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Robert Carter

Robert Carter
Research Scientist

Phone:
Office: INS/3115

Dr. Robert Carter received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Maine and his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Cornell University.  Following a two-year Post Doc at the University of Liverpool (UK), he worked for five years developing advanced catalytic reactor technology for gas turbine and automotive engine applications at Precision Combustion, Inc., a small R & D firm in Connecticut.  While there, he also founded and managed the catalyst development group.  He then worked at General Motors’ Fuel Cell Activities for 13 years where he developed technology in a wide range of areas including: hydrogen production from gasoline and natural gas, two-phase flow and liquid water management, spatially resolved membrane-electrode-assembly (MEA) diagnostics, and fuel cell stack durability.  Dr. Carter joined the department early in 2013 and has been conducting research focused on electrokinetics and heterogeneous catalysis applications of inorganic nanomembranes.  He is interested in applying fundamental principles and tools of materials science, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics to develop new classes of catalytic membrane reactors and nanoparticle separators.  Over his career, Dr. Carter has authored over 30 publications, given 20 conference presentations and invited talks, and holds several patents.

Selected Publications:

  • J.J. Miller, R.N. Carter, K.B. McNabb, J.D. Winans, J.-P.S. DesOrmeaux, C.C. Streimer, J.L. McGrath, and T.R. Gaborski, “Lift-off of Large-scale Ultrathin Nanomembranes,” Adv. Mater. (in review, 2014).
  • Z. Yu and R.N. Carter, “Measurement of Effective Oxygen Diffusivity in Electrodes for PEM Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 195 (2010) 1079-1084.
  • W. Gu, P.T. Yu, R.N. Carter, R. Makharia, and H.A. Gasteiger, “Modeling of Membrane-Electrode Assembly Degradation in Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells – Start-Stop and Local-H2-Starvation-Induced Carbon Support Corrosion,” in Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry:  Modeling and Diagnostics of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Vol 49, U. Pasaogullari and C.-Y. Wang (eds.), Springer, New York, Chapter 2, pp 45-87, (2010).
  • R.N. Carter, W. Gu, B. Brady, K. Subramanian, and H.A. Gasteiger, “MEA Degradation Mechanisms Studies by Current Distribution Measurements,” in Handbook of Fuel Cells –Advances in Electrocatalysts, Materials, Diagnostics and Durability, Volumes 5 & 6, W. Vielstich, H. A. Gasteiger and H. Yokokawa (eds.), John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, Chapter 56 , pp 829-843 (2009).
  • B. Gao, T.S. Steenhuis, Y. Zevi, J.-Y. Parlange, R.N. Carter, and T.A. Trabold, “Visualization of Unstable Water Flow in a Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layer,” J. Power Sources, 190 (2009) 493.
  • Z.Y. Liu, B.K. Brady, R.N. Carter, B. Litteer, and M. Budinski, “Characterization of Carbon Corrosion-Induced Structural Damage of PEM Fuel Cell Cathode Electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 155 (2008) B979.
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