Courses Perceptual Studies page 10


Typical Criticisms: Research
) Look at what the photograph is telling you. Draw what it tells you and don’t just copy the photograph.
) The drawing is sloppy. Remember what you learned in drawing class.
) Sharpen your pencil!
) I would try some alternate positioning. This one looks too much like a flat cut-out. Remember, you want to build in the illusion of volume and space.
) Play around with proportions. Feel free to take liberties because sometimes the communication and image are stronger with distortion.
) I would suggest that you make a detailed drawing of this section because when you enlarge the scale, it will be important to know how this form relates to that one.
) I think you need more research material. You might try the library or go to the zoo. You need a better understanding of forms and transitions.
) Your drawing is not clear, leave out the shading and concentrate on showing how the forms relate.
) Your sketches are scattered willy-nilly over the page. Organize your sketches in a readable and professional manner.


Typical Criticisms: Working Drawing
) Draw through so you can better see the form and relationships.
) You need to draw in the axis to see relative size of areas on either side.
) You need to draw the spine in order to place the limbs at a right angle to the axis and establish perspective.
) Try exaggerating that curve.
) You used a curve here when you really needed a point to show this form going behind that one.
) Put the rectangle in perspective and let each foot touch each line to describe the space occupied.
) Go back to your research sketches to see how this relates.
) Play around more with proportions. Try lengthening the legs and reducing the size of the head.
) Do a fill-in, put it up on the board and study it to see what you can do to strengthen the image and enhance the illusion of dimension.


Typical Criticisms: Refinements
) Go back and do more refinements. See if you can further enhance the volumetric qualities. Find those relationships that best show volume and exaggerate them.
) Pin it up and study it. Look for how many of the white lines can be eliminated.
) Do another where the white lines are even thinner and put it up with this one and see which is best.
) Do one with less white line and put the two up on the board and study them.
) The texture is lousy. It is uncontrolled. This is not a painting class.
) You have flattened the shape by how you applied the texture.
) The texture must lay on the form in a manner that describes the dimensional qualities of the form.
) The texture for this is different from that. Make the distinction.
) You have scales and several very different kinds of fins. The surface of the tail is different from that of the pectoral fins.
) You need to explore different textures to convey these differences.


Visually center on a 16-inch square board using brush and black plaka. Attach a tracing paper flap to protect the image.


This past year the final assignment was changed to merge the major and minor classes as well as to include an element from the letterform class into the composition.

The last design exercise was a 15 x 15 inch black and white composition based on selecting a topic from a list provided by the teacher. Design principles were expected to be demonstrated in the major composition. The word chosen by the student to illustrate is hand-lettered and it becomes an integral part of the composition.



Download PDF



Student example of final project





Student example of final project

Site Index



. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10