Callie Babbitt Headshot

Callie Babbitt

Associate Professor
Department of Sustainability
Golisano Institute for Sustainability

585-475-6277
Office Location

Callie Babbitt

Associate Professor
Department of Sustainability
Golisano Institute for Sustainability

Education

BS, Georgia Institute of Technology; ME, Ph.D., University of Florida

Bio

Dr. Callie Babbitt teaches courses in industrial ecology, sustainable product design, life cycle assessment, and sustainable food-energy-water systems for both the MS and Ph.D. programs. She conducts research on the environmental implications of emerging technologies, including consumer electronics, nanomaterials, and lithium-ion batteries. Her research and teaching have been recognized by the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Award in 2013 and the AT&T Technology and Environment Award in 2011. Her students describe her as a passionate and energetic teacher committed to helping students succeed. When Dr. Babbitt is not busy working with her students or on research, she enjoys yoga, gardening, and working with K-12 classes to bring sustainability into their schools.

Prior to coming to RIT, Dr. Babbitt was a Postdoctoral Research Associate at Arizona State University. She received her Ph.D. and MS in Environmental Engineering from the University of Florida, and her BS in Chemical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology.

 

Teaching

My primary teaching objective is to create numerous and varied learning opportunities through which the next generation of sustainability scientists can develop critical thinking skills, examine sustainability concepts from multiple disciplinary perspectives, creatively extend course concepts into research activities, and prepare for lifelong learning, achievement, and leadership in a sustainability career. Classes include lectures, discussions, field trips, guest presentations from sustainability professionals, and hands-on exploratory projects.

Outreach

Our research group focuses on translating research into informal education programs aimed at industry stakeholders, K-12 students, and the general public. Our collaborations with Rochester-area schools and Women in Engineering at RIT aim to increase the number of female students who pursue science, engineering, and sustainability degrees and careers. We also seek to make our findings accessible to broad audiences through podcasts and presentations:

Highlighted Project

NSF INFEWS Award: Managing Energy, Water, and Information Flows for Sustainability across the Advanced Food Ecosystem

This project combines innovations in policy, technology, geospatial informatics, sustainability, and aquatic ecology to create solutions aimed at reducing the volume and attendant energy and water impacts of organic waste disposal across the food supply chain (from “farm to fork”). Food waste minimization and management is a critical sustainability challenge: vast energy and water resources are consumed in food production, but due to inefficiencies at each stage in its supply chain, about 40% of food will never reach human consumption. In the United States, this waste stream is typically landfilled, resulting in significant greenhouse gas emissions, economic losses, and social impacts, particularly where food may have otherwise been diverted to populations without a stable food supply. 

While it is clearly recognized that minimizing and diverting food waste from landfills can improve the

585-475-6277

Areas of Expertise

Currently Teaching

ISUS-790
1 - 6 Credits
Independent research in sustainability leading to the completion of the MS thesis. This course requires a formal proposal and a faculty sponsor.
ISUS-877
0 Credits
The Research Internship is designed to enhance the educational experience of PhD students through full-time employment.
ISUS-701
1 - 3 Credits
An independent project in sustainability not covered in the available courses. This project can be experimental research, literature review, or other appropriate work. This course requires a formal proposal and a faculty sponsor.
ISUS-780
1 - 6 Credits
An independent project in sustainability serving as a capstone experience for students completing the non-thesis option. This course requires a formal proposal and a faculty sponsor.
ISUS-791
0 Credits
MS or PhD students requiring additional time to complete their thesis
ISUS-890
1 - 9 Credits
Research fulfillment of Sustainability Ph.D. dissertation requirements.
ISUS-807
1 - 9 Credits
Research in fulfillment of Sustainability Ph.D. dissertation or M.S. capstone requirements.
ISUS-704
3 Credits
Industrial ecology is the study of the interaction between industrial and ecological systems. Students in this course learn to assess the impact and interrelations of production systems on the natural environment by mastering fundamental concepts of ecology as a metaphor for industrial systems and the resultant tools from industrial ecology, including life cycle assessment, material flow analysis, and energy and greenhouse gas accounting. This is a core course within the Sustainability Ph.D. program.

Latest News

Featured Work

Select Scholarship

Journal Paper
Richa, K., C.W. Babbitt, and G. Gaustad. "Environmental Trade-offs Across Cascading Lithium-Ion Battery Life Cycles." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22. 1 (2017): 68-81. Print.
Ryen, EG., et al. "Ecological Foraging Models as Inspiration for Optimized Recycling Systems in the Circular Economy." Resources, Conservation and Recycling. (2017): 1-10. Print.
Babbitt, CW. "A "Systems" Perspective on Clean Technology." Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. (2017): 2341-2341. Print.
Babbitt, CW. "Foundations of Sustainable Food Waste Solutions: Innovation, Evaluation, and Standardization." Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. (2017): 1255-1256. Print.
M.L., Bustamante,, et al. "Life cycle assessment of jointly produced solar energy materials: Challenges and best practices." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 156. (2016): 11-26. Print.
X., Wang,, Gaustad, G., and Babbitt, C.W. "Targeting high value metals in lithium-ion battery recycling via shredding and size separation." Waste Management 51. (2016): 204-213. Print.
X., Wang,, Gaustad, G., and Babbitt, C.W. "Targeting high value metals in lithium-ion battery recycling via shredding and size separation." Waste Management 51. (2016): 204-213. Print.
M., Komeijani,, Ryen, E.G., and Babbitt, C.W. "Bridging the Gap between Eco-Design and the Human Thinking System." Challenges 7. 1 (2016): 1-16. Web.
K.R., Bawden,, Williams, E.D., and Babbitt, C.W. "Mapping product knowledge to life cycle inventory bounds: a case study of steel manufacturing." Journal of Cleaner Production 113. (2016): 557-564. Print.
Ryen, EG, CW Babbitt, and ED Williams. "Consumption-Weighted Life Cycle Assessment of a Consumer Electronic Product Community." Environmental Science & Technology 49. 4 (2015): 2549-2559. Print.
Kasulaitis, BV, et al. "Evolving Materials, Attributes, and Functionality in Consumer Electronics: Case Study of Laptop Computers." Resources, Conservation and Recycling 100. (2015): 1-10. Print.
Wang, X., et al. "Economic and Environmental Characterization of an Evolving Li-ion Battery Waste Stream." Journal of Environmental Management 135. (2014): 126-134. Print.
Ganter, M.J., et al. "Cathode Refunctionalization as a Lithium Ion Battery Recycling Alternative." Journal of Power Sources 256. (2014): 274-280. Print.
Krystofik, M., C.W. Babbitt, and G. Gaustad. "When Consumer Behavior Dictates Life-cycle Performance Beyond the Use Phase: Case Study of Inkjet Cartridge End-of-life Management." International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 19. (2014): 1129-1145. Print.
Ebner, J., et al. "Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Impacts of a Novel Process for Converting Food Waste to Ethanol and Co-products." Applied Energy 130. 86-93 (2014): 86-93. Print.
Ryen, E.G., et al. "Community Ecology Perspectives on the Structural and Functional Evolution of Consumer Electronics." Journal of Industrial Ecology 8. (2014): 708-721. Print.
Richa, K., et al. "A Future Perspective on Lithium-ion Battery Waste Flows from Electric Vehicles." Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 83. (2014): 63-76. Print.
Wang, X., et al. "Economies of Scale for Future Lithium-ion Battery Recycling Infrastructure." Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 83. (2014): 53-62. Print.
Anctil, A., et al. "Cumulative Energy Demand for Small Molecule and Polymer Photovoltaics." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 21. 7 (2013): 1541-1554. Web.
Lin, J., C.W. Babbitt, and T. Trabold. "Life Cycle Assessment Integrated with Thermodynamic Analysis of Bio-fuel Options for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells." Bioresource Technology 128. (2013): 495-504. Web.
Lobos, A. and C.W. Babbitt. "Integrating Emotional Attachment and Sustainability in Electronic Product Design." Challenges 4. (2013): 19-33. Web.
Lin, J., C. W. Babbitt, and T. Trabold. "Life Cycle Assessment Integrated with Thermodynamic Analysis of Bio-Fuel Options for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells." Bioresource Technology. (2012) Web.
Anctil, A., et al. "Cumulative Energy Demand for Small Molecule and Polymer Photovoltaics." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. (2012) Web.
Schauerman, C. M, et al. "Recycling Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube Anodes from Lithium Ion Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry 22. (2012): 12008-12015. Print.
Anctil, Annick, et al. "Material and Energy Intensity of Fullerene Production." Environmental Science & Technology 45. 6 (2011): 2353-2359. Print.
Babbitt, Callie W., Eric D. Williams, and Ramzy Kahhat. "Institutional Disposition and Management of End-of-Life Electronics." Environmental Science and Technology 45. 12 (2011): 5366-5372. Print.
Deng, Liqui, Callie W. Babbitt, and Eric D. Williams. "Economic-balance Hybrid LCA Extended with Uncertainty Analysis: Case Study of a Laptop Computer." Journal of Cleaner Production 19. 11 (2011): 1198-1206. Print.
Invited Keynote/Presentation
Babbitt, Callie. "Sustainable Materials Management for Consumer Technology." CES 2017. Consumer Technology Association. Las Vegas, NV. 7 Jan. 2017. Keynote Speech.
Babbitt, CW. "Sustainable Food Waste Management." U.S. Delegate to the G7 Environmental Ministers Meeting. University of Bologna. Bologna, Italy. 9 Jun. 2017. Address.
Babbitt, CW. "International Reviewer." Make Our Planet Great Again Selection Committee. Agence Nationale de la Recherche. Paris, France. 23 Nov. 2017. Address.
Babbitt, Callie. "The Food Waste Dilemma." 2016 Disruptive Innovation Festival. Ellen MacArthur Foundation. Rochester, NY. 9 Nov. 2016. Address.
Babbitt, Callie. "Life cycle assessment of engineered nanomaterials." International Conference on the Environmental Effects of Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials. Colorado School of Mines. Golden, CO. 16 Aug. 2016. Keynote Speech.
Babbitt, Callie. "Ecological Models for Analyzing Consumer Electronics." Department Symposium. Syracuse University. Syracuse, NY. 26 Apr. 2016. Lecture.
Babbitt, C.W. "Product Stewardship in the Digital Era." Invited Presentation. Roberts Wesleyan College. Rochester, NY. 28 Mar. 2014. Lecture.
Richa, K. and C.W. Babbitt. "Environmental Trade-offs of Electric Vehicle Lithium-ion Batteries with a Cascading Second Life." International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology. ISSST. Oakland, CA. 18 May 2014. Conference Presentation.
Babbitt, C.W. "End-of-life Lithium Ion Batteries from Electric Vehicles: A Future Perspective on Waste Flows." School of Natural Resources & Environment. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI. 22 Nov. 2013. Lecture.
Babbitt, C.W. "Life Cycle Validation of Sustainability and Design Outcomes Possible from Eco-design Tool Application." LCA XIII. Conference of the American Center for Life Cycle Assessment. Orlando, FL. 2 Oct. 2013. Conference Presentation.
Babbitt, C.W. "Adapting Ecological Models for Analysis of Emerging Technologies." International Symposium of Sustainable Systems and Technology. ISSST. Cincinatti, OH. 16 May 2013. Conference Presentation.
Babbitt, Callie W. "Institutional Disposition and Management of End-of-Life Computing Equipment." Sustainable Electronics Initiative Symposium. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. UIUC, Champaign, IL. 22 Mar. 2011. Conference Presentation.
Book Chapter
Ryen, EG., CW. Babbitt, and A. Lobos. "Life Cycle Thinking and Sustainable Design for Emerging Consumer Electronic Product Systems." Routledge Handbook of Sustainable Design. Abingdon, England: Routledge International Handbook, 2018. 148-169. Print.
External Scholarly Fellowships/National Review Committee
1/1/2017 - 1/31/2018
     Consumer Technology Association
     Amount: $90,000
9/1/2016 - 8/31/2020
     National Science Foundation
     Amount: $991,925
1/1/2017 - 1/31/2018
     Consumer Technology Association
     Amount: $90,000
8/1/2016 - 5/31/2017
     Staples Sustainable Innovation Lab
     Amount: $36,148
8/1/2014 - 7/31/2017
     National Science Foundation
     Amount: 300,854
7/1/2013 - 6/30/2018
     National Science Foundation CAREER
     Amount: 400,355
9/1/2012 - 8/31/2015
     National Science Foundation
     Amount: $298,610
Journal Editor
Babbitt, Callie, ed. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. Special Issue on Circular Economy: Elsevier, 2017. Print.
Babbitt, Callie, ed. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. Associate Editor: Springer, 2016. Print.
Published Conference Proceedings
Fumagalli, M. E, et al. "A Framework for the Integration of System Engineering and Functional Analysis Techniques to the Goal and Scope of Life Cycle Assessment." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Chicago, IL: n.p., Print.
Gaustad, G, et al. "Economic and Environmental Trade-Offs for Li-Based Battery Recycling." Proceedings of the Battery Recycling Symposium, Energy Conversion and Storage Proceedings, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Orlando, FL: n.p., Print.
Lin, Jay, et al. "Assessment of Bio-fuel Options for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-based Auxiliary Power Units." Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST). Ed. unknown. Chicago, IL: IEEE, Print.
Published Article
Babbitt, C.W., and A.S. Lindner. “Effect of nitrogen source on methanol oxidation and genetic diversity of methylotrophic mixed cultures enriched from pulp and paper mill biofilms.”Biodegradation, (2010). Web. * ≠
Formal Presentation
Babbitt, Callie, and Erinn Ryen. “Product and function evolution in information and communication technologyLCA studies.” LCAX: Conference of the American Center for Life Cycle Assessment.Portland, OR. 03 Nov 2010. Presentation. †
Babbitt, Callie, and Erinn Ryen. “Bridging the Gap in Forward and Reverse Supply Chains for EvolvingElectronic Products.” InternationalSymposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology. Arlington, VA. 17-19 May 2010. Presentation. †
Babbitt, Callie,Rachel Deng, and Eric Williams. “Economic-Balance Hybrid Life Cycle Assessment of a Laptop Computer.” Electronics andSustainability Symposium. Champaign, IL. 23-24 Feb. 2010. Presentation.