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Recommended Texts

Core Texts

Andreassi, J. L. (2013). Psychophysiology: Human behavior & physiological response. Psychology Press.

Cacioppo, J. T., Tassinary, L. G., & Berntson, G. (Eds.). (2007). Handbook of psychophysiology. Cambridge University Press.

Kohen, D. P., & Olness, K. (2012). Hypnosis and hypnotherapy with children. Routledge.

Porges, S. W. (2011). The polyvagal theory: Neurophysiological foundations of emotions, attachment, communication, self-regulation. W.W. Norton.

Sugarman, L. I., & Wester, W. C. (Eds.). (2013). Therapeutic hypnosis with children and adolescents. Crown House Publishing.

Schwartz, M. S., & Andrasik, F. E. (2003). Biofeedback: A practitioner's guide. Guilford Press.

Yapko, M. D. (2003). Trancework: An introduction to the practice of clinical hypnosis. Psychology Press.

Anxiety and Stress

Alkon, A., Goldstein, L. H., Smider, N., Essex, M. J., Kupfer, D. J., & Boyce, W. T. (2003). Developmental and contextual influences on autonomic reactivity in young children. Developmental psychobiology42(1), 64-78.

Asmundson, G. J., & Katz, J. (2009). Understanding the co‐occurrence of anxiety disorders and chronic pain: state‐of‐the‐art. Depression and anxiety. 26(10), 888-901.

Barlow, D. H. (2004). Anxiety and its disorders: The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. Guilford press.

Bell, M. A., & Deater-Deckard, K. (2007). Biological systems and the development of self-regulation: Integrating behavior, genetics, and psychophysiology. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics28(5), 409-420.

Boyce, W. T., Barr, R. G., & Zeltzer, L. K. (1992). Temperament and the psychobiology of childhood stress. Pediatrics90(3), 483-486.

Boyce, W. T., Chesney, M., Alkon, A., Tschann, J. M., Adams, S., Chesterman, B., ... & Wara, D. (1995). Psychobiologic reactivity to stress and childhood respiratory illnesses: Results of two prospective studies. Psychosomatic medicine57(5), 411-422.

Boyce, W. T., Quas, J., Alkon, A., Smider, N. A., Essex, M. J., & Kupfer, D. J. (2001). Autonomic reactivity and psychopathology in middle childhood. British journal of psychiatry179(2), 144-150.

Carson, D. K., & Bittner, M. T. (1994). Temperament and school-aged children's coping abilities and responses to stress. Journal of genetic psychology,155(3), 289-302.

Chansky, T.E. (2008). Freeing your child from negative thinking. PA: Perseus Books Group.

Chavira, D. A., Garland, A. F., Daley, S., & Hough, R. (2008). The impact of medical comorbidity on mental health and functional health outcomes among children with anxiety disorders. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP29(5), 394.

Chorpita, B. F. (2007). Modular cognitive-behavioral therapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Guilford Press.

Chorpita, B.F. (2001). Control and the development of negative emotion. M.W. Vasey, M.R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2001), pp. 112-142.

Cyr, L. R., Culbert, T., & Kaiser, P. (2003). Helping children with stress and anxiety: An integrative medicine approach. Biofeedback31(1), 12-17.

Dadds, M. R., & Roth, J. H. (2001). Family processes in the development of anxiety problems. . M.W. Vasey, M.R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2001), pp. 278–303.

Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Thurm, A. E., McMahon, S. D., & Gipson, P. Y. (2004). Stressors and child and adolescent psychopathology: Measurement issues and prospective effects. Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology33(2), 412-425.

Hirshfeld‐Becker, D. R., Micco, J. A., Simoes, N. A., & Henin, A. (2008, May). High risk studies and developmental antecedents of anxiety disorders. American journal of medical genetics part c: Seminars in medical genetics(Vol. 148, No. 2, pp. 99-117). Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company.

Huynh, M. E., Vandvik, I. H., & Diseth, T. H. (2008). Hypnotherapy in child psychiatry: the state of the art. Clinical child psychology and psychiatry13(3), 377-393.

Jemerin, J. M., & Boyce, W. T. (1990). Psychobiological differences in childhood stress response. II. Cardiovascular markers of vulnerability. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics11(3), 140-150.

McNally, R. J. (2002). Anxiety sensitivity and panic disorder. Biological psychiatry52(10), 938-946.

Hepworth, J. T., Holaday, B., Lenz, E. R., & Saltzer, E. B. (1991). Issues in the measurement of children's locus of control. Western journal of nursing research13(1), 67-83.

Nassau, J. (2007). Relaxation training and biofeedback in the treatment of childhood anxiety. Brown university child and adolescent behavior letter,23(12), 1-7.

Porges, S. W. (2009). The polyvagal theory: new insights into adaptive reactions of the autonomic nervous system. Cleveland clinic journal of medicine76(Suppl 2), S86.

Silverman, W. K., Pina, A. A., & Viswesvaran, C. (2008). Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology37(1), 105-130.

Spokas, M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2009). Overprotective parenting, social anxiety, and external locus of control: Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships. Cognitive therapy and research33(6), 543-551.

Suveg, C & Zeman, J. (2004). Emotion regulation in children with anxiety disorders. Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology 33, 750-759.

Tschann, J., Kaiser, P., Boyce, W.T., Chesney, M.A., & Alkon-Leonard, A. (1996). Resilience and vulnerability among preschoolers: Family functioning, temperament, and behavior problems. Journal of child & adolescent psychiatry, 35:184-192.

Wheatcroft, R., & Creswell, C. (2007). Parents' cognitions and expectations about their pre‐school children: The contribution of parental anxiety and child anxiety. British journal of developmental psychology25(3), 435-441.

Biofeedback & Hypnosis / Integrative Pediatrics

Culbert, T. Biofeedback with children and adolescents. (1999). Schaefer, C (ed). Innovative psychotherapy techniques in child and adolescent therapy. 2nd edition. New York, Jon Wiley and Sons.

Culbert T, Banez G. (2008). Wetting the bed: Integrative approaches to nocturnal enuresis. Explore: the journal of science and healing.

Culbert, T. P., & Banez, G. A. (2007). Integrative approaches to childhood constipation and encopresis. Pediatric clinics of north america54(6), 927-947.

Culbert T, Banez G and Reiff M. (1994). Children who have attentional disorders: Interventions. Pediatrics in review. 15(1). 5-15.

Culbert, T and Banez, G. (2003). Pediatric applications of biofeedback other than headache. Schwartz, M and Andrasik, F (eds). Biofeedback: A  practitioners guide. 3rd edition. New York, Guilford Press.

Culbert, T. Friedrichsdorf, S and Kuttner, L . (2008). Mind/body skills for children in pain. Rice,Warfield, Justins and Eccleston (eds). Clinical pain management: practical applications and procedures. London, Arnold Publishers. 

Culbert, T and Kajander,R. (2007). 3 booklets:  Be the boss of your pain: Self-care for kids. Be the boss of your sleep: Self-care for kids. Be the boss of your stress: Self-care for kids. Minneapolis, MN. FreeSpirit Press.

Culbert, T and Kajander,R. (2010). Be fit be strong be you. Minneapolis, MN. FreeSpirit Publishing.

Culbert TP Kajander RL Reaney JB. (1996). Biofeedback with children and adolescents:  clinical observations and patient perspectives.  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics 17:342-350.

Culbert T, Kajander R and Reaney J (eds). (2003). Pediatric integrative medicine. (Entire Spring Issue). Biofeedback newsmagazine of the AAPB.

Culbert T, Kajander R and Reaney J (eds). (1998). Pediatric biofeedback. (Entire Issue) Biofeedback newsmagazine of the AAPB.

Culbert T, Kajander R and Reaney J. (1996). Biofeedback with children and adolescents: Clinical observations and patient perspectives. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics. 17(5), 342-350.

Culbert, T, Olness, K. (eds). (2009). Integrative pediatrics. Integrative medicine library. New York. Oxford University Publishing.

Culbert T, Reaney J and Kohen D. (1994). Cyberphysiologic strategies for children: The clinical hypnosis/biofeedback interface. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis. 97-117.

Culbert T and Richtsmeier Cyr, L (eds). (2005). Pediatric mind/body medicine: The hypnosis/biofeedback interface. (Entire Summer Issue). Biofeedback newsmagazine of the AAPB.

Dikel W & Olness K. (1980).  Self‑hypnosis, biofeedback, and voluntary peripheral temperature control in children.  Pediatrics. 66:335-340.

Kemper, K. J., Vohra, S., & Walls, R. (2008). The use of complementary and alternative medicine in pediatrics. Pediatrics122(6), 1374-1386.

Lee  LH Olness KN. (1996). Effects of self-induced mental imagery on autonomic reactivity in children. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics. 17(5):323-327.

Reiff, M. I., Banez, G. A., & Culbert, T. P. (1993). Children who have attentional disorders: diagnosis and evaluation. Pediatrics in review/American Academy of Pediatrics14(12), 455-465.

Shaffer, F. & Moss, D. Biofeedback. C.-S. Yuan, EJ Bieber, & BA Bauer (Eds). (2005).  Textbook of complementary and alternative medicine (2nd ed.). Taylor and Francis. 2005.

Spies, G. (1979). Desensitization of test anxiety: Hypnosis compared with biofeedback. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis22(2), 108-111.

Sugarman LI. Hypnosis and biofeedback. Hoekelman RA, Friedman SR, Nelson NM, Seidel HM, Weitzman ML, (eds.). (2000). Primary pediatric care, 4th edition, Mosby Year Book, St Louis.

Sussman, D and Culbert, T. (2009). Pediatric self-regulation. Developmental-behavioral pediatrics. 4th edition. Philadelphia, WB Saunders.

Cancer / Terminal Illness / Palliative

Dufresne, A., Dugas, M. A., Samson, Y., Barré, P., Turcot, L., & Marc, I. (2010). Do children undergoing cancer procedures under pharmacological sedation still report pain and anxiety? A preliminary study. Pain medicine11(2), 215-223.

Friedrichsdorf, S.J., Kuttner, L., Westendorp, K., & McCarty, R. (2010). Integrative Pediatric Palliative Care. In T. Culbert, K. Olness (Eds.), Integrative pediatrics. 569-593. London: Oxford University Press.

Kuttner, L. (2006). 22 Pain—an integrative approach. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Care for Children, 332.

Kuttner, L. (2007). Talking with families when their children are dying. Medical Principles and Practice16(Suppl. 1), 16-20.

Kuttner, L., & Culbert, T. (2003). Hypnosis, biofeedback, and self-regulation skills for children in pain. Clinical pain management: practical applications and procedures. Arnold, London, 147-162.

Olmsted, R. W., Zeltzer, L., & LeBaron, S. (1982). Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer. Journal of pediatrics101(6), 1032-1035.

Chronic Illness

Anbar, R. D. (2000). Self‐hypnosis for patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatric pulmonology30(6), 461-465.

Anbar, R. D. (2001). Self-hypnosis for management of chronic dyspnea in pediatric patients. Pediatrics107(2), e21-e21.

Anbar, R. D. (2003). Self-hypnosis for anxiety associated with severe asthma: a case report. BMC pediatrics3(1), 7.

Bauman, L. J., Drotar, D., Leventhal, J. M., Perrin, E. C., & Pless, I. B. (1997). A review of psychosocial interventions for children with chronic health conditions. Pediatrics100(2), 244-251.

Gardner, G. G. (1976). Childhood, death, and human dignity: Hypnotherapy for David. The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis24(2), 122-139.

Hackman, R. M., Stern, J. S., & Gershwin, M. E. (2000). Hypnosis and asthma: a critical review. Journal of asthma37(1), 1-15.

Jacknow, D. S., Tschann, J. M., Link, M. P., & Boyce, W. T. (1994). Hypnosis in the prevention of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in children: a prospective study. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics15(4), 258-264.

Jacobs, E., Pelier, E., & Larkin, D. (1998). Ericksonian hypnosis and approaches with pediatric hematology oncology patients. American journal of clinical hypnosis41(2), 139-154.

Kohen, D. P., & Wynne, E. (1997). Applying hypnosis in a preschool family asthma education program: Uses of storytelling, imagery, and relaxation. American journal of clinical hypnosis39(3), 169-181.

Labaw, W., Holton, C., Tewell, K., & Eccles, D. (1975). The use of self-hypnosis by children with cancer. American journal of clinical hypnosis17(4), 233-238.

LaBaw, W. L. (1974). Auto-hypnosis in haemophilia. Haematologia9(1-2), 103-110.

Linden, J. H. (1996). Trauma Prevention: Hypnoidal Techniques with the Chronically III Child. Hypnos23, 65-75.

Olness, K. (1980). Imagery (self-hypnosis) as adjunct therapy in childhood cancer: clinical experience with 25 patients. The American journal of pediatric hematology/oncology3(3), 313-321.

Vlieger, A. M., Menko–Frankenhuis, C., Wolfkamp, S. C., Tromp, E., & Benninga, M. A. (2007). Hypnotherapy for children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology133(5), 1430-1436.


Kohen, D. P., & Murray, K. (2006). Depression in children and youth: applications of hypnosis to help young people help themselves. Applying hypnosis in treating depression: Innovations in clinical practice; Yapko, MD, Ed, 189-216.

Yapko, M. D. (2001). Treating depression with hypnosis: integrating cognitive-behavioral and stategic approaches. Psychology Press.

Yapko, M. D. (Ed.). (2013). Hypnosis and treating depression: Applications in clinical practice. Routledge.

Developmental Considerations

Kuttner L. (1992). Managing Children’s Pain: “Hello, I’m Dr. Seuss.” Contemporary pediatrics, 3:14-21.

Kuttner, L. (1998). Special considerations for using hypnosis with young children. Edited by Barry J. Evans and Graham D. Burrows AO, KSJ, 307.

Kuttner, L. (1991). Helpful strategies in working with preschool children in pediatric practice. Pediatric annals20(3), 120.

Oaklander, V. (1988). Windows to our children: A gestalt therapy approach to children and adolescents. Center for Gestalt Development.

Vandenberg, B. (1998). Hypnosis and human development: Interpersonal influence of intrapersonal processes. Child development69(1), 262-267.

Eating & Gastro-Intestinal Conditions

Anbar, R. D., & Savedoff, A. D. (2005). Treatment of binge eating with automatic word processing and self-hypnosis: A case report. American journal of clinical hypnosis48(2-3), 191-198.

Ball, T. M., Shapiro, D. E., Monheim, C. J., & Weydert, J. A. (2003). A pilot study of the use of guided imagery for the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children. Clinical pediatrics42(6), 527-532.

Gonsalkorale, W. M., Miller, V., Afzal, A., & Whorwell, P. J. (2003). Long term benefits of hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome. Gut52(11), 1623-1629.

Vlieger, A. M., Menko–Frankenhuis, C., Wolfkamp, S. C., Tromp, E., & Benninga, M. A. (2007). Hypnotherapy for children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology133(5), 1430-1436.

Whorwell, P. J., Prior, A., & Faragher, E. B. (1984). Controlled trial of hypnotherapy in the treatment of severe refractory irritable-bowel syndrome. Lancet324(8414), 1232-1234.

Elimination Disorders

Banerjee, S., Srivastav, A., & Palan, B. M. (1993). Hypnosis and self-hypnosis in the management of nocturnal enuresis: a comparative study with imipramine therapy. American Journal of clinical hypnosis36(2), 113-119.

Butler, L. D., Symons, B. K., Henderson, S. L., Shortliffe, L. D., & Spiegel, D. (2005). Hypnosis reduces distress and duration of an invasive medical procedure for children. Pediatrics115(1), e77-e85.

Edwards, S. D., & Spuvy, H. V. (1985). Hypnotherapy as a treatment for enuresis. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry26(1), 161-170.

Gottsegen, D. N. (2003). Curing bedwetting on the spot: A review of one-session cures. Clinical pediatrics42(3), 273.

Lawless, M. R., & McElderry, D. H. (2001). Nocturnal enuresis: current concepts. Pediatrics in review22(12), 399-407.

Levine, M. D. (1982). Encopresis: its potentiation, evaluation, and alleviation. Pediatric clinics of north america29(2), 315.

Olness, K. (1975). The use of self-hypnosis in the treatment of childhood nocturnal enuresis: a report on forty patients. Clinical pediatrics14(3), 273-279.

Olness, K. (1976). Autohypnosis in functional megacolon in children. American journal of clinical hypnosis19(1), 28-32.

Olmsted, R. W., Olness, K., McParland, F. A., & Piper, J. (1980). Biofeedback: A new modality in the management of children with fecal soiling. The Journal of pediatrics96(3), 505-509.

Stanton, H. E. (1979). Short-term treatment of enuresis. American journal of clinical hypnosis22(2), 103-107.

Ericksonian Hypnotherapy

Erickson, M. H. (1958). Naturalistic techniques of hypnosis. American journal of clinical hypnosis1(1), 3-8.

Erickson, M. H. (1959). Further clinical techniques of hypnosis: Utilization techniques. American journal of clinical hypnosis2(1), 3-21.

Gilligan, S. G. (2013). Therapeutic trances: The co-operation principle in ericksonian hypnotherapy. Routledge.

Haley, J., & Erickson, M. H. (1973). Uncommon therapy (pp. 122-127). New York: Norton.

O'Hanlon, B. (2009). A guide to trance land: A practical handbook of ericksonian and solution-oriented hypnosis. WW Norton & Company.

Rosen, S. (Ed.). (2010). My voice will go with you: The teaching tales of milton h. erickson. WW Norton & Company.

Erickson, M. H. (1980). Innovative hypnotherapy (Vol. 4). Irvington Pub.


Anbar, R. D. (2007). User friendly hypnosis as an adjunct for treatment of habit cough: a case report. American journal of clinical hypnosis50(2), 171-175.

Anbar, R. D., & Hall, H. R. (2004). Childhood habit cough treated with self-hypnosis. Journal of pediatrics144(2), 213-217.

Gardner, G. G. (1978). Hypnotherapy in the management of childhood habit disorders. Journal of pediatrics92(5), 838-840.

Kohen, D. P. (1996). Management of trichotillomania with relaxation/mental imagery (self-hypnosis): Experience with five children. Journal of developmental behavioral pediatrics,17, 328-334.

Kohen, D. P. (1991). Applications of relaxation and mental imagery (self-hypnosis) for habit problems. Pediatric annals20(3), 136.

Kohen, D. P., & Botts, P. (1987). Relaxation-imagery (self-hypnosis) in tourette syndrome: experience with four children. American journal of clinical hypnosis,29(4), 227-237.

Shenefelt, P. D. (2004). Using hypnosis to facilitate resolution of psychogenic excoriations in acne excoriée. American journal of clinical hypnosis46(3), 239-245.

Thomson, L. (2002). Hypnosis for habit disorders: helping children help themselves. Advance for nurse practitioners10(7), 59.


Banerjee, S., Srivastav, A., & Palan, B. M. (1993). Hypnosis and self-hypnosis in the management of nocturnal enuresis: a comparative study with imipramine therapy. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis36(2), 113-119.

Guarnieri, P., & Blanchard, E. B. (1990). Evaluation of home-based thermal biofeedback treatment of pediatric migraine headache. Biofeedback and self-regulation15(2), 179-184.

Fentress, D. W., Masek, B. J., Mehegan, J. E., & Benson, H. (1986). Biofeedback and relaxation—response training in the treatment of pediatric migraine. Developmental medicine & child neurology28(2), 139-146.

Fichtel, Å., & Larsson, B. (2001). Does relaxation treatment have differential effects on migraine and tension‐type headache in adolescents? Headache: journal of head and face pain41(3), 290-296.

Hermann, C., Kim, M., & Blanchard, E. B. (1995). Behavioral and prophylactic pharmacological intervention studies of pediatric migraine: an exploratory meta-analysis. Pain60(3), 239-255.

Holden, E. W., Deichmann, M. M., & Levy, J. D. (1999). Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: recurrent pediatric headache. Journal of pediatric psychology24(2), 91-109.

Kohen, D. P. (2010). Long-term follow-up of self-hypnosis training for recurrent headaches: What the children say. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis58(4), 417-432.

Kohen, D. P., & Zajac, R. (2007). Self-hypnosis training for headaches in children and adolescents. Journal of pediatrics150(6), 635-639.

Labbé, E. L., & Williamson, D. A. (1984). Treatment of childhood migraine using autogenic feedback training. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology,52(6), 968.

McGrath, P. J., Humphreys, P., Goodman, J. T., Keene, D., Firestone, P., Jacob, P., & Cunningham, S. J. (1988). Relaxation prophylaxis for childhood migraine: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Developmental medicine & child neurology30(5), 626-631.

McGrath, P. J., Humphreys, P., Keene, D., Goodman, J. T., Lascelles, M. A., Cunningham, S. J., & Firestone, P. (1992). The efficacy and efficiency of a self-administered treatment for adolescent migraine. Pain49(3), 321-324.

Olness, K., Hall, H., Rozniecki, J. J., Schmidt, W., & Theoharides, T. C. (1999). Mast cell activation in children with migraine before and after training in self‐regulation. Headache: the journal of head and face pain39(2), 101-107.

Olness, K., MacDonald, J., & Uden, D. (1987). Prospective study comparing propanolol, placebo and hypnosis in management of juvenile migraine. Pediatrics79, 593-597.

Olness, K., MacDonald, J. T., & Uden, D. L. (1987). Comparison of self-hypnosis and propranolol in the treatment of juvenile classic migraine. Pediatrics79(4), 593-597.

Olness, K., & MacDonald, J. T. (1981). Self-hypnosis and biofeedback in the management of juvenile migraine. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics2(4), 168-170.

Sartory, G., Müller, B., Metsch, J., & Pothmann, R. (1998). A comparison of psychological and pharmacological treatment of pediatric migraine. Behaviour research and therapy36(12), 1155-1170.

Learning and Attention

Baum, J. J. (1987). The effect of hypnosis on the motor performance and auditory memory of learning disabled children (Doctoral dissertation, Florida Institute of Technology).

Braud, L. W. (1978). The effects of frontal emg biofeedback and progressive relaxation upon hyperactivity and its behavioral concomitants. Biofeedback and self-regulation3(1), 69-89.

Braud, L. W., Lupin, M. N., & Braud, W. G. (1975). The use of electromyographic biofeedback in the control of hyperactivity. Journal of learning disabilities8(7), 420-425.

Calhoun G. Jr. & Bolton, J. A. (1986). Hypnotherapy: a possible alternative for treating pupils affected with attention deficit disorder. Perceptual and motor skills63(3), 1191-1195.

Denkowski, K. M., Denkowski, G. C., & Omizo, M. M. (1983). The effects of emg-assisted relaxation training on the academic performance, locus of control, and self-esteem of hyperactive boys. Biofeedback and self-regulation,8(3), 363-375.

Dunn, F. M., & Howell, R. J. (1982). Relaxation training and its relationship to hyperactivity in boys. Journal of clinical psychology38(1), 92-100.

Huff, P. M. (1979). The use of hypnosis in remediating reading in children diagnosed learning disabled (Doctoral dissertation).

Illovsky, J., & Fredman, N. (1976). Group suggestion in learning disabilities of primary grade children: A feasibility study. The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis24(2), 87-97.

Jampolsky, G. G. (1970). Use of hypnosis and sensory motor stimulation to aid children with learning problems. Journal of learning disabilities3(11), 570-575.

Jampolsky, G. G., & Haight, M. E. (1975). A special technique for children with reading problems. Academic therapy.

Johnson, L. S., Johnson, D. L., Olson, M. R., & Newman, J. P. (1981). The uses of hypnotherapy with learning disabled children. Journal of clinical psychology,37(2), 291-299.

Kendall, P. C., & Braswell, L. (1986). Medical applications of cognitive-behavioral interventions with children. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics7(4), 257-264.

Krippner, S. (1966). The use of hypnosis with elementary and secondary school children in a summer reading clinic. American journal of clinical hypnosis8(4), 261-266.

Lee, S. W. (1991). Biofeedback as a treatment for childhood hyperactivity: A critical review of the literature. Psychological reports68(1), 163-192.

Lubar, J. F., & Bahler, W. W. (1976). Behavioral management of epileptic seizures following eeg biofeedback training of the sensorimotor rhythm. Biofeedback and self-regulation1(1), 77-104.

Lubar, J. F. (1991). Discourse on the development of eeg diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Biofeedback and self-regulation16(3), 201-225.

Russell, R. A. (1984). The efficacy of hypnosis in the treatment of learning problems in children. International journal of psychosomatics.

Shuck, A. U., & Ludlow, B. L. (1984). Effects of suggestibility on learning by retarded and nonretarded students. Psychological reports54(2), 663-666.

Sternlicht, M., & Wanderer, Z. W. (1963). Hypnotic susceptibility and mental deficiency. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis11(2), 104-111.

Woody, R. H., & Billy, H. T. (1970). Influencing the intelligence scores of retarded and nonretarded boys with clinical suggestion. American journal of clinical hypnosis12(4), 268-271.

Zipkin, D. (1985). Relaxation techniques for handicapped children: A review of literature. Journal of special education19(3), 283-289.

Metaphors and Stories

Davis, N., & Custer, K. (1990). Once upon a time-: Therapuetic stories to heal abused children. Psychological Associates of Oxon Hill.

Elkins, G. R. (1997). My doctor does hypnosis. American Society of Clinical Hypnosis Press.

Klein, N. C. (2001). Healing images for children: Teaching relaxation and guided imagery to children facing cancer and other serious illnesses. Inner Coaching.

Lankton, C. H., & Lankton, S. R. (2013). Tales of enchantment: Goal-oriented metaphors for adults and children in therapy. Routledge.

Mills, J. C., & Crowley, R. J. (2014). Therapeutic metaphors for children and the child within. Routledge.

Thomson, L. (2009). Harry the hypno-potamus: metaphorical tales for pediatric problems. Crown House.


Anbar, R. D. (2001). Self-hypnosis for the treatment of functional abdominal pain in childhood. Clinical pediatrics40(8), 447-451.

Antitch, J. L. (1967). The use of hypnosis in pediatric anesthesia. The Journal of the american society of psychosomatic dentistry and medicine14(3), 70.

Bernstein, N. R. (1965). Observations on the use of hypnosis with burned children on a pediatric ward. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis13(1), 1-10.

Bursch, B., Walco, G. A., & Zeltzer, L. (1998). Clinical assessment and management of chronic pain and pain-associated disability syndrome. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics19(1), 45-53.

Butler, L. D., Symons, B. K., Henderson, S. L., Shortliffe, L. D., & Spiegel, D. (2005). Hypnosis reduces distress and duration of an invasive medical procedure for children. Pediatrics115(1), e77-e85.

Chambers, C. T., Taddio, A., Uman, L. S., McMurtry, C. M., & Team, H. (2009). Psychological interventions for reducing pain and distress during routine childhood immunizations: a systematic review. Clinical therapeutics31, S77-S103.

Dinges, D. F., Whitehouse, W. G., Orne, E. C., Bloom, P. B., Carlin, M. M., Bauer, N. K., & Orne, M. T. (1997). Self-hypnosis training as an adjunctive treatment in the management of pain associated with sickle cell disease. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis45(4), 417-432.

Eccleston, C., Palermo, T. M., Williams, A. C. D. C., Lewandowski, A., & Morley, S. (2009). Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents. The Cochrane Library.

Erickson, C. J. (1991). Applications of cyberphysiologic techniques in pain management. Pediatric annals20(3), 145-6.

Evans, S., Tsao, J. C., & Zeltzer, L. K. (2008). Complementary and alternative medicine for acute procedural pain in children. Alternative therapies in health and medicine14(5), 52.

French, G. M., Painter, E. C., & Coury, D. L. (1994). Blowing away shot pain: a technique for pain management during immunization during immunization. Pediatrics93(3), 384-388.

Galili, O., Shaoul, R., & Mogilner, J. (2009). Treatment of chronic recurrent abdominal pain: laparoscopy or hypnosis?. Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques19(1), 93-96.

Hall, H., Chiarucci, K., & Berman, B. (1992). Self-regulation and assessment approaches for vaso-occlusive pain management for pediatric sickle cell anemia patients. International journal of psychosomatics.

Kellerman, J., Zeltzer, L., Ellenberg, L., & Dash, J. (1983). Adolescents with cancer: hypnosis for the reduction of the acute pain and anxiety associated with medical procedures. Journal of adolescent health care4(2), 85-90.

Kuttner, L. (1988). Favorite stories: A hypnotic pain-reduction technique for children in acute pain. American journal of clinical hypnosis30(4), 289-295.

Kuttner, L. (1988). Management of young children's acute pain and anxiety during invasive medical procedures. Pediatrician16(1-2), 39-44.

Kuttner, L. (2010). A child in pain: what health professionals can do to help. Crown House Publishing.

Kuttner, L. (2009). Treating pain, anxiety and sleep disorders with children and adolescents. Advances in the use of hypnosis in medicine, dentistry, pain prevention and management, 177-194.

Lambert, S. A. (1996). The effects of hypnosis/guided imagery on the postoperative course of children. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics17(5), 307-310.

LaBaw, W. L. (1973). Adjunctive trance therapy with severely burned children. International journal of child psychotherapy.

Melzack, R. (1985). Hypnotherapy of pain in children with cancer. Pain22(3), 324.

Olmsted, R. W., Zeltzer, L., & LeBaron, S. (1982). Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer. The Journal of Pediatrics101(6), 1032-1035.

Uman, L. S., Chambers, C. T., McGrath, P. J., & Kisely, S. (2006). Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev4.

Uman, L. S., Chambers, C. T., McGrath, P. J., & Kisely, S. (2008). A systematic review of randomized controlled trials examining psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents: An abbreviated Cochrane review. Journal of pediatric psychology33(8), 842-854.

Wild, M. R., & Espie, C. A. (2004). The efficacy of hypnosis in the reduction of procedural pain and distress in pediatric oncology: a systematic review. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics25(3), 207-213.

Wood, C., & Bioy, A. (2008). Hypnosis and pain in children. Journal of pain and symptom management35(4), 437-446.

Zeltzer, L., Bursch, B., & Walco, G. (1997). Pain responsiveness and chronic pain: a psychobiological perspective. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics18(6), 413-422.

Zeltzer, L. K., & Schlank, C. B. (2009). Conquering your child's chronic pain. Zondervan.

Parental Involvement in Hypnosis

Gardner, G. G. (1974). Parents: Obstacles or allies in child hypnotherapy? American journal of clinical hypnosis17(1), 44-49.

Primary Care

Anbar, R. D., & Hall, H. R. (2004). Childhood habit cough treated with self-hypnosis. The Journal of pediatrics144(2), 213-217.

Barnes, A. J., & Kohen, D. P. (2006). Clinical hypnosis as an effective adjunct in the care of pediatric inpatients. The Journal of pediatrics149(4), 563-565.

Gall, J. C. (2014). The art of examining a child: use of naturalistic methods in the pediatric physical examination. Broader implications of ericksonian therapy, 69.

Gold, J. I., Kant, A. J., Belmont, K. A., & Butler, L. D. (2007). Practitioner review: clinical applications of pediatric hypnosis. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry48(8), 744-754.

Kuttner, L. (2009). CBT and hypnosis: the worry‐bug versus the cake. Contemporary hypnosis26(1), 60-64.

Kohen, D. P., Olness, K. N., Colwell, S. O., & Heimel, A. (1984). The use of relaxation-mental imagery (self-hypnosis) in the management of 505 pediatric behavioral encounters. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics5(1), 21-25.

Olness, K., & Libbey, P. (1987). Unrecognized biologic bases of behavioral symptoms in patients referred for hypnotherapy. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis30(1), 1-8.

Raz, A., & Michels, R. (2007). Contextualizing specificity: Specific and non-specific effects of treatment. American journal of clinical hypnosis50(2), 177-182.

Professional Training in Hypnosis

Mize, W. L. (1996). Clinical training in self-regulation and practical pediatric hypnosis: what pediatricians want pediatricians to know. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics17(5), 317-322.

Wark, D., & Kohen, D. P. (1998). Facilitating facilitators' facilitation: Experience with a model for teaching leaders of hypnosis practice groups. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis41(1), 75-83.


Hewson-Bower, B., & Drummond, P. D. (1996). Secretory immunoglobulin A increases during relaxation in children with and without recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics,17(5), 311-316.

Hall, H. R., Minnes, L., Tosi, M., & Olness, K. (1992). Voluntary modulation of neutrophil adhesiveness using a cyberphysiologic strategy. International journal of neuroscience63(3-4), 287-297.

Olness, K., Culbert, T., & Uden, D. (1989). Self-regulation of salivary immunoglobulin A by children. Pediatrics83(1), 66-71.

Rossi, E. L. (2002). The psychobiology of gene expression: Neuroscience and neurogenesis in hypnosis and the healing arts. WW Norton & Company.


Benson, H., & Klipper, M. Z. (1976). The relaxation response. New York: Avon.

Hammond, D. C. (1992). Manual for self-hypnosis. American society of clinical hypnosis.

Garfield, C. A., & Bennett, H. Z. (1984). Peak performance: Mental training techniques of the world's greatest athletes. JP Tarcher.

Kabat-Zinn J.  Full catastrophe living.  New York, Delacorte Press, 1990.

Seminal Literature & History

Ambrose, G. (1968). Hypnosis in the treatment of children. American journal of clinical hypnosis11(1), 1-5.

Andolsek, K., & Novik, B. (1980). Use of hypnosis with children. The Journal of family practice10(3), 503-507.

Bowers, K. S. (1976). Hypnosis for the Seriously Curious. Monterey/California: Brooks.

Brown, D. P., & Fromm, E. (2013). Hypnosis and behavioral medicine. Routledge.

Haley, J. (Ed.). (1967). Advanced techniques of hypnosis and therapy: Selected papers of Milton H. Erickson. New York: Grune & Stratton.

Gardner, G. G. (1978). Hypnotherapy in the management of childhood habit disorders. The Journal of pediatrics92(5), 838-840.

Olness, K., & Gardner, G. G. (1978). Some guidelines for uses of hypnotherapy in pediatrics. Pediatrics62(2), 228-233.

Olness, K. (1981). Hypnosis in pediatric practice. Current problems in pediatrics12(2), 5-47.


Kohen, D. P., Mahowald, M. W., & Rosen, G. M. (1992). Sleep-terror disorder in children: the role of self-hypnosis in management. American journal of clinical hypnosis34(4), 233-244.

Tics & Tourettes

Azrin, N. H., & Nunn, R. G. (1973). Habit-reversal: A method of eliminating nervous habits and tics. Behaviour research and therapy11(4), 619-628.

Bergin, A., Waranch, H. R., Brown, J., Carson, K., & Singer, H. S. (1998). Relaxation therapy in tourette syndrome: a pilot study. Pediatric Neurology,18(2), 136-142.

Cook, C. R., & Blacher, J. (2007). Evidence‐based psychosocial treatments for tic disorders. Clinical psychology: science and practice14(3), 252-267.

Culbertson, F. M. (1989). A four-step hypnotherapy model for Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome. American journal of clinical hypnosis31(4), 252-256.

Deckersbach, T., Rauch, S., Buhlmann, U., & Wilhelm, S. (2006). Habit reversal versus supportive psychotherapy in tourette's disorder: a randomized controlled trial and predictors of treatment response. Behaviour research and therapy44(8), 1079-1090.

Himle, M. B., Woods, D. W., Piacentini, J. C., & Walkup, J. T. (2006). Brief review of habit reversal training for tourette syndrome. Journal of child neurology21(8), 719-725.

Kohen, D. P. (1995). Coping with the stress of tourette syndrome in children and adolescents: the use of self-hypnosis techniques. Australian journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis23, 145-145.

Kohen, D. (2013). Ericksonian communication and hypnotic strategies in the management of tics and tourette syndrome in children and adolescents. Difficult Contexts for Therapy—Erickson Monographs10, 117-142.

Kohen, D. P., & Botts, P. (1987). Relaxation-imagery (self-hypnosis) in tourette syndrome: experience with four children. American journal of clinical hypnosis,29(4), 227-237.

Robertson, M. M. (2012). The Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: the current status. Archives of disease in childhood-education & practice edition97(5), 166-175.

Raz, A., Keller, S., Norman, K., & Senechal, D. (2007). Elucidating tourette's syndrome: perspectives from hypnosis, attention and self-regulation. American journal of clinical hypnosis49(4), 289-309.

Woods, D. W., Himle, M. B., & Conelea, C. A. (2006). Behavior therapy: other interventions. Tourette syndrome99, 234.

Woods, D. W., Piacentini, J., & Walkup, J. T. (Eds.). (2007). Treating Tourette syndrome and tic disorders: A guide for practitioners. Guilford Press.

Young, M. H., & Montano, R. J. (1988). A new hypnobehavioral method for the treatment of children with tourette's disorder. American journal of clinical hypnosis31(2), 97-106.

Other Clinical Applications

Anbar, R. D. (2002). Hypnosis in pediatrics: applications at a pediatric pulmonary center. BMC pediatrics2(1), 11.

Baumann, F. (1970). Hypnosis and the adolescent drug abuser. American journal of clinical hypnosis13(1), 17-21.

Clawson Jr, T. A., & Swade, R. H. (1975). The hypnotic control of blood flow and pain: The cure of warts and the potential for the use of hypnosis in the treatment of cancer. American journal of clinical hypnosis17(3), 160-169.

Feher, S. D., Berger, L. R., Johnson, J. D., & Wilde, J. B. (1989). Increasing breast milk production for premature infants with a relaxation/imagery audiotape. Pediatrics83(1), 57-60.

Felt, B. T., Hall, H., Olness, K., Schmidt, W., Kohen, D., Berman, B. D., & Young, M. H. (1998). Wart regression in children: comparison of relaxation-imagery to topical treatment and equal time interventions. American journal of clinical hypnosis41(2), 130-137.

Felt, B. T., Hall, H., Olness, K., Schmidt, W., Kohen, D., Berman, B. D., & Young, M. H. (1998). Wart regression in children: comparison of relaxation-imagery to topical treatment and equal time interventions. American journal of clinical hypnosis41(2), 130-137.

Hogan, M., Olness, K., & MacDonald, J. (1985). The effects of hypnosis on brainstem auditory responses in children. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 27, 91-94.

Kohen, D. P. (1980). Relaxation/mental imagery (self-hypnosis) and pelvic examinations in adolescents. Journal of developmental & behavioral pediatrics,1(4), 180-186.

Kohen, D. P. (1986). Applications of relaxation/mental imagery (self-hypnosis) in pediatric emergencies. The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis34(4), 283-294.

Kohen, D. P., Mann-Rinehart, P., Schmitz, D., & Wills, L. M. (1998). Using hypnosis to help deaf children help themselves: report of two cases. American journal of clinical hypnosis40(4), 288-296.

Jacobs, L., & Jacobs, J. (1966). Hypnotizability of children as related to hemispheric reference and neurological organization. American journal of clinical hypnosis8(4), 269-274.

Olness, K. N., & Conroy, M. M. (1985). A pilot study of voluntary control of transcutaneous PO2 by children: a brief communication. The international journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis33(1), 1-5.


Dixon, S. D., & Stein, M. T. (2006). Encounters with children: pediatric behavior and development. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.

Carey, W. B., Crocker, A. C., Elias, E. R., Feldman, H. M., & Coleman II, W. L. (2009). Developmental-behavioral pediatrics: Expert consult-online and print. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Lynn, S. J., & Rhue, J. W. (Eds.). (1991). Theories of hypnosis: Current models and perspectives. Guilford Press.

Yapko, M. D. (2014). Essentials of hypnosis. Routledge.

DVDs & Film

Kuttner L. Making Every Moment Count Documentary 38 min. Co-production with The National Film Board of Canada. 1-800-267-7710.  2003.

Kuttner L.  “No fears, no tears” (29mins). DVD available from  email:  US or Canada: 1-800-331-1533 x 3

Kuttner L.  “No fears, no tears 13 years later: children coping with pain” (46 mins).  DVD available :  email:

US or Canada: 1-800-331-1533 x 3

Sugarman LI. Hypnosis in Pediatric Practice: imaginative medicine in action. DVD and booklet.  Crown House Publishing. Carmarthen, Wales, 2006.