Raising and Educating a Deaf Child

International experts answer your questions about the choices, controversies, and decisions faced by the parents and educators of deaf and hard-of-hearing children.

Question from M.R., New York

I have a 5 year old son with mild to moderate, sensorineural bilateral hearing loss. He is currently in private school and his teacher identified him as needing an FM system. Who is responsible for providing/paying for the system – the public school, private school or parents? He does not have an IEP, only a 504 plan with the private school. Thanks for any guidance or information.

Question from M.R., New York. Posted January 16, 2014.
Response from Louis Abbate - Willie Ross School for the Deaf (President Emeritus)

Given the fact that your five year old son does not have an IEP, the public school does not have any responsibility to provide equipment. A 504 plan includes  accommodations to the academic program. You may consider referring your son to the home district for an evaluation. If it is determined that his hearing loss is effecting his progress through the academic program, he would receive an IEP, and the school would be responsible for providing such equipment.

A word of caution, however: If the loss is minor and he is doing well in school it is unlikely he will be found to be eligible. As his teacher was the one who recommended an FM system, I would suggest you meet with the private school and investigate how they can provide it. I would also suggest if that fails if the home district could be approached about offering a loaner.