The analysis phase of the sustainability management cycle first focuses on translating the measured data into performance metrics. For example, a company might measure its in-house energy use but will then need to convert those measurements into sustainability metrics such as fossil fuel use, green house gas emissions, or human health impacts from air emissions. The performance can then be compared to the corporate goals in a gap analysis, and from there, a root cause analysis can be performed to identify focus areas and potential improvement projects. The company can determine the scope of their efforts based on the business priorities and impacts. This webpage contains a list of resources and tools than can be used to analyze sustainability performance.

Company Internal Environmental Impact Analysis  - See “Environmental Management” pages on this website

Supplier Analysis

  1. Determine what to buy – know the properties of the materials and services: [1]
    • Strive for materials made with recycled or certified components or services that have a “positive” impact on sustainability
    • Materials that may not contain any recycled or certified components but are not banned or prohibited (e.g. Califonria Proposition 65) or services that are planning to integrate sustainability may be acceptable but may need guidance to move in the right direction towards sustainability
    • Avoid materials that are banned or prohibited if possible or services that do not take or have a plan to take any aspects of sustainability into account – these need attention and an action plan to seek improvement.
  2. Determine who to buy from – have an understanding of the supplier – their level of transparency is important [2]
    • Strive for suppliers that have publicly available sustainability information and goals and reports progress on at least two sustainability topics (energy reduction, water use reduction, waste reduction, workforce injury / illness reduction, workforce wellness or community investment)
    • Suppliers with publicly available sustainability information may be acceptable but may need some assistance to work towards greater sustainability and transparency
    • Suppliers that have no publicly available sustainability information will need some attention and will need to create action plans to seek improvement
  3. Determine where the supplier obtains materials to understand the complete supply chain [3]
    • Strive for suppliers and materials that know the origin location and have confirmed that the source company had legal right to grow/harvest/mine the materials
    • It may be acceptable to know the addresses for your primary and secondary suppliers but some additional assistance may be required to get those suppliers moving towards sustainability
    • Avoid primary and secondary suppliers whose addresses are unknown or create an action plan to seek improvement.
  4. Understanding and assessing risk, for example: