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Principal Investigators


Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, Ph.D.

Dr. Abushagur is the director of the Ph.D. program in microsystems engineering and professor of electrical engineering in the Kate Gleason College of Engineering. He comes to RIT from the University of Alabama at Huntsville where he was professor of electrical and computer engineering and professor of optical science and engineering. At the University of Alabama, Dr. Abushagur led development of the university’s optical engineering degree program. He also founded LiquidLight Inc., a developer and manufacturer of optical network systems for the metro-access market, and Photronix, of Malaysia, a maker of fiber-optic components. He has consulted for the US Army Missile Command, NASA, Boeing Co. and other firms. He holds one patent and has applied for three. A specialist in optical communications, micro-photonic devices, signal processing and computing, Dr. Abushagur has been principal investigator or co-PI on 25 research grants totaling more than $12 million. He has published 68 papers and 30 conference presentations, written five book chapters and edited the book Fourier Optics, and is presently working on the book Optical Fiber Systems. Dr. Abushagur earned his doctoral degree in electrical engineering from California Institute of Technology. Top


Stephen Boedo, Ph.D.

Dr. Boedo is Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. He is also General Partner in the software consulting firm Tribology Associates, Ithaca, New York, which he jointly started and currently shares with Prof. John F. Booker of Cornell University. Dr. Boedo specializes in the computer-aided simulation and design of mechanical systems, with particular emphasis in the design and analysis of fluid-film bearing systems. Current research (developed initially at Cornell University and continued at Federal-Mogul Corporation and Tribology Associates) studies the interaction of thin lubricant films with structurally compliant surfaces, including effects of geometric irregularity, lubricant supply, and lubricant cavitation on predicted mechanical system performance. These analysis methods have proven useful in the real-world understanding of automotive engine bearings, the nonlinear behavior of fluid-film rotors, and the lubrication of artificial human joints. Dr. Boedo received a B.A. degree in Computer Science from the State University of New York at Buffalo, a M.S. degree in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Cornell University. He is a member of ASME, SAE, ASEE, the Cornell Society of Engineers, and Phi Beta Kappa. Top


Alexander Cartwright, Ph.D.

Dr. Cartwright is an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Director of the Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, and Co-Director of the Electronics Packaging Laboratory, both at the University at Buffalo. In 1998, he received a NSF CAREER Award that supported his research on GaN based optoelectronic devices and his educational activities. In 2000, he was awarded a Department of Defense Young Investigator Award for research in piezoelectricity in III-N materials. Dr. Cartwright's research is focused on III-N materials, quantum dot materials, optical non-destructive testing of stress and strain for device reliability, nanophotonics and nanoelectronics. Dr. Cartwright received his B.S and Ph.D. in electrical and computer engineering from the University of Iowa. Top


Alexis Clare, Ph.D.

Dr. Clare is Professor of Glass Science, New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University. She received her Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Reading, UK, and studied Glass Science at the University of Sheffield from 1985-1989. She was awarded the 2000 Vittorio Gottardi Prize for Glass Science given by the International Commission on Glass for Research and Education. Dr. Clare developed a new technique for the measurement of high temperature density and surface tension of glass melts, which is currently being used to add to a database funded by DOE for the glass industry to use in modeling. Dr. Clare hosted and co-wrote an instructional video for high school students called “What is Ceramic Engineering?” which has been very positively accepted, and hosts a PBS documentary on the synergy between ceramic art and science called “Out of the Fire.” Top


Doreen Edwards, Ph.D.

Dr. Edwards is an associate professor of materials science and engineering and the School of Engineering Graduate Program Director for Alfred University. Her principal research interests are in ceramics for electronic and gas-sensing applications, the effects of defect chemistry and structure on electrical properties, and electrical methods for materials characterization and process monitoring. Before joining Alfred, Dr. Edwards worked as a research scientist for Basic Industry Research Laboratory (BIRL) and as a research and development scientist for Gould, Inc. She received her B.S. in chemistry from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and her Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Northwestern University. Top


Dale Ewbank

Dale Ewbank joined the RIT faculty in 2000 and is Visiting Associate Professor of Microelectronic Engineering, Kate Gleason College of Engineering. Mr. Ewbank teaches courses in Microlithography, Optics, and Design of Experiments. His graduate education in Materials Science and Engineering and in Imaging Science complements over sixteen years manufacturing experience in microlithography. He has managed manufacturing engineering and equipment maintenance for a photomask fabrication facility and participated in state-of-the-art engineering and research for development of equipment, processes and products in the semiconductor industry. His research interests are in the fields of microlithography, optical image formation, and electro-optic adaptive microlens design and fabrication. He is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Microsystems Engineering. Top


Roger Gaborski, Ph.D.

Dr. Gaborski is the Dean for Graduate Studies and Research, and the Director for the Laboratory for Applied Computing. He is a former Eastman Kodak Co. senior research associate, National Security Agency senior electrical engineer, and pollution researcher for Calspan. Dr. Gaborski has led teams in developing technologies and fostered numerous collaborative endeavors with both universities and industry. His research interests are in the areas of artificial intelligence, computer vision, medical imaging, and neural networks. Dr. Gaborski has been issued 24 patents as inventor or co-inventor and has more than 40 published works. His recent consulting projects have focused on computer vision, machine learning, image understanding, and neural networks with Kodak, PSC, and Recon/Optical. Dr. Gaborski received his B.S. and M.S. from State University of New York at Buffalo and a Ph.D. from the University of Maryland, all in electrical engineering. Top


Ian Gatley, Ph.D.

As the dean of the College of Science, Ian Gatley, an internationally known astronomer and physicist, leads the college to champion the interplay between technological development and the exercise of scientific research
Gatley was interim dean of COS, 2001-02, and director of the Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science, 1997-2001. He guides the college as it continues to challenge students with expanding research opportunities and degree programs in the newest sciences. Before joining RIT, Gatley established an international reputation as an astronomer and project manager with the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope at Hilo, Hawaii, from 1979 to 1986, and for the National Optical Astronomy Observatories in Tucson, Ariz., from 1986 to1997. The author of more than 125 technical publications and presentations, Gatley has served on advisory/review committees for the Hubble Space Telescope, the Kitt Peak National Observatory, the Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica and the National Science Foundation. Gatley, a native of England, earned a bachelor of science with first-class honors in physics from Imperial College, University of London, and a doctorate in physics from California Institute of Technology. Dr. Gatley is an
expert in Infrared Astronomy. In the course of his research he has discovered protostars near the Orion Nebula and in the Magellanic Clouds, found emission from hydrogen molecules in a ring-like structure around the center of the galaxy, and shown that planetary nebulae only exhibit emission from hydrogen molecules if they have a characteristic "hour glass" or "dumb-bell" shape. Top



Thomas Gennett, Ph.D.

Dr. Gennett is a professor of chemistry at RIT and co-director of the Nanopower Laboratory. In 2002, Dr. Gennett received the Biannual Inventor of the Year award at RIT for his groundbreaking work in carbon nanotube applications to energy storage and polymer composites. Top


Karl Hirschman, Ph.D.

Dr. Hirschman is the director of the Semiconductor and Microsystem Fabrication Laboratory and has been a member of RIT's microelectronic engineering faculty since 1993. Prior to teaching at RIT, he worked for IBM at the Advanced Semiconductor Technology Center in East Fishkill, NY as a process development engineer. His research interests include silicon-based optoelectronics and tunneling transport devices, on which he has published over 30 technical papers. He is an active member in the IEEE EDS and MRS, and has served as an officer of the Rochester IEEE Electron Device Society local chapter for the last eight years. He coordinates the IEEE Annual EDS Activities in Western NY conference, and is also serving on the IEEE/SEMI ASMC steering committee. He received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering in 2000 from the University of Rochester, Rochester, NY. Top


Satish Kandlikar, Ph.D.

Satish Kandlikar is a Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at RIT for last twenty-two years. He received his Ph.D. degree from the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay in 1975 and has been a faculty there before coming to RIT in 1980. His research is mainly focused in the area of flow boiling. After investigating the flow boiling phenomena from an empirical standpoint, which resulted in widely accepted correlations for different geometries, he started to look at the problem from a fundamental perspective. Using the high speed photography techniques, he demonstrated that small bubbles are released at a high frequency under flow conditions. His current work involves stabilizing flow boiling in microchannels, interface mechanics during rapid evaporation, and advanced chip cooling with single-phase liquid flow. He has published over 100 journal and conference papers. He is a fellow member of ASME and has been the organizer of the two international conferences on Microchannels and Minichannels sponsored by ASME. Visit www.rit.edu/~taleme for further information and publications. Top


Andrew Karam, Ph.D.

Dr. Karam is a Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at RIT. His research interests include prevention and response capabilities for radiological or nuclear emergencies. Top


Pao-Lo Liu, Ph.D.

Dr. Liu is a Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University at Buffalo. His areas of interest are quantum computing and interconnects, computational photonics, CAD tools for photonic devices, high speed electro-optic modulators, and MOCVD of compound semiconductors. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Top



Donald McKeown

Mr. McKeown is a Distinguished Researcher at RIT, and has over 20 years experience in system engineering and project management of remote systems and related technologies. He has been instrumental in the formation of the Laboratory for Imaging Algorithms and Systems (LIAS). Prior to his transition to RIT, he worked for the Commercial and Government Systems Division of Eastman Kodak Company, where he was a senior engineer responsible for development of technology strategies, with particular emphasis on hyperspectral sensors and data processing as well as advanced CMOS “camera on a chip” technology. Mr. McKeown also managed a special collection of 7 meter hyperspectral data over an approximately 400 square mile area in the southern US. Mr. McKeown holds a B.S. in aerospace engineering from SUNY Buffalo. Top


P. R. Mukund, Ph.D.

Dr. Mukund is a professor of electrical engineering at RIT and the director of the RF/AnaIog/Mixed-signal Laboratory. He is an expert in the area of mixed signal/analog I.C. designer. He teaches analog I.C. design courses at the graduate level and has offered short courses on the subject to industry in many parts of the world. He serves on the analog mixed signal track of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society's Technical Program Committee for ISCAS, and is the steering committee chair of the IEEE International SOC Conference in 2003. He has served as a consultant to industry and currently is the principal investigator of four funded research projects, totaling about $1 Million. NSF, SRC, NYSTAR, Harris Corporation and LSI Logic fund these projects. Dr. Mukund received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Tennessee. Top


Zoran Ninkov, Ph.D.

Dr. Ninkov is the director of The Laboratory for Sensor Research and a Professor in RIT's College of Science. He is also the Associate Director of the C.E.K. Mees Observatory, University of Rochester. His current research deals with the development of novel instrumentation for use in astronomy, medical imaging and remote sensing. This includes; the development of novel two-dimensional detector arrays for use in space borne and ground based astronomical imaging and spectroscopy; the design and fabrication of next generation multi-object spectrometers using micro mirror arrays; the development of wide field systems to search for planets using the planet transit technique. He received his Ph.D. in Astronomy in the Department of Geophysics and Astronomy at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada where he was a Commonwealth Scholar; his M.Sc. in Physical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at Monash University in Australia; and his B.Sc.(1st Class Honours) in Physics at the University of Western Australia. He is also a co-founder of the company PixelPhysics. Top


Harvey Palmer, Ph.D.

Dr. Palmer became dean of RIT s Kate Gleason College of Engineering in 2000. After graduating with a doctorate in chemical engineering from the University of Washington in Seattle in 1971, he began as assistant professor of chemical engineering at UR. He was later promoted to associate professor of chemical engineering, professor of chemical engineering, associate dean for graduate studies of engineering and applied science, and chair of chemical engineering. He received the undergraduate teaching award twice. Dr. Palmer has researched and consulted for Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester Gas and Electric Corp., Xerox Corp. and numerous other firms. His research interests include interfacial phenomena, particularly surface tension driven flows and wettability issues, microfluidics, and biochemical engineering. He shares seven patents, most related to blood collection and processing for clinical diagnostic purposes. He sits on the board of Rochester-based Transcat Inc. Top


Paras Prasad, Ph.D.

Dr. Prasad is the Executive Director of the Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo. Dr. Prasad’s interdisciplinary research in biophotonics and bionanophotonics has won him international recognition and resulted in several patented inventions that involve novel biophotonic materials with applications ranging from photodynamic cancer therapy to bioimaging to new dimensions in drug therapy made possible by nanomedicine. A 1997 recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, Dr. Prasad is a fellow of the Optical Society of America and the American Physical Society. He has published more than 425 papers and co-edited six major books in the field of photonics materials. Dr. Prasad received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. from Bihar University, India, his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, and was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Michigan. Top


Dr. Ryne Raffaelle, Ph.D.

Dr. Raffaelle is a professor of physics and a co-director of the NanoPower Research Lab at RIT. He has worked as a visiting researcher at the NASA Glenn Research Center since 1997 and is currently a member of the AIAA technical committee on Aerospace Power. He received the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) junior faculty enhancement award in 1994. He has been PI on 20 federally funded research programs and has authored over 50 refereed publications on photovoltaic solar cells, thin film materials and semiconductor device characterization. He has both a B.S. and M.S. in physics from Southern Illinois University, and a Ph.D. in physics from University of Missouri at Rolla. Top


Al Raisanen, Ph.D.

Dr. Raisanen is the associate director of the Semiconductor Micro-systems Fabrication Laboratory and a Distinguished Researcher at RIT. Dr. Raisanen was a research assistant at the University of Minnesota where he received his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, concentrating on metallization and diffusion barrier technologies for II-VI optical detector materials. As a postdoctoral fellow at the Xerox Wilson Research Center he worked on optical and electronic characterization of III-V materials and metal interfaces. For 7 years he continued work at Xerox as a Microelectronics engineer in the thermal inkjet business unit. He is an expert in process development, equipment engineering, yield management, failure analysis and manufacturing support. Top


S. Manian Ramkumar, Ph.D.

Professor Ramkumar is the Director for the Center for Electronics Manufacturing and Assembly (CEMA) and the program chair for the M.S. program in Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM). He has consulted for the Circuit Board Assembly Department at Eastman Kodak Company, and Delco Electronics, as well as being a technical support engineer for Allen-Bradley. He serves as the lead instructor for IPC and SMTA sponsored training courses in surface mount electronics packaging. His research interests are in surface mount electronics packaging and computer integrated manufacturing. He received a B.E. in Mechanical Engineering from India and an M.E. in Manufacturing Engineering from RIT. He is currently pursuing his Ph.D. in System Science and Industrial Enginieering and holds the Russell C. McCarthy Endowed Chair position in engineering technology. Top


Harvey E. Rhody, Ph.D.

Dr. Rhody is a professor and graduate coordinator for the MS and PhD programs in imaging science at RIT. He is also the lead faculty member of the Laboratory for Imaging Algorithms and Systems. Notable recent LIAS projects include the Data Cycle System for the SOFIA Astronomical Observatory, algorithms for hyperspectral image exploitation for the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the development of the Wildfire Airborne Sensor Program (WASP) camera and processing systems for NASA and the US Forest Service. Dr. Rhody received his PhD in electrical engineering from Syracuse University. Top


Michael Richardson

Mr. Richardson is a Distinguished Researcher at the Center for Imaging Science at RIT. He has over 20 years experience in design engineering and project development. Prior to his transition to RIT, he worked for Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, N.Y. There he held a variety of positions in design engineering, project management, and business development. Notable projects have included management responsibility for the pursuit team which won the contract to design and develop the IKONOS (Space Imaging, Inc., Thorton, CO) camera payload and program manager for the QuickBird (EarthWatch, Inc., Longmont, CO) Sensor Subsystem (the Sensor Subsystem is the flight focal plane and electronics for the EarthWatch camera payload). At RIT's Center for Imaging Science, Mr. Richardson’s primary responsibility has been to assist in the formation of the Laboratory for Advanced Spectral Sensing (LASS) and has project management responsibility for the NASA-sponsored FIRES program and the ONR-sponsored MURI project in physical modeling for processing of hyperspectral data. Mr. Richardson holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Clarkson University. Top


Sean Rommel, Ph.D.

Dr. Rommel’s research interests have been traditionally focused in three areas: nanoelectronic devices and circuits, photonic/optoelectronic devices/circuits, and advanced semiconductor fabrication techniques. At RIT, Dr. Rommel and his colleagues have demonstrated the co-integration of CMOS devices and resonant interband tunnel diodes (RITDs). Their strategy has been to integrate the tunnel diodes following all high temperature steps, but prior to the contact metallization of the CMOS devices. Dr. Rommel received his Ph.D. at the University of Delaware and worked as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Before joining RIT, Dr. Rommel worked on the development of Si-based Resonant Interband Tunneling Diodes. Top


Carl Salvaggio, Ph.D.

Dr. Salvaggio’s research and development activities are concentrated in several areas, including radiation propagation models, atmospheric correction techniques, longwave infrared and multispectral synthetic scene generation, multi-sensor data merging, spectral/feature band optimization methods, image integration with geographic information systems, field and laboratory longwave infrared data collection, sensor geometry and mensuration models as well as a wide variety of image processing techniques and algorithm development. He has served as an evaluator of a wide variety of electro-optical and photo-chemical imaging systems as well as physics-based phenomenological models. Top


John Schott, Ph.D.

Dr. Schott is head of the Digital Imaging & Remote Sensing Laboratory, and the Frederick and Anna B. Weidman Professor in the Center for Imaging Science. Dr. Schott has broad research and development experience in advanced technology for solving problems related to image analysis. He has served as the project engineer on numerous programs for both governmental and private sectors, including serving as a principal investigator for NASA's "Landsat Thematic Mapper Program." He was also appointed to the NAVY-ASEE summer faculty program. He was General Chairman of the joint ASP/SPSE conference on "Techniques for Extraction for Information from Remotely Sensed Images." Dr. Schott's research has led to over 100 technical publications, as well as co-inventor status on two patents. Dr. Schott has also completed a general reference text on quantitative remote sensing published by Oxford University Press. He received his Ph.D. in Environmental Science/Remote Sensing from SUNY Environmental Science & Forestry - Syracuse University. Top


Bruce Smith, Ph.D.

Dr. Smith is the Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and the Intel Professor of Research/Technology at RIT, a position funded by Intel Corp. in which he works on engineering and technology research important to both RIT and Intel. In 1999, he received RIT's first Creator's Award for six patents filed, including one for new coating materials used on photomasks to improve the resolution of computer chips. He holds ten other patents, is co-author of the textbook Microlithography: Science and Technology, and has written over 50 research publications. Professor Smith has concentrated his research in fields of short wavelength optical microlithography and has become internationally known for his work. Prior to joining RIT, he was a development engineer with Digital Equipment Corp. and MAI Semiconductor. Smith has also held visiting scientist positions at International Semitech, Rutherford Apelton Laboratories (UK), and IMEC Interuniversity MicroElectronics Center (Belgium). Dr. Smith received his bachelor's and master's degrees in photographic and imaging science and his doctoral degree in imaging science at RIT. Top


Thomas Smith, Ph.D.

Dr. Smith is a Professor of Chemistry in the College of Science. Prior to joining the faculty at RIT, Dr. SMith spent 28 years in research, and R&D management at the Xerox Corporation. As Manager of the Office of Quality and Technology Management for the Xerox Corporate Research Group, he reported directly to the Group Vice President, and had the responsibility for implementation, within the research organization, of Xerox's Malcolm Baldridge Award-winning quality initiative, "Leadership Through Quality," and for the direction of an effort to study and improve management of technology in Xerox. Dr. Smith's management expertise and interests include research and technology management, stategic technology selection, application of total quality management principles in R&D, and human resource management. His research activities have centered around design, synthesis, and study of the reactivity, physical chemistry, and device applications of functional polymer systems (photoactive materials; conductive and electroactive polymer composites; organometallic polymers; redox polymers; ion-binding polymers; and block copolymers). He is the author of 35 papers and 50 U.S. Patents on these topics. Most recently his research activities were focused ont he synthesis of photoactive polymers for use in fabrication of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and fluidic pathways in thermal ink jet devices and the design of inks to be used in these devices. Dr. Smith received a B.S. degree in Chemistry from John Carroll University (Cleveland, Ohio) and a Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry from the University of Michigan. Top


Anthony Vodacek, Ph.D.

Dr. Vodacek’s research interests are in environmental remote sensing, aquatic optics, hyperspectral imaging, remote wildland fire detection, fire detection using potassium emission, fire optical propertiesm, and laser remote sensing. He received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin – Madison and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Cornell University. Top


Xingwu Wang, Ph.D.

Dr. Wang is a professor of Electrical Engineering at Alfred University. His research interests are in fuel cells and fuel processors; thin film coatings, sputtering, RF plasma, laser, APCVD, and e-beam; superconductors; and electrical power and instrumentation. He has published 70 papers and holds 19 U.S. Patents. Dr. Wang received his Ph.D. in physics from SUNY Buffalo, his M.S. in physics from Hangzhou University, and his B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Harbin Naval Engineering Institute. Top