxics Reduction and Resiliency Planning

  • PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/01/2013-9/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Environmental Protection Agency, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $99,738
  • Brief Summary: The overall project (with NYSDEC and NYC-EJA) has the main goal of promoting industrial pollution prevention and climate adaptation by reducing the generation and use of hazardous materials and toxic risk exposures in facilities subject to climate change impacts. Rather than having these activities occur separately, the proposal suggest a coordinated approach so that local industrial businesses can make a single effort to improve existing conditions, rather than repeated separate changes that will involve greater time, effort and cost for them. The project focuses on industrial businesses within half a mile of the South Bronx Significant Maritime and Industrial Area (SMIA).

Source Reduction Through Lean, Energy, and Environment in Tonawanda, NY

  • PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/01/2011-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: Environmental Protection Agency
  • Award Amount: $130,000
  • Brief Summary: This project will utilize a Lean, Energy, and Environment approach to prevent pollution at the source through increased efficiency in the use of raw materials, energy and water, and reducing toxic chemicals used in the manufacturing process. It will document, calculate, report and publicly recognize the environmental and economic outcomes of the project.

Encouraging Wet Cleaning as an Alternative to Perc Through Conversions, Demonstrations, and Outreach

  • PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/01/2010-9/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Environmental Protection Agency, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $69,470
  • Brief Summary: This project will prevent pollution at the source by reducing the use of perchloroethylene (perc) in the NYS garment cleaning industry. The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) will utilize conversions, demonstrations, and outreach materials to encourage garment cleaners currently using perc to switch to wet cleaning. NYSP2I will document, calculate, report and publicly recognize the environmental outcomes of this project including reduction of perc, energy and water usage.

Inkjet Print Head Remanufacturing Process Development

  • PI: Brian Hilton
  • Start & Finish dates: 04/07/2015-8/03/2015
  • Sponsors: NYS Department of Economic Development, Durst Image Technology US, LLC.
  • Award Amount: $34,108
  • Brief Summary: Durst Image Technology US LLC (Durst) is a manufacturer of commercial inkjet printing equipment based in Italy and Austria, with a North American service division located in Rochester, NY. Durst requested that The Golisano Institute for Sustainability's (GIS) Center for Remanufacturing and Resource Recovery (C3R) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), provide engineering support in the development of a remanufacturing process for inkjet heads used within their printers. This Scope of Work describes a collaborative research and development effort between C3R and the Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing (COE-SM) at GIS and Durst to develop a remanufacturing process. This project consists of 3 phases. Each phase has its own budget and will be agreed upon and paid for by the sponsor prior to its start. The project can be considered complete after phase I if sponsor so chooses.

Toxics Reduction and Sustainability in Paper Manufacturing

  • PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson. Co-PIs: Patricia Donohue, Rajiv Ramchandra.
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/01/2011-7/31/2015
  • Sponsors: Environmental Protection Agency
  • Award Amount: $200,000
  • Brief Summary: This project will reduce toxic chemicals entering the Great Lakes, as well as energy and water usage, and operational costs of paper manufacturing companies in the NY State Great Lakes watershed. Four assessments will be conducted with companies to identify improvement opportunities. Implementation of solutions will result in reductions in energy and water usage, and toxic releases to the Great Lakes ecosystem (e.g., Benzo (g,h,i) perylene, Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Mercury and Polychlorinated Biphenyls). Results will be disseminated to companies in NY, IL and MN Great Lakes watersheds.

MISOP Light System CERP Analysis

  • PI: Jeffrey Wang
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/17/2015-7/17/2015
  • Sponsors: Department of Defense/Lockheed Martin
  • Award Amount: $65,370
  • Brief Summary: LM Contractor Logistics Support Services has requested Rochester Institute of Technology's Printing Applications Laboratory to conduct an Analysis of Alternatives of commercially available sources to identify a suitable replacement for a printer and twin paper cutters.

Evaluation of Vibration Resonance Technology.

  • Co-PIs: Dr. Eugene Park, Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/13/2015-6/30/2015
  • Award Amount: N/A
  • Sponsors: Omniafiltra LLC, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Brief Summary: Omniafiltra LLC is an Italian-owned company that specializes in manufacturing paper for niche markets. They manufacture specialty papers including a variety of filtration media and absorbent boards. The Beaver Falls facility has been in existence since 1925 and was purchased by Omniafiltra in 2003. The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute at the Rochester Institute of Technology proposes to determine the suitability of an emerging density measurement technology device for monitoring the fiber content in an aqueous mixture used in the forming section of Omniafiltra's paper mill. Currently, Omniafiltra relies on a direct contact viscosity wheel to monitor process conditions; occasional malfunctions with this device result in waste and additional expenses (approximately 110,000 pounds and $50,000 per year). The proposed test program involves evaluation of a non-invasive, continuous density measurement meter that operates on vibration principles as a possible substitute for the current method used at Omniafiltra. Successful utilization of an inline meter would increase production efficiencies by reducing reject product (waste) and downtime.

Drum Filter and Membrane Test

  • PIs: Dr. Eugene Park, Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2014-6/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Perry's Ice Cream, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $744
  • Brief Summary: Perry's Ice Cream Co., Inc. (Perry's), located in Akron, New York, is a privately owned company producing 12 million gallons of ice cream annually and has over 315 employees with distribution in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New England and Virginia. Perry's is seeking assistance in furthering its objectives of achieving greater efficiencies, reducing costs and lowering the environmental impact of their operations. They desire to perform additional water purity testing of their treated wastewater using the New York State Pollution Prevention Institute's (NYSP2I) reverse osmosis (RO) unit.

Performance and Evaluation Testing for Ink and Print Media

  • PI: Andrij Harlan
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2014-6/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Multiple
  • Award Amount: $178,383
  • Brief Summary: CIMS provides standard and ongoing performance testing and evaluations on paper, toner, ink, printer products, overprint varnish (OPV) and primer performance, print media, and print cartridge client samples. Pricing is standardized based on the testing/evaluation utilizing any of the following methods: ASTM performance testing of ink and print media; Non-ASTM performance testing of ink and print media; Printing Standards Audit (PSA). Testing is performed in the Imaging Products Lab (IPL) and/or the Printing Applications Lab (PAL).

Manufacturing Technologies

  • PI: Andrij Harlan
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2014-6/30/2015
  • Sponsors: Multiple
  • Award Amount: $12,192
  • Brief Summary: CIMS, in working with small and medium-sized companies, offers standardized materials and process testing services to include failure and process analysis. Tests typically are on small company product samples and include mechanical property measurements and chemical analysis - routine tests for hardness, strength and elongation, and micro-structural and optical measurement. Pricing is standardized based on the test.

Sustainable Supplier Program for MechoSystems, Inc.

  • Co-PIs: Patricia Donohue, Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/19/2015-6/19/2015
  • Sponsors: Industrial and Technology Assistance Center, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $5,828
  • Brief Summary: The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute (NYSP2I) at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) proposes to assist the Industrial and Technology Assistance Corporation (ITAC) in the development of a sustainable supplier program for its client MechoSystems, Inc. MechoSystems, Inc. (MechoSystems) manufactures solar-shading and room-darkening solutions for commercial and residential applications. MechoSystems recognizes their role in creating energy efficient environments for the end-user. Additionally, MechoSystems has increased their value to customers by creating products that are Cradle to Cradle (CM) (C2C) certified and LEED enabled. As part of the requirements for the C2C standard, and their commitment to sustainability, MechoSystems has identified an opportunity for improvement in the management of supplier data for C2C products, specifically with recycled content data. In order to ensure the proper management of supplier data, MechoSystems wants to develop a sustainable supplier program and has asked the NYSP2I to assist in this process.

Organic Waste Source Identification and Characterization for Anaerobic Digestion

  • Co-PIs: Rajiv Ramchandra, Daniel Smith, Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/21/2014-6/5/2015
  • Sponsors: North Country Biogas, LLC, NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation
  • Award Amount: $2,467
  • Brief Summary: The New York State Pollution Prevention Institute at the Rochester Institute of Technology, in collaboration with Clarkson University, will assist North Country BioGas, LLC, in identifying organic waste sources in the North Country region of New York State, specifically focusing on a 100 mile radius around Madrid, NY, in St. Lawrence County. The goal of this project is to support the acceleration of potentially commissioning an anaerobic digestion system developed by the company.

EVIR and Fleet Fluid Monitoring Project Management Services

  • PI: Scott Nichols
  • Start & Finish dates: 3/20/2014-3/19/2015
  • Sponsors: Department of Transportation, RGRTA
  • Award Amount: $69,957
  • Brief Summary: The Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies (CIMS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) proposes to provide project management and engineering services to assist Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RGRTA) in the completion of the Electronic Vehicle Inspection Reports project and provide project management oversight for the selection of a vendor for a fuel and fluids monitoring system through installation and commissioning. Because of the extensive knowledge of RGRTA operations and maintenance through CIMS' longstanding partnership and technical support of the TIDE program, CIMS is in a unique position to provide exceptional project management services and technical oversight in support of the EVIR system implementation at RGRTA.

Evaluation of Ceramic Snow Plow Shoes - Phase 2 Extended Life Testing

  • PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 11/24/2014-2/2/2015
  • Sponsor: Cornell University
  • Award Amount: $4,325
  • Brief Summary: RocCera, LLC is working with Cornell's Center for Material Research (CCMR) to further the development of their new snow plow shoe. RocCera has developed and patented a new snow plow shoe design that consists of a tetragonal zirconia (RTZ) insert attached to a standard steel snow plow shoe. Previously, in several trials these shoes have shown improved wear resistance, a lower coefficient of friction, and were less noisy as compared to the conventional steel shoes, when run against asphalt. GIS proposes to do a modification of the test fixture, perform wear testing, and summarize the findings in a final report.

Imaging Product Lab Evaluations

  • PI: Robert Matesic
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2013-6/30/2014
  • Sponsors: Multiple
  • Award Amount: $165,701
  • Brief Summary: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) performance testing of ink and print media; Evaluation of all Imaging Products: ink, paper, toner, cartridges, and printer products.

Evaluation of Ceramic Snow Plow Shoes

  • PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 2/1/2014-8/15/2014
  • Sponsor: Cornell University
  • Award Amount: $5,000
  • Brief Summary: Golisano Institute of Sustainability proposes to develop a laboratory wear test to evaluate the wear resistance of RocCera, LLC snow plow shoes for Cornell University's Center for Materials Research JumpStart Program. Once the wear test is developed, it will be used to compare the wear resistance of RocCera's Road Roe Ceramic Snow Plow Shoes to the wear resistance of standard steel snow plow shoes. The JumpStart Program helps New York State small businesses solve identifiable problems related to materials. JumpStart's project will RocCera aims to improve longevity of snow shoes while maintaining performance as standard steel shoes require several replacements throughout the winter season.

New York State Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing

  • PI: Dr. Michael Thurston. Co-PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/1/2013-12/31/2013
  • Sponsor: New York State Department of Economic Development
  • Award Amount: $250,000
  • Brief Summary: The NY State Center of Excellence in Sustainable Manufacturing (the Center) will develop technologies in collaboration with NY State manufacturing companies to help make their products and processes more sustainable, and therefore, more competitive; and to increase the number of value-add manufacturing jobs.

A Non-Destructive Gear Damage Assessment Method (Correspondence Between the Time-Domain Condition Indicators and Cracked Surface Image Feature)

  • PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic. Co-PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2013-6/30/2014
  • Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Laboratory
  • Award Amount: $42,184
  • Brief Summary: The Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies (CIMS) proposes to investigate the opportunity of improving damage assessment of cracked teeth on spur gears via establishing correlations (in a broad sense) between the time-domain condition indicators extracted from non-destructive measurements and analysis of images of cracked surfaces during the postmortem analysis. Through this work, CIMS will (1) collect new data on a fatigue-based tester, that has already been design, built, and used in previous studies, (2) augment already existing dataset, and (3) image the cracked surfaces using both traditional 2D and 3D images. A successful outcome of the proposed study will encourage subsequent studies in the noisier gearbox environments, which, in turn, would allow better damage assessment for diagnostic and prognostics.

Evaluating Sustainable Production and Consumption Dynamics in Complex Product Systems

  • PI: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt. Co-PIs: Dr. Anna Christina Tyler, Dr. Eric Williams.
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2012 -8/31/2015
  • Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • Award Amount: $298,609
  • Brief Summary: The aim of this research is to adapt concepts and models from the field of biological community ecology and apply them in the context of industrial ecology to analyze environmental impacts and test sustainable management strategies for entire "communities" of consumer products. Because the consumer electronic product system typifies the challenge that we need to address - rapid growth and evolution, significant sustainability impact, complex interrelationships between production and consumption dynamics - this community of products will be used to operationalize the research agenda. However, anticipated findings and models will be translatable to other emerging consumer and industrial product sectors, including renewable energy resources, nano-materials, and bio-based products.

Gear Fatigue Diagnostics and Prognostics

  • PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic.
  • Start & Finish dates: 12/1/2011-12/1/2012
  • Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Naval Research
  • Award Amount: $45,000
  • Brief Summary: This research is to examine crack propagation in NASA-designed spur gears used in helicopters. This program builds on previous work accomplished under ARL Cooperative Agreement Number W911NF-09-2-002.

Finger Lakes Food Cluster Initiative

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr. Co-PIs: Andrij Harlan, Kathleen Kosciolek
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/1/2011-9/30/2015
  • Sponsor: U.S. Department of Labor
  • Award Amount: $997,470
  • Brief Summary: The proposed project capitalizes on the unique opportunity presented by the Jobs and Innovation Accelerator Challenge by presenting a comprehensive approach to advancing the Food Processing Cluster in the Finger Lakes region. The project will provide a coordinated cluster-based approach to help the region prosper by assisting this important cluster to reach its potential through practical, hands-on assistance programs, training and co-collaborative partnerships.

Expanding Industrial Ecology by Applying Community Ecology Principles and Developing Diversity Metrics for Sustainable Product Systems

  • PI: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt.
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/6/2011-9/4/2014
  • Sponsor: Environmental Protection Agency
  • Award Amount: $51,000
  • Brief Summary: This research project will pioneer new metaphors and models for Industrial Ecology based on fundamental principles of community ecology borrowed from biological systems. Specifically, this project investigates how materials and products of environmental importance are structured at the community scale and managed with respect to environmental goals. Test cases initially focus on opportunities for environmental improvement of information and communication technology products.

Reducing the Burden of Global Materials Manufacture: Enabling Increased Use of Secondary and Renewable Materials in Production Planning

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad.
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/1/2011 -8/31/2013
  • Sponsors: National Science Foundation, MIT
  • Award Amount: $79,237
  • Brief Summary: This work would provide both a quantitative assessment of the nature and magnitude of raw material quality uncertainty for at least three materials industries - light metals, rubber, and biomaterials - and an analytical characterization of the potential for uncertainty-aware planning models to appropriately value and manage quality uncertainty for a wide variety of industries. Together these contributions will make it possible to increase the usage of secondary and renewable raw materials in production - which has both ecological and economic benefits.

Thermal Spray Development for Steering Shafts

  • PI: Dr. Micheal Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/17/2011-10/30/2011
  • Sponsors: Empire State Development, NP&G Innovations, New York State Office of Science, Technology & Academic Research
  • Award Amount: $68,387
  • Brief Summary: Meritor has requested that the Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies (CIMS) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) develop a twin wire arc recovery process for three steering components. For this reason, CIMS proposes a two phase program that will first develop the twin wire arc coating application parameters (Phase 1), and then scale-up the process to coat the three (3) steering components (Phase 2). The technology developed will be transferred to Meritor through two days of training at CIMS and supplying a twin wire arc coating application manual.

Development of a Tire Splitting Machine for Tire Tie Production.

  • PI: Dr. Micheal Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/8/2011-6/30/2013
  • Sponsors: Empire State Development, NP&G Innovations, New York State Office of Science, Technology & Academic Research
  • Award Amount: $40,000
  • Brief Summary: The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate, on a prototype scale, a tire section slitting process that will produce slit tire sections that will meet NP&G's straightness specification. The objective of Task 1 is to determine the reason the slit tire sections do not meet NP&G's straightness specification. The objective of Task 2 is to develop a new slitting concept. The objective of Task 3 is to demonstrate the concept developed in Task 2 by fabricating prototype slitting equipment.

Developing Environmentally Benign Battery Recycling Processes: Characterizing "green" Leaching Agents

  • PI: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad. Co-PI: Dr. Callie W. Babbitt
  • Start & Finish dates: 7/1/2011-6/30/2014
  • Sponsors: NYS Dept of Environmental Conservation, RIT
  • Award Amount: $150,000
  • Brief Summary: This research will fill knowledge and development gaps in sustainable management of emerging lithium ion batteries at end of life. Ongoing efforts to comprehend environmental and economic impacts associated with next-generation battery life-cycles have cited key uncertainties: environmental impacts of recycling technologies, human health risk during end-of-life processing, and the cost-benefit-risk nexus for alternative treatment techniques. Many performance parameters also remain unquantified, such as recovery yields for new, greener recycling technologies and the related energy and chemical savings potential associated with recovering scarce metals from the waste battery stream. To address these challenges and opportunities, this work will combine fundamental bench-scale technology characterization with a multi-criteria decision tool focused on the replacement of harsh inorganic acids with greener, bio-based options in an environmentally benign battery recycling processes.

Twenty Percent Energy Improvement in GM Manufacturing by 2020

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr. Co-PI: Dr. Anahita Williamson
  • Start & Finish dates: 10/15/2010-12/31/2010
  • Sponsor: U.S. Department of Labor
  • Award Amount: $44,780
  • Brief Summary: In the automotive industry, the majority of the life-cycle energy used by the product is related to its operation by the consumer; however, as fuel efficiency and environmental concerns increase, the proportion of life-cycle energy used in manufacturing of the consumer product cannot be ignored. This project examines how manufacturing energy can be reduced by twenty percent over the next decade. The focus is broad based with purchased energy, the greenhouse gas footprint, and the use of alternative energy sources all important aspects of the energy-use model. The goal is a more sustainable enterprise for vehicle manufacturing.

Biomechanical Ergonomic Evaluation of Heath Side Handle Plunger Bar

  • PI: Dr. Michael Haselkorn.
  • Start & Finish dates: 8/1/2010-830/2010
  • Sponsor: Northeast Gas Association
  • Award Amount: $14,500
  • Brief Summary: A group of experienced field technicians will participate in an ergonomic assessment study to evaluate the physical demands of using a plunger bar or needle bar, used to detect and measure subsurface natural gas, as participants perform the work activity in a typical workplace environment.

T1-4523-008 MEDAL: Support Services

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 9/7/2010-10/18/2010
  • Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Naval Research, Referentia Systems Inc.
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: The proposal effort is divided into two potential research areas as follows: Evaluation of the corrosion sensors developed by Dr. Lloyd Hihara and Evaluation of T-Rex software for application to military fleet health monitoring. The corrosion sensor evaluation work will be conducted in collaboration with the Hawaii Corrosion Laboratory at the University of Hawaii. The T-Rex software evaluation will be conducted in collaboration with Referentia Systems Incorporated.

Market Expansion for Advanced Manufacturing Clusters

  • PI: Dr. Nabil Nasr.
  • Start & Finish dates: 1/1/2010-9/30/2011
  • Sponsor: New York State Office of Science, Technology & Academic Research
  • Award Amount: $50,000
  • Brief Summary: CIMS is proposing to use this NYSTAR grant of $50,000 to expand market opportunities, for advanced manufacturing related clusters, through better methods of marketing and promotion of company capabilities. Due to the vast potential to expand into new markets, the efforts described in this statement of work will focus on assisting companies to properly prepare for and participate in targeted industry trade shows.

 

Mobility

Using Local Storage and Generation to Achieve Flexible Demand for Charging Electric Vehicles

  • PI: Dr. Michael Thurston. Co-PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic
  • Start & Finish dates: 6/12/2014-9/30/2014
  • Sponsor: New York State Energy Research and Development Authority
  • Award Amount: $140,000
  • Brief Summary: Golisano Institute for Sustainability propose a demonstration study to investigate and document approaches for flattening the expected energy demand peaks by using local energy storage (batteries) and local energy generation (photovoltaic and fuel cells). The time-of-use rates will be carefully considered as both constraints and as tunable parameters for optimization of the overall performance. The unique existing infrastructure, including four electric vehicle charging stations, Ultralife's lithium-ion -50 kWh of storage, 40 kW of GIS on-site photovoltaic energy generation, and integrated monitoring system will leverage the proposed work. The demonstration will be based on real charging patterns of different PEV models captured at GIS's four charging stations; the New York State weather-dependent, real-life solar generation patterns; and measured efficiency and aging of two types of battery storage (the existing lithium-ion and the new sodium-based pack).

Assessing Long-Term Technological Progress for Alternative Transport Energy Sources

  • PI: Dr. Eric Williams.
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/26/2012-8/31/2013
  • Sponsors: National Science Foundation, Arizona State University
  • Award Amount: $179,187
  • Brief Summary: The objective of this project is to significantly advance modeling of technological progress of alternative energies by developing and applying new methods to: 1) Estimate long-term bounds on economic and environmental performance; 2) Assess life cycle economic and environmental costs; 3)Assess uncertainty in technological forecasting. The integrated research and education program develops the relevant methods and case studies and communicates these to a broad group of stakeholders. This modeling system is developed in the context of applied case studies of new generation bio-fuels (cellulosic and microbial), photovoltaics, and wind power, all applied to the energy service of delivering transport (passenger vehicle-km).

Urban Form and Energy Use Explored Through Dynamic Networked Infrastructure Model

  • PI: Dr. Eric Williams.
  • Start & Finish dates: 5/12/2012-8/31/2013
  • Sponsors: National Science Foundation, Arizona State University, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Award Amount: $275,213
  • Brief Summary: This project aims to clarify connections between urban form use and energy use in the built environment (buildings and paved surfaces) and transport. Specific research questions addressed are: 1. How do different urban forms and patterns of land use contribute to energy use and GHG emissions? 2. How does urban energy use and GHG emissions evolve as a community changes over time? 3. How do socioeconomic characteristics of the population influence these patterns of land use and travel behavior together with their implications for energy and emissions? These questions are addressed by building a networked infrastructure model which represents the life cycle energy use of buildings and transport by mapping energy use in travel analysis zones (TAZ) to a spatial network connected according to residents' travel between TAZs for different purposes. The model accounts for life cycle impacts in that construction/manufacture, operation and end-of-life of buildings, roads and vehicles are included. The model is implemented through case studies of two Phoenix sub-areas, one in downtown Phoenix, which is undergoing redevelopment towards higher density housing and the second, a low density suburban area at the edge of Phoenix which has undergone significant growth in the last two decades.

 

IT

Microgrid-Grid Cooperation for Improving Economic and Environmental Cost and Grid Resilience

  • PI: Dr. Nenad Nenadic
  • Start & Finish dates: 4/29/2014-5/31/2015
  • Sponsor: NYSERDA
  • Award Amount: $78,466
  • Brief Summary: Golisano Institute for Sustainability proposes to investigate the benefits of using Multi-Agent Systems in the practical implementation of microgrids that enables cooperation between microgrids and the utility. This project will analyze the model of non-utility owned microgrids and will analyze a framework that promotes microgrid-grid collaboration and thereby provides the potential for both microgrid owners and utility companies to benefit from the increased microgrid penetration. Specifically, GIS will build the framework and agents for the main microgrid actors: distributed generation, distributed storage, and distributed load, as well as microgrid itself. The agents will encapsulate the low-level controls of the system, improve its extendibility, flexibility, and resilience, and will also keep track of their energy, economic, and environmental costs. The modeling will be assisted by using real, high-resolution data from the GIS microgrid.
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