Courses Color page 5


Exercise 6: Color Climate
Select four different hues with varying values and make four compositions with each measuring 4 x 2 1/2 inches. The compositions will be mounted on one board. Incorporating the same four colors, make four free studies. By applying the how much to how much theory, try to disguise the fact that the same four colors were utilized in all four compositions. How the four compositions are mounted on the board and craft are considerations for evaluation.


Exercise 7: Visual Mixture
The format is horizontal, and it is four-inches high but the width is optional. Choose three hues and construct a color mixture by arranging the colors into areas of alternate strips. There should be a one-half to three-quarter inch vertical band of each color to identify what colors were mixed. Placement of the three bands is optional. The objective is to create the illusion of as many different colors as possible through using visual mixture.

The principal considerations begin with the choice of hues. If they are in the middle value range, there will be greater success. Second, the width of the strips has a great deal to do with the illusion of mixture. The thinner the strips, the more effective the illusion. Third, the area of mixture has to be sufficiently wide as to allow the mixture to be read. If the bands of mixture are too narrow, the effect is lost. Ideally, the visual mixture should be obvious from a viewing distance of four to six feet. Craft is critical to the evaluation of this exercise.


Exercise 8: Color Interaction
Color on color will affect how they are seen. The objective is to make three colors appear as four through color interaction.

In order to better understand value change, cut two four-inch squares, one from black paper and one from white paper. Butt the two squares. Select a gray that appears as two separate values when it is cut into one-inch squares and centered on the black and the white squares. This is a value change and not a color change.

Select two hues, cut from each a four-inch square, and butt the squares against one another. Find a third hue that cut into one-inch squares and placed on the center of each of the larger squares creates an illusion of two different hues. This has to be a color change and not a value change.

To a great extent, success with this exercise is dependent on what hues are selected. Careful consideration must be given to selection. Craft will be a factor in evaluation.


Exercise 9: Free Studies
Using the four principles in some combination, make a free study with cut or torn paper. Emphasis is on color rather than shape or composition i.e. compositions will tend to be more static than dynamic.

Think of free studies as being similar to abstract painting rather than to design, most will be quite intuitive. Rely on a process of repeatedly putting studies upon the wall to determine new refinements that will make the color study visually more interesting. Dimensions are optional but the studies must be appropriately framed and craft is a consideration in evaluation.


Exercise 10: Leaf Studies
Leaf studies are free studies done with an autumn leaf that has color. The leaf serves as a key to what other colors will be selected. Some colors might repeat those in the leaf while others might contrast. Leaf boundaries might be utilized to maximize the colors of the leaf while minimizing its shape. The leaf studies will tend to be painterly and intuitive.



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Student example of Exercise 7: Visual Mixture




Student example of Exercise 8: Color Interaction




Student examples of Exercise 9: Free Studies




Student examples of Exercise 10: Leaf Studies

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