Site-wide links

Engineering, Science, & Technology

Creating, innovating, addressing challenges, solving problems, and improving the quality of lives in society.

Background: Electronic cigarettes are battery powered nicotine vaporizers built with a heating element that atomizes an e-liquid solution. Studies have been conducted to understand user nicotine exposure however, replicating realistic use patterns, puff topography, is necessary to conduct accurate emissions studies. Previous studies have... READ MORE
The carbon footprint of cellular base stations is continuously increasing, due to their large power consumption that accounts for more than 50 % of all of the cellular network infrastructure, and because of the large growth rate experienced by the cellular infrastructure. To address this... READ MORE
The grape industry relies on in situ crop assessment to aid in the day-to-day and seasonal management of their crop. In the case of soil-plant chemistry interactions, there are six key nutrients of interest to viticulturists in the growing of wine grapes: nitrogen, potassium,... READ MORE
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are an emerging class of nano-structured carbon materials which are currently being studied for applications which would benefit from their desirable electrical and mechanical properties. Potential benefits such as improved current density, flexure tolerance, weight savings, and even radiation tolerance have... READ MORE
A method for modeling the signal from cables and powerlines in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery is presented. Powerline detection using radar is an active area of research. Accurately identifing the location of powerlines in a scene can be used to aid pilots of... READ MORE
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of hospital-acquired infections. The multi-drug resistant nature of certain S. aureus strains makes the discovery of new drug targets for S. aureus vital. A newly discovered virulence factor from S. aureus was described as an ortholog of NagD from... READ MORE
With advancement in technology and increased breadth of requirements of customers, organizations have to deliver innovative products in a quick and efficient way to remain competitive. While there are many theories and approaches to innovation in products, few of them are quantitative in nature.... READ MORE
Moderate resolution remote sensing data offers the potential to monitor the long and short term trends in the condition of the Earth’s resources at finer spatial scales and over longer time periods. While improved calibration (radiometric and geometric), free access (Landsat, Sentinel, CBERS), and... READ MORE
Generating motifs from known active sites and matching those motifs to an uncharacterized protein is a classic way of determining protein function. Until now, the generation of motifs has been based purely on enzymatic function. This approach does not account for situations where highly different... READ MORE
Line scanning hyperspectral imaging systems are capable of capturing accurate spatial and spectral information about a scene. These data can be useful for detecting sub-pixel targets. Such systems, however, may be limited by certain key characteristics in their design. Systems employing multiple spectrometers, or... READ MORE
PHO13 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (budding yeast) is a para-nitrophenyl phosphatase (pNppase) of the haloacid dehalogenase (HAD) superfamily. A biological substrate for PHO13 had remained undiscovered while a knockout phenotype has only been observed in strains engineered to grow on D-xylose. The purified enzyme has... READ MORE
Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is an ideal choice for low-resource applications because it provides the same level of security with smaller key sizes than other existing public key encryption schemes. For low-resource applications, designing efficient functional units for elliptic curve computations over binary fields... READ MORE
Homomorphic Encryption has been considered the 'Holy Grail of Cryptography' since the discovery of secure public key cryptography in the 1970s. In 2009, a long-standing question about whether fully homomorphic encryption is theoretically plausible was affirmatively answered by Craig Gentry and his bootstrapping construction.... READ MORE
2-D Semiconductors are novel materials in the field of nano-electronics. Their unusual transport properties have led to an extensive research attention towards similar materials. Graphene has carriers that exhibit an effective "speed of light" (106 m/s) in the low energy range of This research proposes... READ MORE