ANTH 102 - Cultural Anthropology

Human beings across the globe live and work according to different values and beliefs. Students will develop the tools for acquiring knowledge, awareness, and appreciation of cultural differences, and in turn enhance their abilities to interact across cultures. The course accomplishes these aims by examining the relationship between individuals and their communities, and the dynamics of ritual, religious, political, and social life in different parts of the world. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 102H - Honors Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology is the holistic science of the human condition, and professional anthropologists engage in experiential, empirical and humanistic research. Cultural diversity and change are explored through the anthropological techniques of immersion (ethnographic fieldwork) and cross-cultural analysis. In-depth and comparative analysis of critical issues may include transnational migration, ethnic nationalism, racism, changing and clashing views on gender and sexuality, indigenous peoples rights, religious fundamentalism, genocide, war, hunger, famine and cultural and economic dimensions of globalization. The specific topic varies from year to year. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 103 - Archaeology and the Human Past

Archaeology is the study of the human past, from the origin of our species through to the development of modern, industrial states by means of the physical remains of past human behavior. In studying the past, archaeology seeks to explain how we, as modern humans, came to be. This course investigates how archaeologists study the past, explains how human society has changed over time, and presents an overview of world prehistory. Specific topics include the evolution of modern humans, the peopling of the world, the development of agriculture, the rise of state-level societies and associated social technologies such as writing and urbanism. Case studies will be used throughout to demonstrate how archaeological research is conducted and how archaeologists use their research to formulate explanations of the past that have relevance for the present. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 104 - Language and Linguistics

Language has a crucial role in our lives as a functional system of human communication. Language is central to our cultures and societies. This course provides an introduction to the field of linguistics. It considers both how language is described and analyzed by linguists and how evidence from language can shed light on a variety of social, cultural, and cognitive phenomena. The course provides an orientation both to human language and the field of linguistics. It introduces the languages of the world, how languages have been described, the diversity in language structure, the issue of language endangerment and death, and the efforts to document and preserve the world’s languages, among other topics. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 110 - On the Cutting Edge: Research & Theory in the 21st Century (WI)

Research is the primary pathway to theory formation in the social sciences. This course focuses on how ideas about social life emerge through research in sociology and anthropology. This course is designed as a seminar, in which students discover how scholars in these disciplines formulate research questions in relationship to theory and issues of public concern. Writing Intensive - Program; Writing Intensive - General Education. Lecture, Credits 3.

ANTH 151 - Honors First Year Seminar: Exploring Food, Drink, and Place

This course introduces students to the relations between food, drink and place.  Food production, circulation and consumption will be examined critically through examining their local and global import and the assumptions that inform different food systems. Alternatives to industrialized food will be explored through both organic foods and the slow food revolution.  Other themes to be examined will be food and identity, social class and gender in particular.  Students will have the opportunity to sample diverse cuisines and to discuss their relation to both place and culture.  Field trips will be taken to the Rochester Public Market and to various Rochester urban gardens. Lecture, Credits 3.

ANTH 201 - Ethnographic Imagination: Writing about Society and Culture (WI)

This course explores the politics and poetics of writing about society and culture. Writing is a form of power, in that our representations of people influence the way that others think about and act toward them. The way that social researchers write is therefore shot through with ethical implications and weighty decisions. Critical issues include whether people are objectified, cast as wholly Other, culture-bound or creative, out of the past or coeval, racialized or of a common humanity, problematic or multifaceted, passive or agentive, mystified or perceptive, and mechanical or extraordinary. Writing about society and culture is also poetic. We can convey something of people's life experiences, thoughts, agency, and the constraints within which they lead their lives. How well we do so depends upon our ethical reflexivity and attention to the poetics of language. In this course, we will consider these ethical questions, read experimental texts, and discuss how writing style implicitly conveys social theory. Writing Intensive - General Education. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 210 - Culture and Globalization

By exploring critical issues of globalizing culture, we examine how ideas, attitudes, and values are exchanged or transmitted across conventional borders. How has the production, articulation, and dissemination of cultural forms (images, languages, practices, beliefs) been shaped by global capitalism, media industries, communication technologies, migration, and tourist travels? How are cultural imaginaries forged, exchanged, and circulated among a global consumer public? How has the internationalizing of news, computer technologies, video-sharing websites, blogging sites, and other permutations of instant messaging served to accelerate cultural globalization? Students will be introduced to anthropological perspectives on cultural globalization, the transmission of culture globally, and the subsequent effects on social worlds, peoples, communities, and nations. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 215 - Field Methods in Archaeology

This course introduces students to the methods of archaeological fieldwork. The course begins with the students development of a research question and design. We then explore the feasibility of this research through the examination of sampling techniques, site survey, and excavation. Field methods of recording, photography and artifact conservation will also be discussed. Students will be able to analyze the usefulness of the field techniques in light of the archaeological scientific methods for dating, and organic and inorganic analyses. Students should emerge from the course understanding the values of the techniques necessary for proper archaeological excavation towards the reconstruction of the past and the development of an understanding of our present. Lab, Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 220 - Language and Culture

This introductory course in linguistic anthropology surveys the great variety of ways humans communicate both verbally and non-verbally with an emphasis on cross-cultural communication. The course explores the complex interplay between language and culture. Language is a core element of culture, both as a repository of meaning, and also because it is the primary means through which humans carry out social relationships, share ideas, and contest received understandings. Topics will vary by semester, and may include: metaphor and narrative; language acquisition in relationship to childhood socialization; language, thought and worldview; language and identity; multilingualism; the social contexts of language change; literacy; and the politics of language use and language ideologies. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 225 - Globalizing Africa

This course introduces students to processes of interconnection, local, regional, national and global, that have altered and continue to impact life in Africa, taking into account the enormous impact of Africans on one another and on those of us living outside of the continent. In the course, we will focus on how past, present and anticipated future events in African movements of people, ideas and things, across time and space effect the reception of new events. We will pay particularly close attention to how the relationships of time and space are formulated and understood by Africans in the present. While the historical past is never completed, but continuous in the present, its diverse contours lead to differently remembered, embodied, and enacted expressions. We will evaluate these diverse expressions in pre-colonial, colonial and neo-colonial encounters as they have changed ideas of self and other, political philosophies and political economic systems, genders and sexualities, generational relations, religions, expressive arts, violence, and health on the African continent and around the globe. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 230 - Archaeology and Cultural Imagination: History, Interpretation, and Popular Culture

People have been interested in their ancestors and the lives of past people likely for as long as we have been human. But this interest has rarely been disinterested. People have exploited, destroyed, or ignored the remains of previous societies. And how the past is understood has profound effects that ripple through all of society, at different times influencing group identity, political philosophy, art, architecture, literature, and film. The emergence of scientific archaeology in the last 150 years has created its own cultural references, including Indiana Jones and Lara Croft. Each semester this course is offered, a specific topic will examine the cultural context in which archaeologists do their work, what is made of their efforts, and how these are related to larger issues in society. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 235 - Immigration to the U.S.

This course examines immigration to the U.S. within the context of globalization. We examine the push- and pull-factors that generate immigration, and changing immigration policies and debates. We consider how changes in the American workplace have stimulated the demand for foreign workers in a wide range of occupations, from software engineer to migrant farmworker and nanny. We review the cultural and emotional challenges of adapting within the American cultural landscape; transnationalism and connections with the homeland; the experiences of refugees; and how immigration has changed since 9/11. Special attention is given to immigration from Latin America, the largest sending region. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 245 - Ritual and Performance

The worlds cultural diversity is most vividly and dynamically displayed through ritual and festival. Ritual is anything but superfluous; rather, some of the most important work of culture is accomplished through the perfor-mance of ritual. Through cross-cultural comparison, by way of readings and films, we explore the following dimensions of ritual: symbols, embodiment, emotion, discipline, contestation of tradition and authenticity, and the orchestration of birth, childhood socialization, gender, maturation, marriage, community, hierarchy, world renewal, and death. Written expression is enhanced through drafting, revision, and peer review. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 250 - Themes in Archaeological Research

One of the most fascinating dimensions of archaeology is the discovery that people have done essentially the same things in different places and different times, independently of developments elsewhere. Agriculture, writing, urbanism, complex economies, and so on, all have been independently invented multiple times in different parts of the world. This fact raises some intriguing questions about what it means to be human. By comparing how these developments occurred in different places and times, archaeologists can, in a sense, perform experiments on the past. Each semester this course is offered we will focus on a separate theme in archaeological research, such as the transition to agriculture; production, trade, and exchange; the origin of writing; imperialism, colonialism, and warfare; pseudoscience/pseudoarchaeology; or human evolution. We will study competing theoretical perspectives and different world regions to gain a broad understanding of the theme and how both theory and data are used to create a comprehensive understanding of the human past. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 255 - Regional Archaeology

Since the first humans set out from Africa nearly two million years ago, our ancestors and relatives managed to settle in almost every continent. Wherever they went, they left traces of their lives that are tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of years deep. We call these traces the archaeological record. Almost everywhere our ancestors settled, they did many of the same things, such as inventing agriculture, cities, writing, and state-level societies. However, they did this in ways unique to each region and time. This course examines the archaeology of a specific region, such as Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, North Africa, or East Asia, in detail. We examine the geography, culture, archaeological record, and significance of the region to various key themes in archaeological research. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 260 - Native North Americans

This course examines the persistence and change in Native American cultures using archaeological, ethnohistorical, socioeconomic, ethnographic, linguistic, and autobiographical sources among others. In addition to broad regional and historical coverage, we will read about and discuss culture change, colonialism, federal law, gender, race and places in Native American contexts. Our goal is to understand the lived experiences of Indian people and the many forces that shape Native American lives. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 265 - Native Americans in Film

This course will examine the parallels of anthropological works and resulting Government policies in the late-19th and 20th centuries as they relate to the genre of Native Americans film, both popular and ethnographic works. In addition, an extensive regional and historical literature review will complement the possible films. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 270 - Cuisine, Culture and Power

Physically, culturally, and socially, humans live through food and drink. Spanning the globe, as nearly limitless omnivores, humans have developed myriad ways of collecting and cultivating food and taking advantage of local environments. We also put food to work for us socially by creating cuisine. Through cuisine, we forge and nourish relationships, commune with deities, and through luxury choices, demonstrate our "taste" and lay claim to elite status. Through the cultural practices of production and consumption of food and drink, we wield power. Food and drink consumption patterns have sustained slavery, poverty, malnutrition, and illegal immigration, and have laid waste to the environment. In this class, we explore physical, cultural, social, political, and economic dimensions of food and become more aware of how the private, intimate act of a bite connects us to the rest of humanity. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 275 - Global Islam

This course examines the spread of Islam beyond its origins in the Middle East, and the cultural and social clashes, but also the mutual adjustments that have followed. This course explores core tenets of Islam, but also how its practices and beliefs are altered as practitioners in different countries alternately adopt, co-opt, massage, react to, and reject elements in accordance with the meaningful social, cultural, and political lives they build for themselves. The compatibility of Islam with Western society is often debated in contemporary public discourse. This debate is typically marked by an assumption that Islamic beliefs clash with Western secular democratic ideals, an assumption which results in tensions over mosque building, headscarves, and other public signs of Islamic faith. We will explore the diverse ways of being Muslim from a cross-cultural perspective and the sometimes-challenging negotiation of fulfilling these religious tenets while living in Muslim-minority places. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 280 - Sustainable Development

The global economy has demonstrated extraordinary power in gathering resources from and distributing goods to the farthest reaches of the globe. At the same time there is an increase in inequality and in the numbers of poor and hungry, often associated with environmental degradation. These changes are especially obvious in cities, but not limited to them. Since 1987 there has been a concerted effort by the United Nations, as well as by non-governmental organizations, individuals, and some nation-states to explore paths of more sustainable development. This course explores varied strategies now employed to achieve sustainable development, with particular attention to less developed countries. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 285 - American Indian Languages

With a focus on the indigenous languages of the Americas, we explore language contact among peoples, study various writing systems and the sociolinguistic and cultural contexts in which these languages are spoken. Students learn how indigenous languages have been studied and classified. In addition to providing an overview of the languages' structural and typological attributes, we will also discover their histories as well as present-day challenges. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 290 - Language, Sex, and Sexuality

This course explores the relationships between language, gender, sex and sexuality. We will investigate the language used by members of sexual minority groups, discuss how sexual orientation shapes language use, and examine the role of language in the social construction of sexual identity. We will focus on several aspects of the language used by and about gay men, lesbians, and bisexual and transgendered people. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 301 - Social and Cultural Theory

This course explores influential classical and contemporary theories regarding society and culture. Students will assess the utility of different theories in addressing key enduring questions regarding human behavior, the organization of society, the nature of culture, the relationship between the individual and society, social control and social conflict, social groups and social hierarchy, the operation of power, cultural and social change, and the interplay between the global and the local. Theories will be marshaled to shed light on contemporary social and cultural phenomena and problems such as crime, violence, exploitation, modernity, and globalization. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 302 - Qualitative Research

Learning about social and cultural groups is a complex and ethically sensitive process. We explore common qualitative research methods for social and cultural research. We evaluate the utility of such methods for different purposes and contexts, including cross-cultural contexts. We consider common ethical dilemmas in research with human subjects, the ethical responsibilities of researchers, and common techniques for minimizing risks to subjects. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 303 - Statistics in the Social Sciences

The research conducted by sociologists and anthropologists generates large, complex data sets that are difficult to interpret subjectively. We will explore the basic quantitative tools that sociologists and anthropologists can use to understand these data sets and learn how to craft a research question and research design that utilize quantitative data, how to select appropriate quantitative techniques and apply them, how to present results, and how to critically evaluate quantitatively based knowledge claims. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 305 - Investigating Language Change

This course explores traditional and contemporary approaches to historical linguistics, the study of language change. All languages change through time, but how they change? where these changes come from? In this course, we compare different languages, different dialects of the same language, or different historical stages of a particular language, and investigate the history of languages and also language groups (or families). We investigate hypotheses about the grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of languages long dead, and explore how languages can give us insights to understanding human prehistory. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 310 - African Popular Cultures

For most people in Africa, participating in popular cultures may be the best or only means of political expression. Yet, here in the United States, we rarely, if ever, have access to these forms, nor are they sufficiently linked in our imaginations to political processes in Africa or around the world. Rather, ideas and images about Africa come to us through the lenses of American or European cultures and media, Conrad's Heart of Darkness, exotic depictions in National Geographic, or CNN images of massacres in the Sudan. These images and the discourses that frame them tend to distance us from African experiences and expressions. By contrast, students, in this course, will assess the links between popular cultures and politics, with special attention to anthropological theory about African colonial and postcolonial literature, music, oral and ritual expressive forms, and visual media, and the particular political contexts through which they emerge and are performed. Through the popular cultures of diverse African communities, we will assess the politicization of identity, and the relations of African communities to ethnic, national, religious and global networks. By the end of the course, students will have an understanding of the enormous impact of popular cultures through which Africans express political sentiments that might otherwise be suppressed. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 312 - People Before Cities

More than half the global population today lives in densely populated urban areas, which are further surrounded by complex networks of smaller communities. Yet, the earliest cities appeared less than 6,000 years ago, a small fraction of time since our species first appearance. The characteristics that define us as human were forged in radically different social universe from those of today. We lived our lives among not much more than 20-30 other people at any one time, hunting and gathering our food, and occasionally moving from place to place. This lifestyle was so successful and adaptable it endured pressures from more complex societies well into the 20th century. Understanding what life was like in such these small-scale societies is important because the material and social world in which they lived is the foundation for societies where food production, social hierarchy, and occupational specialization are the norm. This course will examine both the ethnographic and archaeological record of hunter/foragers from around the globe in an attempt to understand how it proved to be such a versatile and resilient way of life and how its successes, in fact, laid the foundation for social inequality, complexity, and food production. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 315 - The Archaeology of Cities

The long course of the human existence has been marked by a series of revolutions that have profoundly changed society and that ultimately produced the world we live in today. One of the key revolutions that made our world possible was the invention of urbanism. Cities first appeared in Mesopotamia about 6,000 years ago and since then have been independently invented in many different parts of the world. This course focuses on the pre/historical trajectories of urban development in different world regions, the multiple roles of cities, and their impact on the development of complex societies. We attempt to understand and explain how the city has developed and contributed to the constitution of modern society. Throughout the course we will work on developing a working definition of the city that encompasses urbanism in all its many forms. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 320 - Practicing Anthropology

Practicing anthropologists use the methods, knowledge, and perspectives of anthropology to help address social problems and to enhance people’s sense of well-being. Practicing anthropologists often work for government or not-for-profit agencies on projects that are sensitive to and respectful of cultural differences, oriented to agendas ideally set by community members themselves. Other practicing anthropologists may work for companies, helping them to manage equitable workplaces and design culturally appropriate communications, services, and products. Practicing anthropologists work in a wide variety of areas, including agricultural development, public health, parks and museums, tourism, libraries and archives, education, refugee resettlement, multicultural programming, community outreach and engagement, inclusion of marginalized populations such as seniors and those with disabilities, cultural resource management, conflict resolution, and advocacy. As global communication and transportation networks bring people of different cultural backgrounds together at an unprecedented pace, anthropologists can bridge worlds and foster mutual understanding, peaceable interactions, and projects of mutual benefit. Older “applied anthropology” projects were criticized as colonialist impositions of values and ways of life. Consequently, this course examines the ethical pitfalls of practicing anthropology and students will assess strategies that safeguard people’s dignity, privacy, and rights, including the right to self-determination. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 325 - Bodies and Culture

This course examines the body in culture, society, and history. The course material draws on comparative approaches to the cultural construction of bodies, and the impact of ethnic, gender, racial ideologies on body practices (i.e. surgical alteration, mutilation, beautification, surrogacy, erotica). We will critically investigate the global formation of normative discourses of the body (regarding sexuality, AIDS/illness, reproduction, fat/food) in medical science, consumer culture, and the mass media. The course will be discussion, writing, and project oriented, encouraging students to acquire a range of analytic skills through a combination of text interpretation and research. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 328 - Heritage and Tourism

Tourism is a global industry and an important part of the human experience. There are many forces within tourism that act upon people’s lives, and in particular their environments, economies, cultural heritage, and identity. This course will explore tourism and its many dimensions. Beginning with an examination of kinds of tourism, this course unpacks tourism’s ancient trade and pilgrimage roots as well as its class dynamics of post-industrialization. Other aspects of tourism to be explored include strategies and effects of tourism development and production, nationalism and cultural identity, commoditization and marketing of culture and the ethics of development, labor and infrastructural changes, social inequalities, ecological impact, sustainable tourism, the experience of tourists, ritual and authenticity, and the relationship between tourists and tourism workers. This course provides opportunities for cross-cultural analysis of tourism sites, for participant-observation of the tourist experience, and for evaluation and recommendation of tourism site development in and around Rochester. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 330 - Cultural Images of War and Terror

This course critically examines the visual culture of war and terror in a global world from an anthropological perspective. Representations of violence are endlessly transmitted on television, on the internet, in print media, in cinema, and recreational games to become part of our everyday visual culture. Whether disseminated as news, documentary truth, or entertainment, the ubiquitous encounters with images of violence require a new form of visual literacy that not only highlights the intersection of the local and the global, but also recognizes the ways in which visual technologies, cultural politics of memory and history, media practices, and national ideologies intervene in the formation of a visual culture of war and terror. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 335 - Culture and Politics in Latin America

This course introduces cultures of Latin America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean in the context of political and economic forces that have shaped them. We examine Spanish and Portuguese colonialism and its modern-day legacies, including ethnic inequalities, economic vulnerability, and social unrest. We look at how art, music, and literature have engaged critically with the forces of fascism, revolution, socialism, dictatorship, and neo-colonialism. We consider indigenous activism, religious diversity, changing experiences and expectations of women and men, rebellion and revolution, impacts of and creative responses to globalization, and Latinos in the U.S. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 345 - Genocide and Post-Conflict Justice

The destruction and survival of societies often hinges upon the ideas and the social, cultural constructions of identity and belonging. When ideas fail to incorporate people, essentialist categories of identity, historical memory, and accounts of extreme violence become interrelated, potent sources of destruction. Slavery and exclusive ownership of resources leave people starving or living in perilously polluted environments. Globalizing cultural economies threaten local systems and self-representation. Group identities may be "sites" of crises within nation-states and global political, economic and cultural processes. In this course, we will take critical, anthropological approaches to studies of ethnocide, genocide and post-conflict justice. Students will use critical, anthropological approaches to assess ethnocides and genocides from the 19th century forced assimilation and slaughter of Native Americans and Amazonian Indians to more recent genocides in Cambodia, Bosnia, Rwanda, and the Sudan, to understand the impact of globalization on techniques and technologies of genocides, the legal, moral/personal responsibility for genocides, media representations of genocides, and the affects of cultural, historical memory and social, global inequities upon future genocides. Students will use anthropological perspectives on genocide to assess post-conflict concepts of justice, reconstruction and reconciliation and local-global debates about their cultural resonance and effectiveness. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 350 - The Global Economy and the Grassroots

Economic globalization has given birth to global, grassroots social movements. This course examines how global economic integration is brought about through multilateral institutions, multinational corporations, outsourcing, trade agreements, international lending, and neoliberal reforms. We consider impacts (cultural, economic, and health) of these trends on employees, farmers, small businesses, consumers, and the environment in the developed and developing worlds (with special emphasis on Latin America). We examine beliefs, alternative visions, and strategies of grassroots movements responding to these challenges. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 360 - Humans and Their Environment

Humans and their societies have always been shaped by their environment, but as human societies became more complex, their relationship with their environment changed from one of simple adaptation to one in which they had the power to change their environment. Often, the changes they have wrought have had unintended consequences, forcing societies to adapt to the changes that they themselves have brought about. Although we tend to think that this is a relatively recent phenomenon, humans have been altering their environment since the first human societies made the transition to agriculture over ten thousand years ago, if not longer. In this class, we will use the tools of environmental archaeology to explore the history of human interactions with their environments and to draw lessons on how we could manage that interaction today. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 361 - Digitizing People

A number of groups have been assigned the label of “other” within the American social hierarchy.  Why have some of these sub-populations been able to shed this stigma? How do our definitions for racial, ethnic and gender identities relate to the political and data collection process used to categorize the U.S. population? The U.S. has conducted a regular census since 1790 and provided one way to examine these issues.  Students learn about the changes made to Census definitions for identity categories and data collection process along with the political environment prior that led to that change. Theories of identity formation combine with social science survey research methods and an understanding of U.S. history to provide a foundation for understanding demographic changes that have taken place within the U.S. population and of the data used to develop public policy and conduct research. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 365 - Islamic Culture and the Middle East

This interdisciplinary course focuses on introducing the fundamentals of the Middle East (a region which includes North Africa), with an emphasis on Islam, to students with little or no prior background in the region or the culture. The framework of Islam is used to explore the significance of how religion -- with its prescriptions for and proscriptions against certain behaviors and societal and cultural norms -- constructs and shapes ways of knowing and understanding material and performance culture. The four themes to be addressed include: (1) Foundations of Islam, (2) Islamic Law and Islamic Sects, (3) Material and Performance Culture in Islam, and (4) Islamic Culture and the West. The rationale for this course is to help students recognize and interpret fundamental concepts of Islamic cultures, to demonstrate how Islamic culture has shaped technologies used in the Middle East, to encourage students' independent thinking about topical events concerning Islam and the Middle East within their historical perspective, and to inspire students to examine how their own cultures change and adapt to the various current global situations involving the Middle East. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 370 - Media and Globalization

This course examines the cultural importance of mass media in the context of globalization. By analyzing the global flows of media images across national borders, emphasis is given to the cultural, social, and political impact of global media culture on communities in different parts of the world. How, for example, do mass media represent or shape cultural values and beliefs in developing societies? What is the role of mass media in forging national and ethnic identities, body images, cultural constructs of sexuality and gender, and the perceptions of war and violence in different societies? Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 375 - Native American Repatriation

Indian nations have substantial interests in access to and control of their cultural resources. In addition to land, those resources may include objects, traditions, and symbols. Many of those interests may be treated under tribal, federal, and/or international law as forms of property (including access to sacred sites, possession of funerary objects, masks); intangible resources (such as intellectual property of tribal names, symbols, stories), and/or liberty interests (including religious freedom, preservation of tribal languages, customs, Indian arts and crafts). Classroom lectures will be supplemented with round-table discussions and instructions by museum professionals, guest speakers, and Native American representatives. At the conclusion of the course, students will comprehend the breadth of federal legislation regulating tribal cultural resources as well as the complex legal and social issues facing museums, academic institutions, and the community. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 380 - Nationalism and Identity

Nationalism is often described in terms of strong sentiments and acts of self-determination on the part of members of a nation as distinct from the state that is necessarily a territorially and politically defined entity. This course will explore leading theories related to the origins of contemporary nationalism and nationalism's importance within the context of state societies, especially in Europe. The past as an invented historical or imagined reality will be highlighted, as invented pasts contribute to claims for exclusive national culture and both exclusive and contested identities. The relationships between culture, literacy, and capitalism will be applied to understanding select historical and ethnographic cases of nationalism. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 385 - Anthropology and History

The relationship between anthropology and history is not always self-evident due to cultural anthropology being focused largely on living peoples and cultures and historys focus on the past, yet the two share similarities of method and theory. We utilize the careful analysis of select texts serves to raise critical questions concerning the theoretical and methodological similarities and differences between the two disciplines as well as the potential contributions of anthropology and history to critical scholarship and writing. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 390 - Marxist Perspectives

This course will provide a critical analysis and historical overview of the Marxist tradition in anthropology and sociology. Special attention will be given to comparing the various Marxist schools as well as outlining the neo-Marxist project and its importance for a cultural refiguration of Marxist perspectives in the social sciences. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 410 - Global Cities

This course examines the impact of global dynamics on cities from the early twentieth century to the present. By tracing urban formations from metropolis to global city, emphasis will be placed on the making of identities, communities, and citizens in the architectural spaces, cultural places, ethnic zones, and media traces of urban life in the context of globalization. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 415 - Archaeological Science

Archaeology is one of the few social sciences that lends itself well to the application of analytical techniques from the physical sciences. This is due to the fact that archaeology relies primarily on physical evidence; artifacts and features, whose origin, composition, age, manner of production can be elucidated through application of the physical sciences. This course examines the application of physical science techniques to archaeological questions, including the age and origin of materials; how things are made; what people ate; their daily activities; and their state of health throughout their life. The course will include in-class labs in which students have the opportunity to apply some of these techniques and a final research project in which the student picks their own archaeological question to answer. Lab 2, Lecture 2, Credits 3

ANTH 420 - Exploring Ancient Technology

While it is commonplace to describe the present era as one dominated by technology, humans have been critically dependent on technology for as long as we have existed as a species. Some of today's key technologies such as ceramics, woodworking, textiles, glass, and metals, were invented before the dawn of recorded history. In this class, we will explore these ancient technologies; how they came to be invented, how they evolved, and how they were integrated into the social and economic life of ancient and modern peoples. This course features lectures and readings on ancient technology and experimental archaeology. Key concepts and themes will be explored in a series of hands-on labs in which students will seek to replicate, and understand, a variety of ancient technologies. The course concludes with either, an individual project, such as replicating a particular artifact or process, or a class project, such as building and using a Mesopotamian glass furnace. Lab, Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 425 - Global Sexualities

This course explores issues of gender and sexuality in a global context. Students will be introduced to anthropological perspectives on the experience of men and women, as gendered subjects, in different societies and historical contexts such as colonialism, nationalism, and global capitalism. In turn, we will explore how cultural constructions of masculinity and femininity are configured by race, class, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Course materials are drawn from an array of sources, reflecting various theoretical perspectives and ethnographic views from different parts of the world. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 430 - Visual Anthropology

We see others as we imagine them to be, in terms of our values, not as they see themselves. This course examines ways in which we understand and represent the reality of others through visual media, across the boundaries of culture, gender, and race. It considers how and why visual media can be used to represent or to distort the world around us. Pictorial media, in particular ethnographic film and photography, are analyzed to document the ways in which indigenous and native peoples in different parts of the world have been represented and imagined by anthropologists and western popular culture. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 435 - The Archaeology of Death

Death and burial are how most individuals enter the archaeological record. Human remains, their manner of mortuary treatment, and associated material culture illuminate past patterns of social organization, economics, belief systems, health, and the negotiation of gender, status, and identity. In this course we explore the scientific and theoretical tools used to analyze and interpret past mortuary practices, survey mortuary practices from their first occurrence in the archaeological record to the relatively recent past, and what human remains can tell us about changes in the human experience over time and space. We will learn how human remains are identified, how determinations of age, sex, biological affiliation, health, and injury are made; how to interpret formation processes and determine if burial is deliberate, accidental, or forensic, to interpret associated material culture to understand the negotiation of gender and status; how humans have cared for the deceased members of their societies at different times and places in the human past; and the ethics of studying human mortuary remains. The archaeology of death provides us with one of our few windows onto the life of the individual in the past. (None) Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 455 - Economics of Native America

This course will analyze current and historic economic issues faced by Native Americans. It will also examine government policies enacted by and directed toward Native Americans with a focus on their economic implications. This will be done using standard economic models of the labor market, poverty, trade, development and gaming. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 489 - Special Topics

This course introduces a topic new to the Sociology and Anthropology curriculum. Topic varies by semester. Lecture 3, Credits 3

ANTH 498 - Practicum

Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. The Practicum may consist of internship, study abroad, or archaeological or ethnographic field school (consisting of at least 160 hours, completed over at least 4 weeks). INT, Credits 0 - 16

ANTH 499 - Co-op

Paid work experience in a field related to anthropology (at least 160 hours of work, completed over at least four weeks). Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. Co-op, Credits 0

ANTH 501 - Senior Research Project

Students will design and conduct a library-based research project with supervision of a faculty member, bringing to bear the knowledge and theoretical perspectives accumulated during the prior years of study. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 502 - Scholar's Thesis I

This is the first course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in anthropology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this first course, working with a thesis adviser, students will formulate a research question, conduct a literature review, prepare the research design, and begin data collection, following the conventions of cultural anthropology, archaeology, or urban studies. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 503 - Scholar's Thesis II

This is the second course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in anthropology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this second course, working with a thesis advisor, students will finalize data collection, analyze the data, write and defend a thesis paper, following the conventions of the discipline. Lecture, Credits 3

ANTH 599 - Independent Study

The student explores in depth a topic of choice, under supervision of a faculty member. The student will typically meet weekly with the instructor to discuss the readings and will write paper(s) that synthesize and critique them, or the student may work with the faculty member on original research. Independent Study, Credits 1 - 12

SOCI 102 - Foundations of Sociology

Sociology is the study of the social world and socialization processes. Sociologists study the broader picture of how societies are structured and organized through a macro-sociological analysis as well as how individuals create their own social reality symbolically through their interactions with others in a micro-sociological analysis. Students in this course will learn the fundamentals of each approach and come away with a sociological framework which they can critically apply to their own lives. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 102H - Honors Sociology

This course explores how sociological concepts, theories and research account for such social phenomena as socialization, deviance, social structure, stratification, political and religious affiliation and social change. It will also explore how social factors account for political and economic behavior and the speed and spread of technological change. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 201 - Ethnographic Imagination: Wrtg about Society and Culture

This course explores the politics and poetics of writing about society and culture. Writing is a form of power, in that our representations of people influence the way that others think about and act toward them. The way that social researchers write is therefore shot through with ethical implications and weighty decisions. Critical issues include whether people are objectified, cast as wholly Other, culture-bound or creative, out of the past or coeval, racialized or of a common humanity, problematic or multifaceted, passive or agentive, mystified or perceptive, and mechanical or extraordinary. Writing about society and culture is also poetic. We can convey something of people's life experiences, thoughts, agency, and the constraints within which they lead their lives. How well we do so depends upon our ethical reflexivity and attention to the poetics of language. In this course, we will consider these ethical questions, read experimental texts, and discuss how writing style implicitly conveys social theory. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 210 - African-American Culture

This course will describe the historical and contemporary conditions that have given rise to the distinctive cultural orientation of African-Americans in the United States. Students will be provided with an explication of African-American culture as it is perceived by the majority of African-Americans. Furthermore, the course will outline an operational articulation of the African-American experience, and analyze the characterological responses that result from it. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 215 - The Changing Family

Families are the microcosm of society. Sociological concepts and theories define the family as a fundamental institution that both mirrors and propels societal change. The field of family studies explores various parameters of family systems, including gender, race, class, ethnicity, sexuality, division of labor, marriage and divorce, children, and generational relations. In the wake of significant changes in family forms, experiences, and prevailing household arrangements, the scope of sociological inquiry has expanded to meet the new realities of American family life. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 220 - Minority Group Relations

The course will provide a context in which to examine the multiple and contradictory social relations of domination, subordination, resistance, and empowerment. The kinds of questions we will explore focus on how power, knowledge, meaning, and cultural representation are organized. We will analyze a variety of political and ideological themes which bear upon the formation of minority group relations, their identity and how these themes complicate the processes by which people construct their understanding of the nation, world, of others, and themselves. Through reflection on theoretical texts and fictional works, as well as film and other popular media, we will consider for ourselves how culture is differently represented and signified, and how the politics of understanding and misunderstanding minority relations work through practices within and outside cultural institutions. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 225 - Social Inequality

This course examines various forms of social inequality, including economic, political, health, higher education, race and sex inequality. It uses a variety of sociology's ideas to explain why these kinds of inequality exist, how they persist and what can be done about them. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 230 - Sociology of Work

This course analyzes and assesses social relations of paid labor. Sociology's major ideas about the ways we work will be examined and applied to numerous important topics such as: workplace organization, unions, labor legislation, health and safety, workplace culture, interplays between work and family, experiences of work as alienating or satisfying, inequalities at work, and social mobility. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 235 - Women, Work, and Culture

In this course, we analyze historical and contemporary patterns of gender, race/ethnicity, sexuality, and the organization of work. Using the theoretical perspectives we analyze the work historically undertaken by women in societies and its relationship to broader political and economic structures. While our primary focus is on the U.S., we will also conduct a cross-cultural analysis of gender and work in developing and industrializing societies. Specific issues include gender discrimination (e.g., wage discrimination, sexual harassment), sexuality, reproduction, and women organizing to control their work and working conditions. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 240 - Deaf Culture in America

This course is an introductory survey of Deaf culture in the United States. Students will study the scholarly literature pertaining to various social groups in the Deaf community and have contact with their members. This course will familiarize students with the characteristics of Deaf Culture, as well as general perceptions of the Deaf community within the dominant mainstream society. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 245 - Gender and Health

This course examines connections between gender and health that are both conceptual and empirical. Students will explore the causes of gender-based differences in health outcomes through case studies of sexual and reproductive rights, HIV/AIDS epidemics and violence. Students will also examine global gender and health trends. The course concludes with an examination of gender inequity in health care and policy implications of these inequities. Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 250 - Globalization and Security

This course focuses on the shifting relationships between globalization and security. The emphasis is on security matters that arise with view to effective population management and control over the circulation of people, goods, capital, crime, diseases, and resources. The analytic framework uses the concept of governmentality to examine the management of populations and their welfare on a global scale. Under globalization, people and populations can be managed through security measures that are implemented to address specific cross-border problems, such as immigration and labor migration, terrorism, the flow of drugs, epidemics, human trafficking and control of natural resources. The course examines these security issues in a globalizing world. Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 255 - Disaster! Assessing Vulnerabilities and Responses to Global States of Emergency

Disasters as global states of emergency result from complex relationships between human populations and environmental hazards. Disasters threaten sustainable development, especially in the global south and among the worlds most vulnerable people. Global states of emergency incur significant human and economic costs, which, in addition to increasing demographic, environmental, socio-economic and related pressures, result in increasing population vulnerability. Explanations of the causes and consequences of disasters include examinations of how human vulnerability is impacted by interactions among diverse social, economic, and other factors with environmental hazards. We will discuss social vulnerability theories; sustainable development theories; the causes and consequences of disasters and interventions to manage and reduce these risks. Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 301 - Social and Cultural Theory

This course explores influential classical and contemporary theories regarding society and culture. Students will assess the utility of different theories in addressing key enduring questions regarding human behavior, the organization of society, the nature of culture, the relationship between the individual and society, social control and social conflict, social groups and social hierarchy, the operation of power, cultural and social change, and the interplay between the global and the local. Theories will be marshaled to shed light on contemporary social and cultural phenomena and problems such as crime, violence, exploitation, modernity, and globalization. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 302 - Qualitative Research

Learning about social and cultural groups is a complex and ethically sensitive process. We explore common qualitative research methods for social and cultural research. We evaluate the utility of such methods for different purposes and contexts, including cross-cultural contexts. We consider common ethical dilemmas in research with human subjects, the ethical responsibilities of researchers, and common techniques for minimizing risks to subjects. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 310 - U.S. Housing Policy

Housing is a critical component in assuring basic survival. Through the design, sale, and development of housing in the United States, many Americans' lives are shaped by their residence. In response, this course examines the role of American housing policy in its relationship to other social issues, including racial segregation, endemic poverty, educational and economic inequality, sprawl and traffic, and environmental degradation. Special emphasis will be paid to explain how current housing policy both creates and eliminates housing options and their related social issues. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 315 - Global Exiles of War and Terror

Daily we watch, seemingly helplessly, as people are displaced from their communities, homelands, and countries and subsequently seek asylum around the world, sometimes within our own local communities. Causes of displacement include war, violence, persecution, and modes of terror that increasingly affect the lives of women and children. In addition to the loss of human life and potential, the ensuing consequences of violent displacement include poverty, disease, physical and psychological trauma, hopelessness, and vulnerability to human rights abuses. In this course, we explore how the rights and dignity of refugees can be protected. We also examine resettlement processes and, for those who are eventually repatriated, we address how they can successfully reintegrate into reconstructing societies that remain barely functional. Most importantly, we consider how the trauma of displacement can be minimized. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 330 - Urban Deviance

With a focus on crime in urban communities in the United States, we investigate the impact of race, class, and gender inequalities on patterns of crime, and the responses of the criminal justice system. Specific topics include both historical and contemporary perspectives on urban crime and the impact of crime, violence, inequality, and policing on people in urban neighborhoods. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 340 - Urban Planning and Policy

This course will examine the sociological and political implications of policies and planning decisions that have impacted the growth patterns of American cities and suburbs in the post-World War II era. Particular emphasis will be given to land use decisions that have favored suburbs over cities, the loss of tax base which impacted these cities' ability to perform basic functions for their citizens, and the adverse impact of federal and state government policies and programs on the functionality of urban areas and the efficiency of local governments. Students will examine case studies on urban development, and conduct field research on governmental structures and policies that will enable them to develop alternative strategies and policies. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 345 - Urban Poverty

Urban poverty has been recognized as a persistent problem in the United States since the middle of the last century. In many cities, poverty is associated with high levels of teenage pregnancy, low levels of employment, limited educational attainment, chronic community-based health problems, and high levels of crime. This course examines causes, consequences, and proposed policy solutions to urban poverty. Special emphasis will be paid to U.S. urban poverty. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 350 - Social Change

This course describes and applies competing explanations for major transitions in a variety of institutions, including the economy, work, politics, family and education. These transitions are seen within historical and global contexts, but the interplay of these changing social structures with individual experience is explored as well. Topics include economic, racial and gender stratification, culture, labor-management relations, and the source and consequences of technological change. Students will learn to understand, assess, and manage social change rather than to simply react to it. Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 390 - Marxist Perspectives

This course will provide a critical analysis and historical overview of the Marxist tradition in anthropology and sociology. Special attention will be given to comparing the various Marxist schools as well as outlining the neo-Marxist project and its importance for a cultural refiguration of Marxist perspectives in the social sciences. Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 451 - Economics of Women and the Family

This course applies economic theory to explain choices faced and selected by women concerning marriage, fertility and labor market participation, alongside government policies targeting those decisions. Empirical research will be presented that describes the changing demographic profile of families, poverty and the labor force. Students in this course will gain experience evaluating how economic theory and practice fits into the larger social sciences goal of describing human behavior by focusing on women and the family. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 489 - Special Topics

This course introduces a topic new to the Sociology and Anthropology curriculum. Topic varies by semester Lecture 3, Credits 3

SOCI 498 - Practicum

Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. The Practicum may consist of internship, study abroad, or archaeological or ethnographic field school (consisting of at least 160 hours, completed over at least 4 weeks). INT, Credits 0 - 16

SOCI 499 - Co-op

Paid work experience in a field related to sociology or urban studies (at least 160 hours of work, completed over at least four weeks). Students will apply the accumulated knowledge, theory, and methods of the discipline to problem solving outside of the classroom. (3rd year status and permission of instructor) Co-op, Credits 0

SOCI 501 - Senior Research Project

Students will design and conduct a library-based research project with supervision of a faculty member, bringing to bear the knowledge and theoretical perspectives accumulated during the prior years of study. Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 502 - Scholar's Thesis I

This is the first course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in sociology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this first course, working with a thesis advisor, students will formulate a research question, conduct a literature review, prepare the research design, and begin data collection, following the conventions of the disciplines. (4th year status, 3.2 gpa, and permission of thesis advisor) Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 503 - Scholar's Thesis II

This is the second course of a two-semester Scholar's Thesis sequence in sociology or urban studies, in which students will conduct an original research project. In this second course, working with a thesis advisor, students will finalize data collection, analyze the data, write and defend a thesis paper, following the conventions of the discipline. (4th year status, 3.2 gpa, and permission of thesis advisor) Lecture, Credits 3

SOCI 599 - Independent Study

The student explores in depth a topic of choice, under supervision of a faculty member. The student will typically meet weekly with the instructor to discuss the readings and will write paper(s) that synthesize and critique them, or the student may work with the faculty member on original research. (permission of the instructor) Independent Study, Credits 1 - 12