Grammar and Style Guide
- Academic Terminology
- Corporations and Products
- Proofreader’s Marks and Editing Guidelines
- Semester Terminology
- Spelling and Usage
- Time and Numbers
American Medical Association, AMA is acceptable on second reference.
Arthur Andersen & Co.
AT&T Corp., the full name of the business formerly known as American Telephone & Telegraph Co.
Bausch & Lomb Corp.
Boeing Co., formerly Boeing Aircraft Co.
Citibank, the former First National City Bank. The parent holding company is Citicorp of New York.
ChevronTexaco, created by the merger of Chevron and Texaco in 2001.
Clorox, a trademark for a brand of bleach.
Coca-Cola, Coke, trademarks for a brand of cola drink
Digital Equipment Corp.
Dow Jones Average
Dow Jones & Co.
Dr Pepper, a trademark [no period after Dr] for a brand of soft drink.
Eastman Kodak Co., use full name on first reference, Kodak is acceptable on second reference. Kodak is a trademark for cameras and other photographic products made by Eastman Kodak Co. Use Kodak to refer to a product, Kodak EasyShare, etc.
E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., use “du Pont” on second reference when referred to the U.S. industrialist born in France. Use DuPont on second reference when referring to the company only.
Exxon Mobil Corp.
Ford Motor Co.
General Electric Co.
General Motors Corp.
IBM, acceptable on first reference for International Business Machines.
Kodak, see Eastman Kodak Co.
Pepsico Inc., formerly the Pepsi-Cola Co.
Pepsi, Pepsi-Cola, trademarks for a brand of cola soft drink.
Procter & Gamble Co. (not Proctor)
The New York Times, italicize in text.
Time Warner Inc.
Xerox is a trademark for a brand of photocopy machine. Never use as a verb. Instead, use a generic term such as photocopy.
Notes about brand and trademark names:
A brand name or trademark is a symbol, word, etc., used by a manufacturer and protected by law to prevent a competitor from using it: Astro-Turf, for a type of artificial grass, for example.
In general, use a generic equivalent unless the trademark name is essential to the story. Sometimes the use of a brand name may not be necessary but is acceptable because it lends an air of reality to a story: He fished a Camel from his pocket.
When a trademark is used, capitalize it. For more information about trademarks, please see the International Trademark Association's trademark checklist.
Please remember when referring to brand names that have become synonymous with their product category, to use the generic product category and not the brand name. For example: Don’t say, “I’ll Xerox that form for you.” You can’t Xerox a form, but you can copy it. Don’t say, “May I have a Kleenex?” Ask for a tissue.