ANTH 102 - Cultural Anthropology

Human beings across the globe live and work according to different values and beliefs. Students will develop the tools for acquiring knowledge, awareness, and appreciation of cultural differences, and in turn enhance their abilities to interact across cultures. The course accomplishes these aims by examining the relationship between individuals and their communities, and the dynamics of ritual, religious, political, and social life in different parts of the world. Units 3 

ANTH 102H - Honors Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology is the holistic science of the human condition, and professional anthropologists engage in experiential, empirical and humanistic research. Cultural diversity and change are explored through the anthropological techniques of immersion (ethnographic fieldwork) and cross-cultural analysis. In-depth and comparative analysis of critical issues may include transnational migration, ethnic nationalism, racism, changing and clashing views on gender and sexuality, indigenous peoples’ rights, religious fundamentalism, genocide, war, hunger, famine and cultural and economic dimensions of globalization. The specific topic varies from year to year. (Requisite: Honors Students) Units 3 

ANTH 103 - Archaeology and the Human Past

Archaeology is the study of the human past, from the origin of our species through to the development of modern, industrial states by means of the physical remains of past human behavior. In studying the past, archaeology seeks to explain how we, as modern humans, came to be. This course investigates how archaeologists study the past, explains how human society has changed over time, and presents an overview of world prehistory. Specific topics include the evolution of modern humans, the peopling of the world, the development of agriculture, the rise of state-level societies and associated social technologies such as writing and urbanism. Case studies will be used throughout to demonstrate how archaeological research is conducted and how archaeologists use their research to formulate explanations of the past that have relevance for the present. Units 3

ANTH 104 - Language and Linguistics

Language has a crucial role in our lives as a functional system of human communication. Language is central to our cultures and societies. This course provides an introduction to the field of linguistics. It considers both how language is described and analyzed by linguists and how evidence from language can shed light on a variety of social, cultural, and cognitive phenomena. The course provides an orientation both to human language and the field of linguistics. It introduces the languages of the world, how languages have been described, the diversity in language structure, the issue of language endangerment and death, and the efforts to document and preserve the world’s languages, among other topics.

ANTH 151H - Honors First Year Seminar: Exploring Food, Drink, and Place

This course introduces students to the relations between food, drink and place. Food production, circulation and consumption will be examined critically through examining their local and global import and the assumptions that inform different food systems. Alternatives to industrialized food will be explored through both organic foods and the slow food revolution. Other themes to be examined will be food and identity, social class and gender in particular.  Students will have the opportunity to sample diverse cuisines and to discuss their relation to both place and culture. Field trips will be taken to the Rochester Public Market and to various Rochester urban gardens.

ANTH 201 - The Ethnographic Imagination: Writing about Society & Culture

This course explores the politics and poetics of writing about society and culture. Writing is a form of power, in that our representations of people influence the way that others think about and act toward them. The way that social researchers write is therefore shot through with ethical implications and weighty decisions. Critical issues include whether people are objectified, cast as wholly Other, culture-bound or creative, out of the past or coeval, racialized or of a common humanity, problematic or multifaceted, passive or agentive, mystified or perceptive, and mechanical or extraordinary. Writing about society and culture is also poetic. We can convey something of people's life experiences, thoughts, agency, and the constraints within which they lead their lives. How well we do so depends upon our ethical reflexivity and attention to the poetics of language. In this course, we will consider these ethical questions, read experimental texts, and discuss how writing style implicitly conveys social theory. Required for Soc-Anth degree; counts toward Soc-Anth minor. *Note: Cross-listed with SOCI-201* (Prerequisites: Successful completion of one course in Anthropology (ANTH), Sociology (SOCI) or International and Global Studies (INGS) is required.) Units 3 

ANTH 210 - Culture and Globalization

By exploring critical issues of globalizing culture, we examine how ideas, attitudes, and values are exchanged or transmitted across conventional borders. How has the production, articulation, and dissemination of cultural forms (images, languages, practices, beliefs) been shaped by global capitalism, media industries, communication technologies, migration, and tourist travels? How are cultural imaginaries forged, exchanged, and circulated among a global consumer public? How has the internationalizing of news, computer technologies, video-sharing websites, blogging sites, and other permutations of instant messaging served to accelerate cultural globalization? Students will be introduced to anthropological perspectives on cultural globalization, the transmission of culture globally, and the subsequent effects on social worlds, peoples, communities, and nations. (Prerequisite: ANTH-102 or ANTH-102H or INGS-101 or minimum of 2nd year level standing.) Units 3

ANTH 215 - Field Methods in Archaeology

This course introduces students to the methods of archaeological fieldwork. The course begins with the student’s development of a research question and design. We then explore the feasibility of this research through the examination of sampling techniques, site survey, and excavation. Field methods of recording, photography and artifact conservation will also be discussed. Students will be able to analyze the usefulness of the field techniques in light of the archaeological scientific methods for dating, and organic and inorganic analyses. Students should emerge from the course understanding the values of the techniques necessary for proper archaeological excavation towards the reconstruction of the past and the development of an understanding of our present. Counts toward the sociology and anthropology program; sociology and anthropology minor; archaeological science minor; archaeology immersion. Units 3 

ANTH 220 - Language & Culture: Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Language is a core element of culture, both as a repository of meaning, and also because it is the primary means through which humans carry out social relationships, share ideas, and contest received understandings. Linguistic anthropology invstigates this interplay between language and culture. Topics will vary by semester, and may include: metaphor and narrative; language acquisition in relationship to childhood socialization; language, thought and worldview; language and identity; multilingualism; the social contexts of language change; literacy; and the politics of language use and language ideologies. Units 3

ANTH 225 - Globalizing Africa

This course introduces students to processes of interconnection, local, regional, national and global, that have altered and continue to impact life in Africa, taking into account the enormous impact of Africans on one another and on those of us living outside of the continent. In the course, we will focus on how past, present and anticipated future events in African movements of people, ideas and things, across time and space effect the reception of new events. We will pay particularly close attention to how the relationships of time and space are formulated and understood by Africans in the present. While the historical past is never completed, but continuous in the present, its diverse contours lead to differently remembered, embodied, and enacted expressions. We will evaluate these diverse expressions in pre-colonial, colonial and neo-colonial encounters as they have changed ideas of self and other, political philosophies and political economic systems, genders and sexualities, generational relations, religions, expressive arts, violence, and health on the African continent and around the globe. Units 3 

ANTH 230 - Archaeology & Cultural Imagination: History, Interpretation, and Popular Culture

People have been interested in their ancestors and the lives of past people likely for as long as we have been human. But this interest has rarely been disinterested. People have exploited, destroyed, or ignored the remains of previous societies. And how the past is understood has profound effects that ripple through all of society, at different times influencing group identity, political philosophy, art, architecture, literature, and film. The emergence of scientific archaeology in the last 150 years has created its own cultural references, including Indiana Jones and Lara Croft. Each semester this course is offered, a specific topic will examine the cultural context in which archaeologists do their work, what is made of their efforts, and how these are related to larger issues in society. Counts toward Soc/Anth degree (Archaeology track) minor and immersion in Archaeology, or a general education elective.  Units 3 

ANTH 235 - Immigration to the U.S.

This course examines immigration to the U.S. within the context of globalization. We examine the push- and pull-factors that generate immigration, and changing immigration policies and debates. We consider how changes in the American workplace have stimulated the demand for foreign workers in a wide range of occupations, from software engineer to migrant farmworker and nanny. We review the cultural and emotional challenges of adapting within the American cultural landscape; transnationalism and connections with the homeland; the experiences of refugees; and how immigration has changed since 9/11. Special attention is given to immigration from Latin America, the largest sending region. Counts toward the international and global studies program (globalization concentration elective; Latin America track); sociology and anthropology program (cultural anth track); sociology and anthropology minor; cultural anthropology immersion; globalization theory immersion. Units 3

ANTH 240 - Muslim Youth Cultures

In recent years, there has been an explosion of interest in youths and Muslim youths, in particular, as a result of increased media attention to security, religious extremism, and human rights. These concerns, while important, obscure other equally vital aspects of being young and Muslim in rapidly globalizing societies. Taken in isolation of other informational sources, media representations of Muslim youths contribute to severe forms of misinformation and to negative stereotypes, sources of social anxiety and potential conflict. Students, taking this course, by contrast, will develop critical, anthropological approaches to youths and Muslim youth cultures, taking up Muslim youths' concerns with important aspects of their lives, generation and authority; global capitalism and class distinctions; religious identifications; spaces of memory and the control of public space; global education; new technologies and their effects on sociality, gender and sexuality; war and occupation; and expressive arts. Through in-depth studies of Muslim youth cultures in the Middle East and Africa, the course offers broad perspectives on the diversity and complexity of Muslim youth cultures and their effects on changing societies, cultures, nations and the world. Units 3

ANTH 245 - Ritual and Performance

The world’s cultural diversity is most vividly and dynamically displayed through ritual and festival. Ritual is anything but superfluous; rather, some of the most important “work” of culture is accomplished through the performance of ritual. Through cross-cultural comparison, by way of readings and films, we explore the following dimensions of ritual: symbols, embodiment, emotion, discipline, contestation of tradition and authenticity, and the orchestration of birth, childhood socialization, gender, maturation, marriage, community, hierarchy, world renewal, and death. Written expression is enhanced through drafting, revision, and peer review. Counts toward the sociology and anthropology program (cultural anth track); sociology and anthropology mi-nor; cultural anthropology immersion; religious studies immersion. Units 3

ANTH 250 - Themes in Archaeological Research

One of the most fascinating dimensions of archaeology is the discovery that people have done essentially the same things in different places and different times, independently of developments elsewhere. Agriculture, writing, urbanism, complex economies, and so on, all have been independently invented multiple times in different parts of the world. This fact raises some intriguing questions about what it means to be human. By comparing how these developments occurred in different places and times, archaeologists can, in a sense, perform experiments on the past. Each semester this course is offered we will focus on a separate theme in archaeological research, such as the transition to agriculture; production, trade, and exchange; the origin of writing; imperialism, colonialism, and warfare; pseudoscience/pseudoarchaeology; or human evolution. We will study competing theoretical perspectives and different world regions to gain a broad understanding of the theme and how both theory and data are used to create a comprehensive understanding of the human past. Units 3

ANTH 255 - Regional Archaeology

Since the first humans set out from Africa nearly two million years ago, our ancestors and relatives managed to settle in almost every continent. Wherever they went, they left traces of their lives that are tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of years deep. We call these traces the archaeological record. Almost everywhere our ancestors settled, they did many of the same things, such as inventing agriculture, cities, writing, and state-level societies. However, they did this in ways unique to each region and time. This course examines the archaeology of a specific region, such as Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, North Africa, or East Asia, in detail. We examine the geography, culture, archaeological record, and significance of the region to various key themes in archaeological research. Units 3 

ANTH 260 - Native North Americans

This course examines the persistence and change in Native American cultures using archaeological, ethnohistorical, socioeconomic, ethnographic, linguistic, and autobiographical sources among others. In addition to broad regional and historical coverage, we will read about and discuss culture change, colonialism, federal law, gender, race and places in Native American contexts. Our goal is to understand the lived experiences of Indian people and the many forces that shape Native American lives. Units 3

ANTH 265 - Native Americans in Film

This course will examine the parallels of anthropological works and resulting Government policies in the late-19th and 20th centuries as they relate to the genre of Native Americans film, both popular and ethnographic works. In addition, an extensive regional and historical literature review will complement the possible films. Units 3 

ANTH 270 - Cuisine, Culture and Power

Physically, culturally, and socially, humans live through food and drink. Spanning the globe, as nearly limitless omnivores, humans have developed myriad ways of collecting and cultivating food and taking advantage of local environments. We also put food to work for us socially by creating cuisine. Through cuisine, we forge and nourish relationships, commune with deities, and through luxury choices, demonstrate our "taste" and lay claim to elite status. Through the cultural practices of production and consumption of food and drink, we wield power. Food and drink consumption patterns have sustained slavery, poverty, malnutrition, and illegal immigration, and have laid waste to the environment. In this class, we explore physical, cultural, social, political, and economic dimensions of food and become more aware of how the private, intimate act of a bite connects us to the rest of humanity. Counts toward the International and Global Studies program (Sustainable Futures track); Sociology & Anthropology program (Cultural Anth track); Sociology & Anthropology Minor; Cultural Anthropology Immersion. *Note: Cross-listed with INGS-270* Units 3 

ANTH 275 - Global Islam

This course examines the spread of Islam beyond its origins in the Middle East, and the cultural and social clashes, but also the mutual adjustments that have followed. This course explores core tenets of Islam, but also how its practices and beliefs are altered as practitioners in different countries alternately adopt, co-opt, massage, react to, and reject elements in accordance with the meaningful social, cultural, and political lives they build for themselves. The compatibility of Islam with Western society is often debated in contemporary public discourse. This debate is typically marked by an assumption that Islamic beliefs clash with Western secular democratic ideals, an assumption which results in tensions over mosque building, headscarves, and other public signs of Islamic faith. We will explore the diverse ways of being Muslim from a cross-cultural perspective and the sometimes-challenging negotiation of fulfilling these religious tenets while living in Muslim-minority places. Counts toward the International & Global Studies degree (Africa, Asia, Europe, and Middle East tracks), Soc-Anth degree (Cultural Anth track), Soc & Anth Minor, Cultural Anth Immersion. Units 3

ANTH 280 - Sustainable Development

The global economy has demonstrated extraordinary power in gathering resources from and distributing goods to the farthest reaches of the globe. At the same time there is an increase in inequality and in the numbers of poor and hungry, often associated with environmental degradation. These changes are especially obvious in cities, but not limited to them. Since 1987 there has been a concerted effort by the United Nations, as well as by non-governmental organizations, individuals, and some nation-states to explore paths of more sustainable development. This course explores varied strategies now employed to achieve sustainable development, with particular attention to less developed countries. Counts toward the Soc-Anth degree (Cultural Anthro track), International & Global Studies degree (Sustainable Futures track), Minor in Soc-Anth, Cult Anthro Immersion. Units 3

ANTH 285 - American Indian Languages

With a focus on the indigenous languages of the Americas, we explore language contact among peoples, study various writing systems and the sociolinguistic and cultural contexts in which these languages are spoken. Students learn how indigenous languages have been studied and classified. In addition to providing an overview of the languages' structural and typological attributes, we will also discover their histories as well as present-day challenges. Units 3

ANTH 290 - Language and Sexuality

In exploring the relationships between language and sexuality, we investigate the language used by members of sexual minority groups, discuss how sexual orientation shapes language use, and examine the role of language in the social construction of sexual identity. We will focus on several aspects of the language used by and about gay men, lesbians, and bisexual and transgendered people. Units 3

ANTH 301 - Social and Cultural Theory

This course explores influential classical and contemporary theories regarding society and culture. Students will assess the utility of different theories in addressing key enduring questions regarding human behavior, the organization of society, the nature of culture, the relationship between the individual and society, social control and social conflict, social groups and social hierarchy, the operation of power, cultural and social change, and the interplay between the global and the local. Theories will be marshaled to shed light on contemporary social and cultural phenomena and problems such as crime, violence, exploitation, modernity, and globalization. Cross-listed with SOCI-301. (Prerequisites: ANTH-102 or ANTH-102H or ANTH-103 or SOCI-102 or SOCI-103 or INGS-101 or equivalent course.) Units 3  

ANTH 302 - Qualitative Research

Learning about social and cultural groups is a complex and ethically sensitive process. This course explores common methods for social and cultural research. We evaluate the utility of such methods for different purposes and contexts, including cross-cultural contexts. We consider common ethical dilemmas in research with human subjects, the ethical responsibilities of researchers, and common techniques for minimizing risks to subjects. Counts toward the international and global studies degree; sociology and anthropology degree; sociology and anthropology minor. Cross-listed with SOCI-302. (Prerequisites: ANTH-102 or ANTH-102H or ANTH-103 or SOCI-102 or SOCI-103 or INGS-101 or equivalent course.) Units 3

ANTH 303 - Quantitative Research

The research conducted by sociologists and anthropologists generates large, complex data sets that are difficult to interpret subjectively. We will explore the basic quantitative tools that sociologists and anthropologists can use to understand these data sets and learn how to craft a research question and research design that utilize quantitative data, how to select appropriate quantitative techniques and apply them, how to present results, and how to critically evaluate quantitatively based knowledge claims. Counts toward the sociology and anthropology degree; sociology and anthropology minor. (Prerequisites: ANTH-102 or ANTH-102H or ANTH-103 or SOCI-102 or SOCI-103 or INGS-101 or equivalent course.) Units 3

ANTH 305 - Comparative and Historical Linguistics

All languages change through time, but how do they change? Where do these changes come from? In exploring traditional and contemporary approaches to historical linguistics, the study of language change,  we compare different languages, different dialects of the same language, or different historical stages of a particular language, and investigate the history of languages and also language groups (or families). We investigate hypotheses about the grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of languages long dead, and we explore how languages can give us insights to understanding human prehistory. Units 3

ANTH 310 - Popular Cultures in the Global South

For most people in Africa, participating in popular cultures may be the best or only means of political expression. Yet, here in the United States, we rarely, if ever, have access to these forms, nor are they sufficiently linked in our imaginations to political processes in Africa or around the world. Rather, ideas and images about Africa come to us through the lenses of American or European cultures and media, Conrad's Heart of Darkness, exotic depictions in National Geographic, or CNN images of massacres in the Sudan. These images and the discourses that frame them tend to distance us from African experiences and expressions. By contrast, students, in this course, will assess the links between popular cultures and politics, with special attention to anthropological theory about African colonial and postcolonial literature, music, oral and ritual expressive forms, and visual media, and the particular political contexts through which they emerge and are performed. Through the popular cultures of diverse African communities, we will assess the politicization of identity, and the relations of African communities to ethnic, national, religious and global networks. By the end of the course, students will have an understanding of the enormous impact of popular cultures through which Africans express political sentiments that might otherwise be suppressed. Units 3

ANTH 312 - People Before Cities

More than half the global population today lives in densely populated urban areas, which are further surrounded by complex networks of smaller communities. Yet, the earliest cities appeared less than 6,000 years ago, a small fraction of time since our species’ first appearance. The characteristics that define us as human were forged in radically different social universe from those of today. We lived our lives among not much more than 20-30 other people at any one time, hunting and gathering our food, and occasionally moving from place to place. This lifestyle was so successful and adaptable it endured pressures from more complex societies well into the 20th century. Understanding what life was like in such these small-scale societies is important because the material and social world in which they lived is the foundation for societies where food production, social hierarchy, and occupational specialization are the norm. This course will examine both the ethnographic and archaeological record of hunter/foragers from around the globe in an attempt to understand how it proved to be such a versatile and resilient way of life and how its successes, in fact, laid the foundation for social inequality, complexity, and food production. Units 3

ANTH 315 - The Archaeology of Cities

The long course of the human existence has been marked by a series of revolutions that have profoundly changed society and that ultimately produced the world we live in today. One of the key revolutions that made our world possible was the invention of urbanism. Cities first appeared in Mesopotamia about 6,000 years ago and since then have been independently invented in many different parts of the world. This course focuses on the pre/historical trajectories of urban development in different world regions, the multiple roles of cities, and their impact on the development of complex societies. We attempt to understand and explain how the city has developed and contributed to the constitution of modern society. Throughout the course we will work on developing a working definition of the city that encompasses urbanism in all its many forms. Units 3

ANTH 325 - Bodies and Culture

Our bodies are more than mere physical entities; they are conditioned by culture, society, and history. We will take a comparative approach to the cultural construction of bodies and the impact of ethnic, gender, and racial ideologies on body practices (i.e. surgical alteration, mutilation, beautification, surrogacy, erotica). We will critically investigate the global formation of normative discourses of the body (regarding sexuality, AIDS/illness, reproduction, fat/food) in medical science, consumer culture, and the mass media. The course features discussion, writing, and project oriented research, encouraging students to acquire a range of analytic skills through a combination of text interpretation and research. Counts toward the soc/anth degree (cultural anthro track), international and global studies degree, the minor in soc/anth, the minor in visual studies, the minor and immersion in women’s and gender studies, the immersion in cultural anthropology and the immersion in health and culture. Units 3

ANTH 328 - Heritage and Tourism

Tourism is a global industry and an important part of the human experience. There are many forces within tourism that act upon people’s lives, and in particular their environments, economies, cultural heritage, and identity. This course will explore tourism and its many dimensions. Beginning with an examination of kinds of tourism, this course unpacks tourism’s ancient trade and pilgrimage roots as well as its class dynamics of post-industrialization. Other aspects of tourism to be explored include strategies and effects of tourism development and production, nationalism and cultural identity, commoditization and marketing of culture and the ethics of development, labor and infrastructural changes, social inequalities, ecological impact, sustainable tourism, the experience of tourists, ritual and authenticity, and the relationship between tourists and tourism workers. This course provides opportunities for cross-cultural analysis of tourism sites, for participant-observation of the tourist experience, and for evaluation and recommendation of tourism site development in and around Rochester.

ANTH 330 - Cultural Images of War and Terror

This course critically examines the visual culture of war and terror in a global world from an anthropological perspective. Representations of violence are endlessly transmitted on television, on the internet, in print media, in cinema, and recreational games to become part of our everyday visual culture. Whether disseminated as news, documentary truth, or entertainment, the ubiquitous encounters with images of violence require a new form of visual literacy that not only highlights the intersection of the local and the global, but also recognizes the ways in which visual technologies, cultural politics of memory and history, media practices, and national ideologies intervene in the formation of a visual culture of war and terror. Units 3

ANTH 335 - Culture and Politics in Latin America

This course introduces cultures of Latin America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean in the context of political and economic forces that have shaped them. We examine Spanish and Portuguese colonialism and its modern-day legacies, including ethnic inequalities, economic vulnerability, and social unrest. We look at how art, music, and literature have engaged critically with the forces of fascism, revolution, socialism, dictatorship, and neo-colonialism. We consider indigenous activism, religious diversity, changing experiences and expectations of women and men, rebellion and revolution, impacts of and creative responses to globalization, and Latinos in the U.S. Units 3 

ANTH 340 - Divided Europe

As Europe strives for political and economic unity, we see a concurrent push toward inequality, exclusion, and marginalization: minorities, immigrants, refugees, Blacks, Muslims, Jews, Roma or Sinti, and women struggle against discrimination. Not only the legacy of colonialism but the revitalization of nationalism shape contemporary European cultural politics. Based on an anthropological perspective, this course examines ways in which we can understand a divided Europe through the intersections of race, ethnicity, class, gender, and religion. Counts toward the major in international and global studies, the major in anthropology and sociology. Units 3

ANTH 345 - Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice

The destruction and survival of societies often hinges upon the ideas and the social, cultural constructions of identity and belonging. When ideas fail to incorporate people, essentialist categories of identity, historical memory, and accounts of extreme violence become interrelated, potent sources of destruction. Slavery and exclusive ownership of resources leave people starving or living in perilously polluted environments. Globalizing cultural economies threaten local systems and self-representation. Group identities may be "sites" of crises within nation-states and global political, economic and cultural processes. In this course, we will take critical, anthropological approaches to studies of ethnocide, genocide and post-conflict justice. Students will use critical, anthropological approaches to assess ethnocides and genocides from the 19th century forced assimilation and slaughter of Native Americans and Amazonian Indians to more recent genocides in Cambodia, Bosnia, Rwanda, and the Sudan, to understand the impact of globalization on techniques and technologies of genocides, the legal, moral/personal responsibility for genocides, media representations of genocides, and the affects of cultural, historical memory and social, global inequities upon future genocides. Students will use anthropological perspectives on genocide to assess post-conflict concepts of justice, reconstruction and reconciliation and local-global debates about their cultural resonance and effectiveness. Units 3

ANTH 350 - The Global Economy and the Grassroots

Economic globalization has given birth to global, grassroots social movements. This course examines how global economic integration is brought about through multilateral institutions, multinational corporations, outsourcing, trade agreements, international lending, and neoliberal reforms. We consider impacts (cultural, economic, and health) of these trends on employees, farmers, small businesses, consumers, and the environment in the developed and developing worlds (with special emphasis on Latin America). We examine beliefs, alternative visions, and strategies of grassroots movements responding to these challenges. (This class is restricted to undergraduate students with at least 2nd year standing). Units 3 

ANTH 360 - Humans and Their Environment

Humans and their societies have always been shaped by their environment, but as human societies became more complex, their relationship with their environment changed from one of simple adaptation to one in which they had the power to change their environment. Often, the changes they have wrought have had unintended consequences, forcing societies to adapt to the changes that they themselves have brought about. Although we tend to think that this is a relatively recent phenomenon, humans have been altering their environment since the first human societies made the transition to agriculture over ten thousand years ago, if not longer. In this class, we will use the tools of environmental archaeology to explore the history of human interactions with their environments and to draw lessons on how we could manage that interaction today. (Prerequisite: ANTH-103 or equivalent course.) Units 3

ANTH 365 - Culture and Politics in the Middle East

With a focus on everyday life in families, communities, and nations, we examine the diverse cultures and peoples of the Middle East in the context of political and economic forces that have shaped their lives in the past and present. We examine European colonialism and its modern-day legacies, including ethnic inequalities, economic vulnerability, labor migration, urbanism, and social unrest. We look at how art, music, oral traditions, and literatures have engaged critically with the forces of political change and neo-colonialism. We consider political activism, religious diversity, changing experiences and expectations of women and men, rebellion, revolution, and war, and the impacts of and creative responses to globalization. The cultural, political, social, and religious dynamics of Middle Eastern peoples will be discussed from a humanistic perspective. Units 3

ANTH 370 - Media and Globalization

The cultural importance of mass media has undergone tremendous growth in the context of globalization. Analysis of the global flows of media images across national borders, emphasises the cultural, social, and political impact of global media culture on communities in different parts of the world. How, for example, do mass media represent or shape cultural values and beliefs in developing societies?  What is the role of mass media in forging national and ethnic identities, body images, cultural constructs of sexuality and gender, and the perceptions of war and violence in different societies? (Prerequisite: INGS-101 or ANTH-102 or equivalent course.) Units 3 

ANTH 375 - Native American Cultural Resources and Rights

Indian nations have substantial interests in access to and control of their cultural resources. In addition to land, those resources may include objects, traditions, and symbols. Many of those interests may be treated under tribal, federal, and/or international law as forms of property (including access to sacred sites, possession of funerary objects, masks); intangible resources (such as intellectual property of tribal names, symbols, stories), and/or liberty interests (including religious freedom, preservation of tribal languages, customs, Indian arts and crafts). Classroom lectures will be supplemented with round-table discussions and instructions by museum professionals, guest speakers, and Native American representatives. At the conclusion of the course, students will comprehend the breadth of federal legislation regulating tribal cultural resources as well as the complex legal and social issues facing museums, academic institutions, and the community. Units 3 

ANTH 380 - Nationalism and Identity

Nationalism is often described in terms of strong sentiments and acts of self-determination on the part of members of a nation as distinct from the state that is necessarily a territorially and politically defined entity. This course will explore leading theories related to the origins of contemporary nationalism and nationalism's importance within the context of state societies, especially in Europe. The past as an invented historical or imagined reality will be highlighted, as invented pasts contribute to claims for exclusive national culture and both exclusive and contested identities. The relationships between culture, literacy, and capitalism will be applied to understanding select historical and ethnographic cases of nationalism. Units 3 

ANTH 385 - Anthropology and History

The relationship between anthropology and history is not always self-evident due to cultural anthropology being focused largely on living peoples and cultures and history’s focus on the past, yet the two share similarites of method and theory. We utilize the careful analysis of select texts serves to raise critical questions concerning the theoretical and methodological similarities and differences between the two disciplines as well as the potential contributions of anthropology and history to critical scholarship and writing. (Prerequisite: one course in Anthropology (ANTH), Sociology (SOCI) or History (HIST)) Units 3

ANTH 390 - Marxist Perspectives

This course will provide a critical analysis and historical overview of the Marxist tradition in anthropology and sociology. Special attention will be given to comparing the various Marxist schools as well as outlining the neo-Marxist project and its importance for a cultural refiguration of Marxist perspectives in the social sciences. (Prerequisites: ANTH-102 or ANTH-102H or SOCI-102 or equivalent course). Units 3

ANTH 410 - Global Cities

This course examines the impact of global dynamics on cities from the early twentieth century to the present. By tracing urban formations from metropolis to global city, emphasis will be placed on the making of identities, communities, and citizens in the architectural spaces, cultural places, ethnic zones, and media traces of urban life in the context of globalization. Units 3

ANTH 415 - Archaeological Science

Archaeology is one of the few social sciences that lends itself well to the application of analytical techniques from the physical sciences. This is due to the fact that archaeology relies primarily on physical evidence; artifacts and features, whose origin, composition, age, manner of production can be elucidated through application of the physical sciences. This course examines the application of physical science techniques to archaeological questions, including the age and origin of materials; how things are made; what people ate; their daily activities; and their state of health throughout their life. The course will include in-class labs in which students have the opportunity to apply some of these techniques and a final research project in which the student picks their own archaeological question to answer. Units 3

ANTH 420 - Exploring Ancient Technology

While it is commonplace to describe the present era as one dominated by technology, humans have been critically dependent on technology for as long as we have existed as a species. Some of today's key technologies such as ceramics, woodworking, textiles, glass, and metals, were invented before the dawn of recorded history. In this class, we will explore these ancient technologies; how they came to be invented, how they evolved, and how they were integrated into the social and economic life of ancient and modern peoples. This course features lectures and readings on ancient technology and experimental archaeology. Key concepts and themes will be explored in a series of hands-on labs in which students will seek to replicate, and understand, a variety of ancient technologies. The course concludes with either, an individual project, such as replicating a particular artifact or process, or a class project, such as building and using a Mesopotamian glass furnace. Units 3

ANTH 425 - Global Sexualities

By exploring issues of gender and sexuality in a global context, students will be introduced to anthropological perspectives on the experience of men and women, as gendered subjects, in different societies and historical contexts, including colonialism, nationalism, and global capitalism. In turn, we will explore how cultural constructions of masculinity and femininity are configured by race, class, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Course materials are drawn from an array of sources, reflecting various theoretical perspectives and ethnographic views from different parts of the world. Units 3

ANTH 430 - Visual Anthropology

We see others as we imagine them to be, in terms of our values, not as they see themselves. This course examines ways in which we understand and represent the reality of others through visual media, across the boundaries of culture, gender, and race. It considers how and why visual media can be used to represent or to distort the world around us. Pictorial media, in particular ethnographic film and photography, are analyzed to document the ways in which indigenous and native peoples in different parts of the world have been represented and imagined by anthropologists and western popular culture. Part of the major in international and global studies; the major in anthropology and sociology. Units 3

ANTH 435 - The Archaeology of Death

Death and burial are how most individuals enter the archaeological record. Human remains, their manner of mortuary treatment, and associated material culture illuminate past patterns of social organization, economics, belief systems, health, and the negotiation of gender, status, and identity. In this course we explore the scientific and theoretical tools used to analyze and interpret past mortuary practices, survey mortuary practices from their first occurrence in the archaeological record to the relatively recent past, and what human remains can tell us about changes in the human experience over time and space. We will learn how human remains are identified, how determinations of age, sex, biological affiliation, health, and injury are made; how to interpret formation processes and determine if burial is deliberate, accidental, or forensic, to interpret associated material culture to understand the negotiation of gender and status; how humans have cared for the deceased members of their societies at different times and places in the human past; and the ethics of studying human mortuary remains. The archaeology of death provides us with one of our few windows onto the life of the individual in the past. Units 3

ANTH 455 - Economics of Native America

This course will analyze current and historic economic issues faced by Native Americans. It will also examine government policies enacted by and directed toward Native Americans with a focus on their economic implications. This will be done using standard economic models of the labor market, poverty, trade, development and gaming. (Prerequisite: ECON-101 or equivalent course.) Units 3

ANTH 489 - Special Topics

This course introduces a topic new to the Sociology and Anthropology curriculum. Topic varies by semester. Counts toward the Soc/Anth Minor. Units 3

ANTH 498 – Practicum

Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. The Practicum may consist of internship, study abroad, or archaeological or ethnographic field school (consisting of at least 160 hours, completed over at least 4 weeks). (This class is restricted to undergraduate students with at least 3rd year standing.) Units 0-16 

ANTH 499 - Co-op

Paid work experience in a field related to anthropology (at least 160 hours of work, completed over at least four weeks). Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. (This class is restricted to undergraduate students with at least 3rd year standing). Units 0 

ANTH 501 - Senior Research Project

Students will design and conduct a library-based research project with supervision of a faculty member, bringing to bear the knowledge and theoretical perspectives accumulated during the prior years of study. (Prerequisites: ANTH-201 or ANTH-301 or ANTH-302 or ANTH-303 or equivalent courses and 4th year standing.) Units 3 

ANTH 502 - Scholar's Thesis I

This is the first course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in anthropology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this first course, working with a thesis adviser, students will formulate a research question, conduct a literature review, prepare the research design, and begin data collection, following the conventions of cultural anthropology, archaeology, or urban studies. (This class is restricted to undergraduate students with at least 4th year standing.) Units 3 

ANTH 503 - Scholar's Thesis II

This is the second course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in anthropology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this second course, working with a thesis advisor, students will finalize data collection, analyze the data, write and defend a thesis paper, following the conventions of the discipline. (Prerequisites: ANTH-502 or equivalent course.) Units 3 

ANTH 599 - Independent Study

The student explores in depth a topic of choice, under supervision of a faculty member. The student will typically meet weekly with the instructor to discuss the readings and will write paper(s) that synthesize and critique them, or the student may work with the faculty member on original research. (Enrollment in this course requires permission from the department offering the course.) Units 1-12