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College of Science Distinguished Speaker - Open to the public
Thursday March 20, 2014 4 p.m. Gosnell Hall 08-A300 (reception to follow in the Atrium)
Research and Development Challenges for International Safeguards
International nuclear safeguards comprise a set of technical measures to verify that civilian nuclear materials are not diverted to non-military uses and to verify that no undeclared nuclear activities are being undertaken. This work is principally being done by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and is subject to the terms of safeguards agreements with individual states. One way that the U.S. supports the IAEA’s verification mission is by developing and improving tools and technology that may be utilized by trained inspectors to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of safeguards at both the facility and state levels. The Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Research and Development (DNN R&D, NA-22) sponsors research to develop advanced detection and source technologies for: detecting and characterizing special nuclear materials (SNM); international safeguards and radiological source replacement; nuclear arms control treaty monitoring and verification; and for supporting interdiction and nuclear security efforts across the National Nuclear Security Administration. Our safeguards goal is to develop and demonstrate new technologies and capabilities to cooperatively quantify and track special nuclear material in the nuclear fuel cycle and detect any diversion of these materials for illicit purposes. In this talk I will discuss what roles technology can play in safeguards verification and some of my perspectives on the R&D challenges facing treaty verification in the next 10 years. In this context, I will discuss some examples of the research DNN R&D is sponsoring for international safeguards verification. I will also present cross cutting enabling technologies (e.g., detector materials, facility modelling and field usable measurements) research that supports long-term safeguards R&D.
Biographical Note – Arden Dougan
Dr. Arden Dougan is a Program Manager in the Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Research and Development, National Nuclear Security Administration within the Department of Energy. The focus of her work is to integrate R&D programs that provide essential expertise to the US government in arms control verification, interdiction, nuclear emergency response, international safeguards, and radiological source replacement.
Prior to Federal Service, she was an Associate Program Leader at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where she led many projects using radiation detection, tags and seals, and active interrogation that could be applied to international safeguards, arms control verification and Homeland Security. While at Livermore, she worked with the Naval Postgraduate School to create a global maritime test bed for technologies in tactical networking and detection. She led projects working with Russia for the security and safety of nuclear material and was instrumental in the establishment of the Department of Energy’s Second Line of Defense Program. Her technical training is in experimental nuclear chemistry. She received her B.S in Chemistry at Purdue University and her M.S. and Ph.D. in Nuclear Chemistry at the University of Rochester. She has over 50 publications, a patent for the Nuclear Car Wash and has received an R&D 100 Award for Secure Box.