The Science of Color is Serious Study at RIT

RIT offers Ph.D. in color sciencethe only program of its kind in the United States

Follow Susan Gawlowicz on Twitter
Follow RITNEWS on Twitter

Color science provides standards of measurement and quality control to make sure one batch of red iPods is the same shade as the next, that a can of kiwi-colored paint is as brilliant as the sample chip in the paint store, and that the print in your hand matches the digital image on your computer screen.

This fall, Rochester Institute of Technology will offer a new doctoral degree in color science, the only one of its kind in the United States. This specialized field blends physics, chemistry and visual perception, among other sciences, to quantify how the human eye perceives colorto translate color into scientific data.

You look around and you see a chromatic world, says Roy Berns, program coordinator and the Richard S. Hunter Professor of Color Science, Appearance and Technology at RIT. We put numbers on those perceptions important for commerce as well as for using color as scientific data. We study how changes in the building blocks of colorsuch as lighting, materials and the observerchange those perceptions and change those numbers.

A variety of industries depend on color science research, especially those that center around manufacturing colored products, printing, digital photography and cinema, computer graphics and animation, art conservation, and medical data visualization and diagnoses. Advances in technology that give us plasma displays, for instance, rely upon consistent color control to translate reds, greens and blues from a signal to the screen and from one program, movie or commercial to the next. Color science provides a way to measure those interpretations to consistently produce the desired colors.

The doctorate in color science is an extension of the existing graduate program offered by RITs Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science. It is designed for students with undergraduate majors in physics, chemistry, mathematics, computer science, engineering, experimental psychology, and imaging, as well as textiles, graphic arts, animation, material science and polymer science.

Students will learn how to address problems in the measurement, production, formulation, reproduction and perception of color. The curriculum combines required courses in color science, elective courses, a research project during the second year of study and a dissertation.

The main thing is that it will allow us to have a wider variety of students from more diverse educational backgrounds because it expands the range of research we can do with students, says Mark Fairchild, director of the Munsell Color Science Laboratory at RIT, a leading academic laboratory dedicated to color science education and research.

Berns adds: The way we teach color science here has always been interdisciplinary. Were trying to foster that into the color science Ph.D. both from a student and a departmental perspective.

Applicants to the doctoral program in color science are being accepted for fall 2007. For more information, contact Roy Berns at or 585-475-2230.

Rochester Institute of Technology is internationally recognized for academic leadership in computing, engineering, imaging technology, and fine and applied arts, in addition to unparalleled support services for students with hearing loss. More than 15,500 full- and part-time students are enrolled in RITs 340 career-oriented and professional programs, and its cooperative education program is one of the oldest and largest in the nation.

For nearly two decades, U.S. News & World Report has ranked RIT among the nations leading comprehensive universities. The Princeton Review features RIT in its 2007 Best 361 Colleges rankings and named the university one of Americas Most Wired Campuses. RIT is also featured in Barrons Best Buys in Education.