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What is this map showing?

The map above shows the total number of Bachelor's and Doctoral Degrees in the Physical Sciences (Geoscience, Chemistry, Physics, Astrophysics, and Materials Science) per state to U.S. Citizens and the proportion of those degrees that were earned by individuals identifying as Native American/Alaskan, Latino or Hispanic and Black or African American on average per year. Data collected from 2013-2017 IPEDS database. 

Why is it important?

It is expected that the diversity proportions in a pool of Bachelor's graduates should be similar to a pool of Doctoral graduates within the same disciplines. However, at the Doctorate level there is more homogeneity in the graduate pool compared to its’ Bachelor's counterpart.

In states where there appears to be equity between graduate and undergraduate diversity proportions (Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Michigan, Indiana, West Virginia, Vermont, and Alaska), the sheer number of degrees awarded to UREM is extremely low: less than 6% of degrees going to UREM for Bachelors and about 9% of PhD's going to UREM on average.

What does this map NOT show?

(1) The proportion of degrees to international students; (2) the discrepancy between Doctoral Degrees to UREM and State Demographics; (3) the discrepancy between Doctoral Degrees to UREM and National Demographics; (4) particular disciplines are performing exceptionally well or exceptionally poor in regards to the racial and ethnic diversity of their student pool, since this data represents all the physical sciences disciplines together. Lastly, (5) this map does not show what causes this inequity.

What can we take away from this information?

Though there are regional differences present, the pool of underrepresented racial and ethnic minorities with Bachelor’s in the physical sciences is significant enough to help improve the diversity of Doctoral diversity level.