Post-Summit Documents

Presentation at the AHEAD 2009 32nd Conference, this PowerPoint summary of recommendations from the Summit was presented at the AHEAD (Association on Higher Education and Disability) conference, Global Access: Opening a World of Opportunity, July 20-25, 2009, Louisville, KY


Presentation at the 24th International Technology & Persons with Disabilities Conference, this PowerPoint summary of recommendations from the Summit was presented at the CSUN (California State University - Northridge) Center on Disabilities conference, March 16-21, 2009, Los Angeles, CA


Summit Report Final (Sept. 1, 2009, 46 pages), includes the original summary report (October 22, 2008) and an addendum that summarizes three focus group discussions conducted post Summit between March and July 2009.


Summary Report, Initial Draft (October 22, 2008, 40 pages), summary of the group discussion and recommendations from the June 2008 Summit at RIT.


White Papers & Group Recommendations (June 28, 2008, 110 pages), the members of each constituency group are listed, along with pre-summit whitepapers and recommendations generated at the Summit.


Participant Evaluation Report (September 15, 2008, 12 pages), an analysis of the feedback and suggestions offered by Summit participants.


Bibliography on Remote Interpreting and Captioning (May 2008, 300 pages), references used to support discussion at the Summit.


Project Background

Four-page Project Summary

Project Timeline

Guide to Develop a White Paper

Logistic Guidelines for Members of Constituency Groups

Summit Schedule for June 25-27, 2008

Summit Leadership List


Resources Related to Cyberinfrastructure and Remote Captioning and Interpreting

Bibliography on Remote Interpreting

Bibliography on Remote Captioning

List of Service Providers

Classroom Interpreting and Visual Information Processing in Mainstream Education for Deaf Students: Live or Memorex?, Marc Marschark; Jeff B Pelz; Carol Convertino; Patricia Sapere; et al. American Educational Research Journal; Winter 2005; 42, 4; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 727

Benefits of Sign Language Interpreting and Text Alternatives for Deaf Students' Classroom Learning., Marc Marschark, et al. Journal of Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 11:4 Fall 2006

Cognitive underpinnings of learning by deaf and hard-of-hearing students: Differences, diversity, directions., Marschark, M. & Hauser, P. (2008). In M. Marschark & P.C. Hauser (Eds.), Deaf cognition: Foundations and outcomes (pp3-23). New York: Oxford University Press. UNCORRECTED PROOF (See the section on "All Learning Is Not Created Equal: STEM Education)

Using Networked Multimedia to Improve Academic Access for Deaf and Hard or Hearing Students, Anna C. Cavender, General Exam Document, University of Washington, 28 January 2008.


Constituency Group Resources


Student Group List

Notes from Student Group "Brainstorming" Session (June 27, 2008)

Draft of Students' White Paper (May 11, 2008)

Student Preliminary Recommendations (June 27, 2008)

STEM Faculty

STEM Faculty Group List

Draft of STEM Faculty Talking Points (May 22, 2008)

Preliminary STEM Faculty Recommendations (June 27, 2008)

Support Services Coordinators

Support Services Group List

Draft of Support Services White Paper (May 8, 2008)

Preliminary Coordinators of Support Services Recommendations (June 27, 2008)

Educational Captioners and Interpreters

Interpreters/Captioners Participant Group List

Revised Captioners and Interpreters White Paper, Reflects Comments from Captioning Specials (June 11, 2008)

Educational Captioners and Interpreters White Paper (May 22, 2008)

Preliminary Educational Captioners and Interpreters Recommendations (June 27, 2008)

Educational, Linguistic, and Sign Language Researchers/Developers

Research Group List

Researcher/Developer Talking Points (June 16, 2008)

Preliminary Research Directions (June 27, 2008)

Cyberinfrastructure Specialists

Cyberinfrastructure Specialists Group List

Cyberinfrastructure Specialists White Paper

Preliminary Recommendations by Cyberinfrastructure Specialists (June 27, 2008)


General Project Resources

Summit Floor Map

ASL-STEM Forum: A Bottom-Up Approach to Enabling American Sign Language to Grow in STEM Fields, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Anna C. Cavender, Jessica DeWitt, Daniel Otero and Richard E. Ladner

University of Washington Project Web Site, web site for the project as posted by the University of Washington


Key Enrichment Project Documents

The following documents represent the work products, key findings and general recommendations related planning a virtual academic community for post secondary deaf and hard of hearing students in STEM. January 31, 2012

Summit Report Final (Sept. 1, 2009, 46 pages), includes a summary of a focus group of 50 individuals regarding the use of remote technologies for communication access and social networking as it relates to STEM students. This report, (funded by another NSF grant), provided a sufficient statement of need and likely impact of a successful alliance

Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students in Transition: Demographics with an Emphasis on STEM Education (2010, 49 pages) - This report, by project consultant Gerard G. Walter, provides an overview of the educational and occupational status of students who are deaf or hard of hearing as they move from high school to college and into the world of work. Specific emphasis is given to students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors in college and STEM occupations of adult workers.

Focus group surveys were conducted with the PEPNet outreach coordinators on October 6 and October 7, 2009. Questions related to barriers to education in STEM by students who are deaf and hard of hearing, social networking, remote interpreting and captioning and tutoring were among the topics discussed. A full transcript of the two sessions was recorded, and the transcripts were analyzed by two researchers at NTID, Dr. Gerard Walter (a quantitative researcher) and Dr. Susan Foster (a qualitative researcher). Their reports are available by clicking on the following links: Dr. Walter's report, Dr. Foster's report.

Elements of successful support services. In order to design an effective virtual alliance it was necessary to identify elements of successful support services for STEM students. This was accomplished by conducting a review of best practices of and relevant literature reporting on, and successful organizations supporting and enhancing the academic experience of, deaf students in STEM. A report entitled Elements of Successful Support and Access Services for STEM Students Who are Deaf and Hard of Hearing (2011, 11 pages) by NTID Professor Peter Lalley.

Features of successful NSF alliances. In order to design the most effective virtual alliance that could be implemented on a virtual basis for deaf and hard-of-hearing students, it was critical that other alliances be reviewed in order to understand what successful strategies and best practices could be used for the planned alliance. A report entitled Features of Successful NSF Alliances and Models of Virtual Learning Communities: A Framework for Developing a Virtual Academic Social Network for Supporting Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in STEM Education (2011, 10 pages) by NTID Professor Peter Lalley.

Social Network Parameters Specifications, Planning, & Prototypes. A social network is a central component of the Virtual Academic envisioned in the Enrichment grant and the subsequent Alliance. This report provides a listing of the features that should be included in a social network and screen displays from two working prototypes. The first prototype was constructed using Ning and the second utilizes the Google+ social network structure. The benefits and shortcomings of each approach are described.

Summary Report on Enrichment Project at 2012 CSUN Conference. A paper detailing the major accomplishments and findings of the Enrichment project was accepted for presentation at the 27th Annual International Technology and Persons with Disability Conference, San Diego, CA, February 27 – March 3, 2012. Remote Services to support deaf students will be presented at 3:00PM on February 27, 2012.
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The Deaf and Hard of Hearing Virtual Academic Community:
Deaf STEM Community Alliance Established, September 2011.

The Deaf and Hard of Hearing Virtual Academic Community (VAC) hosted by the Deaf STEM Community Alliance has been funded by the National Science Foundation (HRD-1127955). The National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology, Camden County College, and Cornell University are constructing an on-line community to support the learning needs of students who are deaf and hard-of-hearing in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).


Related Resources and Documents

The following electronic resources contain information that will be of interest to the key stakeholders involved in STEM education for deaf and hard-of-hearing students. We will be adding resources to this list during the course of the project, so please bookmark this page and visit often.

Class Act - Contains a large amount of information intended to improve existing teaching practice regarding "access" to learning for deaf and hard-of-hearing students in postsecondary classrooms.

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Cyber Community in STEM - The goal of this project is to use existing high bandwidth connections and human resources at and between universities to advance deaf and hard of hearing students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Working jointly with RIT/NTID and Gallaudet University, the DHH Cyber-Commuynity at the University of Washington will create a technologically-advanced infrastructure that will allow deaf and hard-of-hearing students to more easily pursue careers in STEM fields.

ClassInFocus - ClassInFocus is a system developed by Anna Cavender, a PhD student at the University of Washington, Seattle. The photos and videos at this site show two tests of ClassInFocus to provide remote interpreting and remote captioning to deaf students studying in the mainstream.

ASL-STEM Forum - The ASL-STEM Forum is a web site for uploading science topic definitions and their signs, and to discuss them. It is open to anyone who wants to participate.

CopyCat - With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, That Starner at Georgia Tech began to develop interactive tools, such as "CopyCat," to make sign language easier to learn for both the deaf and the hearing communities.

Project Solve - Designed specifically for deaf and hard-of-hearing students, this website was developed to assist students in solving math word problems. It includes arithmetic- and algebra-based practice problems.

Deaf Studies Internet Resources - This listing includes links to resources in over 40 categories, including assistive technologies, interpreting, legal issues, captioning and media information, TTY and relay services resources, and much more.

NTID Deaf Index - This index was created to help locate articles, papers, publications, and information on interpreting, interpreting issues, sign language, deaf studies, deaf history and other related materials. It contains over 18,000 entries.

ASL Video Dictionary and Inflection Guide - This innovative dictionary shows 2,700 signs and how to use most of them in sentences.

Signing Math & Science - TERC and Vcom3D are using the SigningAvatar(R) assistive technology to develop illustrated, interactive 3D standards-based sign language dictionaries that offer students in grades K-8 and 9-12 who are deaf or hard of hearing increased access to the same learning opportunities that hearing students enjoy.

Best Practices in Mathematics - Enhanced Literature Review by Harry G. Lang and Ronald R. Kelly, researchers at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology. In this review, the authors examined research studies, book chapters, and general articles that have implications for teaching mathematics to deaf learners. The paper is dated March 15, 2005.

Best Practices - Science Education for Deaf Students by Harry G. Lang, Department of Research, National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology. Some of the research studies in this review have specifically addressed instructional strategies, while others originally set out to examine such topics as multimedia and the use of adjunct questions in instructional prose. The research findings show strong support for the argument that the most efficacious instructional strategies are those that cognnitively engage deaf students. The report is undated.

MSSE (Master of Science in Secondary Education) Methods and Materials for Teaching Science to Deaf Students - This site includes teaching strategies, information on developing literacy, curriculum development, Deaf scientists, classroom technology, classroom communication and a science signs lexicon.

C-Print Speech-to-Text System - C-Print is a speech-to-text system developed at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf as a communication access service option for some deaf and hard-of-hearing students in educational environments. It was developed by researchers to improve the classroom experience for students at both the secondary and college levels.

NTID Department of Research and Teacher Education department - The mission of the Department of Research and Teacher Education at NTID is to improve the lives of deaf and hard-of-hearing people through research that can be applied in the classroom, workplace and society. The site includes information about the research program at NTID as well as the MSSE program. NTID's Strategic Research Agenda is available through this site.

PEPNet Resources, - PEPNet, a national network of four regional centers that provides resources, information, in-service training, and expertise to enhance educational opportunities for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing and their families, is a partner on this project. Check out their resource section for tip sheets, newsletters, and other materials.

The PEPNet Test Equity website offers video clips and printed documents exploring the problems, challenges, and issues that academic and psychoeducational tests pose for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. The website is an outcome of PEPNet's August 2008 Test Equity Summit. Participants in the summit included specialists on deafness and educational testing; individuals who are deaf, hard of hearing, and hearing; test and test accommodation developers; language and communication researchers; academicians; K-12 educators and administrators; health professionals; and clinicians with extensive experience in psychoeducational evaluation.

Stanford University - Stanford Captioning, examples of captioned web media.


Resources on Remote Interpreting or Captioning

About Video Remote Interpreting

SpringerLink (book chapter by Hiroki Minagawa, et al., 2002, "The User Interface Design for the Sign Language Translator in a Remote Sign Language Interpretation System"):

Remote Sign Language Interpretation System (patent holder seeking collaborators or partners):

"On-Demand" Remote Sign Language Interpretation (Kitch Barnicle, et al.):

PEPNet FAQ on speech-to-text:

Hewlitt Packard Labs (Simon Firth, "A Global Conference, Right at Your Desk," 2009):

Remote Interpreting or Captioning Service Providers

University of Rochester Medical Center, Strong Connections:

Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Disability Support Services:

Gallaudet University, Technology Access Program, links to communication services:

Fluent Language Solutions:

Sorenson Communication Services for the Deaf:


Network Interpreting Service:



Pine Tree Society:

MEJ Personal Business Services, Inc.