Site-wide links

Original Site Contributors

The content of this website was conceived and developed by Dr. Paula Brown in collaboration with members of the Speech-Language Discipline. Particular assistance was provided by Ms. Karen Dobkowski and Ms. Marianne Gustafson. Ongoing maintenance of this site is provided by the current department members.  

This site could not have been developed without the valuable cooperation of the many students who were willing to have their instructional sessions recorded for demonstration purposes. We thank them immensely for their help!

Original content team

  • Alan A. Austin, M.A., University of Illinois (Urbana)
  • Sidney M. Barefoot, M.S., Pennsylvania State University
  • Paula Brown, Ph.D., University of Rochester
  • Brenda H. Whitehead, M.S., Western Michigan University
  • John M. Conklin, M.S., State University of New York at Geneseo
  • Karen G. Dobkowski, M.S., Columbia University
  • Marianne S. Gustafson, M.S., Nazareth College
  • Jacqueline Kelly, M.S., State University of New York at Geneseo

Original technical team

  • Mark Benjamin – Photographer
  • Stacy Bick – Producer/Director, Video Production
  • Cathy Clarke - Web Designer
  • Don Feigel – Director/Videographer/Editor
  • Hope Williams – Instructional Technology Specialist
  • Barb Sinclair – Speech Language Discipline Staff Assistant


1) Materials in this training module have been adapted from Speech and Voice Characteristics of the Deaf. The original program was produced in the course of an agreement with the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 1979 First Edition. These materials are the property of the Rochester Institute of Technology and may not be reproduced. This training was developed by:

Joanne D. Subtelny, Ph.D.

Nicolas A. Orlando, M.A.

Robert L. Whitehead, Ph.D.

Instructional Development Team:

E. William Clymer, Instructional Developer

Donald Lichty, Media Specialist

Dean Woolever, Graphic Designer

Shirley Loeffler-Wallace, Writer

Marsha Young, Instructional Programmer

Willard Yates, Production Manager

Sarah J. Perkins, Phototypesetter

2) Fairbanks, G. (1969). Voice and Articulation Drillbook. (pp. 124-139). New York: Harper & Row.

3) Fisher, H. B., & Logemann, J. A. (1971). The Fisher-Logemann Test of Articulation Competence. Retrieved June 30, 2010, from

4) Levitt, H., Youdleman, K., & Head, J. (1990). Fundamental Speech Skills Test. Engelwood: Resource Point, Inc.

5) Magner, M. E. (1972). A Speech Intelligibility Test for Deaf Children. Northampton, MA: Clarke School for the Deaf.

6) Subtleny, J. D. (1985). Speech and Auditory Training: A Program for Adolescents with Hearing Impairments and Language Disorders. Arizona: Communication Skill Builders.