Value-Retention Processes (VRPs)
How can the embodied value (energy, resources, and labor) of post-consumer materials be brought back into useful economic circulation?
A 2018 report published by the International Resource Panel of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) sought to answer this question. It introduced a new term—value-retention processes (VRPs)—for understanding how various methods of material recovery and reuse in practice today could be applied within the circular economy. The concept is based on research led by the report’s lead author, Dr. Nabil Nasr, who is the founding director of RIT’s Golisano Institute for Sustainability (GIS). The report outlines the possible economic and environmental benefits of transitioning current manufacturing to incorporate VRPs, which include remanufacturing, comprehensive refurbishing, repair, and direct reuse.